1 This is the ·message [oracle; burden] for the city of Nineveh [C the capital of the Assyrian empire]. This is the book of the vision of Nahum, ·who was from the town of Elkosh [L the Elkoshite; C of uncertain location].
The Lord Is Angry with Nineveh
2 The Lord is a ·jealous [zealous] God [Ex. 20:5; 34:14; Deut. 4:24; 5:9; Josh. 24:19] who ·punishes [avenges]; the Lord ·punishes [avenges] and is filled with ·anger [wrath]. The Lord ·punishes [takes vengeance on] ·those who are against him [his adversaries/enemies], and he ·stays angry with [or vents his wrath against] his enemies. 3 The Lord ·does not become angry quickly [L is slow to anger; Ex. 34:6; Num. 14:18; Neh. 9:17; Ps. 86:15; 145:8; Joel 2:13; Jon. 4:2], and his power is great. The Lord will not let the guilty go unpunished. ·Where the Lord goes, there are [L His way/path is in] whirlwinds and storms, and the clouds are the dust beneath his feet [C God’s awesome power is seen in nature; the clouds are his chariot; Ps. 68:4; 104:3; Dan. 7:13; Matt. 24:30; 26:64; Rev. 1:7]. 4 He ·speaks to [rebukes] the sea and makes it dry [Ps. 106:9; Matt. 8:26; Luke 8:24]; he dries up all the rivers. The areas of Bashan and Carmel dry up, and the ·flowers [blossoms] of Lebanon dry up [C areas known for their lush vegetation and fertile land]. 5 The mountains ·shake [tremble] in front of him, and the hills melt. The earth ·trembles [heaves] ·when he comes [before him], the world and all who live in it.
6 ·No one [L Who…?] can ·stay alive [withstand/stand before] ·when he is angry [his indignation/anger]; no one can ·survive [endure] his ·strong [fierce; burning] anger. His ·anger [wrath] is poured out like fire; the rocks ·are smashed by [crumble before] him.
7 The Lord is good, ·giving protection [a stronghold; refuge] in ·times [L the day] of trouble. He ·knows [cares for] those who trust in him. 8 But like a ·rushing [overwhelming] flood, he will ·completely destroy [make an end of] ·Nineveh [her place; C Nineveh was destroyed in 612 bc, after Nahum wrote]; he will ·chase [pursue] his enemies ·until he kills them [into darkness].
9 The Lord will completely destroy ·anyone making plans [or whatever you plot/conspire] against him. Trouble will not come a second time. 10 Those people will be ·like tangled [or entangled among] thorns or like people drunk from their wine; they will be ·burned up quickly [consumed] like ·dry weeds [stubble]. 11 Someone has come from ·Nineveh [L you] who ·makes evil plans [plots evil] against the Lord and gives wicked ·advice [counsel; strategy]. 12 This is what the Lord says: “Although Assyria ·is strong [or has allies] and has many people, it will be ·defeated [destroyed] and ·brought to an end [pass away]. Although I have ·made you suffer, Judah [L afflicted you], I will ·make you suffer [afflict you] no more. 13 Now I will ·free you from their control [L break his yoke from you] and tear away your ·chains [shackles].”
14 The Lord has given you this command, Nineveh: “You will not have ·descendants [L seed] to carry on your name. I will ·destroy [L cut off] the ·idols [carved images] and metal images that are in the ·temple [L house] of your gods. I will ·make [prepare] a grave for you, because you are ·wicked [vile; despicable].”
15 Look, there on the ·hills [mountains], ·someone is [L the feet of one] bringing good news [Is. 52:7]! He is announcing peace! Celebrate your ·feasts [festivals], people of Judah, and ·give your promised sacrifices to God [L fulfill your vows]. The wicked will not come to attack you again; they have been completely ·destroyed [L cut off].
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