Destruction in Israel and Judah

The (A)word of the Lord which came to (B)Micah of Moresheth in the days of (C)Jotham, (D)Ahaz, and (E)Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and which he saw regarding Samaria and Jerusalem.

Hear, you peoples, all of [a]you;
(F)Listen carefully, earth and [b]all it contains,
And may the Lord [c]God be a (G)witness against you,
The Lord from His holy temple.
For behold, the Lord is (H)coming forth from His place.
He will come down and (I)tread on the high places of the [d]earth.
(J)The mountains will melt under Him
And the valleys will be split,
Like wax before the fire,
Like water poured down a steep place.
All this is due to the [e]wrongdoing of Jacob
And the sins of the house of Israel.
What is the (K)[f]wrongdoing of Jacob?
Is it not (L)Samaria?
What is the (M)high [g]place of Judah?
Is it not Jerusalem?
For I will make Samaria a (N)heap of ruins [h]in the open country,
(O)Planting places for a vineyard.
I will (P)hurl her stones down into the valley,
And (Q)lay bare her foundations.
All of her (R)idols will be crushed,
All of her earnings will be burned with fire,
And all of her images I will make desolate;
For she collected them from a (S)prostitute’s earnings,
And to the earnings of a prostitute they will return.

Because of this I must mourn and wail,
I must go (T)barefoot and naked;
I must do mourning like the (U)jackals,
And a mourning like the ostriches.
For her (V)wound is incurable,
For (W)it has come to Judah;
It has reached the (X)gate of my people,
Even to Jerusalem.
10 (Y)Do not tell it in Gath,
Do not weep at all.
At [i]Beth-le-aphrah roll yourself in the dust in mourning.
11 [j]Go on your way, inhabitant of [k]Shaphir, in (Z)shameful nakedness.
The inhabitant of [l](AA)Zaanan does not [m]escape.
The mourning of [n]Beth-ezel: “He will take from you its [o]support.”
12 For the inhabitant of [p]Maroth
[q](AB)Waits for something good,
Because a disaster has come down from the Lord
To the (AC)gate of Jerusalem.
13 Harness the chariot to the team of horses,
You inhabitant of (AD)Lachish—
She was the beginning of sin
To the daughter of Zion—
Because in you were found
The (AE)rebellious acts of Israel.
14 Therefore you will give parting (AF)gifts
In behalf of Moresheth-gath;
The houses of (AG)Achzib will become a [r](AH)deception
To the kings of Israel.
15 Moreover, I will bring on you
The one who takes possession,
You inhabitant of [s](AI)Mareshah.
The glory of Israel will enter (AJ)Adullam.
16 Shave yourself (AK)bald, yes, cut off your hair,
Because of the children of your delight;
Extend your baldness like the eagle,
For they will (AL)go from you into exile.

Woe to Oppressors

Woe to those who (AM)devise wrongdoing,
Who practice evil on their beds!
[t](AN)When morning comes, they do it,
Because it is in the (AO)power of their hands.
They (AP)covet fields, so they (AQ)seize them;
And houses, so they take them.
They [u](AR)exploit a man and his house,
A person and his inheritance.

Therefore this is what the Lord says:

“Behold, I am (AS)planning against this (AT)family a catastrophe
From which you (AU)cannot remove your necks;
And you will not walk (AV)haughtily,
For it will be an (AW)evil time.
On that day they will (AX)take up against you a [v]song of mocking
And [w](AY)utter a song of mourning and say,
‘We are completely (AZ)destroyed!
He exchanges the share of my people;
How He removes it from me!
To the apostate He (BA)apportions our fields.’
Therefore you will have no one [x](BB)applying a measuring line
For you by lot in the assembly of the Lord.

(BC)Do not prophesy,’ so they prophesy.
But if [y]they do (BD)not prophesy about these things,
(BE)Insults will not be turned back.
Is it being said, house of Jacob:
‘Is the Spirit of the Lord (BF)impatient?
Are these His works?’
Do My words not (BG)do good
For the one (BH)walking rightly?
[z]Recently My people have arisen as an (BI)enemy—
You (BJ)strip the robe off the garment
From (BK)unsuspecting passers-by,
From those returned from war.
You (BL)evict the women of My people,
Each one from her pleasant house.
From her children you take My (BM)splendor forever.
10 Arise and go,
For this is no place (BN)of rest
Because of the (BO)uncleanness that brings on destruction,
A painful destruction.
11 If someone walking after wind and (BP)falsehood
Had lied and said,
‘I will prophesy to you about (BQ)wine and liquor,’
He would become a prophet to (BR)this people.

