Jesus’ Authority Questioned

20 (A)On one of the days while (B)He was teaching the people in the temple and (C)preaching the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes with the elders (D)confronted Him, and they spoke, saying to Him, “Tell us by what authority You are doing these things, or who is the one who gave You this authority?” Jesus answered and said to them, “I will also ask you a [a]question, and you tell Me: Was the baptism of John from heaven or from men?” They reasoned among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say, ‘Why did you not believe him?’ But if we say, ‘From men,’ all the people will stone us to death, for they are convinced that John was a (E)prophet.” So they answered that they did not know where it came from. And Jesus said to them, “Nor [b]will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”

Parable of the Vine-growers

(F)And He began to tell the people this parable: “A man planted a vineyard and rented it out to [c]vine-growers, and went on a journey for a long time. 10 At the harvest time he sent a slave to the vine-growers, so that they would give him some of the produce of the vineyard; but the vine-growers beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 11 And he proceeded to send another slave; and they beat him also and treated him shamefully and sent him away empty-handed. 12 And he proceeded to send a third; and this one also they wounded and cast out. 13 The [d]owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; perhaps they will (G)respect him.’ 14 But when the vine-growers saw him, they reasoned with one another, saying, ‘This is the heir; let us kill him so that the inheritance will be ours.’ 15 So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What, then, will the [e]owner of the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come and (H)destroy these vine-growers and will give the vineyard to others.” When they heard it, they said, “(I)May it never be!” 17 But [f]Jesus looked at them and said, “What then is this that is written:

(J)The stone which the builders rejected,
This became (K)the chief corner stone’?

18 (L)Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will scatter him like dust.”

Tribute to Caesar

19 The scribes and the chief priests (M)tried to lay hands on Him that very hour, and they feared the people; for they understood that He spoke this parable against them. 20 (N)So they watched Him, and sent spies who [g]pretended to be righteous, in order (O)that they might [h]catch Him in some statement, so that they could deliver Him to the rule and the authority of (P)the governor. 21 They questioned Him, saying, “Teacher, we know that You speak and teach correctly, and You [i]are not partial to any, but teach the way of God in truth. 22 Is it [j]lawful for us (Q)to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?” 23 But He detected their trickery and said to them, 24 “Show Me a [k]denarius. Whose [l]likeness and inscription does it have?” They said, “Caesar’s.” 25 And He said to them, “Then (R)render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 26 And they were unable to [m](S)catch Him in a saying in the presence of the people; and being amazed at His answer, they became silent.

Is There a Resurrection?

27 (T)Now there came to Him some of the (U)Sadducees (who say that there is no resurrection), 28 and they questioned Him, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that (V)if a man’s brother dies, having a wife, and he is childless, his brother should [n]marry the wife and raise up children to his brother. 29 Now there were seven brothers; and the first took a wife and died childless; 30 and the second 31 and the third [o]married her; and in the same way [p]all seven [q]died, leaving no children. 32 Finally the woman died also. 33 In the resurrection therefore, which one’s wife will she be? For [r]all seven [s]had married her.”

34 Jesus said to them, “The sons of (W)this age marry and are given in marriage, 35 but those who are considered worthy to attain to (X)that age and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; 36 for they cannot even die anymore, because they are like angels, and are (Y)sons of God, being sons of the resurrection. 37 But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, in (Z)the passage about the burning bush, where he calls the Lord (AA)the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. 38 (AB)Now He is not the God of the dead but of the living; for (AC)all live to Him.” 39 Some of the scribes answered and said, “Teacher, You have spoken well.” 40 For (AD)they did not have courage to question Him any longer about anything.

41 (AE)Then He said to them, “How is it that they say [t]the Christ is (AF)David’s son? 42 For David himself says in the book of Psalms,

(AG)The Lord said to my Lord,
Sit at My right hand,
43 (AH)Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.”’

44 Therefore David calls Him ‘Lord,’ and how is He his son?”

45 (AI)And while all the people were listening, He said to the disciples, 46 “Beware of the scribes, (AJ)who like to walk around in long robes, and love respectful greetings in the market places, and chief seats in the synagogues and places of honor at banquets, 47 who devour widows’ houses, and for appearance’s sake offer long prayers. These will receive greater condemnation.”

The Widow’s Gift

21 (AK)And He looked up and saw the rich putting their gifts into the treasury. And He saw a poor widow putting [u]in (AL)two [v]small copper coins. And He said, “Truly I say to you, this poor widow put in more than all of them; for they all out of their [w]surplus put into the [x]offering; but she out of her poverty put in all [y]that she had (AM)to live on.”


  1. Luke 20:3 Lit word
  2. Luke 20:8 Lit do I tell
  3. Luke 20:9 Or tenant farmers, also vv 10, 14, 16
  4. Luke 20:13 Lit lord
  5. Luke 20:15 Lit lord
  6. Luke 20:17 Lit He
  7. Luke 20:20 Lit falsely represented themselves
  8. Luke 20:20 Lit take hold of His word
  9. Luke 20:21 Lit do not receive a face
  10. Luke 20:22 Or permissible
  11. Luke 20:24 The denarius was a day’s wages
  12. Luke 20:24 Lit image
  13. Luke 20:26 Lit catch His statement
  14. Luke 20:28 Lit take
  15. Luke 20:31 Lit took
  16. Luke 20:31 Lit the seven also
  17. Luke 20:31 Lit left no children, and died
  18. Luke 20:33 Lit the
  19. Luke 20:33 Lit had her as wife
  20. Luke 20:41 I.e. the Messiah
  21. Luke 21:2 Lit there
  22. Luke 21:2 Gr lepta
  23. Luke 21:4 Or abundance
  24. Luke 21:4 Lit gifts
  25. Luke 21:4 Lit the living that she had