23 2 Joshua exhorteth the people, that they join not themselves to the Gentiles, 7 that they name not their idols. 14 The promise if they fear God, 15 and threatenings, if they forsake him.

And a long season after that the Lord had given rest unto Israel from all their enemies round about, and Joshua was old, and [a]stricken in age,

Then Joshua called all Israel, and their Elders, and their Heads, and their Judges, and their officers, and said unto them, I am old, and stricken in age.

Also ye have seen all that the Lord your God hath done unto all these nations [b]before you, how the Lord your God himself hath fought for you.

Behold, I have [c]divided unto you by lot these nations that remain, to be an inheritance according to your tribes, from Jordan, with all the nations that I have destroyed, even unto the great Sea [d]Westward.

And the Lord your God shall expel [e]them before you, and cast them out of your sight, and ye shall possess their land, as the Lord your God hath said unto you.

Be ye therefore of a valiant courage to observe and do all that is written in the book of the Law of Moses, (A)that ye turn not there from to the right hand nor to the left,

Neither company with these nations: that is, with them that are [f]left with you, neither (B)make mention of the name of their gods, [g]nor cause to swear by them, neither serve them, nor bow unto them:

But stick fast unto the Lord your God, as ye have done unto this day.

For the Lord hath cast out before you great nations and mighty, and no man hath stood before your face hitherto.

10 (C)One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the Lord your God he fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.

11 Take good heed therefore unto [h]yourselves, that ye love the Lord your God.

12 Else, if ye go back, and cleave unto the rest of these nations: that is, of them that remain with you, and shall [i]make marriages with them, and [j]go unto them, and they to you,

13 Know ye for certain, that the Lord your God will cast out no more of these nations from before you: (D)but they shall be a snare and destruction unto you, and a whip on your sides, and thorns in your [k]eyes, until ye perish out of this good land, which the Lord your God hath given you.

14 And behold, this day do I [l]enter into the way of all the world, and ye know in all your [m]hearts and in all your souls, that (E)nothing hath failed of all the good things which the Lord your God promised you, but all are come to pass unto you: nothing hath failed thereof.

15 Therefore as all [n]good things are come upon you, which the Lord your God promised you, so shall the Lord bring upon you every [o]evil thing, until he have destroyed you out of this good land, which the Lord your God hath given you.

16 When ye shall [p]transgress the Covenant of the Lord your God, which he commanded you, and shall go and serve other gods, and bow yourselves to them, then shall the wrath of the Lord wax hot against you, and ye shall perish quickly out of the good land which he hath given you.


  1. Joshua 23:1 Hebrew, commen into years.
  2. Joshua 23:3 Your eyes bearing witness.
  3. Joshua 23:4 Or, overthrown those nations.
  4. Joshua 23:4 Hebrew, at the sunset.
  5. Joshua 23:5 Which yet remain and are not overcome, as Josh. 13:2.
  6. Joshua 23:7 And not yet subdued.
  7. Joshua 23:7 Let not the Judges admit an oath which any shall swear by their idols.
  8. Joshua 23:11 Hebrew, souls.
  9. Joshua 23:12 Or, be of their affinity.
  10. Joshua 23:12 Or, have conversation with them.
  11. Joshua 23:13 Meaning, they shall be a continual grief unto you, and so the cause of your destruction.
  12. Joshua 23:14 I die according to the course of nature.
  13. Joshua 23:14 Most certainly.
  14. Joshua 23:15 Or, promises.
  15. Joshua 23:15 Or, threatenings, as Josh. 24:20.
  16. Joshua 23:16 He showeth that no evil can come unto man, except he offend God by disobedience.

Joshua’s Farewell to the Leaders

23 After a long time had passed and the Lord had given Israel rest(A) from all their enemies around them, Joshua, by then a very old man,(B) summoned all Israel—their elders,(C) leaders, judges and officials(D)—and said to them: “I am very old.(E) You yourselves have seen everything the Lord your God has done to all these nations for your sake; it was the Lord your God who fought for you.(F) Remember how I have allotted(G) as an inheritance(H) for your tribes all the land of the nations that remain—the nations I conquered—between the Jordan and the Mediterranean Sea(I) in the west. The Lord your God himself will push them out(J) for your sake. He will drive them out(K) before you, and you will take possession of their land, as the Lord your God promised you.(L)

“Be very strong; be careful to obey all that is written in the Book of the Law(M) of Moses, without turning aside(N) to the right or to the left.(O) Do not associate with these nations that remain among you; do not invoke the names of their gods or swear(P) by them. You must not serve them or bow down(Q) to them. But you are to hold fast to the Lord(R) your God, as you have until now.

“The Lord has driven out before you great and powerful nations;(S) to this day no one has been able to withstand you.(T) 10 One of you routs a thousand,(U) because the Lord your God fights for you,(V) just as he promised. 11 So be very careful(W) to love the Lord(X) your God.

12 “But if you turn away and ally yourselves with the survivors of these nations that remain among you and if you intermarry with them(Y) and associate with them,(Z) 13 then you may be sure that the Lord your God will no longer drive out(AA) these nations before you. Instead, they will become snares(AB) and traps for you, whips on your backs and thorns in your eyes,(AC) until you perish from this good land,(AD) which the Lord your God has given you.

14 “Now I am about to go the way of all the earth.(AE) You know with all your heart and soul that not one of all the good promises the Lord your God gave you has failed. Every promise(AF) has been fulfilled; not one has failed.(AG) 15 But just as all the good things(AH) the Lord your God has promised you have come to you, so he will bring on you all the evil things(AI) he has threatened, until the Lord your God has destroyed you(AJ) from this good land he has given you.(AK) 16 If you violate the covenant of the Lord your God, which he commanded you, and go and serve other gods and bow down to them, the Lord’s anger will burn against you, and you will quickly perish from the good land he has given you.(AL)

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