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Matthew 22:34-23:12 Tree of Life Version (TLV)

The Greatest Mitzvot

34 But the Pharisees, when they heard that Yeshua had silenced the Sadducees, gathered together in one place. 35 And testing Him, one of them, a lawyer, asked, 36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Torah?”

37 And He said to him, “‘You shall love Adonai your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ [a] 38 This is the first and greatest commandment. 39 And the second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ [b] 40 The entire Torah and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”

Yeshua Overturns the Arguments

41 Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Yeshua asked them a question, 42 saying, “What do you think about the Messiah? Whose Son is He?”[c]

“David’s,” they say to Him.

43 “Then how is it,” He says to them, “that David by the Ruach calls him ‘Lord’?

44 For he says, ‘Adonai said to my Lord,
    “Sit at My right hand,
until I put Your enemies under Your feet.”’[d]

45 If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his son?” 46 No one was able to answer Him a word. Nor did anyone dare from that day on to question Him any longer.

Seven Woes

23 Then Yeshua spoke to the crowds and to His disciples, saying, “The Torah scholars and Pharisees sit on the seat of Moses. So whatever they tell you, do and observe. But don’t do what they do; for what they say, they do not do. They tie up heavy loads, hard to carry,[e] and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves aren’t willing to lift a finger to move them. All their works they do to be noticed by men. They make their tefillin wide and their tzitziyot long. [f] They love the place of honor at feasts, the best seats in the synagogues, greetings in the marketplaces, and to be called rabbi by men.

“But you are not to be called rabbi; for One is your Teacher, and you are all brothers. And call no man on earth your father; for One is your Father, who is in heaven. 10 Nor are you to be called teachers; for One is your Teacher, the Messiah. 11 But the greatest among you shall be your servant. 12 Whoever exalts himself shall be humbled, and whoever humbles himself shall be exalted.

Footnotes:

  1. Matthew 22:38 cf. Deut. 6:5, v’ahavta.
  2. Matthew 22:40 Lev. 19:18b, v’ahavta l’reiacha kamocha.
  3. Matthew 22:42 cf. Ps. 110:1; Ps. 109:1 (LXX).
  4. Matthew 22:44 Ps. 110:1.
  5. Matthew 23:4 Some mss. omit hard to carry.
  6. Matthew 23:6 cf. Exod. 13:9, 16; Deut. 6:8; 11:18; Num. 15:37-41.
Tree of Life Version (TLV)

Tree of Life (TLV) Translation of the Bible. Copyright © 2015 by The Messianic Jewish Family Bible Society.

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