29 Whoever [a]strikes you on the cheek, offer him the other one also [simply ignore insignificant insults or losses and do not bother to retaliate—maintain your dignity]. Whoever takes away your coat, do not withhold your shirt from him either.30 Give to everyone who asks of you. [b]Whoever takes away what is yours, do not demand it back.
Luke 6:29In this context the “slap” is not an act of violence, but more likely an insult or violation of one’s rights.
Luke 6:30Probably a prohibition against frivolous legal action.
17 Never repay anyone evil for evil. Take thought for what is right and gracious and proper in the sight of everyone.18 If possible, as far as it depends on you, live at peace with everyone. 19 Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave the way open for God’s wrath [and His judicial righteousness]; for it is written [in Scripture], “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord.20 But if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for by doing this you will heap[a]burning coals on his head.”21 Do not be overcome and conquered by evil, but overcome evil with good.
Romans 12:20This may refer to an ancient Egyptian custom in which a penitent person carried a bowl of burning embers on his head to show his shame and guilt. By analogy, being kind to an enemy may lead him to shame and repentance.
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