12 “I will certainly (BS)assemble all of you, Jacob,
I will certainly gather the (BT)remnant of Israel.
I will put them together like sheep in the fold;
Like a flock in the midst of its pasture
They will be noisy with people.
13 The one who breaks through goes up before them;
They break through, pass through the gate, and go out by it.
So their king passes on before them,
And the Lord at their head.”

Rulers Denounced

And I said,

(BU)Hear now, you [aa]leaders of Jacob
And rulers of the house of Israel:
Is it not for you to (BV)know justice?
You who hate good and love evil,
Who (BW)tear off their skin from them
And their flesh from their bones,
Who (BX)eat the flesh of my people,
Strip off their skin from them,
Smash their bones,
And (BY)chop them up as for the pot,
And as meat in a cauldron!”
Then they will (BZ)cry out to the Lord,
But He will not answer them.
Instead, He will (CA)hide His face from them at that time
Because they have (CB)practiced evil deeds.

This is what the Lord says concerning the prophets who (CC)lead my people astray:

When they have something to bite with their teeth,
They (CD)cry out, “Peace!”
But against him who puts nothing in their mouths
They declare holy war.
Therefore it will be (CE)night for you—without vision,
And darkness for you—without divination.
The (CF)sun will go down on the prophets,
And the day will become dark over them.
The seers will be (CG)put to shame,
And the (CH)diviners will be ashamed.
Indeed, they will all (CI)cover their [ab]lips
Because there is (CJ)no answer from God.
On the other hand, (CK)I am filled with power—
With the Spirit of the Lord
And with justice and courage
To (CL)make known to Jacob his rebellious act,
And to Israel his sin.
Now hear this, you (CM)heads of the house of Jacob
And rulers of the house of Israel,
Who (CN)despise justice
And twist everything that is straight,
10 Who (CO)build Zion with bloodshed,
And Jerusalem with malice.
11 Her leaders pronounce (CP)judgment for a bribe,
Her (CQ)priests teach for pay,
And her prophets divine for money.
Yet they lean on the Lord, saying,
(CR)Is the Lord not in our midst?
Catastrophe will not come upon us.”
12 Therefore on account of you,
(CS)Zion will be plowed like a field,
(CT)Jerusalem will become a heap of ruins,
And the (CU)mountain of the [ac]temple will become high places of a forest.

Peaceful Latter Days

And it will come about in the (CV)last days
That the (CW)mountain of the house of the Lord
Will be established [ad]as the chief of the mountains.
It will be raised above the hills,
And the (CX)peoples will stream to it.
(CY)Many nations will come and say,
(CZ)Come and let’s go up to the mountain of the Lord
And to the house of the God of Jacob,
So that (DA)He may teach us about His ways,
And that we may walk in His paths.”
For (DB)from Zion will go forth the law,
And the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.
And He will (DC)judge between many peoples
And render decisions for mighty, [ae]distant nations.
Then they will beat their swords (DD)into plowshares,
And their spears into pruning hooks;
Nation will not lift a sword against nation,
And never again will they [af]train for war.
Instead, each of them will (DE)sit under his vine
And under his fig tree,
With (DF)no one to make them afraid,
Because the (DG)mouth of the Lord of armies has spoken.
Though all the peoples walk,
Each in the (DH)name of his god,
As for us, (DI)we will walk
In the name of the (DJ)Lord our God forever and ever.

“On that day,” declares the Lord,
“I will assemble those who (DK)limp
And (DL)gather the scattered,
Those whom I have afflicted.
I will make those who limp a (DM)remnant,
And those who [ag]have strayed a mighty nation,
And the (DN)Lord will reign over them on Mount Zion
From now on and forever.
As for you, [ah](DO)tower of the flock,
[ai]Hill of the daughter of Zion,
To you it will come—
Yes, the (DP)former dominion will come,
The kingdom of the daughter of Jerusalem.

