17 “Do not presume that I came to abolish the (A)Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish, but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, (B)until heaven and earth pass away, not [a]the smallest letter or stroke of a letter shall pass from the Law, until all is accomplished! 19 Therefore, whoever nullifies one of the least of these commandments, and teaches [b]others to do the same, shall be called least (C)in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever [c]keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

20 “For I say to you that unless your (D)righteousness far surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.

Personal Relationships

21 (E)You have heard that [d]the ancients were told, ‘(F)You shall not murder,’ and ‘Whoever commits murder shall be answerable to (G)the court.’ 22 But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be answerable to (H)the court; and whoever says to his brother, ‘[e]You good-for-nothing,’ shall be answerable to [f](I)the supreme court; and whoever says, ‘You fool,’ shall be guilty enough to go into the [g](J)fiery hell. 23 Therefore, if you are (K)presenting your [h]offering at the altar, and there you remember that your brother has something against you, 24 leave your [i]offering there before the altar and go; first be (L)reconciled to your brother, and then come and present your [j]offering. 25 (M)[k]Come to good terms with your accuser quickly, while you are with him on the way to court, so that your accuser will not hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the officer, and you will not be thrown into prison. 26 Truly I say to you, (N)you will not come out of there until you have paid up the last [l]quadrans.

27 (O)You have heard that it was said, ‘(P)You shall not commit adultery’; 28 but I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman (Q)with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29 Now (R)if your right eye is causing you to sin, tear it out and throw it away from you; for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body, [m]than for your whole body to be thrown into [n](S)hell. 30 And (T)if your right hand is causing you to sin, cut it off and throw it away from you; for it is better for you [o]to lose one of the parts of your body, [p]than for your whole body to go into [q](U)hell.

31 “Now it was said, ‘(V)Whoever sends his wife away is to give her a certificate of divorce’; 32 (W)but I say to you that everyone who [r]divorces his wife, except for the reason of sexual immorality, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a [s]divorced woman commits adultery.

33 “Again, (X)you have heard that [t]the ancients were told, ‘[u](Y)You shall not [v]make false vows, but shall fulfill your [w]vows to the Lord.’ 34 But I say to you, (Z)take no oath at all, neither by heaven, for it is (AA)the throne of God, 35 nor by the earth, for it is the (AB)footstool of His feet, nor [x]by Jerusalem, for it is (AC)the city of the great King. 36 Nor shall you take an oath by your head, for you cannot make a single hair white or black. 37 But make sure your statement is, ‘[y]Yes, yes’ or ‘No, no’; anything beyond these is [z]of (AD)evil origin.

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  1. Matthew 5:18 Lit one iota (Heb yodh) or one projection (serif)
  2. Matthew 5:19 Lit people
  3. Matthew 5:19 Lit does
  4. Matthew 5:21 Lit it was said to the ancients
  5. Matthew 5:22 Or You empty-head; Gr Raka (Raca) from Aramaic reqa
  6. Matthew 5:22 Lit the Sanhedrin; i.e., Jewish High Court
  7. Matthew 5:22 Lit Gehenna of fire
  8. Matthew 5:23 Or gift
  9. Matthew 5:24 Or gift
  10. Matthew 5:24 Or gift
  11. Matthew 5:25 I.e., settle the case
  12. Matthew 5:26 A small Roman copper coin, worth about 1/64 of a laborer’s daily wage
  13. Matthew 5:29 Lit and that your whole body not be
  14. Matthew 5:29 Gr Gehenna
  15. Matthew 5:30 Lit that one...be lost
  16. Matthew 5:30 Lit and not your whole body
  17. Matthew 5:30 Gr Gehenna
  18. Matthew 5:32 Lit sends away, the Heb term for divorce
  19. Matthew 5:32 Lit woman sent away
  20. Matthew 5:33 Lit it was said to the ancients
  21. Matthew 5:33 you and your are singular here
  22. Matthew 5:33 Or break your vows
  23. Matthew 5:33 Lit oaths
  24. Matthew 5:35 Or toward
  25. Matthew 5:37 I.e., a clear “yes” or “no”
  26. Matthew 5:37 Or from the evil one

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