The Destruction of Jericho

Now (A)Jericho was securely shut up because of the children of Israel; none went out, and none came in. And the Lord said to Joshua: “See! (B)I have given Jericho into your hand, its (C)king, and the mighty men of valor. You shall march around the city, all you men of war; you shall go all around the city once. This you shall do six days. And seven priests shall bear seven (D)trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark. But the seventh day you shall march around the city (E)seven times, and (F)the priests shall blow the trumpets. It shall come to pass, when they make a long blast with the ram’s horn, and when you hear the sound of the trumpet, that all the people shall shout with a great shout; then the wall of the city will fall down flat. And the people shall go up every man straight before him.”

Then Joshua the son of Nun called the priests and said to them, “Take up the ark of the covenant, and let seven priests bear seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark of the Lord.” And he said to the people, “Proceed, and march around the city, and let him who is armed advance before the ark of the Lord.”

So it was, when Joshua had spoken to the people, that the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the Lord advanced and blew the trumpets, and the ark of the covenant of the Lord followed them. The armed men went before the priests who blew the trumpets, (G)and the rear guard came after the ark, while the priests continued blowing the trumpets. 10 Now Joshua had commanded the people, saying, “You shall not shout or make any noise with your voice, nor shall a word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I say to you, ‘Shout!’ Then you shall shout.” 11 So he had (H)the ark of the Lord circle the city, going around it once. Then they came into the camp and [a]lodged in the camp.

12 And Joshua rose early in the morning, (I)and the priests took up the ark of the Lord. 13 Then seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark of the Lord went on continually and blew with the trumpets. And the armed men went before them. But the rear guard came after the ark of the Lord, while the priests continued blowing the trumpets. 14 And the second day they marched around the city once and returned to the camp. So they did six days.

15 But it came to pass on the seventh day that they rose early, about the dawning of the day, and marched around the city seven times in the same manner. On that day only they marched around the city seven times. 16 And the seventh time it happened, when the priests blew the trumpets, that Joshua said to the people: “Shout, for the Lord has given you the city! 17 Now the city shall be (J)doomed by the Lord to destruction, it and all who are in it. Only (K)Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all who are with her in the house, because (L)she hid the messengers that we sent. 18 And you, (M)by all means abstain from the accursed things, lest you become accursed when you take of the accursed things, and make the camp of Israel a curse, (N)and trouble it. 19 But all the silver and gold, and vessels of bronze and iron, are [b]consecrated to the Lord; they [c]shall come into the treasury of the Lord.”

20 So the people shouted when the priests blew the trumpets. And it happened when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that (O)the wall fell down flat. Then the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city. 21 And they (P)utterly destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, ox and sheep and donkey, with the edge of the sword.

22 But Joshua had said to the two men who had spied out the country, “Go into the harlot’s house, and from there bring out the woman and all that she has, (Q)as you swore to her.” 23 And the young men who had been spies went in and brought out Rahab, (R)her father, her mother, her brothers, and all that she had. So they brought out all her relatives and left them outside the camp of Israel. 24 But they burned the city and all that was in it with fire. Only the silver and gold, and the vessels of bronze and iron, they put into the treasury of the house of the Lord. 25 And Joshua spared Rahab the harlot, her father’s household, and all that she had. So (S)she dwells in Israel to this day, because she hid the messengers whom Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.

26 Then Joshua [d]charged them at that time, saying, (T)“Cursed be the man before the Lord who rises up and builds this city Jericho; he shall lay its foundation with his firstborn, and with his youngest he shall set up its gates.”

27 So the Lord was with Joshua, and his fame spread throughout all the country.

Footnotes

  1. Joshua 6:11 spent the night
  2. Joshua 6:19 set apart
  3. Joshua 6:19 shall go
  4. Joshua 6:26 warned

The Treaty with the Gibeonites

And it came to pass when (A)all the kings who were on this side of the Jordan, in the hills and in the lowland and in all the coasts of (B)the Great Sea toward Lebanon—(C)the Hittite, the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite—heard about it, that they (D)gathered together to fight with Joshua and Israel with one [a]accord.

But when the inhabitants of (E)Gibeon (F)heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai, they worked craftily, and went and [b]pretended to be ambassadors. And they took old sacks on their donkeys, old wineskins torn and [c]mended, old and patched sandals on their feet, and old garments on themselves; and all the bread of their provision was dry and moldy. And they went to Joshua, (G)to the camp at Gilgal, and said to him and to the men of Israel, “We have come from a far country; now therefore, make a [d]covenant with us.”

Then the men of Israel said to the (H)Hivites, “Perhaps you dwell among us; so (I)how can we make a covenant with you?”

But they said to Joshua, (J)“We are your servants.”

And Joshua said to them, “Who are you, and where do you come from?”

So they said to him: (K)“From a very far country your servants have come, because of the name of the Lord your God; for we have (L)heard of His fame, and all that He did in Egypt, 10 and (M)all that He did to the two kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan—to Sihon king of Heshbon, and Og king of Bashan, who was at Ashtaroth. 11 Therefore our elders and all the inhabitants of our country spoke to us, saying, ‘Take provisions with you for the journey, and go to meet them, and say to them, “We are your servants; now therefore, make a covenant with us.” ’ 12 This bread of ours we took hot for our provision from our houses on the day we departed to come to you. But now look, it is dry and moldy. 13 And these wineskins which we filled were new, and see, they are torn; and these our garments and our sandals have become old because of the very long journey.”

14 Then the men of Israel took some of their provisions; (N)but they [e]did not ask counsel of the Lord. 15 So Joshua (O)made peace with them, and made a covenant with them to let them live; and the rulers of the congregation swore to them.

16 And it happened at the end of three days, after they had made a covenant with them, that they heard that they were their neighbors who dwelt near them. 17 Then the children of Israel journeyed and came to their cities on the third day. Now their cities were (P)Gibeon, Chephirah, Beeroth, and Kirjath Jearim. 18 But the children of Israel did not [f]attack them, (Q)because the rulers of the congregation had sworn to them by the Lord God of Israel. And all the congregation complained against the rulers.

19 Then all the rulers said to all the congregation, “We have sworn to them by the Lord God of Israel; now therefore, we may not touch them. 20 This we will do to them: We will let them live, lest (R)wrath be upon us because of the oath which we swore to them.” 21 And the rulers said to them, “Let them live, but let them be (S)woodcutters and water carriers for all the congregation, as the rulers had (T)promised them.”

22 Then Joshua called for them, and he spoke to them, saying, “Why have you deceived us, saying, (U)‘We are very far from you,’ when (V)you dwell near us? 23 Now therefore, you are (W)cursed, and none of you shall be freed from being slaves—woodcutters and water carriers for the house of my God.”

24 So they answered Joshua and said, “Because your servants were clearly told that the Lord your God (X)commanded His servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you; therefore (Y)we were very much afraid for our lives because of you, and have done this thing. 25 And now, here we are, (Z)in your hands; do with us as it seems good and right to do to us.” 26 So he did to them, and delivered them out of the hand of the children of Israel, so that they did not kill them. 27 And that day Joshua made them (AA)woodcutters and water carriers for the congregation and for the altar of the Lord, (AB)in the place which He would choose, even to this day.