“Now, why do you (DQ)cry out loudly?
Is there no king among you,
Or has your (DR)counselor perished,
That agony has gripped you like a woman in childbirth?
10 (DS)Writhe and scream,
Daughter of Zion,
Like a woman in childbirth;
For now you will (DT)go out of the city,
Live in the field,
And go to Babylon.
(DU)There you will be rescued,
(DV)There the Lord will redeem you
From the hand of your enemies.
11 And now (DW)many nations have been assembled against you
Who say, ‘Let her be defiled,
And let our eyes [aj]gloat over Zion!’
12 But they do not (DX)know the thoughts of the Lord,
And they do not understand His plan;
For He has gathered them like sheaves to the threshing floor.
13 Arise and (DY)thresh, daughter of Zion,
For I will make your horn iron,
And I will make your hoofs bronze,
So that you may (DZ)pulverize many peoples,
And (EA)dedicate to the Lord their unjust profit,
And their wealth to the Lord of all the earth.

Birth of the King in Bethlehem

[ak]Now muster yourselves in troops, daughter of troops;
[al]They have laid siege against us;
With a rod they will (EB)strike the judge of Israel on the cheek.
[am]But as for (EC)you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,
Too little to be among the clans of Judah,
From (ED)you One will come forth for Me to be (EE)ruler in Israel.
His times of coming forth are (EF)from long ago,
From the days of eternity.”
Therefore He will (EG)give them up until the time
When she (EH)who is in labor has given birth.
Then the (EI)remainder of His kinsmen
Will return to the sons of Israel.
And He will arise and (EJ)shepherd His flock
In the strength of the Lord,
In the majesty of the name of the Lord His God.
And they will [an]remain,
Because [ao]at that time He will be great
To the (EK)ends of the earth.
This One (EL)will be our peace.
When the (EM)Assyrian invades our land,
When he tramples on our [ap]citadels,
Then we will raise against him
Seven shepherds and eight leaders of people.
They will (EN)shepherd the land of Assyria with the sword,
The land of (EO)Nimrod at its entrances;
And He will (EP)rescue us from the Assyrian
When he invades our land,
And when he tramples our territory.

Then the (EQ)remnant of Jacob
Will be among many peoples
Like (ER)dew from the Lord,
Like (ES)showers on vegetation
That do not wait for man,
Or delay for [aq]mankind.
The remnant of Jacob
Will be among the nations,
Among many peoples
(ET)Like a lion among the animals of the forest,
Like a young lion among flocks of sheep,
Which, if he passes through,
(EU)Tramples and (EV)tears,
And there is (EW)no one who can rescue.
Your hand will be (EX)lifted up against your adversaries,
And all your enemies will be eliminated.

10 “And it will be on that day,” declares the Lord,
(EY)That I will eliminate your (EZ)horses from among you,
And destroy your chariots.
11 I will also eliminate the (FA)cities of your land,
And tear down all your (FB)fortifications.
12 I will eliminate (FC)sorceries from your hand,
And you will have no fortune-tellers.
13 (FD)I will eliminate your carved images
And your memorial stones from among you,
So that you will no longer bow down
To the work of your hands.
14 I will uproot your [ar](FE)Asherim from among you,
And destroy your cities.
15 And I will (FF)execute vengeance in anger and wrath
On the nations which have not obeyed.”

God’s Indictment of His People

Hear now what the Lord is saying,
“Arise, plead your case [as]before the mountains,
And let the hills hear your voice.
Listen, you mountains, to the indictment by the Lord,
And you enduring (FG)foundations of the earth,
Because the (FH)Lord has a case against His people;
And He will dispute with Israel.
(FI)My people, (FJ)what have I done to you,
And (FK)how have I wearied you? Answer Me.
Indeed, I (FL)brought you up from the land of Egypt,
I (FM)redeemed you from the house of slavery,
And I sent before you (FN)Moses, Aaron, and (FO)Miriam.
My people, remember now
What (FP)Balak king of Moab planned
And what Balaam son of Beor answered him,
And what happened from (FQ)Shittim to (FR)Gilgal,
[at]So that you might know the (FS)righteous acts of the Lord.”

