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The Passover and Unleavened Bread(A)

(B)‘These are the feasts of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times. (C)On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is the Lord’s Passover. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; seven days you must eat unleavened bread. (D)On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no [a]customary work on it. But you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord for seven days. The seventh day shall be a holy convocation; you shall do no customary work on it.’ ”

The Feast of Firstfruits

And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 10 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: (E)‘When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of (F)the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. 11 He shall (G)wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12 And you shall offer on that day, when you wave the sheaf, a male lamb of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering to the Lord. 13 Its grain offering shall be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to the Lord, for a [b]sweet aroma; and its drink offering shall be of wine, one-fourth of a hin. 14 You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your God; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

The Feast of Weeks(H)

15 ‘And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed. 16 Count (I)fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer (J)a new grain offering to the Lord. 17 You shall bring from your dwellings two wave loaves of two-tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven. They are (K)the firstfruits to the Lord. 18 And you shall offer with the bread seven lambs of the first year, without blemish, one young bull, and two rams. They shall be as a burnt offering to the Lord, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma to the Lord. 19 Then you shall sacrifice (L)one kid of the goats as a sin offering, and two male lambs of the first year as a sacrifice of a (M)peace offering. 20 The priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs. (N)They shall be holy to the Lord for the priest. 21 And you shall proclaim on the same day that it is a holy convocation to you. You shall do no customary work on it. It shall be a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

22 (O)‘When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap the corners of your field when you reap, nor shall you gather any gleaning from your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the stranger: I am the Lord your God.’ ”

The Feast of Trumpets(P)

23 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘In the (Q)seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, (R)a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25 You shall do no customary work on it; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord.’ ”

The Day of Atonement(S)

26 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 27 (T)“Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. 28 And you shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, (U)to make atonement for you before the Lord your God. 29 For any person who is not (V)afflicted in soul on that same day (W)shall be cut off from his people. 30 And any person who does any work on that same day, (X)that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 You shall do no manner of work; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 32 It shall be to you a sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall [c]afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall [d]celebrate your sabbath.”

The Feast of Tabernacles(Y)

33 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 34 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: (Z)‘The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to the Lord. 35 On the first day there shall be a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work on it. 36 For seven days you shall offer an (AA)offering made by fire to the Lord. (AB)On the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. It is a (AC)sacred[e] assembly, and you shall do no customary work on it.

37 (AD)‘These are the feasts of the Lord which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire to the Lord, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a sacrifice and drink offerings, everything on its day— 38 (AE)besides the Sabbaths of the Lord, besides your gifts, besides all your vows, and besides all your freewill offerings which you give to the Lord.

39 ‘Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have (AF)gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of the Lord for seven days; on the first day there shall be a sabbath-rest, and on the eighth day a sabbath-rest. 40 And (AG)you shall take for yourselves on the first day the [f]fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; (AH)and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. 41 (AI)You shall keep it as a feast to the Lord for seven days in the year. It shall be a statute forever in your generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42 (AJ)You shall dwell in [g]booths for seven days. (AK)All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths, 43 (AL)that your generations may (AM)know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when (AN)I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.’ ”

44 So Moses (AO)declared to the children of Israel the feasts of the Lord.

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Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 23:7 occupational
  2. Leviticus 23:13 pleasing
  3. Leviticus 23:32 humble yourselves
  4. Leviticus 23:32 observe your sabbath
  5. Leviticus 23:36 solemn
  6. Leviticus 23:40 foliage
  7. Leviticus 23:42 tabernacles; shelters made of boughs

19 “Thus says the Lord of hosts:

(A)‘The fast of the fourth month,
(B)The fast of the fifth,
(C)The fast of the seventh,
(D)And the fast of the tenth,
Shall be (E)joy and gladness and cheerful feasts
For the house of Judah.
(F)Therefore love truth and peace.’

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Jesus Celebrates Passover with His Disciples(A)

17 (B)Now on the first day of the Feast of the Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying to Him, “Where do You want us to prepare for You to eat the Passover?”

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Jesus Is Questioned About Fasting(A)

18 (B)The disciples of John and of the Pharisees were fasting. Then they came and said to Him, “Why do the disciples of John and of the Pharisees fast, but Your disciples do not fast?”

19 And Jesus said to them, “Can the [a]friends of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is with them? As long as they have the bridegroom with them they cannot fast. 20 But the days will come when the bridegroom will be (C)taken away from them, and then they will fast in those days.

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Footnotes

  1. Mark 2:19 Lit. sons of the bridechamber

Jesus Cleanses the Temple(A)

13 (B)Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

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Jesus’ Brothers Disbelieve

After these things Jesus walked in Galilee; for He did not want to walk in Judea, (A)because the [a]Jews sought to kill Him. (B)Now the Jews’ Feast of Tabernacles was at hand.

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Footnotes

  1. John 7:1 The ruling authorities

You go up to this feast. I am not [a]yet going up to this feast, (A)for My time has not yet fully come.” When He had said these things to them, He remained in Galilee.

The Heavenly Scholar

10 But when His brothers had gone up, then He also went up to the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret. 11 Then (B)the Jews sought Him at the feast, and said, “Where is He?”

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Footnotes

  1. John 7:8 NU omits yet

Coming of the Holy Spirit

When (A)the Day of Pentecost had fully come, (B)they were all [a]with one accord in one place.

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Footnotes

  1. Acts 2:1 NU together

Paul’s Warning Ignored

Now when much time had been spent, and sailing was now dangerous (A)because [a]the Fast was already over, Paul advised them,

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Footnotes

  1. Acts 27:9 The Day of Atonement, late September or early October

(A)Your glorying is not good. Do you not know that (B)a little leaven leavens the whole lump? Therefore [a]purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed (C)Christ, our (D)Passover, was sacrificed [b]for us. Therefore (E)let us keep the feast, (F)not with old leaven, nor (G)with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

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Footnotes

  1. 1 Corinthians 5:7 clean out
  2. 1 Corinthians 5:7 NU omits for us