You Must Be Born Again

Now there was a man of the Pharisees named (A)Nicodemus, (B)a ruler of the Jews. This man came to Jesus[a] (C)by night and said to him, (D)“Rabbi, (E)we know that you are a teacher come from God, for no one can do these signs that you do (F)unless God is with him.” Jesus answered him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is (G)born (H)again[b] he cannot (I)see the kingdom of God.” Nicodemus said to him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born?” Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born (J)of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. (K)That which is born of the flesh is (L)flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.[c] (M)Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You[d] must be born (N)again.’ (O)The wind[e] blows (P)where it wishes, and you hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.”

Nicodemus said to him, (Q)“How can these things be?” 10 Jesus answered him, “Are you the teacher of Israel (R)and yet you do not understand these things? 11 Truly, truly, I say to you, (S)we speak of what we know, and bear witness to what we have seen, but (T)you[f] do not receive our testimony. 12 If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how can you believe if I tell you heavenly things? 13 (U)No one has (V)ascended into heaven except (W)he who descended from heaven, the Son of Man.[g] 14 And (X)as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man (Y)be lifted up, 15 that whoever believes (Z)in him (AA)may have eternal life.[h]

For God So Loved the World

16 “For (AB)God so loved (AC)the world,[i] (AD)that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not (AE)perish but have eternal life. 17 For (AF)God did not send his Son into the world (AG)to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him. 18 (AH)Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe is condemned already, because he has not (AI)believed in the name of the only Son of God. 19 (AJ)And this is the judgment: (AK)the light has come into the world, and (AL)people loved the darkness rather than the light because (AM)their works were evil. 20 (AN)For everyone who does wicked things hates the light and does not come to the light, (AO)lest his works should be exposed. 21 But whoever (AP)does what is true (AQ)comes to the light, so that it may be clearly seen that his works have been carried out in God.”

John the Baptist Exalts Christ

22 After this Jesus and his disciples went into the Judean countryside, and he remained there with them and (AR)was baptizing. 23 John also was baptizing at Aenon near Salim, because water was plentiful there, and people were coming and being baptized 24 (for (AS)John had not yet been put in prison).

25 Now a discussion arose between some of John's disciples and a Jew over (AT)purification. 26 And they came to John and said to him, (AU)“Rabbi, he who was with you across the Jordan, (AV)to whom you bore witness—look, he is baptizing, and (AW)all are going to him.” 27 John answered, (AX)“A person cannot receive even one thing (AY)unless it is given him (AZ)from heaven. 28 You yourselves bear me witness, that I said, (BA)‘I am not the Christ, but (BB)I have been sent before him.’ 29 (BC)The one who has the bride is the bridegroom. (BD)The friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, (BE)rejoices greatly at the bridegroom's voice. Therefore this joy of mine is now complete. 30 (BF)He must increase, but I must decrease.”[j]

31 (BG)He who comes from above (BH)is above all. He who is of the earth belongs to the earth and (BI)speaks in an earthly way. (BJ)He who comes from heaven (BK)is above all. 32 (BL)He bears witness to what he has seen and heard, (BM)yet no one receives his testimony. 33 Whoever receives his testimony (BN)sets his seal to this, (BO)that God is true. 34 For he whom (BP)God has sent utters the words of God, for he gives the Spirit (BQ)without measure. 35 (BR)The Father loves the Son and (BS)has given all things into his hand. 36 (BT)Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; (BU)whoever does not obey the Son shall not (BV)see life, but the wrath of God remains on him.

Jesus and the Woman of Samaria

Now when Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and (BW)baptizing more disciples than John (although Jesus himself did not baptize, but only his disciples), he left Judea and departed (BX)again for Galilee. (BY)And he had to pass through Samaria. So he came to a town of Samaria called Sychar, near the field (BZ)that Jacob had given to his son Joseph. Jacob's well was there; so Jesus, (CA)wearied as he was from his journey, was sitting beside the well. It was about the sixth hour.[k]

A woman from Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, (CB)“Give me a drink.” (For his disciples had gone away into the city to buy food.) The Samaritan woman said to him, “How is it that you, a Jew, ask for a drink from me, a woman of Samaria?” ((CC)For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.) 10 Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him, and he would have given you (CD)living water.” 11 The woman said to him, “Sir, you have nothing to draw water with, and the well is deep. Where do you get that living water? 12 (CE)Are you greater than our father Jacob? (CF)He gave us the well and drank from it himself, as did his sons and his livestock.” 13 Jesus said to her, “Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, 14 but (CG)whoever drinks of the water that I will give him (CH)will never be thirsty again.[l] The water that I will give him will become (CI)in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life.” 15 The woman said to him, “Sir, (CJ)give me this water, so that I will not be thirsty or have to come here to draw water.”

