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God Challenges Israel

Hear what the Lord says:
Arise, plead your case before the mountains,
    and let the hills hear your voice.
Hear, you mountains, the controversy of the Lord,
    and you enduring foundations of the earth;
for the Lord has a controversy with his people,
    and he will contend with Israel.

“O my people, what have I done to you?
    In what have I wearied you? Answer me!
For I brought you up from the land of Egypt,
    and redeemed you from the house of bondage;
and I sent before you Moses,
    Aaron, and Miriam.
O my people, remember what Balak king of Moab devised,
    and what Balaam the son of Be′or answered him,
and what happened from Shittim to Gilgal,
    that you may know the saving acts of the Lord.”

What God Requires

“With what shall I come before the Lord,
    and bow myself before God on high?
Shall I come before him with burnt offerings,
    with calves a year old?
Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams,
    with ten thousands of rivers of oil?
Shall I give my first-born for my transgression,
    the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?”
He has showed you, O man, what is good;
    and what does the Lord require of you
but to do justice, and to love kindness,[a]
    and to walk humbly with your God?

Cheating and Violence to Be Punished

The voice of the Lord cries to the city—
    and it is sound wisdom to fear thy name:
“Hear, O tribe and assembly of the city![b]
10     Can I forget[c] the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked,
    and the scant measure that is accursed?
11 Shall I acquit the man with wicked scales
    and with a bag of deceitful weights?
12 Your[d] rich men are full of violence;
    your[e] inhabitants speak lies,
    and their tongue is deceitful in their mouth.
13 Therefore I have begun[f] to smite you,
    making you desolate because of your sins.
14 You shall eat, but not be satisfied,
    and there shall be hunger in your inward parts;
you shall put away, but not save,
    and what you save I will give to the sword.
15 You shall sow, but not reap;
    you shall tread olives, but not anoint yourselves with oil;
    you shall tread grapes, but not drink wine.
16 For you have kept the statutes of Omri,[g]
    and all the works of the house of Ahab;
    and you have walked in their counsels;
that I may make you a desolation, and your[h] inhabitants a hissing;
    so you shall bear the scorn of the peoples.”[i]


  1. Micah 6:8 Or steadfast love
  2. Micah 6:9 Cn Compare Gk: Heb and who has appointed it yet
  3. Micah 6:10 Cn: Heb uncertain
  4. Micah 6:12 Heb whose
  5. Micah 6:12 Heb whose
  6. Micah 6:13 Gk Syr Vg: Heb have made sick
  7. Micah 6:16 Gk Syr Vg Tg: Heb the statutes of Omri are kept
  8. Micah 6:16 Heb its
  9. Micah 6:16 Gk: Heb my people

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