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II. Oracles of Salvation

Chapter 4

[a]In days to come
    the mount of the Lord’s house
Shall be established as the highest mountain;
    it shall be raised above the hills,
And peoples shall stream to it:(A)
    Many nations shall come, and say,
“Come, let us climb the Lord’s mountain,
    to the house of the God of Jacob,
That he may instruct us in his ways,
    that we may walk in his paths.”
For from Zion shall go forth instruction,
    and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.
He shall judge between many peoples
    and set terms for strong and distant nations;
They shall beat their swords into plowshares,
    and their spears into pruning hooks;
One nation shall not raise the sword against another,
    nor shall they train for war again.
They shall all sit under their own vines,
    under their own fig trees, undisturbed;
    for the Lord of hosts has spoken.(B)

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  1. 4:1–4 This magnificent prophecy of salvation is almost identical to Is 2:2–5, with the exception of its last verse. See also Jl 4:9–10, which transforms the promise into a call to war. It is not known if Micah or an editor of the book picked up the announcement from his contemporary Isaiah or if Isaiah borrowed it from Micah. Perhaps both Isaiah and Micah depended upon another, more ancient tradition. The ground of the prophetic hope voiced here is the justice and grace of the God who has chosen Israel. The basis for peace shall be a just order where all are obedient to the divine will. While the vision is a universal one, including all peoples and nations (vv. 3–4), its center and wellspring is the Temple of the Lord of Israel on Mount Zion in Jerusalem.