New International Version
2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with his disciples.(E) 3 So Judas came to the garden, guiding(F) a detachment of soldiers and some officials from the chief priests and the Pharisees.(G) They were carrying torches, lanterns and weapons.
5 “Jesus of Nazareth,”(J) they replied.
“I am he,” Jesus said. (And Judas the traitor was standing there with them.) 6 When Jesus said, “I am he,” they drew back and fell to the ground.
7 Again he asked them, “Who is it you want?”(K)
“Jesus of Nazareth,” they said.
8 Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he. If you are looking for me, then let these men go.” 9 This happened so that the words he had spoken would be fulfilled: “I have not lost one of those you gave me.”[a](L)
10 Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant’s name was Malchus.)
11 Jesus commanded Peter, “Put your sword away! Shall I not drink the cup(M) the Father has given me?”
12 Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials(N) arrested Jesus. They bound him 13 and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas,(O) the high priest that year. 14 Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jewish leaders that it would be good if one man died for the people.(P)
Peter’s First Denial(Q)
15 Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Because this disciple was known to the high priest,(R) he went with Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard,(S) 16 but Peter had to wait outside at the door. The other disciple, who was known to the high priest, came back, spoke to the servant girl on duty there and brought Peter in.
17 “You aren’t one of this man’s disciples too, are you?” she asked Peter.
He replied, “I am not.”(T)
The High Priest Questions Jesus(W)
19 Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching.
20 “I have spoken openly to the world,” Jesus replied. “I always taught in synagogues(X) or at the temple,(Y) where all the Jews come together. I said nothing in secret.(Z) 21 Why question me? Ask those who heard me. Surely they know what I said.”
Peter’s Second and Third Denials(AE)
25 Meanwhile, Simon Peter was still standing there warming himself.(AF) So they asked him, “You aren’t one of his disciples too, are you?”
He denied it, saying, “I am not.”(AG)
26 One of the high priest’s servants, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off,(AH) challenged him, “Didn’t I see you with him in the garden?”(AI) 27 Again Peter denied it, and at that moment a rooster began to crow.(AJ)
Jesus Before Pilate(AK)
28 Then the Jewish leaders took Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor.(AL) By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness they did not enter the palace,(AM) because they wanted to be able to eat the Passover.(AN) 29 So Pilate came out to them and asked, “What charges are you bringing against this man?”
30 “If he were not a criminal,” they replied, “we would not have handed him over to you.”
31 Pilate said, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.”
“But we have no right to execute anyone,” they objected. 32 This took place to fulfill what Jesus had said about the kind of death he was going to die.(AO)
34 “Is that your own idea,” Jesus asked, “or did others talk to you about me?”
35 “Am I a Jew?” Pilate replied. “Your own people and chief priests handed you over to me. What is it you have done?”
37 “You are a king, then!” said Pilate.
38 “What is truth?” retorted Pilate. With this he went out again to the Jews gathered there and said, “I find no basis for a charge against him.(AW) 39 But it is your custom for me to release to you one prisoner at the time of the Passover. Do you want me to release ‘the king of the Jews’?”
40 They shouted back, “No, not him! Give us Barabbas!” Now Barabbas had taken part in an uprising.(AX)
Jesus Sentenced to Be Crucified(AY)
19 Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged.(AZ) 2 The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe 3 and went up to him again and again, saying, “Hail, king of the Jews!”(BA) And they slapped him in the face.(BB)
4 Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews gathered there, “Look, I am bringing him out(BC) to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him.”(BD) 5 When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe,(BE) Pilate said to them, “Here is the man!”
6 As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!”
8 When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid, 9 and he went back inside the palace.(BJ) “Where do you come from?” he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer.(BK) 10 “Do you refuse to speak to me?” Pilate said. “Don’t you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?”
12 From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jewish leaders kept shouting, “If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king(BN) opposes Caesar.”
13 When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge’s seat(BO) at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic(BP) is Gabbatha). 14 It was the day of Preparation(BQ) of the Passover; it was about noon.(BR)
“Here is your king,”(BS) Pilate said to the Jews.
15 But they shouted, “Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!”
“Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate asked.
“We have no king but Caesar,” the chief priests answered.
16 Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified.(BT)
The Crucifixion of Jesus(BU)
So the soldiers took charge of Jesus. 17 Carrying his own cross,(BV) he went out to the place of the Skull(BW) (which in Aramaic(BX) is called Golgotha). 18 There they crucified him, and with him two others(BY)—one on each side and Jesus in the middle.