What God Requires of Mankind

(FT)With what shall I come to the Lord
And bow myself before the God on high?
Shall I come to Him with (FU)burnt offerings,
With yearling calves?
Does the Lord take pleasure in (FV)thousands of rams,
In ten thousand rivers of [au]oil?
Shall I give Him my (FW)firstborn for my wrongdoings,
The fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?
He has (FX)told you, mortal one, what is good;
And (FY)what does the Lord require of you
But to (FZ)do justice, to (GA)love [av]kindness,
And to walk [aw](GB)humbly with your God?

The voice of the Lord will call to the city—
And it is sound wisdom to fear Your name:
[ax]Hear, you tribe. Who has designated [ay]its time?
10 Is there still a person in the wicked house,
Along with treasures of (GC)wickedness,
And a [az](GD)short measure that is cursed?
11 Can I justify dishonest (GE)balances,
And a bag of fraudulent weights?
12 For the rich people of [ba]the city are full of (GF)violence,
Her residents speak (GG)lies,
And their (GH)tongue is deceitful in their mouth.
13 So also I will make you (GI)sick, striking you down,
(GJ)Making you desolate because of your sins.
14 You will eat, but you will (GK)not be satisfied,
And your filth will be in your midst.
You will try to remove valuables for safekeeping,
But you will (GL)not save it all,
And what you do save I will turn over to the sword.
15 You will sow but you will (GM)not harvest.
You will tread the olive press but will not anoint yourself with oil;
And tread out sweet wine, but you will (GN)not drink any wine.
16 The statutes of (GO)Omri
And every work of the house of (GP)Ahab are maintained,
And you (GQ)walk by their plans.
Therefore I will give you up for (GR)destruction,
And [bb]your inhabitants for [bc](GS)derision,
And you will suffer the (GT)taunting of My people.”

The Prophet Acknowledges Injustice

Woe to me! For I am
Like harvests of summer fruit, like gleanings of (GU)grapes.
There is not a cluster of grapes left to eat,
Nor an (GV)early fig, which [bd]I crave.
The [be]godly person has (GW)perished from the land,
And there is no upright person among mankind.
All of them lie in wait for (GX)bloodshed;
Each of them hunts the other with a (GY)net.
As for evil, both hands do it (GZ)well.
The leader asks for a (HA)bribe, also the judge,
And the great one speaks the capricious desire of his soul;
So they plot it together.
The best of them is like a (HB)thorn bush,
The most upright like a (HC)thorn hedge.
The day [bf]when you post your watchmen,
Your (HD)punishment is coming.
Then their (HE)confusion will occur.
Do not (HF)trust in a neighbor;
Do not have confidence in a close friend.
Guard [bg]your lips
From her who lies [bh]in your arms.
For (HG)son disavows father,
Daughter rises up against her mother,
Daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law;
(HH)A person’s enemies are the people of his own household.

God Is the Source of Salvation and Light

But as for me, I will (HI)be on the watch for the Lord;
I will (HJ)wait for the God of my salvation.
My (HK)God will hear me.
(HL)Do not rejoice over me, (HM)enemy of mine.
Though I fall I will (HN)rise;
Though I live in darkness, the Lord is a (HO)light for me.

I will endure the rage of the Lord
Because I have sinned against Him,
Until He (HP)pleads my case and executes justice for me.
He will bring me out to the (HQ)light,
And I will look at His [bi](HR)righteousness.
10 Then my enemy will see,
And shame will cover her who (HS)said to me,
“Where is the Lord your God?”
My eyes will look at her;
[bj]At that time she will [bk]be (HT)trampled down
Like mud of the streets.
11 It will be a day for (HU)building your walls.
On that day your boundary will be extended.
12 It will be a day when [bl]they will (HV)come to you
From Assyria and the cities of Egypt,
From Egypt even to the Euphrates River,
Even from sea to sea and mountain to mountain.
13 And the earth will become a (HW)wasteland because of her inhabitants,
On account of the (HX)fruit of their deeds.