16 Jesus said to her, “Go, (CK)call your husband, and come here.” 17 The woman answered him, “I have no husband.” Jesus said to her, “You are right in saying, ‘I have no husband’; 18 for you have had five husbands, and the one you now have is not your husband. What you have said is true.” 19 The woman said to him, “Sir, I perceive that (CL)you are (CM)a prophet. 20 (CN)Our fathers worshiped on (CO)this mountain, but you say that (CP)in Jerusalem is (CQ)the place where people ought to worship.” 21 Jesus said to her, (CR)“Woman, believe me, (CS)the hour is coming when (CT)neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father. 22 (CU)You worship what you do not know; (CV)we worship what we know, for (CW)salvation is (CX)from the Jews. 23 But (CY)the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father (CZ)in spirit and (DA)truth, for the Father (DB)is seeking such people to worship him. 24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.” 25 The woman said to him, “I know that (DC)Messiah is coming (he who is called Christ). When he comes, (DD)he will tell us all things.” 26 Jesus said to her, (DE)“I who speak to you am he.”

27 Just then (DF)his disciples came back. They marveled that he was talking with a woman, but no one said, “What do you seek?” or, “Why are you talking with her?” 28 So the woman left her water jar and went away into town and said to the people, 29 “Come, see a man (DG)who told me all that I ever did. Can this be the Christ?” 30 They went out of the town and were coming to him.

31 Meanwhile the disciples were urging him, saying, (DH)“Rabbi, eat.” 32 But he said to them, “I have food to eat that you do not know about.” 33 So the disciples said to one another, (DI)“Has anyone brought him something to eat?” 34 Jesus said to them, (DJ)“My food is (DK)to do the will of him who sent me and (DL)to accomplish his work. 35 Do you not say, ‘There are yet four months, then comes the harvest’? Look, I tell you, lift up your eyes, and see that (DM)the fields are white for harvest. 36 Already the one who reaps is receiving wages and gathering fruit for eternal life, so that (DN)sower and (DO)reaper (DP)may rejoice together. 37 For here the saying holds true, (DQ)‘One sows and another reaps.’ 38 I sent you to reap (DR)that for which you did not labor. Others have labored, (DS)and you have entered into their labor.”

39 Many Samaritans (DT)from that town believed in him (DU)because of (DV)the woman's testimony, “He told me all that I ever did.” 40 So when the Samaritans came to him, they asked him to stay with them, and he stayed there two days. 41 And many more believed (DW)because of his word. 42 They said to the woman, “It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard for ourselves, (DX)and we know that this is indeed (DY)the Savior (DZ)of the world.”

43 After (EA)the two days he departed for Galilee. 44 (For Jesus himself had testified (EB)that a prophet has no honor in his own hometown.) 45 So when he came to Galilee, the Galileans welcomed him, (EC)having seen all that he had done in Jerusalem at the feast. For (ED)they too had gone to the feast.

Jesus Heals an Official's Son

46 So he came again to (EE)Cana in Galilee, (EF)where he had made the water wine. And at Capernaum there was an official whose son was ill. 47 When this man heard that Jesus (EG)had come from Judea to Galilee, he went to him and asked him to come down and heal his son, for he was at the point of death. 48 So Jesus said to him, (EH)“Unless you[m] see signs and wonders you will not believe.” 49 The official said to him, “Sir, come down (EI)before my child dies.” 50 Jesus said to him, “Go; your son will live.” The man believed the word that Jesus spoke to him and went on his way. 51 As he was going down, his servants[n] met him and told him that his son was recovering. 52 So he asked them the hour when he began to get better, and they said to him, “Yesterday at the seventh hour[o] the fever left him.” 53 The father knew that was the hour when Jesus had said to him, “Your son will live.” And he himself believed, (EJ)and all his household. 54 (EK)This was now the second sign that Jesus did when he had come from Judea to Galilee.

The Healing at the Pool on the Sabbath

After this there was a (EL)feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

Now there is in Jerusalem by (EM)the Sheep Gate a pool, in Aramaic[p] called Bethesda,[q] which has five roofed colonnades. In these lay a multitude of invalids—blind, lame, and (EN)paralyzed.[r] One man was there who had been an invalid for thirty-eight years. When Jesus saw him lying there and knew that he had already been there a long time, he said to him, “Do you want to be healed?” The sick man answered him, “Sir, I have no one to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up, and while I am going another steps down before me.” Jesus said to him, (EO)“Get up, take up your bed, and walk.” (EP)And at once the man was healed, and he took up his bed and walked.

(EQ)Now that day was the Sabbath. 10 So the Jews[s] said to the man who had been healed, “It is the Sabbath, and (ER)it is not lawful for you to take up your bed.” 11 But he answered them, “The man who healed me, that man said to me, ‘Take up your bed, and walk.’ 12 They asked him, “Who is the man who said to you, ‘Take up your bed and walk’?” 13 Now the man who had been healed did not know who it was, for (ES)Jesus had withdrawn, as there was a crowd in the place. 14 Afterward Jesus found him in the temple and said to him, “See, you are well! (ET)Sin no more, (EU)that nothing worse may happen to you.” 15 The man went away and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had healed him. 16 And this was why the Jews (EV)were persecuting Jesus, (EW)because he was doing these things on the Sabbath. 17 But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am working.”