The Sun Stands Still

10 Now it came to pass when Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem (AC)heard how Joshua had taken (AD)Ai and had utterly destroyed it—(AE)as he had done to Jericho and its king, so he had done to (AF)Ai and its king—and (AG)how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were among them, that they (AH)feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, like one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all its men were mighty. Therefore Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem sent to Hoham king of Hebron, Piram king of Jarmuth, Japhia king of Lachish, and Debir king of Eglon, saying, “Come up to me and help me, that we may attack Gibeon, for (AI)it has made peace with Joshua and with the children of Israel.” Therefore the five kings of the (AJ)Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon, (AK)gathered together and went up, they and all their armies, and camped before Gibeon and made war against it.

And the men of Gibeon sent to Joshua at the camp (AL)at Gilgal, saying, “Do not forsake your servants; come up to us quickly, save us and help us, for all the kings of the Amorites who dwell in the mountains have gathered together against us.”

So Joshua ascended from Gilgal, he and (AM)all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valor. And the Lord said to Joshua, (AN)“Do not fear them, for I have delivered them into your hand; (AO)not a man of them shall (AP)stand before you.” Joshua therefore came upon them suddenly, having marched all night from Gilgal. 10 So the Lord (AQ)routed them before Israel, killed them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, chased them along the road that goes (AR)to Beth Horon, and struck them down as far as (AS)Azekah and Makkedah. 11 And it happened, as they fled before Israel and were on the descent of Beth Horon, (AT)that the Lord cast down large hailstones from heaven on them as far as Azekah, and they died. There were more who died from the hailstones than the children of Israel killed with the sword.

12 Then Joshua spoke to the Lord in the day when the Lord delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel:

(AU)“Sun, stand still over Gibeon;
And Moon, in the Valley of (AV)Aijalon.”
13 So the sun stood still,
And the moon stopped,
Till the people had revenge
Upon their enemies.

(AW)Is this not written in the Book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day. 14 And there has been (AX)no day like that, before it or after it, that the Lord heeded the voice of a man; for (AY)the Lord fought for Israel.

15 (AZ)Then Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to the camp at Gilgal.

The Amorite Kings Executed

16 But these five kings had fled and hidden themselves in a cave at Makkedah. 17 And it was told Joshua, saying, “The five kings have been found hidden in the cave at Makkedah.”

18 So Joshua said, “Roll large stones against the mouth of the cave, and set men by it to guard them. 19 And do not stay there yourselves, but pursue your enemies, and attack their rear guard. Do not allow them to enter their cities, for the Lord your God has delivered them into your hand.” 20 Then it happened, while Joshua and the children of Israel made an end of slaying them with a very great slaughter, till they had finished, that those who escaped entered fortified cities. 21 And all the people returned to the camp, to Joshua at Makkedah, in peace.

(BA)No one [g]moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel.

22 Then Joshua said, “Open the mouth of the cave, and bring out those five kings to me from the cave.” 23 And they did so, and brought out those five kings to him from the cave: the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon.

24 So it was, when they brought out those kings to Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said to the captains of the men of war who went with him, “Come near, put your feet on the necks of these kings.” And they drew near and (BB)put their feet on their necks. 25 Then Joshua said to [h]them, (BC)“Do not be afraid, nor be dismayed; be strong and of good courage, for (BD)thus the Lord will do to all your enemies against whom you fight.” 26 And afterward Joshua struck [i]them and killed them, and hanged them on five trees; and they (BE)were hanging on the trees until evening. 27 So it was at the time of the going down of the sun that Joshua commanded, and they (BF)took them down from the trees, cast them into the cave where they had been hidden, and laid large stones against the cave’s mouth, which remain until this very day.

Conquest of the Southland

28 On that day Joshua took Makkedah, and struck it and its king with the edge of the sword. He utterly (BG)destroyed [j]them—all the people who were in it. He let none remain. He also did to the king of Makkedah (BH)as he had done to the king of Jericho.

29 Then Joshua passed from Makkedah, and all Israel with him, to (BI)Libnah; and they fought against Libnah. 30 And the Lord also delivered it and its king into the hand of Israel; he struck it and all the people who were in it with the edge of the sword. He let none remain in it, but did to its king as he had done to the king of Jericho.

31 Then Joshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him, to Lachish; and they encamped against it and fought against it. 32 And the Lord delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, who took it on the second day, and struck it and all the people who were in it with the edge of the sword, according to all that he had done to Libnah. 33 Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua struck him and his people, until he left him none remaining.

34 From Lachish Joshua passed to Eglon, and all Israel with him; and they encamped against it and fought against it. 35 They took it on that day and struck it with the edge of the sword; all the people who were in it he utterly destroyed that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish.

36 So Joshua went up from Eglon, and all Israel with him, to (BJ)Hebron; and they fought against it. 37 And they took it and struck it with the edge of the sword—its king, all its cities, and all the people who were in it; he left none remaining, according to all that he had done to Eglon, but utterly destroyed it and all the people who were in it.

38 Then Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to (BK)Debir; and they fought against it. 39 And he took it and its king and all its cities; they struck them with the edge of the sword and utterly destroyed all the people who were in it. He left none remaining; as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir and its king, as he had done also to Libnah and its king.

40 So Joshua conquered all the land: the (BL)mountain country and the [k]South and the lowland and the wilderness slopes, and (BM)all their kings; he left none remaining, but (BN)utterly destroyed all that breathed, as the Lord God of Israel had commanded. 41 And Joshua conquered them from (BO)Kadesh Barnea as far as (BP)Gaza, (BQ)and all the country of Goshen, even as far as Gibeon. 42 All these kings and their land Joshua took at one time, (BR)because the Lord God of Israel fought for Israel. 43 Then Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to the camp at Gilgal.

The Northern Conquest

11 And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor heard these things, that he (BS)sent to Jobab king of Madon, to the king (BT)of Shimron, to the king of Achshaph, and to the kings who were from the north, in the mountains, in the plain south of (BU)Chinneroth, in the lowland, and in the heights (BV)of Dor on the west, to the Canaanites in the east and in the west, the (BW)Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Jebusite in the mountains, (BX)and the Hivite below (BY)Hermon (BZ)in the land of Mizpah. So they went out, they and all their armies with them, as many people (CA)as the sand that is on the seashore in multitude, with very many horses and chariots. And when all these kings had [l]met together, they came and camped together at the waters of Merom to fight against Israel.

But the Lord said to Joshua, (CB)“Do not be afraid because of them, for tomorrow about this time I will deliver all of them slain before Israel. You shall (CC)hamstring their horses and burn their chariots with fire.” So Joshua and all the people of war with him came against them suddenly by the waters of Merom, and they attacked them. And the Lord delivered them into the hand of Israel, who defeated them and chased them to [m]Greater (CD)Sidon, to the [n]Brook (CE)Misrephoth, and to the Valley of Mizpah eastward; they attacked them until they left none of them remaining. So Joshua did to them as the Lord had told him: he hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots with fire.

