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Priests and Their Food

22 Then[a] Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, “Tell[b] Aaron and his sons[c] that[d] they must deal respectfully with the Israelites[e] votive offerings, and they must not profane my holy name, which they are consecrating to me; I am Yahweh.

“Say to them, ‘Throughout your generations, any man from any of your offspring who comes near the votive offerings that the Israelites[f] consecrate to Yahweh with[g] his uncleanness on him, that person shall be cut off[h] from before me;[i] I am Yahweh.

“‘Anyone[j] from Aaron’s offspring, if[k] he is afflicted with a skin disease or a fluid discharge, shall not eat in the sanctuary until[l] he is clean; and the one who touches any unclean person or a man from whom an emission of semen goes out, or a man who touches any swarmer that is unclean for him or who touches a person who is unclean for him due to[m] whatever his uncleanness, a person who touches such a thing[n] shall be unclean until the evening, and he shall not eat from the votive offerings, except[o] when he washes[p] his body with water and the sun sets,[q] and he shall be clean; then[r] afterward he may eat from the votive offerings, because it is his food. He shall not eat a naturally dead body or[s] a mangled carcass, so that he becomes unclean[t] by it; I am Yahweh.

“‘And they shall keep my obligation, and they shall not incur guilt because of it, so that[u] they die through it, because they have profaned it; I am Yahweh who consecrates them.

10 “‘No stranger shall eat[v] the votive offering; nor shall a temporary resident with[w] a priest or[x] a hired worker eat the votive offering. 11 But[y] a priest, if with his money he buys a person as his possession,[z] that one may eat it, and the descendants of his house themselves may eat his food. 12 And a priest’s daughter, when she marries a layman,[aa] she herself may not eat the votive offering.[ab] 13 But[ac] a priest’s daughter, when she becomes a widow or[ad] divorced or there is no offspring for her, and she returns to her father’s house as in her childhood, she may eat from her father’s food, but[ae] no layman may eat it.[af] 14 And if a man eats the votive offering unintentionally, then[ag] he shall add to it a fifth of it, and he shall give the votive offering to the priest. 15 And they shall not profane the Israelites[ah] votive offerings that they present to Yahweh, 16 and so cause them, by their eating their votive offerings, to bear guilt requiring a guilt offering, because I am Yahweh, who consecrates them.’”

Acceptable Offerings

17 Then[ai] Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 18 “Speak to Aaron and to his sons and to all the Israelites,[aj] and say to them, ‘Anyone from the house of Israel or[ak] from the alien in Israel who presents his offering for any of their vows or[al] for any of their freewill offerings that they present to Yahweh as a burnt offering, 19 it must be without defect to be acceptable for you:[am] a male among the cattle, among the sheep, or[an] among the goats. 20 You shall not present any animal in which is a physical defect, because it shall not be acceptable[ao] for you. 21 And if anyone brings a sacrifice of fellowship offerings for Yahweh to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering from[ap] the cattle or from[aq] the flock,[ar] it must be without defect to be acceptable;[as] there must not be any physical defect in it. 22 The blind or the injured or the maimed or the seeping or one with a skin disorder or one with a skin eruption—these you shall not present to Yahweh, nor shall you give from them an offering made by fire on the altar for Yahweh. 23 As for[at] an ox or sheep that is deformed or[au] that is stunted, you may present it as a freewill offering, but[av] for a vow it will not be accepted. 24 And you shall not present anything for Yahweh with bruised or[aw] shattered or[ax] torn or[ay] cut-off testicles, and you shall not sacrifice[az] such in your land. 25 And you shall not present your God’s food from any of these by the hand of a foreigner,[ba] because their deformity is in them; a physical defect is in them; they shall not be accepted for you.’”

