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43 and he took it and ate it in front of them.

Jesus’ Final Commission

44 Then[a] he said to them, “These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me[b] in the law of Moses and the prophets and the psalms[c] must be fulfilled.” 45 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the scriptures,[d] 46 and said to them, “Thus it stands written that the Christ[e] would suffer[f] and would rise from the dead on the third day, 47 and repentance[g] for the forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed[h] in his name to all nations,[i] beginning from Jerusalem.[j]

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  1. Luke 24:44 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.
  2. Luke 24:44 sn Everything written about me. The divine plan, events, and scripture itself are seen here as being one.
  3. Luke 24:44 sn For a similar threefold division of the OT scriptures, see the prologue to Sirach, lines 8-10, and from Qumran, the epilogue to 4QMMT, line 10.
  4. Luke 24:45 sn Luke does not mention specific texts here, but it is likely that many of the scriptures he mentioned elsewhere in Luke-Acts would have been among those he had in mind.
  5. Luke 24:46 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”
  6. Luke 24:46 tn Three Greek infinitives are the key to this summary: (1) to suffer, (2) to rise, and (3) to be preached. The Christ (Messiah) would be slain, would be raised, and a message about repentance would go out into all the world as a result. All of this was recorded in the scripture. The remark shows the continuity between Jesus’ ministry, the scripture, and what disciples would be doing as they declared the Lord risen.
  7. Luke 24:47 sn This repentance has its roots in declarations of the Old Testament. It is the Hebrew concept of a turning of direction.
  8. Luke 24:47 tn Or “preached,” “announced.”
  9. Luke 24:47 sn To all nations. The same Greek term (τὰ ἔθνη, ta ethnē) may be translated “the Gentiles” or “the nations.” The hope of God in Christ was for all the nations from the beginning.
  10. Luke 24:47 sn Beginning from Jerusalem. See Acts 2, which is where it all starts.