10 Joshua turned back at that time and took Hazor, and struck its king with the sword; for Hazor was formerly the head of all those kingdoms. 11 And they struck all the people who were in it with the edge of the sword, (CF)utterly destroying them. There was none left (CG)breathing. Then he burned Hazor with fire.

12 So all the cities of those kings, and all their kings, Joshua took and struck with the edge of the sword. He utterly destroyed them, (CH)as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded. 13 But as for the cities that stood on their [o]mounds, Israel burned none of them, except Hazor only, which Joshua burned. 14 And all the (CI)spoil of these cities and the livestock, the children of Israel took as booty for themselves; but they struck every man with the edge of the sword until they had destroyed them, and they left none breathing. 15 (CJ)As the Lord had commanded Moses His servant, so (CK)Moses commanded Joshua, and (CL)so Joshua did. [p]He left nothing undone of all that the Lord had commanded Moses.

Summary of Joshua’s Conquests

16 Thus Joshua took all this land: (CM)the mountain country, all the South, (CN)all the land of Goshen, the lowland, and the Jordan [q]plain—the mountains of Israel and its lowlands, 17 (CO)from [r]Mount Halak and the ascent to Seir, even as far as Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon. He captured (CP)all their kings, and struck them down and killed them. 18 Joshua made war a long time with all those kings. 19 There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, except (CQ)the Hivites, the inhabitants of Gibeon. All the others they took in battle. 20 For (CR)it was of the Lord [s]to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that He might utterly destroy them, and that they might receive no mercy, but that He might destroy them, (CS)as the Lord had commanded Moses.

21 And at that time Joshua came and cut off (CT)the Anakim from the mountains: from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel; Joshua utterly destroyed them with their cities. 22 None of the Anakim were left in the land of the children of Israel; they remained only (CU)in Gaza, in Gath, (CV)and in Ashdod.

23 So Joshua took the whole land, (CW)according to all that the Lord had said to Moses; and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel (CX)according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land (CY)rested from war.

The Kings Conquered by Moses(CZ)

12 These are the kings of the land whom the children of Israel defeated, and whose land they possessed on the other side of the Jordan toward the rising of the sun, (DA)from the River Arnon (DB)to Mount Hermon, and all the eastern Jordan plain: One king was (DC)Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon and ruled half of Gilead, from Aroer, which is on the bank of the River Arnon, from the middle of that river, even as far as the River Jabbok, which is the border of the Ammonites, and (DD)the eastern Jordan plain from the [t]Sea of Chinneroth as far as the [u]Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea), (DE)the road to Beth Jeshimoth, and [v]southward below (DF)the[w] slopes of Pisgah. The other king was (DG)Og king of Bashan and his territory, who was of (DH)the remnant of the giants, (DI)who dwelt at Ashtaroth and at Edrei, and reigned over (DJ)Mount Hermon, (DK)over Salcah, over all Bashan, (DL)as far as the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites, and over half of Gilead to the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.

(DM)These Moses the servant of the Lord and the children of Israel had conquered; and (DN)Moses the servant of the Lord had given it as a possession to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh.

The Kings Conquered by Joshua

And these are the kings of the country (DO)which Joshua and the children of Israel conquered on this side of the Jordan, on the west, from Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon as far as [x]Mount Halak and the ascent to (DP)Seir, which Joshua (DQ)gave to the tribes of Israel as a possession according to their divisions, (DR)in the mountain country, in the lowlands, in the Jordan plain, in the slopes, in the wilderness, and in the South—(DS)the Hittites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: (DT)the king of Jericho, one; (DU)the king of Ai, which is beside Bethel, one; 10 (DV)the king of Jerusalem, one; the king of Hebron, one; 11 the king of Jarmuth, one; the king of Lachish, one; 12 the king of Eglon, one; (DW)the king of Gezer, one; 13 (DX)the king of Debir, one; the king of Geder, one; 14 the king of Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one; 15 (DY)the king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one; 16 (DZ)the king of Makkedah, one; (EA)the king of Bethel, one; 17 the king of Tappuah, one; (EB)the king of Hepher, one; 18 the king of Aphek, one; the king of [y]Lasharon, one; 19 the king of Madon, one; (EC)the king of Hazor, one; 20 the king of (ED)Shimron Meron, one; the king of Achshaph, one; 21 the king of Taanach, one; the king of Megiddo, one; 22 (EE)the king of Kedesh, one; the king of Jokneam in Carmel, one; 23 the king of Dor in the (EF)heights of Dor, one; the king of (EG)the people of Gilgal, one; 24 the king of Tirzah, one—(EH)all the kings, thirty-one.

Remaining Land to Be Conquered

13 Now Joshua (EI)was old, advanced in years. And the Lord said to him: “You are old, advanced in years, and there remains very much land yet to be possessed. (EJ)This is the land that yet remains: (EK)all the territory of the Philistines and all (EL)that of the Geshurites, (EM)from Sihor, which is east of Egypt, as far as the border of Ekron northward (which is counted as Canaanite); the (EN)five lords of the Philistines—the Gazites, the Ashdodites, the Ashkelonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also (EO)the Avites; from the south, all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that belongs to the Sidonians (EP)as far as Aphek, to the border of (EQ)the Amorites; the land of (ER)the [z]Gebalites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrise, (ES)from Baal Gad below Mount Hermon as far as the entrance to Hamath; all the inhabitants of the mountains from Lebanon as far as (ET)the [aa]Brook Misrephoth, and all the Sidonians—them (EU)I will drive out from before the children of Israel; only (EV)divide[ab] it by lot to Israel as an inheritance, as I have commanded you. Now therefore, divide this land as an inheritance to the nine tribes and half the tribe of Manasseh.”

The Land Divided East of the Jordan

With the other half-tribe the Reubenites and the Gadites received their inheritance, (EW)which Moses had given them, (EX)beyond the Jordan eastward, as Moses the servant of the Lord had given them: from Aroer which is on the bank of the River Arnon, and the town that is in the midst of the ravine, (EY)and all the plain of Medeba as far as Dibon; 10 (EZ)all the cities of Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, as far as the border of the children of Ammon; 11 (FA)Gilead, and the border of the Geshurites and Maachathites, all Mount Hermon, and all Bashan as far as Salcah; 12 all the kingdom of Og in Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and Edrei, who remained of (FB)the remnant of the giants; (FC)for Moses had [ac]defeated and [ad]cast out these.

13 Nevertheless the children of Israel (FD)did not drive out the Geshurites or the Maachathites, but the Geshurites and the Maachathites dwell among the Israelites until this day.

14 (FE)Only to the tribe of Levi he had given [ae]no inheritance; the sacrifices of the Lord God of Israel made by fire are their inheritance, (FF)as He said to them.

