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The Lord’s Lawsuit against His People

Now listen to what Yahweh is saying,
    “Stand up! Plead your case in front of the mountains,
    and let the hills listen to your request.
Listen to Yahweh’s lawsuit, you mountains.
    Listen, you strong foundations of the earth.
    Yahweh has filed a lawsuit against his people.
    He is arguing his case against Israel.

“My people, what have I done to you?
    How have I tried your patience? Answer me!
I brought you out of Egypt and freed you from slavery.
    I sent Moses, Aaron, and Miriam to lead you.
My people, remember what King Balak of Moab planned to do to you
    and how Balaam, son of Beor, responded to him.
    Remember your journey from Shittim to Gilgal[a]
    so that you may know the victories of Yahweh.”

What should I bring when I come into Yahweh’s presence,
    when I bow in front of the God of heaven?
    Should I bring him year-old calves as burnt offerings?
Will Yahweh be pleased with thousands of rams
    or with endless streams of olive oil?
    Should I give him my firstborn child because of my rebellious acts?
    Should I give him my young child for my sin?
You mortals, Yahweh has told you what is good.
    This is what Yahweh requires from you:
        to do what is right,
            to love mercy,
                and to live humbly with your Elohim.

The voice of Yahweh calls out to the city.
    (The fear of your name is wisdom.)
    “Listen, you tribe assembled in the city.[b]
10 I have cursed all the wicked people who use their money for evil
    and use inaccurate weights and measures.
11 I cannot tolerate dishonest scales
    and bags filled with inaccurate weights.
12 The rich people in the city are violent.
    Those who live in the city speak lies,
        and their tongues speak deceitfully.
13 I have begun to strike you with heavy blows
    and to ruin you because of your sins.
14 You will eat, but you won’t be full.
    So you will always be hungry.
    You will put things away, but you won’t save them.
    Anything you save I will destroy.
15 You will plant, but you won’t harvest.
    You will crush olives, but you won’t rub the oil on your skin.
    You will make new wine, but you won’t drink it.
16 You have kept Omri’s laws
    and all the practices of the descendants of Ahab,
        and you have followed their advice.
    That is why I will ruin you.
    Your people will be ridiculed.
        You will bear the disgrace of my people.”


  1. Micah 6:5 Hebrew meaning of this line uncertain.
  2. Micah 6:9 Greek; Masoretic Text “Listen to the stick and the one who appointed it.”