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15 “When a person[a] displays infidelity[b] and he sins in an unintentional wrong in any of[c] Yahweh’s holy things, then[d] he shall bring his guilt offering to[e] Yahweh: a ram without defect from the flock[f] as a guilt offering by your valuation in silver shekels[g] according to the sanctuary shekel. 16 And he shall make restitution for what he sinned because of[h] a holy thing and shall add one-fifth of its value[i] onto it and shall give it to the priest. The priest[j] shall make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering, and he will be forgiven.

17 “If[k] a person[l] when he sins violates[m] one from all of Yahweh’s commands that should not be violated,[n] but[o] he did not know, then[p] he is guilty and he shall bear his guilt.

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Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 5:15 Or “a soul”
  2. Leviticus 5:15 Literally “acts unfaithfully infidelity” or “is unfaithful in unfaithfulness”
  3. Leviticus 5:15 Literally “from”
  4. Leviticus 5:15 Or “and”
  5. Leviticus 5:15 Or “for”
  6. Leviticus 5:15 The Hebrew term refers collectively to both sheep and goats (small livestock animals)
  7. Leviticus 5:15 Or “convertible into silver shekels” (NET, NRSV, TNK), “of the proper value in silver” (NIV; cp. ESV “valued in silver shekels,” CSB), or “or you may buy one of equal value with silver” (NLT)
  8. Leviticus 5:16 Literally “from” (see HALOT 598)
  9. Leviticus 5:16 Literally “it”
  10. Leviticus 5:16 Or “And the priest”
  11. Leviticus 5:17 Or “And if”
  12. Leviticus 5:17 Or “a soul”
  13. Leviticus 5:17 Literally “and she/it does”
  14. Leviticus 5:17 Literally “they are to be done”
  15. Leviticus 5:17 Or “and”
  16. Leviticus 5:17 Or “and”

15 “When anyone is unfaithful to the Lord by sinning unintentionally(A) in regard to any of the Lord’s holy things, they are to bring to the Lord as a penalty(B) a ram(C) from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel.[a](D) It is a guilt offering.(E) 16 They must make restitution(F) for what they have failed to do in regard to the holy things, pay an additional penalty of a fifth of its value(G) and give it all to the priest. The priest will make atonement for them with the ram as a guilt offering, and they will be forgiven.

17 “If anyone sins and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord’s commands, even though they do not know it,(H) they are guilty and will be held responsible.(I)

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Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 5:15 That is, about 2/5 ounce or about 12 grams

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