38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth [punishment that fits the offense].’39 But I say to you, do not resist an evil person [who insults you or violates your rights]; but whoever [a]slaps you on the right cheek, turn the other toward him also [simply ignore insignificant insults or trivial losses and do not bother to retaliate—maintain your dignity, your self-respect, your poise].40 If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, [b]let him have your coat also [for the Lord repays the offender]. 41 And whoever [c]forces you to go one mile, go with him two.42 Give to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you.
Matthew 5:39In this context the “slap” is not an act of violence, but more likely an insult or violation of one’s rights.
Matthew 5:40Probably a prohibition against frivolous legal action.
Matthew 5:41Roman soldiers were allowed to force civilian bystanders to carry their gear one mile for them.
2 For just as you [hypocritically] judge others [when you are sinful and unrepentant], so will you be judged; and in accordance with your standard of measure [used to pass out judgment], judgment will be measured to you.
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