The Law of Redemption

23 ‘The land, moreover, shall not be sold permanently, because (A)the land is Mine; for (B)you are only strangers and residents with Me. 24 So for every [a]piece of your property, you are to provide for the redemption of the land.

25 (C)If a fellow countryman of yours becomes so poor that he sells part of his property, then his closest [b]redeemer is to come and buy back what his relative has sold. 26 Or in case someone has no redeemer, but [c]recovers to find sufficient means for its redemption, 27 (D)then he shall calculate the years since its sale and refund the balance to the man to whom he sold it, and so return to his property. 28 But if [d]he has not found sufficient means to get it back for himself, then what he has sold shall remain in the hands of its purchaser until the year of jubilee; but at the jubilee it shall [e]revert, so that (E)he may return to his property.

29 ‘Likewise, if a man sells a dwelling house in a walled city, then his redemption right remains valid until a full year after its sale; his right of redemption lasts a full year. 30 But if it is not bought back for him within the space of a full year, then the house that is in the walled city passes permanently to its purchaser throughout his generations; it does not [f]revert in the jubilee. 31 The houses of the villages, however, which have no surrounding wall, shall be regarded [g]as open fields; they have redemption rights and [h]revert in the jubilee. 32 As for the (F)cities of the Levites, the Levites have a permanent right of redemption for the houses of the cities which are their possession. 33 What, therefore, [i]belongs to the Levites may be redeemed, and a house sale [j]in the city of this possession [k]reverts in the jubilee, because the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the sons of Israel. 34 (G)But pasture fields of their cities shall not be sold, for that is their permanent possession.

Of Poor Countrymen

35 (H)Now in case a countryman of yours becomes poor and his [l]means among you falter, then you are to sustain him, like a stranger or a resident, so that he may live with you. 36 (I)Do not take [m]any kind of interest from him, but [n]fear your God, so that your countryman may live with you. 37 You shall not give him your silver at interest, nor your food [o]for profit. 38 (J)I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan, and (K)to be your God.

39 ‘Now (L)if a countryman of yours becomes so poor with regard to you that he sells himself to you, you shall not subject him to a slave’s service. 40 He shall be with you as a hired worker, (M)as if he were a foreign resident; he shall serve with you up to the year of jubilee. 41 He shall then leave you, he and his sons with him, and shall go back to his family, so that he may return to the property of his forefathers. 42 For they are My servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt; they are not to be sold in a slave sale. 43 (N)You shall not rule over him with [p]severity, but are to revere your God. 44 As for your male and female slaves whom you may have—you may acquire male and female slaves from the pagan nations that are around you. 45 You may also acquire them from the sons of the foreign residents who reside among you, and from their families who are with you, whom they will have produced in your land; they also may become your possession. 46 You may also pass them on as an inheritance to your sons after you, to receive as a possession; you can use them as permanent slaves. (O)But in respect to your countrymen, the sons of Israel, you shall not rule with [q]severity over one another.

Of Redeeming a Person Who Is Poor

47 ‘Now if the [r]means of a stranger or of a foreign resident with you becomes sufficient, and a countryman of yours becomes poor in relation to him and sells himself to a stranger who is residing with you, or to the descendants of a stranger’s family, 48 then he shall have redemption right after he has been sold. One of his brothers may redeem him, 49 or his uncle, or his uncle’s son may redeem him, or one of his blood relatives from his family may redeem him; or [s](P)if he prospers, he may redeem himself. 50 He then, with his purchaser, shall calculate from the year when he sold himself to him up to the year of jubilee; and the price of his sale shall correspond to the number of years calculated. It is like the days of a hired worker that he will be with him. 51 If there are still many years remaining, (Q)he shall refund part of his purchase price in proportion to them for his own redemption; 52 but if few years remain until the year of jubilee, he shall so calculate with him. In proportion to his years he is to refund the amount for his redemption. 53 He shall be with him like a worker hired year by year; (R)he shall not rule over him with [t]severity in your sight. 54 Even if he is not redeemed by [u]these means, (S)he shall still leave in the year of jubilee, he and his sons with him. 55 For the sons of Israel are My servants; they are My servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.

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  1. Leviticus 25:24 Lit land
  2. Leviticus 25:25 I.e., male relative to act in his behalf
  3. Leviticus 25:26 Lit his hand reaches
  4. Leviticus 25:28 Lit his hand has not found sufficient to
  5. Leviticus 25:28 Lit go out
  6. Leviticus 25:30 Lit go out
  7. Leviticus 25:31 Lit according to
  8. Leviticus 25:31 Lit go out
  9. Leviticus 25:33 Lit is from
  10. Leviticus 25:33 Lit and
  11. Leviticus 25:33 Lit goes out
  12. Leviticus 25:35 Lit hand
  13. Leviticus 25:36 Prob. interest on money and food loans
  14. Leviticus 25:36 Or revere
  15. Leviticus 25:37 Lit at interest
  16. Leviticus 25:43 Or violence
  17. Leviticus 25:46 Or violence
  18. Leviticus 25:47 Lit hand...reaches
  19. Leviticus 25:49 Lit his hand has reached and he
  20. Leviticus 25:53 Or violence
  21. Leviticus 25:54 Or these years

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