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10 While he was at table in his house,[a] many tax collectors and sinners came and sat with Jesus and his disciples.(A) 11 The Pharisees saw this and said to his disciples, “Why does your teacher[b] eat with tax collectors and sinners?” 12 He heard this and said, “Those who are well do not need a physician, but the sick do.[c] 13 Go and learn the meaning of the words,(B) ‘I desire mercy, not sacrifice.’[d] I did not come to call the righteous but sinners.”

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  1. 9:10 His house: it is not clear whether his refers to Jesus or Matthew. Tax collectors: see note on Mt 5:46. Table association with such persons would cause ritual impurity.
  2. 9:11 Teacher: see note on Mt 8:19.
  3. 9:12 See note on Mk 2:17.
  4. 9:13 Go and learn…not sacrifice: Matthew adds the prophetic statement of Hos 6:6 to the Marcan account (see also Mt 12:7). If mercy is superior to the temple sacrifices, how much more to the laws of ritual impurity.