The Land of Reuben

15 (FG)And Moses had given to the tribe of the children of Reuben an inheritance according to their families. 16 Their territory was (FH)from Aroer, which is on the bank of the River Arnon, (FI)and the city that is in the midst of the ravine, (FJ)and all the plain by Medeba; 17 (FK)Heshbon and all its cities that are in the plain: Dibon, Bamoth Baal, Beth Baal Meon, 18 (FL)Jahaza, Kedemoth, Mephaath, 19 (FM)Kirjathaim, (FN)Sibmah, Zereth Shahar on the mountain of the valley, 20 Beth Peor, (FO)the slopes of Pisgah, and Beth Jeshimoth— 21 (FP)all the cities of the plain and all the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, (FQ)whom Moses had struck (FR)with the princes of Midian: Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, and Reba, who were princes of Sihon dwelling in the country. 22 The children of Israel also killed with the sword (FS)Balaam the son of Beor, the [af]soothsayer, among those who were killed by them. 23 And the border of the children of Reuben was the bank of the Jordan. This was the inheritance of the children of Reuben according to their families, the cities and their villages.

The Land of Gad

24 (FT)Moses also had given an inheritance to the tribe of Gad, to the children of Gad according to their families. 25 (FU)Their territory was Jazer, and all the cities of Gilead, (FV)and half the land of the Ammonites as far as Aroer, which is before (FW)Rabbah, 26 and from Heshbon to Ramath Mizpah and Betonim, and from Mahanaim to the border of Debir, 27 and in the valley (FX)Beth Haram, Beth Nimrah, (FY)Succoth, and Zaphon, the rest of the kingdom of Sihon king of Heshbon, with the Jordan as its border, as far as the edge (FZ)of the [ag]Sea of Chinnereth, on the other side of the Jordan eastward. 28 This is the inheritance of the children of Gad according to their families, the cities and their villages.

Half the Tribe of Manasseh (East)

29 (GA)Moses also had given an inheritance to half the tribe of Manasseh; it was for half the tribe of the children of Manasseh according to their families: 30 Their territory was from Mahanaim, all Bashan, all the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, and (GB)all the towns of Jair which are in Bashan, sixty cities; 31 half of Gilead, and (GC)Ashtaroth and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the (GD)children of Machir the son of Manasseh, for half of the children of Machir according to their families.

32 These are the areas which Moses had [ah]distributed as an inheritance in the plains of Moab on the other side of the Jordan, by Jericho eastward. 33 (GE)But to the tribe of Levi Moses had given no inheritance; the Lord God of Israel was their inheritance, (GF)as He had said to them.

The Land Divided West of the Jordan

14 These are the areas which the children of Israel inherited in the land of Canaan, (GG)which Eleazar the priest, Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel distributed as an inheritance to them. Their inheritance was (GH)by lot, as the Lord had commanded by the hand of Moses, for the nine tribes and the half-tribe. (GI)For Moses had given the inheritance of the two tribes and the half-tribe on the other side of the Jordan; but to the Levites he had given no inheritance among them. For (GJ)the children of Joseph were two tribes: Manasseh and Ephraim. And they gave no part to the Levites in the land, except (GK)cities to dwell in, with their common-lands for their livestock and their property. (GL)As the Lord had commanded Moses, so the children of Israel did; and they divided the land.

Caleb Inherits Hebron

Then the children of Judah came to Joshua in Gilgal. And Caleb the son of Jephunneh the (GM)Kenizzite said to him: “You know (GN)the word which the Lord said to Moses the man of God concerning (GO)you and me in Kadesh Barnea. I was forty years old when Moses the servant of the Lord (GP)sent me from Kadesh Barnea to spy out the land, and I brought back word to him as it was in my heart. Nevertheless (GQ)my brethren who went up with me made the [ai]heart of the people melt, but I wholly (GR)followed the Lord my God. So Moses swore on that day, saying, (GS)‘Surely the land (GT)where your foot has trodden shall be your inheritance and your children’s forever, because you have wholly followed the Lord my God.’ 10 And now, behold, the Lord has kept me (GU)alive, (GV)as He said, these forty-five years, ever since the Lord spoke this word to Moses while Israel [aj]wandered in the wilderness; and now, here I am this day, eighty-five years old. 11 (GW)As yet I am as strong this day as on the day that Moses sent me; just as my strength was then, so now is my strength for war, both (GX)for going out and for coming in. 12 Now therefore, give me this mountain of which the Lord spoke in that day; for you heard in that day how (GY)the Anakim were there, and that the cities were great and fortified. (GZ)It may be that the Lord will be with me, and (HA)I shall be able to drive them out as the Lord said.”

13 And Joshua (HB)blessed him, (HC)and gave Hebron to Caleb the son of Jephunneh as an inheritance. 14 (HD)Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite to this day, because he (HE)wholly followed the Lord God of Israel. 15 And (HF)the name of Hebron formerly was Kirjath Arba (Arba was the greatest man among the Anakim).

(HG)Then the land had rest from war.

The Land of Judah

15 So this was the [ak]lot of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families:

(HH)The border of Edom at the (HI)Wilderness of Zin southward was the extreme southern boundary. And their (HJ)southern border began at the shore of the Salt Sea, from the bay that faces southward. Then it went out to the southern side of (HK)the Ascent of Akrabbim, passed along to Zin, ascended on the south side of Kadesh Barnea, passed along to Hezron, went up to Adar, and went around to Karkaa. From there it passed (HL)toward Azmon and went out to the Brook of Egypt; and the border ended at the sea. This shall be your southern border.

The east border was the Salt Sea as far as the mouth of the Jordan.

And the (HM)border on the northern quarter began at the bay of the sea at the mouth of the Jordan. The border went up to (HN)Beth Hoglah and passed north of Beth Arabah; and the border went up (HO)to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben. Then the border went up toward (HP)Debir from (HQ)the Valley of Achor, and it turned northward toward Gilgal, which is before the Ascent of Adummim, which is on the south side of the valley. The border continued toward the waters of En Shemesh and ended at (HR)En Rogel. And the border went up (HS)by the Valley of the Son of Hinnom to the southern slope of the (HT)Jebusite city (which is Jerusalem). The border went up to the top of the mountain that lies before the Valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the Valley (HU)of [al]Rephaim northward. Then the border went around from the top of the hill to (HV)the fountain of the water of Nephtoah, and extended to the cities of Mount Ephron. And the border went around (HW)to Baalah (which is (HX)Kirjath Jearim). 10 Then the border [am]turned westward from Baalah to Mount Seir, passed along to the side of Mount Jearim on the north (which is Chesalon), went down to Beth Shemesh, and passed on to (HY)Timnah. 11 And the border went out to the side of (HZ)Ekron northward. Then the border went around to Shicron, passed along to Mount Baalah, and extended to Jabneel; and the border ended at the sea.

12 The west border was (IA)the coastline of the Great Sea. This is the boundary of the children of Judah all around according to their families.

Caleb Occupies Hebron and Debir(IB)

13 (IC)Now to Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a share among the children of (ID)Judah, according to the commandment of the Lord to Joshua, namely, (IE)Kirjath Arba, which is Hebron (Arba was the father of Anak). 14 Caleb drove out (IF)the three sons of Anak from there: (IG)Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak. 15 Then (IH)he went up from there to the inhabitants of Debir (formerly the name of Debir was Kirjath Sepher).

