Followers of Tradition

(A)The Pharisees and some of the scribes *gathered to Him after they came (B)from Jerusalem, and saw that some of His disciples were eating their bread with [a](C)unholy hands, that is, unwashed. (For the Pharisees and all the other Jews do not eat unless they [b]carefully wash their hands, thereby holding firmly to the (D)tradition of the elders; and when they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they [c]completely cleanse themselves; and there are many other things which they have received as traditions to firmly hold, such as the [d]washing of (E)cups, pitchers, and copper pots.) And the Pharisees and the scribes *asked Him, “Why do Your disciples not walk in accordance with the (F)tradition of the elders, but eat their bread with (G)[e]unholy hands?” But He said to them, “Rightly did Isaiah prophesy about you hypocrites, as it is written:

(H)This people honors Me with their lips,
But their heart is far away from Me.
(I)And in vain do they worship Me,
Teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.’

Neglecting the commandment of God, you hold to the (J)tradition of men.”

He was also saying to them, “You are experts at setting aside the commandment of God in order to keep your (K)tradition. 10 For Moses said, ‘(L)Honor your father and your mother’; and, ‘(M)The one who speaks evil of father or mother, is [f]certainly to be put to death’; 11 but you say, ‘If a person says to his father or his mother, whatever I have that would help you is (N)Corban (that is, [g]given to God),’ 12 you no longer allow him to do anything for his father or his mother; 13 thereby invalidating the word of God by your (O)tradition which you have handed down; and you do many things such as that.”

The Heart of Man

14 After He called the crowd to Him again, He began saying to them, “Listen to Me, all of you, and understand: 15 there is nothing outside the person which can defile him if it goes into him; but the things which come out of the person are what defile the person[h].”

17 And when He later entered a house, away from the crowd, (P)His disciples asked Him about the parable. 18 And He *said to them, “Are you so lacking in understanding as well? Do you not understand that whatever goes into the person from outside cannot defile him, 19 because it does not go into his heart, but into his stomach, and [i]is eliminated?” (Thereby He declared (Q)all foods (R)clean.) 20 And He was saying, (S)That which comes out of the person, that is what defiles the person. 21 For from within, out of the [j]hearts of people, come the evil thoughts, acts of sexual immorality, thefts, murders, acts of adultery, 22 deeds of greed, wickedness, deceit, indecent behavior, [k](T)envy, slander, [l]pride, and foolishness. 23 All these evil things come from within and defile the person.”

The Syrophoenician Woman

24 (U)Now Jesus got up and went from there to the region of (V)Tyre[m]. And when He had entered a house, He wanted no one to know about it; and yet He could not escape notice. 25 But after hearing about Him, a woman whose little daughter had an unclean spirit immediately came and fell at His feet. 26 Now the woman was a [n]Gentile, of Syrophoenician descent. And she repeatedly asked Him to cast the demon out of her daughter. 27 And He was saying to her, “Let the children be satisfied first, for it is not [o]good to take the children’s bread and throw it to the [p]dogs.” 28 But she answered and *said to Him, “Yes, Lord, but even the dogs under the table feed on the children’s crumbs.” 29 And He said to her, “Because of this [q]answer, go; the demon has gone out of your daughter.” 30 And after going back to her home, she found the child [r]lying on the bed, and the demon gone.

31 (W)Again He left the region of (X)Tyre and came through Sidon to (Y)the Sea of Galilee, within the region of (Z)Decapolis. 32 And they *brought to Him one who was deaf and had difficulty speaking, and they *begged Him to (AA)lay His hand on him. 33 And Jesus (AB)took him aside from the crowd, by himself, and put His fingers in his ears, and after (AC)spitting, He touched his tongue with the saliva; 34 and looking up to heaven with a deep (AD)sigh, He *said to him, “Ephphatha!” that is, “Be opened!” 35 And his ears were opened, and the [s]impediment of his tongue was [t]removed, and he began speaking plainly. 36 And (AE)He gave them orders not to tell anyone; but the more He ordered them, the more widely they (AF)continued to proclaim it. 37 And they were utterly astonished, saying, “He has done all things well; He makes even those who are deaf hear, and those who are unable to talk, speak.”