Jesus Is Equal with God

18 This was why the Jews (EX)were seeking all the more to kill him, (EY)because not only was he (EZ)breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God (FA)his own Father, (FB)making himself equal with God.

The Authority of the Son

19 So Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, (FC)the Son (FD)can do nothing of his own accord, but only what he sees the Father doing. For whatever the Father[t] does, that the Son does likewise. 20 For (FE)the Father loves the Son and shows him all that he himself is doing. And (FF)greater works than these will he show him, so that (FG)you may marvel. 21 For as the Father (FH)raises the dead and (FI)gives them life, so (FJ)also the Son gives life (FK)to whom he will. 22 (FL)For the Father judges no one, but (FM)has given all judgment to the Son, 23 that all may honor the Son, just as they (FN)honor the Father. (FO)Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him. 24 Truly, truly, I say to you, (FP)whoever hears my word and (FQ)believes him who sent me has eternal life. He (FR)does not come into judgment, but (FS)has passed from death to life.

25 “Truly, truly, I say to you, (FT)an hour is coming, and is now here, when (FU)the dead will hear (FV)the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear (FW)will live. 26 (FX)For as the Father has life in himself, (FY)so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself. 27 And he (FZ)has given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man. 28 Do not marvel at this, for (GA)an hour is coming when (GB)all who are in the tombs will hear his voice 29 and come out, (GC)those who have done good to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil to the resurrection of judgment.

Witnesses to Jesus

30 (GD)“I can do nothing on my own. As I hear, I judge, and (GE)my judgment is just, because (GF)I seek not my own will (GG)but the will of him who sent me. 31 (GH)If I alone bear witness about myself, my testimony is not true. 32 There is (GI)another who bears witness about me, and (GJ)I know that the testimony that he bears about me is true. 33 (GK)You sent to John, and he has borne witness to the truth. 34 Not that (GL)the testimony that I receive is from man, but I say these things so that you may be saved. 35 He was a burning and (GM)shining lamp, and (GN)you were willing to rejoice for a while in his light. 36 But (GO)the testimony that I have is greater than that of John. For (GP)the works that the Father has given me (GQ)to accomplish, the very works that I am doing, (GR)bear witness about me that (GS)the Father has sent me. 37 And the Father who sent me (GT)has himself borne witness about me. His voice you have never heard, (GU)his form you have never seen, 38 and (GV)you do not have his word abiding in you, for you do not believe the one whom he has sent. 39 (GW)You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life; and (GX)it is they that bear witness about me, 40 yet (GY)you refuse to come to me that you may have life. 41 (GZ)I do not receive glory from people. 42 But (HA)I know that you do not have (HB)the love of God within you. 43 I have come (HC)in my Father's name, and (HD)you do not receive me. (HE)If another comes in his own name, you will receive him. 44 How can you believe, when you receive glory from one another and (HF)do not seek the glory that comes from (HG)the only God? 45 Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father. There is one who accuses you: Moses, (HH)on whom you have set your hope. 46 For if you believed Moses, you would believe me; for (HI)he wrote of me. 47 But (HJ)if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe my words?”


  1. John 3:2 Greek him
  2. John 3:3 Or from above; the Greek is purposely ambiguous and can mean both again and from above; also verse 7
  3. John 3:6 The same Greek word means both wind and spirit
  4. John 3:7 The Greek for you is plural here
  5. John 3:8 The same Greek word means both wind and spirit
  6. John 3:11 The Greek for you is plural here; also four times in verse 12
  7. John 3:13 Some manuscripts add who is in heaven
  8. John 3:15 Some interpreters hold that the quotation ends at verse 15
  9. John 3:16 Or For this is how God loved the world
  10. John 3:30 Some interpreters hold that the quotation continues through verse 36
  11. John 4:6 That is, about noon
  12. John 4:14 Greek forever
  13. John 4:48 The Greek for you is plural; twice in this verse
  14. John 4:51 Or bondservants
  15. John 4:52 That is, at 1 p.m.
  16. John 5:2 Or Hebrew
  17. John 5:2 Some manuscripts Bethsaida
  18. John 5:3 Some manuscripts insert, wholly or in part, waiting for the moving of the water; 4for an angel of the Lord went down at certain seasons into the pool, and stirred the water: whoever stepped in first after the stirring of the water was healed of whatever disease he had
  19. John 5:10 The Greek word Ioudaioi refers specifically here to Jewish religious leaders, and others under their influence, who opposed Jesus in that time; also verses 15, 16, 18
  20. John 5:19 Greek he

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