16 (II)And Caleb said, “He who [an]attacks Kirjath Sepher and takes it, to him I will give Achsah my daughter as wife.” 17 So (IJ)Othniel the (IK)son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, took it; and he gave him (IL)Achsah his daughter as wife. 18 (IM)Now it was so, when she came to him, that she persuaded him to ask her father for a field. So (IN)she dismounted from her donkey, and Caleb said to her, “What do you wish?” 19 She answered, “Give me a (IO)blessing; since you have given me land in the South, give me also springs of water.” So he gave her the upper springs and the lower springs.

The Cities of Judah

20 This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families:

21 The cities at the limits of the tribe of the children of Judah, toward the border of Edom in the South, were Kabzeel, (IP)Eder, Jagur, 22 Kinah, Dimonah, Adadah, 23 Kedesh, Hazor, Ithnan, 24 (IQ)Ziph, Telem, Bealoth, 25 Hazor, Hadattah, Kerioth, Hezron (which is Hazor), 26 Amam, Shema, Moladah, 27 Hazar Gaddah, Heshmon, Beth Pelet, 28 Hazar Shual, (IR)Beersheba, Bizjothjah, 29 Baalah, Ijim, Ezem, 30 Eltolad, Chesil, (IS)Hormah, 31 (IT)Ziklag, Madmannah, Sansannah, 32 Lebaoth, Shilhim, Ain, and (IU)Rimmon: all the cities are twenty-nine, with their villages.

33 In the lowland: (IV)Eshtaol, Zorah, Ashnah, 34 Zanoah, En Gannim, Tappuah, Enam, 35 Jarmuth, (IW)Adullam, Socoh, Azekah, 36 Sharaim, Adithaim, Gederah, and Gederothaim: fourteen cities with their villages; 37 Zenan, Hadashah, Migdal Gad, 38 Dilean, Mizpah, (IX)Joktheel, 39 (IY)Lachish, Bozkath, (IZ)Eglon, 40 Cabbon, [ao]Lahmas, Kithlish, 41 Gederoth, Beth Dagon, Naamah, and Makkedah: sixteen cities with their villages; 42 (JA)Libnah, Ether, Ashan, 43 Jiphtah, Ashnah, Nezib, 44 Keilah, Achzib, and Mareshah: nine cities with their villages; 45 Ekron, with its towns and villages; 46 from Ekron to the sea, all that lay near (JB)Ashdod, with their villages; 47 Ashdod with its towns and villages, Gaza with its towns and villages—as far as (JC)the Brook of Egypt and (JD)the Great Sea with its coastline.

48 And in the mountain country: Shamir, Jattir, Sochoh, 49 Dannah, Kirjath Sannah (which is Debir), 50 Anab, Eshtemoh, Anim, 51 (JE)Goshen, Holon, and Giloh: eleven cities with their villages; 52 Arab, Dumah, Eshean, 53 Janum, Beth Tappuah, Aphekah, 54 Humtah, (JF)Kirjath Arba (which is Hebron), and Zior: nine cities with their villages; 55 (JG)Maon, Carmel, Ziph, Juttah, 56 Jezreel, Jokdeam, Zanoah, 57 Kain, Gibeah, and Timnah: ten cities with their villages; 58 Halhul, Beth Zur, Gedor, 59 Maarath, Beth Anoth, and Eltekon: six cities with their villages; 60 (JH)Kirjath Baal (which is Kirjath Jearim) and Rabbah: two cities with their villages.

61 In the wilderness: Beth Arabah, Middin, Secacah, 62 Nibshan, the City of Salt, and (JI)En Gedi: six cities with their villages.

63 As for the Jebusites, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, (JJ)the children of Judah could not drive them out; (JK)but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem to this day.

Ephraim and West Manasseh

16 The lot [ap]fell to the children of Joseph from the Jordan, by Jericho, to the waters of Jericho on the east, to the (JL)wilderness that goes up from Jericho through the mountains to [aq]Bethel, then went out [ar]from (JM)Bethel to Luz, passed along to the border of the Archites at Ataroth, and went down westward to the boundary of the Japhletites, (JN)as far as the boundary of Lower Beth Horon to (JO)Gezer; and [as]it ended at the sea.

(JP)So the children of Joseph, Manasseh and Ephraim, took their [at]inheritance.

The Land of Ephraim

(JQ)The border of the children of Ephraim, according to their families, was thus: The border of their inheritance on the east side was (JR)Ataroth Addar (JS)as far as Upper Beth Horon.

And the border went out toward the sea on the north side of (JT)Michmethath; then the border went around eastward to Taanath Shiloh, and passed by it on the east of Janohah. Then it went down from Janohah to Ataroth and [au]Naarah, reached to Jericho, and came out at the Jordan.

The border went out from (JU)Tappuah westward to the (JV)Brook Kanah, and [av]it ended at the sea. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Ephraim according to their families. (JW)The separate cities for the children of Ephraim were among the inheritance of the children of Manasseh, all the cities with their villages.

10 (JX)And they did not drive out the Canaanites who dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwell among the Ephraimites to this day and have become forced laborers.

The Other Half-Tribe of Manasseh (West)

17 There was also a lot for the tribe of Manasseh, for he was the (JY)firstborn of Joseph: namely for (JZ)Machir the firstborn of Manasseh, the father of Gilead, because he was a man of war; therefore he was given (KA)Gilead and Bashan. And there was a lot for (KB)the rest of the children of Manasseh according to their families: (KC)for the children of [aw]Abiezer, the children of Helek, (KD)the children of Asriel, the children of Shechem, (KE)the children of Hepher, and the children of Shemida; these were the male children of Manasseh the son of Joseph according to their families.

But (KF)Zelophehad the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, had no sons, but only daughters. And these are the names of his daughters: Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. And they came near before (KG)Eleazar the priest, before Joshua the son of Nun, and before the rulers, saying, (KH)“The Lord commanded Moses to give us an [ax]inheritance among our brothers.” Therefore, according to the commandment of the Lord, he gave them an inheritance among their father’s brothers. Ten shares fell to (KI)Manasseh, besides the land of Gilead and Bashan, which were on the other side of the Jordan, because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.

And the territory of Manasseh was from Asher to (KJ)Michmethath, that lies east of Shechem; and the border went along south to the inhabitants of En Tappuah. Manasseh had the land of Tappuah, but (KK)Tappuah on the border of Manasseh belonged to the children of Ephraim. And the [ay]border descended to the [az]Brook Kanah, southward to the brook. (KL)These cities of Ephraim are among the cities of Manasseh. The border of Manasseh was on the north side of the brook; and it ended at the sea.

10 Southward it was Ephraim’s, northward it was Manasseh’s, and the sea was its border. Manasseh’s territory was adjoining Asher on the north and Issachar on the east. 11 And in Issachar and in Asher, (KM)Manasseh had (KN)Beth Shean and its towns, Ibleam and its towns, the inhabitants of Dor and its towns, the inhabitants of En Dor and its towns, the inhabitants of Taanach and its towns, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and its towns—three hilly regions. 12 Yet (KO)the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities, but the Canaanites were determined to dwell in that land. 13 And it happened, when the children of Israel grew strong, that they put the Canaanites to (KP)forced labor, but did not utterly drive them out.