26 Then[bb] Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 27 “When an ox or a sheep or a goat is born, then[bc] it shall be under its mother for seven days, and from the eighth day and beyond it is acceptable as an offering made by fire for Yahweh. 28 And you shall not slaughter an ox or a sheep and its young[bd] on the same day.[be] 29 And when you sacrifice a sacrifice of thanksgiving to Yahweh, you must sacrifice it to be acceptable for you. 30 It must be eaten on that day; you must not leave over anything from it until morning; I am Yahweh.

31 “Thus[bf] you shall keep my commands, and you shall do them; I am Yahweh.

32 “And you shall not profane my holy name, so that I may be consecrated in the midst of the Israelites;[bg] I am Yahweh, who consecrates you, 33 the one who brought you out from the land of Egypt to be as God for you; I am Yahweh.”


  1. Leviticus 22:1 Or “And”
  2. Leviticus 22:2 Or “Speak to”
  3. Leviticus 22:2 Literally “to Aaron and to his sons”
  4. Leviticus 22:2 Or “and”
  5. Leviticus 22:2 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  6. Leviticus 22:3 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  7. Leviticus 22:3 Or “and”
  8. Leviticus 22:3 Or “and that person shall be cut off”
  9. Leviticus 22:3 Literally “to the faces of me”
  10. Leviticus 22:4 Literally “A man a man”
  11. Leviticus 22:4 Or “and”
  12. Leviticus 22:4 Literally “until which”
  13. Leviticus 22:5 Literally “for”
  14. Leviticus 22:6 Hebrew “him” or “it”
  15. Leviticus 22:6 Or “but if” or “but rather”
  16. Leviticus 22:6 Or “bathes”
  17. Leviticus 22:7 Literally “the sun goes” or “the sun enters”
  18. Leviticus 22:7 Or “and”
  19. Leviticus 22:8 Or “and”
  20. Leviticus 22:8 Literally “to become unclean”
  21. Leviticus 22:9 Or “and”
  22. Leviticus 22:10 Literally “And any stranger shall not eat”
  23. Leviticus 22:10 Hebrew “of”
  24. Leviticus 22:10 Or “and”
  25. Leviticus 22:11 Or “And”
  26. Leviticus 22:11 Literally “property of”
  27. Leviticus 22:12 Literally “she becomes for a strange man”
  28. Leviticus 22:12 Literally “the offering/lifting of the votive offering”
  29. Leviticus 22:13 Or “And”
  30. Leviticus 22:13 Or “and”
  31. Leviticus 22:13 Or “and”
  32. Leviticus 22:13 Literally “any stranger shall not eat it”
  33. Leviticus 22:14 Or “and”
  34. Leviticus 22:15 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  35. Leviticus 22:17 Or “And”
  36. Leviticus 22:18 Literally “sons/children of Israel”
  37. Leviticus 22:18 Or “and”
  38. Leviticus 22:18 Or “and”
  39. Leviticus 22:19 Literally “for your acceptance”
  40. Leviticus 22:19 Or “and”
  41. Leviticus 22:20 Literally “for acceptance”
  42. Leviticus 22:21 Or “among”
  43. Leviticus 22:21 Or “among”
  44. Leviticus 22:21 The Hebrew term refers collectively to both sheep and goats (small livestock animals)
  45. Leviticus 22:21 Literally “for acceptance”
  46. Leviticus 22:23 Or “And”
  47. Leviticus 22:23 Or “and”
  48. Leviticus 22:23 Or “and”
  49. Leviticus 22:24 Or “and”
  50. Leviticus 22:24 Or “and”
  51. Leviticus 22:24 Or “and”
  52. Leviticus 22:24 Literally “do” or “make”
  53. Leviticus 22:25 Literally “a son of a foreign land”
  54. Leviticus 22:26 Or “And”
  55. Leviticus 22:27 Or “and”
  56. Leviticus 22:28 Literally “his son” or “his child”
  57. Leviticus 22:28 Literally “on day one” or “in one day”
  58. Leviticus 22:31 Or “And”
  59. Leviticus 22:32 Literally “sons/children of Israel”