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Leviticus 11Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Clean and Unclean Land Animals

11 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: “Tell the Israelites: You may eat all these kinds of land animals. You may eat any animal with divided hooves and that chews the cud. But among the ones that chew the cud or have divided hooves you are not to eat these:

the camel, though it chews the cud,
does not have divided hooves—it is unclean for you;
the hyrax,[a] though it chews the cud,
does not have hooves—it is unclean for you;
the hare, though it chews the cud,
does not have hooves—it is unclean for you;
the pig, though it has divided hooves,
does not chew the cud—it is unclean for you.

Do not eat any of their meat or touch their carcasses—they are unclean for you.

Clean and Unclean Aquatic Animals

“This is what you may eat from all that is in the water: You may eat everything in the water that has fins and scales, whether in the seas or streams. 10 But these are to be detestable to you: everything in the seas or streams that does not have fins and scales among all the swarming things and other living creatures in the water. 11 They are to remain detestable to you; you must not eat any of their meat, and you must detest their carcasses. 12 Everything in the water that does not have fins and scales will be detestable to you.

Unclean Birds

13 “You are to detest these birds. They must not be eaten because they are detestable:

the eagle,[b] the bearded[c] vulture,
the black vulture,[d] 14 the kite,[e]
any kind of falcon,[f]
15 every kind of raven, 16 the ostrich,[g]
the short-eared owl,[h] the gull,[i]
any kind of hawk,
17 the little[j] owl, the cormorant,[k]
the long-eared owl,[l]
18 the white[m] owl, the desert owl,[n]
the osprey,[o] 19 the stork,[p]
any kind of heron,[q]
the hoopoe, and the bat.

Clean and Unclean Flying Insects

20 “All winged insects that walk on all fours are to be detestable to you. 21 But you may eat these kinds of all the winged insects that walk on all fours: those that have jointed legs above their feet for hopping on the ground. 22 You may eat these:

any kind of locust, katydid, cricket, and grasshopper.

23 All other winged insects that have four feet are to be detestable to you.

Purification after Touching Dead Animals

24 “These will make you unclean. Whoever touches their carcasses will be unclean until evening, 25 and whoever carries any of their carcasses must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening. 26 All animals that have hooves but do not have a divided hoof and do not chew the cud are unclean for you. Whoever touches them becomes unclean. 27 All the four-footed animals that walk on their paws are unclean for you. Whoever touches their carcasses will be unclean until evening, 28 and anyone who carries their carcasses must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening. They are unclean for you.

29 “These creatures that swarm on the ground are unclean for you:

the weasel,[r] the mouse,
any kind of large lizard,[s]
30 the gecko, the monitor lizard,[t]
the common lizard,[u] the skink,[v]
and the chameleon.[w]

31 These are unclean for you among all the swarming creatures. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean until evening. 32 When any one of them dies and falls on anything it becomes unclean—any item of wood, clothing, leather, sackcloth, or any implement used for work. It is to be rinsed with water and will remain unclean until evening; then it will be clean. 33 If any of them falls into any clay pot, everything in it will become unclean; you must break it. 34 Any edible food coming into contact with that unclean water will become unclean, and any drinkable liquid in any container will become unclean. 35 Anything one of their carcasses falls on will become unclean. If it is an oven or stove, it must be smashed; it is unclean and will remain unclean for you. 36 A spring or cistern containing water will remain clean, but someone who touches a carcass in it will become unclean. 37 If one of their carcasses falls on any seed that is to be sown, it is clean; 38 but if water has been put on the seed and one of their carcasses falls on it, it is unclean for you.

39 “If one of the animals that you use for food dies,[x] anyone who touches its carcass will be unclean until evening. 40 Anyone who eats some of its carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening. Anyone who carries its carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening.

Unclean Swarming Creatures

41 “All the creatures that swarm on the earth are detestable; they must not be eaten. 42 Do not eat any of the creatures that swarm on the earth, anything that moves on its belly or walks on all fours or on many feet,[y] for they are detestable. 43 Do not become contaminated by any creature that swarms; do not become unclean or defiled by them. 44 For I am Yahweh your God, so you must consecrate yourselves and be holy because I am holy. You must not defile yourselves by any swarming creature that crawls on the ground. 45 For I am Yahweh, who brought you up from the land of Egypt to be your God, so you must be holy because I am holy.

46 “This is the law concerning animals, birds, all living creatures that move in the water, and all creatures that swarm on the ground, 47 in order to distinguish between the unclean and the clean, between the animals that may be eaten and those that may not be eaten.”

Footnotes:

  1. Leviticus 11:5 A rabbit-like animal
  2. Leviticus 11:13 Or griffon-vulture
  3. Leviticus 11:13 Or black
  4. Leviticus 11:13 Or the osprey, or the bearded vulture
  5. Leviticus 11:14 Or hawk
  6. Leviticus 11:14 Or buzzards, or hawks
  7. Leviticus 11:16 Or eagle owl
  8. Leviticus 11:16 Or the night hawk, or the screech owl
  9. Leviticus 11:16 Or long-eared owl
  10. Leviticus 11:17 Or tawny
  11. Leviticus 11:17 Or fisher owl, or pelican
  12. Leviticus 11:17 Or the ibis
  13. Leviticus 11:18 Or little
  14. Leviticus 11:18 Or the pelican, or the horned owl
  15. Leviticus 11:18 Or Egyptian vulture
  16. Leviticus 11:19 Or heron
  17. Leviticus 11:19 Or cormorant, or hawk
  18. Leviticus 11:29 Or mole rat, or rat
  19. Leviticus 11:29 Or of thorn-tailed or dabb lizard, or of crocodile
  20. Leviticus 11:30 Or the spotted lizard, or the chameleon
  21. Leviticus 11:30 Or the gecko, or the newt, or the salamander
  22. Leviticus 11:30 Or sand lizard, or newt, or snail
  23. Leviticus 11:30 Or salamander, or mole
  24. Leviticus 11:39 Dies of itself or by predators; this does not apply to animals slaughtered for food.
  25. Leviticus 11:42 Lit fours, to anything multiplying pairs of feet
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