Four Thousand Men Fed

In those days, (AG)when there was again a large crowd and they had nothing to eat, Jesus summoned His disciples and *said to them, (AH)I feel compassion for the [u]people because they have remained with Me for three days already and have nothing to eat. And if I send them away hungry to their homes, they will faint on the way; and some of them have come from a great distance.” And His disciples replied to Him, “Where will anyone be able to find enough [v]bread here in this desolate place to satisfy these people?” And He was asking them, “How many loaves do you have?” And they said, “Seven.” And He *directed the [w]people to recline on the ground; and taking the seven loaves, He gave thanks and broke them, and started giving them to His disciples to serve, and they served them to the [x]people. They also had a few small fish; and (AI)after He had blessed them, He told the disciples to serve these as well. And they ate and were satisfied; and they picked up seven large (AJ)baskets full of what was left over of the broken pieces. About four thousand [y]men were there; and He dismissed them. 10 And immediately He got into the boat with His disciples and came to the region of (AK)Dalmanutha.

11 (AL)And the Pharisees came out and began to argue with Him, (AM)demanding from Him a [z]sign from heaven, [aa]to test Him. 12 (AN)Sighing deeply in His spirit, He *said, “Why does this generation demand a [ab]sign? Truly I say to you, [ac](AO)no [ad]sign will be given to this generation!” 13 And leaving them, He again embarked and went away to the other side.

14 And the disciples had forgotten to take bread, and did not have more than one loaf in the boat with them. 15 And He was giving orders to them, saying, (AP)Watch out! Beware of the [ae]leaven of the Pharisees, and the leaven of (AQ)Herod.” 16 And they began to discuss with one another the fact that they had no bread. 17 And Jesus, aware of this, *said to them, “Why are you discussing the fact that you have no bread? (AR)Do you not yet comprehend or understand? Do you still have your heart [af]hardened? 18 (AS)Having eyes, do you not see? And having ears, do you not hear? And do you not remember, 19 when I broke (AT)the five loaves for the five thousand, how many (AU)baskets full of broken pieces you picked up?” They *said to Him, “Twelve.” 20 “When I broke (AV)the seven for the four thousand, how many large (AW)baskets full of broken pieces did you pick up?” And they *said to Him, “Seven.” 21 And He was saying to them, (AX)Do you not yet understand?”

22 And they *came to (AY)Bethsaida. And some people *brought a man who was blind to [ag]Jesus and *begged Him to (AZ)touch him. 23 Taking the man who was blind by the hand, He (BA)brought him out of the village; and after (BB)spitting in his eyes and (BC)laying His hands on him, He asked him, “Do you see anything?” 24 And he [ah]looked up and said, “I see people, for I see them like trees, walking around.” 25 Then again He laid His hands on his eyes; and he looked intently and was restored, and began to see everything clearly. 26 And He sent him to his home, saying, “Do not even enter (BD)the village.”

Peter’s Confession of Christ

27 (BE)Jesus went out, along with His disciples, to the villages of (BF)Caesarea Philippi; and on the way He questioned His disciples, saying to them, “Who do people say that I am?” 28 (BG)They told Him, saying, “John the Baptist; and others say Elijah; and others, one of the prophets.” 29 And He continued questioning them: “But who do you say that I am?” (BH)Peter answered and *said to Him, “You are the [ai]Christ.” 30 And (BI)He [aj]warned them to tell no one about Him.

31 (BJ)And He began to teach them that (BK)the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise from the dead. 32 And He was stating the matter (BL)plainly. And Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him. 33 But turning around and seeing His disciples, He rebuked Peter and *said, “Get behind Me, (BM)Satan; for you are not setting your mind on [ak]God’s purposes, but on man’s.”

34 And He summoned the crowd together with His disciples, and said to them, “If anyone wants to come after Me, he must deny himself, (BN)take up his cross, and follow Me. 35 For (BO)whoever wants to save his [al]life will lose it, but whoever loses his [am]life for My sake and the gospel’s will save it. 36 For what does it benefit a person to gain the whole world, and forfeit his soul? 37 For what could a person give in exchange for his soul? 38 For (BP)whoever is ashamed of Me and My words in this adulterous and sinful generation, (BQ)the Son of Man will also be ashamed of him when He (BR)comes in the glory of His Father with the holy angels.”

The Transfiguration

And Jesus was saying to them, (BS)Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God when it has come with power.”