More Land for Ephraim and Manasseh

14 (KQ)Then the children of Joseph spoke to Joshua, saying, “Why have you given us only (KR)one [ba]lot and one share to inherit, since we are (KS)a great people, inasmuch as the Lord has blessed us until now?”

15 So Joshua answered them, “If you are a great people, then go up to the forest country and clear a place for yourself there in the land of the Perizzites and the giants, since the mountains of Ephraim are too confined for you.”

16 But the children of Joseph said, “The mountain country is not enough for us; and all the Canaanites who dwell in the land of the valley have (KT)chariots of iron, both those who are of Beth Shean and its towns and those who are (KU)of the Valley of Jezreel.”

17 And Joshua spoke to the house of Joseph—to Ephraim and Manasseh—saying, “You are a great people and have great power; you shall not have only one [bb]lot, 18 but the mountain country shall be yours. Although it is wooded, you shall cut it down, and its [bc]farthest extent shall be yours; for you shall drive out the Canaanites, (KV)though they have iron chariots and are strong.”

The Remainder of the Land Divided

18 Now the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together (KW)at Shiloh, and (KX)set up the tabernacle of meeting there. And the land was subdued before them. But there remained among the children of Israel seven tribes which had not yet received their inheritance.

Then Joshua said to the children of Israel: (KY)“How long will you neglect to go and possess the land which the Lord God of your fathers has given you? Pick out from among you three men for each tribe, and I will send them; they shall rise and go through the land, survey it according to their inheritance, and come back to me. And they shall divide it into seven parts. (KZ)Judah shall remain in their territory on the south, and the (LA)house of Joseph shall remain in their territory on the north. You shall therefore [bd]survey the land in seven parts and bring the survey here to me, (LB)that I may cast lots for you here before the Lord our God. (LC)But the Levites have no part among you, for the priesthood of the Lord is their inheritance. (LD)And Gad, Reuben, and half the tribe of Manasseh have received their inheritance beyond the Jordan on the east, which Moses the servant of the Lord gave them.”

Then the men arose to go away; and Joshua charged those who went to [be]survey the land, saying, “Go, walk (LE)through the land, survey it, and come back to me, that I may cast lots for you here before the Lord in Shiloh.” So the men went, passed through the land, and [bf]wrote the survey in a book in seven parts by cities; and they came to Joshua at the camp in Shiloh. 10 Then Joshua cast (LF)lots for them in Shiloh before the Lord, and there (LG)Joshua divided the land to the children of Israel according to their [bg]divisions.

The Land of Benjamin

11 (LH)Now the lot of the tribe of the children of Benjamin came up according to their families, and the territory of their lot came out between the children of Judah and the children of Joseph. 12 (LI)Their border on the north side began at the Jordan, and the border went up to the side of Jericho on the north, and went up through the mountains westward; it ended at the Wilderness of Beth Aven. 13 The border went over from there toward Luz, to the side of Luz (LJ)(which is Bethel) southward; and the border descended to Ataroth Addar, near the hill that lies on the south side (LK)of Lower Beth Horon.

14 Then the border extended around the west side to the south, from the hill that lies before Beth Horon southward; and [bh]it ended at (LL)Kirjath Baal (which is Kirjath Jearim), a city of the children of Judah. This was the west side.

15 The south side began at the end of Kirjath Jearim, and the border extended on the west and went out to (LM)the spring of the waters of Nephtoah. 16 Then the border came down to the end of the mountain that lies before (LN)the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, which is in the Valley of the [bi]Rephaim on the north, descended to the Valley of Hinnom, to the side of the Jebusite city on the south, and descended to (LO)En Rogel. 17 And it went around from the north, went out to En Shemesh, and extended toward Geliloth, which is before the Ascent of Adummim, and descended to (LP)the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben. 18 Then it passed along toward the north side of [bj]Arabah, and went down to Arabah. 19 And the border passed along to the north side of Beth Hoglah; then [bk]the border ended at the north bay at the (LQ)Salt Sea, at the south end of the Jordan. This was the southern boundary.

20 The Jordan was its border on the east side. This was the inheritance of the children of Benjamin, according to its boundaries all around, according to their families.

21 Now the cities of the tribe of the children of Benjamin, according to their families, were Jericho, Beth Hoglah, Emek Keziz, 22 Beth Arabah, Zemaraim, Bethel, 23 Avim, Parah, Ophrah, 24 Chephar Haammoni, Ophni, and Gaba: twelve cities with their villages; 25 (LR)Gibeon, (LS)Ramah, Beeroth, 26 Mizpah, Chephirah, Mozah, 27 Rekem, Irpeel, Taralah, 28 Zelah, Eleph, (LT)Jebus (which is Jerusalem), Gibeath, and Kirjath: fourteen cities with their villages. This was the inheritance of the children of Benjamin according to their families.

Simeon’s Inheritance with Judah

19 The (LU)second lot came out for Simeon, for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families. (LV)And their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah. (LW)They had in their inheritance Beersheba (Sheba), Moladah, Hazar Shual, Balah, Ezem, Eltolad, Bethul, Hormah, Ziklag, Beth Marcaboth, Hazar Susah, Beth Lebaoth, and Sharuhen: thirteen cities and their villages; Ain, Rimmon, Ether, and Ashan: four cities and their villages; and all the villages that were all around these cities as far as Baalath Beer, (LX)Ramah of the South. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families.

The inheritance of the children of Simeon was included in the share of the children of Judah, for the share of the children of Judah was [bl]too much for them. (LY)Therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the inheritance of [bm]that people.

The Land of Zebulun

10 The third lot came out for the children of Zebulun according to their families, and the border of their inheritance was as far as Sarid. 11 (LZ)Their border went toward the west and to Maralah, went to Dabbasheth, and extended along the brook that is (MA)east of Jokneam. 12 Then from Sarid it went eastward toward the sunrise along the border of Chisloth Tabor, and went out toward (MB)Daberath, bypassing Japhia. 13 And from there it passed along on the east of (MC)Gath Hepher, toward Eth Kazin, and extended to Rimmon, which borders on Neah. 14 Then the border went around it on the north side of Hannathon, and [bn]it ended in the Valley of Jiphthah El. 15 Included were Kattath, Nahallal, Shimron, Idalah, and Bethlehem: twelve cities with their villages. 16 This was the inheritance of the children of Zebulun according to their families, these cities with their villages.

The Land of Issachar

17 The fourth lot came out to Issachar, for the children of Issachar according to their families. 18 And their territory went to Jezreel, and included Chesulloth, Shunem, 19 Haphraim, Shion, Anaharath, 20 Rabbith, Kishion, Abez, 21 Remeth, En Gannim, En Haddah, and Beth Pazzez. 22 And the border reached to Tabor, Shahazimah, and (MD)Beth Shemesh; their border ended at the Jordan: sixteen cities with their villages. 23 This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Issachar according to their families, the cities and their villages.

