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Kings East of the Jordan River Defeated by Moses

12 These are the kings of the land east of the Jordan River that the people of Israel defeated. Israel also took possession of their lands from the Arnon Valley to Mount Hermon, and all the eastern plains.

Sihon was the Amorite king who lived in Heshbon. His rule extended from Aroer on the edge of the Arnon Valley to the Jabbok River, which is the border of Ammon. This included the middle of the valley and half of Gilead. It included the eastern plains from the Sea of Galilee to the Sea of the Plains (the Dead Sea) and the road that goes south from Beth Jeshimoth to the foot of the slopes of Pisgah.

The territory of King Og of Bashan who lived in Ashtaroth and Edrei was captured. He was the last of the Rephaim. He ruled Mount Hermon, Salecah, all of Bashan to the border of Geshur and Maacath, and half of Gilead to the border of King Sihon of Heshbon.

The Lord’s servant Moses and the people of Israel defeated them. Then he gave their land as a possession to the tribes of Reuben and Gad and half of the tribe of Manasseh.

Kings West of the Jordan River Defeated by Joshua

These are the kings of the land west of the Jordan River that Joshua and the people of Israel defeated. ⌞Their lands extended⌟ from Baal Gad in the valley of Lebanon to Mount Halak which rises toward Seir. Joshua gave it as a possession to Israel, dividing it among the tribes. It included the mountains, foothills, plains, slopes, desert, and the Negev ⌞that the⌟ Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites ⌞had possessed⌟.

The kings were

the king of Jericho, the king of Ai (near Bethel),

10 the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron,

11 the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish,

12 the king of Eglon, the king of Gezer,

13 the king of Debir, the king of Geder,

14 the king of Hormah, the king of Arad,

15 the king of Libnah, the king of Adullam,

16 the king of Makkedah, the king of Bethel,

17 the king of Tappuah, the king of Hepher,

18 the king of Aphek, the king of Sharon,[a]

19 the king of Madon, the king of Hazor,

20 the king of Shimron Meron, the king of Achshaph,

21 the king of Taanach, the king of Megiddo,

22 the king of Kedesh, the king of Jokneam in Carmel,

23 the king of Dor in Naphoth Dor, the king of Goiim in Gilgal,[b]

24 the king of Tirzah.

The total was 31 kings.


  1. 12:18 Or “Lasharon.”
  2. 12:23 Or “Galilee.”

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