(BT)And six days later Jesus *took with Him (BU)Peter, [an]James, and John, and *brought them up on a high mountain by themselves. And He was [ao]transfigured before them; and (BV)His garments became radiant and exceedingly white, as no launderer on earth can whiten them. And Elijah appeared to them along with Moses; and they were talking with Jesus. Peter responded and *said to Jesus, “(BW)Rabbi, it is good that we are here; (BX)let’s make three [ap]tabernacles, one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” For he did not know how to reply; for they became terrified. Then a cloud [aq]formed, overshadowing them, and (BY)a voice [ar]came out of the cloud: “(BZ)This is My beloved Son; [as]listen to Him!” And suddenly they looked around and saw no one with them anymore, except Jesus alone.

(CA)As they were coming down from the mountain, He (CB)gave them orders not to relate to anyone what they had seen, [at]until the Son of Man rose from the dead. 10 They [au]seized upon [av]that statement, discussing with one another [aw]what rising from the dead meant. 11 And they asked Him, saying, “Why is it that the scribes say that (CC)Elijah must come first?” 12 And He said to them, “Elijah does come first and he restores all things. And yet how is it written of (CD)the Son of Man that (CE)He will suffer many things and be treated with contempt? 13 But I say to you that Elijah has [ax]indeed come, and they did to him whatever they wanted, just as it is written of him.”

All Things Possible

14 (CF)And when they came back to the other disciples, they saw a large crowd around them, and some scribes arguing with them. 15 Immediately, when the entire crowd saw Him, they were (CG)amazed and began running up to greet Him. 16 And He asked them, “What are you disputing with them?” 17 And one person from the crowd answered Him, “Teacher, I brought You my son, because he has a spirit that makes him unable to speak; 18 and [ay]whenever it seizes him, it slams him to the ground, and he foams at the mouth and grinds his teeth and becomes stiff. And I told Your disciples so that they would cast it out, but they could not do it.” 19 And He answered them and *said, “O unbelieving generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I put up with you? Bring him to Me!” 20 And they brought [az]the boy to Him. When he saw Him, the spirit immediately threw him into convulsions, and falling to the ground, he began rolling around and foaming at the mouth. 21 And He asked his father, “How long has this been happening to him?” And he said, “From childhood. 22 It has often thrown him both into the fire and into the water to kill him. But if You can do anything, take pity on us and help us!” 23 But Jesus said to him, “‘If You can?’ (CH)All things are possible for the one who believes.” 24 Immediately the boy’s father cried out and said, “I do believe; help my unbelief!” 25 When Jesus saw that (CI)a crowd was [ba]rapidly gathering, He rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to it, “You mute and deaf spirit, I [bb]command you, come out of him and do not enter him [bc]again!” 26 And after crying out and throwing him into terrible convulsions, it came out; and the boy became so much like a corpse that most of them said, “He is dead!” 27 But Jesus took him by the hand and raised him, and he got up. 28 When He came (CJ)into the house, His disciples began asking Him privately, “Why is it that we could not cast it out?” 29 And He said to them, “This kind cannot come out by anything except prayer.”

Death and Resurrection Foretold

30 (CK)And from there they went out and began to go through Galilee, and He did not want anyone to know about it. 31 For He was teaching His disciples and telling them, (CL)The Son of Man is to be [bd]handed over to men, and they will kill Him; and when He has been killed, He will rise three days later.” 32 But (CM)they [be]did not understand this statement, and they were afraid to ask Him.

33 (CN)They came to Capernaum; and when He was in (CO)the house, He began to question them: “What were you discussing on the way?” 34 But they kept silent, for on the way (CP)they had discussed with one another which of them was the greatest. 35 And sitting down, He called the twelve and *said to them, (CQ)If anyone wants to be first, he shall be last of all and servant of all.” 36 And He took a child and placed him among them, and taking him in His arms, He said to them, 37 (CR)Whoever [bf]receives [bg]one child like this in My name [bh]receives Me; and whoever [bi]receives Me does not [bj]receive Me, but Him who sent Me.”

Dire Warnings

38 (CS)John said to Him, “Teacher, we saw someone casting out demons in Your name, and (CT)we tried to prevent him because he was not following us.” 39 But Jesus said, “Do not hinder him, for there is no one who will perform a miracle in My name, and be able soon afterward to speak evil of Me. 40 (CU)For the one who is not against us is [bk]for us. 41 For (CV)whoever gives you a cup of water to drink [bl]because of your name as followers of Christ, truly I say to you, he shall by no means lose his reward.