The Land of Asher

24 (ME)The fifth lot came out for the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families. 25 And their territory included Helkath, Hali, Beten, Achshaph, 26 Alammelech, Amad, and Mishal; it reached to (MF)Mount Carmel westward, along the Brook Shihor Libnath. 27 It turned toward the sunrise to Beth Dagon; and it reached to Zebulun and to the Valley of Jiphthah El, then northward beyond Beth Emek and Neiel, bypassing (MG)Cabul which was on the left, 28 including [bo]Ebron, Rehob, Hammon, and Kanah, (MH)as far as Greater Sidon. 29 And the border turned to Ramah and to the fortified city of Tyre; then the border turned to Hosah, and ended at the sea by the region of (MI)Achzib. 30 Also Ummah, Aphek, and Rehob were included: twenty-two cities with their villages. 31 This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages.

The Land of Naphtali

32 (MJ)The sixth lot came out to the children of Naphtali, for the children of Naphtali according to their families. 33 And their border began at Heleph, enclosing the territory from the terebinth tree in Zaanannim, Adami Nekeb, and Jabneel, as far as Lakkum; [bp]it ended at the Jordan. 34 (MK)From Heleph the border extended westward to Aznoth Tabor, and went out from there toward Hukkok; it adjoined Zebulun on the south side and Asher on the west side, and ended at Judah by the Jordan toward the sunrise. 35 And the fortified cities are Ziddim, Zer, Hammath, Rakkath, Chinnereth, 36 Adamah, Ramah, Hazor, 37 (ML)Kedesh, Edrei, En Hazor, 38 Iron, Migdal El, Horem, Beth Anath, and Beth Shemesh: nineteen cities with their villages. 39 This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Naphtali according to their families, the cities and their villages.

The Land of Dan

40 (MM)The seventh lot came out for the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families. 41 And the territory of their inheritance was Zorah, (MN)Eshtaol, Ir Shemesh, 42 (MO)Shaalabbin, (MP)Aijalon, Jethlah, 43 Elon, Timnah, (MQ)Ekron, 44 Eltekeh, Gibbethon, Baalath, 45 Jehud, Bene Berak, Gath Rimmon, 46 Me Jarkon, and Rakkon, with the region [bq]near [br]Joppa. 47 And the (MR)border of the children of Dan went beyond these, because the children of Dan went up to fight against Leshem and took it; and they struck it with the edge of the sword, took possession of it, and dwelt in it. They called Leshem, (MS)Dan, after the name of Dan their father. 48 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families, these cities with their villages.

Joshua’s Inheritance

49 When they had [bs]made an end of dividing the land as an inheritance according to their borders, the children of Israel gave an inheritance among them to Joshua the son of Nun. 50 According to the word of the Lord they gave him the city which he asked for, (MT)Timnath (MU)Serah in the mountains of Ephraim; and he built the city and dwelt in it.

51 (MV)These were the inheritances which Eleazar the priest, Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel divided as an inheritance by lot (MW)in Shiloh before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of meeting. So they made an end of dividing the country.

The Cities of Refuge(MX)

20 The Lord also spoke to Joshua, saying, “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: (MY)‘Appoint[bt] for yourselves cities of refuge, of which I spoke to you through Moses, that the slayer who kills a person accidentally or unintentionally may flee there; and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood. And when he flees to one of those cities, and stands at the entrance of the gate of the city, and [bu]declares his case in the hearing of the elders of that city, they shall take him into the city as one of them, and give him a place, that he may dwell among them. (MZ)Then if the avenger of blood pursues him, they shall not deliver the slayer into his hand, because he struck his neighbor unintentionally, but did not hate him beforehand. And he shall dwell in that city (NA)until he stands before the congregation for judgment, and until the death of the one who is high priest in those days. Then the slayer may return and come to his own city and his own house, to the city from which he fled.’ ”

So they appointed (NB)Kedesh in Galilee, in the mountains of Naphtali, (NC)Shechem in the mountains of Ephraim, and (ND)Kirjath Arba (which is Hebron) in (NE)the mountains of Judah. And on the other side of the Jordan, by Jericho eastward, they assigned (NF)Bezer in the wilderness on the plain, from the tribe of Reuben, (NG)Ramoth in Gilead, from the tribe of Gad, and (NH)Golan in Bashan, from the tribe of Manasseh. (NI)These were the cities appointed for all the children of Israel and for the stranger who [bv]dwelt among them, that whoever killed a person accidentally might flee there, and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood (NJ)until he stood before the congregation.

Cities of the Levites(NK)

21 Then the heads of the fathers’ houses of the (NL)Levites came near to (NM)Eleazar the priest, to Joshua the son of Nun, and to the heads of the fathers’ houses of the tribes of the children of Israel. And they spoke to them at (NN)Shiloh in the land of Canaan, saying, (NO)“The Lord commanded through Moses to give us cities to dwell in, with their common-lands for our livestock.” So the children of Israel gave to the Levites from their inheritance, at the commandment of the Lord, these cities and their common-lands:

Now the lot came out for the families of the Kohathites. And (NP)the children of Aaron the priest, who were of the Levites, (NQ)had thirteen cities by lot from the tribe of Judah, from the tribe of Simeon, and from the tribe of Benjamin. (NR)The rest of the children of Kohath had ten cities by lot from the families of the tribe of Ephraim, from the tribe of Dan, and from the half-tribe of Manasseh.

And (NS)the children of Gershon had thirteen cities by lot from the families of the tribe of Issachar, from the tribe of Asher, from the tribe of Naphtali, and from the half-tribe of Manasseh in Bashan.

(NT)The children of Merari according to their families had twelve cities from the tribe of Reuben, from the tribe of Gad, and from the tribe of Zebulun.

(NU)And the children of Israel gave these cities with their common-lands by lot to the Levites, (NV)as the Lord had commanded by the hand of Moses.

So they gave from the tribe of the children of Judah and from the tribe of the children of Simeon these cities which are [bw]designated by name, 10 which were for the children of Aaron, one of the families of the Kohathites, who were of the children of Levi; for the lot was theirs first. 11 (NW)And they gave them [bx]Kirjath Arba (Arba was the father of (NX)Anak), (NY)which is Hebron, in the mountains of Judah, with the common-land surrounding it. 12 But (NZ)the fields of the city and its villages they gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh as his possession.

13 Thus (OA)to the children of Aaron the priest they gave (OB)Hebron with its common-land (a city of refuge for the slayer), (OC)Libnah with its common-land, 14 (OD)Jattir with its common-land, (OE)Eshtemoa with its common-land, 15 (OF)Holon with its common-land, (OG)Debir with its common-land, 16 (OH)Ain with its common-land, (OI)Juttah with its common-land, and (OJ)Beth Shemesh with its common-land: nine cities from those two tribes; 17 and from the tribe of Benjamin, (OK)Gibeon with its common-land, (OL)Geba with its common-land, 18 Anathoth with its common-land, and (OM)Almon with its common-land: four cities. 19 All the cities of the children of Aaron, the priests, were thirteen cities with their common-lands.

