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Brought Before Pilate

23 Then the entire assembly got up and brought Yeshua to Pilate. And they began to accuse Him, saying, “We found this fellow subverting our nation, forbidding payment of taxes to Caesar and saying that He Himself is Messiah—a king.”

So Pilate questioned Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?”

“As you say,” Yeshua replied.

Then Pilate said to the ruling kohanim and the crowds, “I find no case against this Man.”

But they kept insisting, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, starting from the Galilee to as far as here.”

But when Pilate heard this, he asked whether the Man was a Galilean. And when he learned that Yeshua was from Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.

Brought Before Herod

Now Herod was overjoyed when he saw Yeshua, for he had wanted to see Him for a long time, because he had heard about Him and was hoping to see some miracle done by Him. He was questioning Yeshua on many issues, but Yeshua did not answer at all. [a] 10 And the ruling kohanim and the Torah scholars stood their ground, strongly accusing Him.

11 Now Herod together with his soldiers were treating Him with contempt and mocking Him.[b] They put splendid clothing on Him and sent Him back to Pilate. 12 And Herod and Pilate became friends with one another from that very day, for previously they had been enemies with one another.

Pilate’s Decree

13 Now Pilate called together the ruling kohanim, the leaders, and the people. 14 And he said to them, “You brought this Man to me as one who incites the people to revolt. But having examined Him in your presence, I have found no case against this Man regarding what you accuse Him of doing. 15 Nor did Herod, for he sent Him back to us. Indeed, He has done nothing that is worthy of death. 16 Therefore I will scourge Him and release Him.” (17 )[c]

18 But they shouted out all together, saying, “Take this fellow away! Release to us Bar-Abba!” [d] 19 (He was someone who had been thrown into prison for a rebellion in the city and murder.)

20 Again Pilate addressed them, wanting to release Yeshua; 21 but they kept shouting out, saying, “Execute, execute Him!”

22 And a third time he spoke to them, “Why? What evil has this One done? I have found in Him no fault deserving of death. Therefore, I will scourge and release Him.”

23 But they were insistent, demanding with loud shouts that He be executed. And their voices prevailed. 24 So Pilate decreed that their demand be put into effect. 25 And He released the one they were asking for, the one thrown in jail for insurrection and murder. But he handed over Yeshua to their will.

Executed on the Stake

26 As they led Him away, they grabbed a man, Simon of Cyrene, coming in from the countryside. They placed on him the cross-beam,[e] to carry behind Yeshua.

27 Now a great multitude of people was following Him, including women who were mourning and singing dirges for Him. 28 But Yeshua, turning to them, said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for Me, but for yourselves and your children. 29 For indeed, the days are coming when they will say, ‘Blessed are barren, and the wombs that never gave birth, and the breasts that did not feed.’

30 ‘Then they will begin to say to the montains, ‘Fall on us!’
and to the hills, ‘Cover us!’[f]

31 “For if they do these things when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

32 Others, two evildoers, were also led away to be put to death with Him. 33 When they came to the place called the Skull, there they crucified Him and the evildoers, one on His right and the other on His left.

34 But Yeshua was saying, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” Then they cast lots, dividing up His clothing.[g]

35 The people stood there watching. And even the leaders were sneering at Him, saying, “He saved others; let Him save Himself if He is the Messiah of God, the Chosen One!”[h]

36 The soldiers likewise mocked Him, coming up and bringing Him sour wine, [i] 37 and saying, “If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself.”

38 Now there was also an inscription over Him:[j] THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS. 39 One of the evildoers hanging there was jeering at Him, saying, “Aren’t You the Messiah? Save Yourself—and us!”

40 But the other one, rebuking him, replied, “Don’t you fear God, since you are under the same sentence? 41 We’re getting what we deserve for our actions, and rightly so—but this One has done nothing wrong.” 42 And he said, “Yeshua, remember me when You come into Your kingdom.”

43 Yeshua said to him, “Amen, I tell you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.”

Temple Curtain Torn in Two

44 It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness fell over the whole land until the ninth hour, [k] 45 for the sun died out. And the curtain[l] of the Temple was torn in two.

46 And Yeshua, crying out with a loud voice, said, “Father, ‘into Your hands I entrust My spirit.’”[m] When He had said this, He breathed His last.

47 Now when the centurion saw what had happened, he began glorifying God, saying, “Truly this was a righteous Man.”

48 And all the crowds assembled for this spectacle, when they saw what had happened, began to turn back, beating their breasts. 49 But all Yeshua’s acquaintances, and the women who were following Him from the Galilee, were standing at a distance, watching these things.

Buried in a Rich Man’s Tomb

50 Now there was a man named Joseph, a council member, a good and righteous man. 51 (He had not been in agreement with the council and their action.) He was from the Judean town of Arimathea, and he was waiting for the kingdom of God. 52 This man went to Pilate and asked for Yeshua’s body. 53 And he took it down, wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid Him in a tomb[n] cut out of the rock, where no one had ever yet been laid.

54 Now it was the Day of Preparation, and Shabbat was approaching. 55 The women who had come with Him from the Galilee followed, and they saw the tomb and how His body was laid. 56 Then they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. But on Shabbat they rested according to the commandment.


  1. Luke 23:10 cf. Isa. 53:7.
  2. Luke 23:11 cf. Isa. 53:3.
  3. Luke 23:17 Some mss. add: Now Pilate needed to release one prisoner to them at the feast.
  4. Luke 23:19 Also Barabbas, Son of the Father (Aram.).
  5. Luke 23:26 Probably the patibulum, the horizontal piece of the execution stake, weighing about 100 lbs.
  6. Luke 23:30 cf. Hos. 10:8.
  7. Luke 23:34 cf. Ps. 22:19(18).
  8. Luke 23:35 cf. Ps. 22:7-9(6-8).
  9. Luke 23:37 cf. Ps. 69:22(21).
  10. Luke 23:38 Some mss. add in letters of Greek and Latin and Hebrew.
  11. Luke 23:45 From noon until 3 p.m.
  12. Luke 23:45 Heb. parokhet, veil or inner curtain; cf. Exod. 26:33; 2 Chr. 3:14; Heb. 9:3.
  13. Luke 23:46 Ps. 31:6(5), cf. Ps. 30:5 (LXX).
  14. Luke 23:53 cf. Isa. 53:9b.