42 (CW)Whoever causes one of these [bm]little ones who believe in Me to [bn]sin, it is better for him if a heavy millstone is hung around his neck and he [bo]is thrown into the sea. 43 And (CX)if your hand causes you to sin, cut it off; it is better for you to enter life maimed, than, having your two hands, to go into [bp](CY)hell, into the (CZ)unquenchable fire.[bq] 45 And if your foot is causing you to sin, cut it off; it is better for you to enter life without a foot, than, having your two feet, to be thrown into [br](DA)hell.[bs] 47 And (DB)if your eye is causing you to sin, throw it away; it is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye, than, having two eyes, to be thrown into [bt](DC)hell, 48 (DD)where their worm does not die, and (DE)the fire is not extinguished. 49 For everyone will be salted with fire. 50 Salt is good; but (DF)if the salt becomes unsalty, with what will you [bu]make it salty again? (DG)Have salt in yourselves, and (DH)be at peace with one another.”


  1. Mark 7:2 Lit common; i.e., ritually unclean
  2. Mark 7:3 Lit with a fist (following a prescribed ritual)
  3. Mark 7:4 Lit baptize; i.e., immerse; two early mss purify
  4. Mark 7:4 Lit baptisms
  5. Mark 7:5 Lit common; i.e., ritually unclean
  6. Mark 7:10 Lit to die with death
  7. Mark 7:11 Lit a gift; i.e., an offering
  8. Mark 7:15 Late mss add, as v 16: If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear.
  9. Mark 7:19 Lit goes out into the latrine
  10. Mark 7:21 heart
  11. Mark 7:22 Lit an evil eye
  12. Mark 7:22 Or arrogance
  13. Mark 7:24 Two early mss add and Sidon
  14. Mark 7:26 Lit Greek
  15. Mark 7:27 Or proper
  16. Mark 7:27 I.e., pet dogs
  17. Mark 7:29 Lit word
  18. Mark 7:30 Lit thrown
  19. Mark 7:35 Lit bond
  20. Mark 7:35 Lit undone
  21. Mark 8:2 Lit crowd
  22. Mark 8:4 Lit loaves
  23. Mark 8:6 Lit crowd
  24. Mark 8:6 Lit crowd
  25. Mark 8:9 I.e., 4,000 men plus women and children, cf. Matt 15:38
  26. Mark 8:11 I.e., confirming miracle
  27. Mark 8:11 Lit testing Him
  28. Mark 8:12 I.e., confirming miracle
  29. Mark 8:12 Lit if a sign shall be given, a very strong refusal
  30. Mark 8:12 I.e., confirming miracle
  31. Mark 8:15 I.e., fermented dough
  32. Mark 8:17 Or dull, insensible
  33. Mark 8:22 Lit Him
  34. Mark 8:24 Or gained sight
  35. Mark 8:29 I.e., Messiah
  36. Mark 8:30 Or strictly admonished
  37. Mark 8:33 Lit the things of God
  38. Mark 8:35 Or soul
  39. Mark 8:35 Or soul
  40. Mark 9:2 Or Jacob
  41. Mark 9:2 I.e., visibly changed
  42. Mark 9:5 Or sacred tents
  43. Mark 9:7 Lit occurred
  44. Mark 9:7 Lit occurred
  45. Mark 9:7 Or give constant heed
  46. Mark 9:9 Lit except when
  47. Mark 9:10 Or kept to themselves
  48. Mark 9:10 Lit the word
  49. Mark 9:10 Lit what was the rising from the dead
  50. Mark 9:13 Lit even
  51. Mark 9:18 Or wherever
  52. Mark 9:20 Lit him
  53. Mark 9:25 Lit running together
  54. Mark 9:25 Or Myself command
  55. Mark 9:25 Or from now on
  56. Mark 9:31 Or betrayed
  57. Mark 9:32 Lit were not knowing
  58. Mark 9:37 Or welcomes
  59. Mark 9:37 Lit one of such children
  60. Mark 9:37 Or welcomes
  61. Mark 9:37 Or welcomes
  62. Mark 9:37 Or welcome
  63. Mark 9:40 Or on our side
  64. Mark 9:41 Lit in a name that you are Christ’s
  65. Mark 9:42 Or lowly
  66. Mark 9:42 Or stumble
  67. Mark 9:42 Lit has been thrown (intensified)
  68. Mark 9:43 Gr Gehenna
  69. Mark 9:43 Late mss repeat v 48 here as v 44
  70. Mark 9:45 Gr Gehenna
  71. Mark 9:45 Late mss repeat v 48 here as v 46; cf. note 2 v 43
  72. Mark 9:47 Gr Gehenna
  73. Mark 9:50 Lit season it

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