20 (ON)And the families of the children of Kohath, the Levites, the rest of the children of Kohath, even they had the cities of their [by]lot from the tribe of Ephraim. 21 For they gave them (OO)Shechem with its common-land in the mountains of Ephraim (a city of refuge for the slayer), (OP)Gezer with its common-land, 22 Kibzaim with its common-land, and Beth Horon with its common-land: four cities; 23 and from the tribe of Dan, Eltekeh with its common-land, Gibbethon with its common-land, 24 (OQ)Aijalon with its common-land, and Gath Rimmon with its common-land: four cities; 25 and from the half-tribe of Manasseh, Tanach with its common-land and Gath Rimmon with its common-land: two cities. 26 All the ten cities with their common-lands were for the rest of the families of the children of Kohath.

27 (OR)Also to the children of Gershon, of the families of the Levites, from the other half-tribe of Manasseh, they gave (OS)Golan in Bashan with its common-land (a city of refuge for the slayer), and Be Eshterah with its common-land: two cities; 28 and from the tribe of Issachar, Kishion with its common-land, Daberath with its common-land, 29 Jarmuth with its common-land, and En Gannim with its common-land: four cities; 30 and from the tribe of Asher, Mishal with its common-land, Abdon with its common-land, 31 Helkath with its common-land, and Rehob with its common-land: four cities; 32 and from the tribe of Naphtali, (OT)Kedesh in Galilee with its common-land (a city of refuge for the slayer), Hammoth Dor with its common-land, and Kartan with its common-land: three cities. 33 All the cities of the Gershonites according to their families were thirteen cities with their common-lands.

34 (OU)And to the families of the children of Merari, the rest of the Levites, from the tribe of Zebulun, Jokneam with its common-land, Kartah with its common-land, 35 Dimnah with its common-land, and Nahalal with its common-land: four cities; 36 [bz]and from the tribe of Reuben, (OV)Bezer with its common-land, Jahaz with its common-land, 37 Kedemoth with its common-land, and Mephaath with its common-land: four cities; 38 and from the tribe of Gad, (OW)Ramoth in Gilead with its common-land (a city of refuge for the slayer), Mahanaim with its common-land, 39 Heshbon with its common-land, and Jazer with its common-land: four cities in all. 40 So all the cities for the children of Merari according to their families, the rest of the families of the Levites, were by their lot twelve cities.

41 (OX)All the cities of the Levites within the possession of the children of Israel were forty-eight cities with their common-lands. 42 Every one of these cities had its common-land surrounding it; thus were all these cities.

The Promise Fulfilled

43 So the Lord gave to Israel (OY)all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they (OZ)took possession of it and dwelt in it. 44 (PA)The Lord gave them (PB)rest all around, according to all that He had sworn to their fathers. And (PC)not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand. 45 (PD)Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.

Footnotes

  1. Joshua 9:2 Lit. mouth
  2. Joshua 9:4 acted as envoys
  3. Joshua 9:4 Lit. tied up
  4. Joshua 9:6 treaty
  5. Joshua 9:14 Lit. did not inquire at the mouth of
  6. Joshua 9:18 strike
  7. Joshua 10:21 criticized, lit. sharpened his tongue
  8. Joshua 10:25 The captains
  9. Joshua 10:26 The kings
  10. Joshua 10:28 So with MT and most authorities; many Heb. mss., some LXX mss., and some Tg. mss. it
  11. Joshua 10:40 Heb. Negev, and so throughout the book
  12. Joshua 11:5 Lit. assembled by appointment
  13. Joshua 11:8 Heb. Sidon Rabbah
  14. Joshua 11:8 Heb. Misrephoth Maim, lit. Burnings of Water
  15. Joshua 11:13 Heb. tel, a heap of successive city ruins
  16. Joshua 11:15 Lit. He turned aside from nothing
  17. Joshua 11:16 Heb. arabah
  18. Joshua 11:17 Lit. The Smooth or Bald Mountain
  19. Joshua 11:20 Lit. to make strong
  20. Joshua 12:3 Sea of Galilee
  21. Joshua 12:3 Lit. Sea of the Plain, the Dead Sea
  22. Joshua 12:3 Or Teman
  23. Joshua 12:3 Or Ashdoth Pisgah
  24. Joshua 12:7 Lit. The Bald Mountain
  25. Joshua 12:18 Or Sharon
  26. Joshua 13:5 Or Giblites
  27. Joshua 13:6 Heb. Misrephoth Maim, lit. Burnings of Water
  28. Joshua 13:6 apportion
  29. Joshua 13:12 Lit. struck
  30. Joshua 13:12 dispossessed
  31. Joshua 13:14 no land as a possession
  32. Joshua 13:22 diviner
  33. Joshua 13:27 Sea of Galilee
  34. Joshua 13:32 apportioned
  35. Joshua 14:8 courage of the people fail
  36. Joshua 14:10 Lit. walked
  37. Joshua 15:1 allotment
  38. Joshua 15:8 Lit. Giants
  39. Joshua 15:10 turned around
  40. Joshua 15:16 Lit. strikes
  41. Joshua 15:40 Or Lahmam
  42. Joshua 16:1 Lit. went out
  43. Joshua 16:1 LXX Bethel Luz
  44. Joshua 16:2 LXX to Bethel,
  45. Joshua 16:3 Lit. the goings out of it were at the sea
  46. Joshua 16:4 possession
  47. Joshua 16:7 Naaran, 1 Chr. 7:28
  48. Joshua 16:8 Lit. the goings out of it were at the sea
  49. Joshua 17:2 Jeezer, Num. 26:30
  50. Joshua 17:4 possession
  51. Joshua 17:9 boundary
  52. Joshua 17:9 Wadi
  53. Joshua 17:14 allotment
  54. Joshua 17:17 allotment
  55. Joshua 17:18 Lit. goings out
  56. Joshua 18:6 describe in writing
  57. Joshua 18:8 describe in writing
  58. Joshua 18:9 described it in writing
  59. Joshua 18:10 portions
  60. Joshua 18:14 Lit. its goings out were
  61. Joshua 18:16 Lit. Giants
  62. Joshua 18:18 Beth Arabah, Josh. 15:6; 18:22
  63. Joshua 18:19 Lit. the goings out of the border were
  64. Joshua 19:9 too large
  65. Joshua 19:9 Lit. them
  66. Joshua 19:14 Lit. the goings out of it were
  67. Joshua 19:28 So with MT, Tg., Vg.; a few Heb. mss. Abdon (cf. 21:30 and 1 Chr. 6:74)
  68. Joshua 19:33 Lit. its goings out were
  69. Joshua 19:46 over against
  70. Joshua 19:46 Heb. Japho
  71. Joshua 19:49 finished
  72. Joshua 20:2 Designate
  73. Joshua 20:4 states
  74. Joshua 20:9 As a resident alien
  75. Joshua 21:9 Lit. called
  76. Joshua 21:11 Lit. City of Arba
  77. Joshua 21:20 allotment
  78. Joshua 21:36 So with LXX, Vg. (cf. 1 Chr. 6:78, 79); MT, Bg., Tg. omit vv. 36, 37