19 Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: jesus of nazareth,(BZ) the king of the jews.(CA) 20 Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city,(CB) and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek. 21 The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, “Do not write ‘The King of the Jews,’ but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews.”(CC)
22 Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”
23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.
24 “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.”
This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled(CD) that said,
So this is what the soldiers did.
25 Near the cross(CF) of Jesus stood his mother,(CG) his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.(CH) 26 When Jesus saw his mother(CI) there, and the disciple whom he loved(CJ) standing nearby, he said to her, “Woman,[c] here is your son,” 27 and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.
The Death of Jesus(CK)
28 Later, knowing that everything had now been finished,(CL) and so that Scripture would be fulfilled,(CM) Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” 29 A jar of wine vinegar(CN) was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus’ lips. 30 When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.”(CO) With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
31 Now it was the day of Preparation,(CP) and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jewish leaders did not want the bodies left on the crosses(CQ) during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. 32 The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other.(CR) 33 But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced(CS) Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.(CT) 35 The man who saw it(CU) has given testimony, and his testimony is true.(CV) He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. 36 These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled:(CW) “Not one of his bones will be broken,”[d](CX) 37 and, as another scripture says, “They will look on the one they have pierced.”[e](CY)
The Burial of Jesus(CZ)
38 Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jewish leaders.(DA) With Pilate’s permission, he came and took the body away. 39 He was accompanied by Nicodemus,(DB) the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.[f] 40 Taking Jesus’ body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen.(DC) This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs.(DD) 41 At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had ever been laid. 42 Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation(DE) and since the tomb was nearby,(DF) they laid Jesus there.
The Empty Tomb(DG)
20 Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene(DH) went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance.(DI) 2 So she came running to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus loved,(DJ) and said, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we don’t know where they have put him!”(DK)
3 So Peter and the other disciple started for the tomb.(DL) 4 Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. 5 He bent over and looked in(DM) at the strips of linen(DN) lying there but did not go in. 6 Then Simon Peter came along behind him and went straight into the tomb. He saw the strips of linen lying there, 7 as well as the cloth that had been wrapped around Jesus’ head.(DO) The cloth was still lying in its place, separate from the linen. 8 Finally the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first,(DP) also went inside. He saw and believed. 9 (They still did not understand from Scripture(DQ) that Jesus had to rise from the dead.)(DR) 10 Then the disciples went back to where they were staying.
Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene
11 Now Mary stood outside the tomb crying. As she wept, she bent over to look into the tomb(DS) 12 and saw two angels in white,(DT) seated where Jesus’ body had been, one at the head and the other at the foot.
13 They asked her, “Woman, why are you crying?”(DU)
“They have taken my Lord away,” she said, “and I don’t know where they have put him.”(DV) 14 At this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there,(DW) but she did not realize that it was Jesus.(DX)
15 He asked her, “Woman, why are you crying?(DY) Who is it you are looking for?”
Thinking he was the gardener, she said, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will get him.”
16 Jesus said to her, “Mary.”
17 Jesus said, “Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father. Go instead to my brothers(EB) and tell them, ‘I am ascending to my Father(EC) and your Father, to my God and your God.’”
Jesus Appears to His Disciples
19 On the evening of that first day of the week, when the disciples were together, with the doors locked for fear of the Jewish leaders,(EF) Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace(EG) be with you!”(EH) 20 After he said this, he showed them his hands and side.(EI) The disciples were overjoyed(EJ) when they saw the Lord.
21 Again Jesus said, “Peace be with you!(EK) As the Father has sent me,(EL) I am sending you.”(EM) 22 And with that he breathed on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit.(EN) 23 If you forgive anyone’s sins, their sins are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven.”(EO)
Jesus Appears to Thomas
26 A week later his disciples were in the house again, and Thomas was with them. Though the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace(ES) be with you!”(ET) 27 Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here; see my hands. Reach out your hand and put it into my side. Stop doubting and believe.”(EU)
28 Thomas said to him, “My Lord and my God!”
The Purpose of John’s Gospel
30 Jesus performed many other signs(EX) in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book.(EY) 31 But these are written that you may believe[h](EZ) that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God,(FA) and that by believing you may have life in his name.(FB)
- John 18:9 John 6:39
- John 19:24 Psalm 22:18
- John 19:26 The Greek for Woman does not denote any disrespect.
- John 19:36 Exodus 12:46; Num. 9:12; Psalm 34:20
- John 19:37 Zech. 12:10
- John 19:39 Or about 34 kilograms
- John 20:24 Thomas (Aramaic) and Didymus (Greek) both mean twin.
- John 20:31 Or may continue to believe