14 (HY)Shepherd Your people with Your (HZ)scepter,
The flock of Your [bm]possession
Which lives by itself in the woodland,
In the midst of [bn]a fruitful field.
Let them feed in (IA)Bashan and Gilead
(IB)As in the days of old.
15 “As in the days when you went out from the land of Egypt,
I will show [bo](IC)you miracles.”
16 Nations (ID)will see and be ashamed
Of all their might.
They will (IE)put their hand on their mouth,
Their ears will be deaf.
17 They will (IF)lick up dust like a snake,
Like [bp](IG)reptiles of the earth.
They will come (IH)trembling out of their [bq]fortresses;
To the Lord our God they will come in (II)trepidation,
And they will be afraid of You.
18 Who is a God like You, who (IJ)pardons wrongdoing
And passes over a rebellious act of the (IK)remnant of His [br]possession?
He does not (IL)retain His anger forever,
Because He (IM)delights in mercy.
19 He will again take pity on us;
(IN)He will trample on our wrongdoings.
Yes, You will (IO)cast all [bs]their sins
Into the depths of the sea.
20 You will give [bt](IP)truth to Jacob
And favor to Abraham,
Which You (IQ)swore to our forefathers
From the days of old.


  1. Micah 1:2 Lit them
  2. Micah 1:2 Lit its fullness
  3. Micah 1:2 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
  4. Micah 1:3 Or land
  5. Micah 1:5 Or rebellion
  6. Micah 1:5 Or rebellion
  7. Micah 1:5 Lit places
  8. Micah 1:6 Lit of the field
  9. Micah 1:10 I.e., house of dust
  10. Micah 1:11 I.e., Go into captivity
  11. Micah 1:11 I.e., pleasantness
  12. Micah 1:11 I.e., going out
  13. Micah 1:11 Lit go out
  14. Micah 1:11 I.e., the house beside
  15. Micah 1:11 Lit standing place
  16. Micah 1:12 I.e., bitterness
  17. Micah 1:12 Or possibly has been in agony for
  18. Micah 1:14 Heb achzab, wordplay on Achzib
  19. Micah 1:15 I.e., possession
  20. Micah 2:1 Lit In the light of the morning
  21. Micah 2:2 Or oppress
  22. Micah 2:4 Or proverb
  23. Micah 2:4 Lit lament
  24. Micah 2:5 Lit casting
  25. Micah 2:6 I.e., God’s prophets
  26. Micah 2:8 Lit And yesterday
  27. Micah 3:1 Lit heads
  28. Micah 3:7 Lit mustache
  29. Micah 3:12 Lit house
  30. Micah 4:1 Lit on
  31. Micah 4:3 Lit at a distance
  32. Micah 4:3 Lit learn
  33. Micah 4:7 Or are far removed
  34. Micah 4:8 Heb Migdal-eder
  35. Micah 4:8 Heb Ophel
  36. Micah 4:11 Lit see with pleasure
  37. Micah 5:1 Ch 4:14 in Heb
  38. Micah 5:1 Lit He has
  39. Micah 5:2 Ch 5:1 in Heb
  40. Micah 5:4 Or live in safety
  41. Micah 5:4 Lit now
  42. Micah 5:5 Or palaces
  43. Micah 5:7 Lit sons of mankind
  44. Micah 5:14 I.e., wooden symbols of a female deity (Asherah)
  45. Micah 6:1 Lit with
  46. Micah 6:5 Lit In order to know
  47. Micah 6:7 I.e., olive oil
  48. Micah 6:8 Or loyalty
  49. Micah 6:8 Or circumspectly
  50. Micah 6:9 Or Hear about the rod and who designated it
  51. Micah 6:9 Lit it
  52. Micah 6:10 Lit shrunken ephah
  53. Micah 6:12 Lit her are
  54. Micah 6:16 Lit her
  55. Micah 6:16 Lit whistling (in mockery)
  56. Micah 7:1 Lit my soul desires
  57. Micah 7:2 Or faithful
  58. Micah 7:4 Lit of your
  59. Micah 7:5 Lit the openings of your mouth
  60. Micah 7:5 Lit on your chest
  61. Micah 7:9 I.e., right dealing
  62. Micah 7:10 Lit Now
  63. Micah 7:10 Lit become a trampled place
  64. Micah 7:12 Lit he
  65. Micah 7:14 Or inheritance
  66. Micah 7:14 Or Carmel
  67. Micah 7:15 Lit him
  68. Micah 7:17 Lit crawling things
  69. Micah 7:17 Or prisons
  70. Micah 7:18 Or inheritance
  71. Micah 7:19 Several ancient versions our
  72. Micah 7:20 Or faithfulness

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