New American Standard Bible
The Crown of Thorns
19 So Pilate then took Jesus and [a](A)had Him flogged. 2 (B)And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and placed it on His head, and put a purple [b]cloak on Him; 3 and they repeatedly came up to Him and said, “(C)Hail, King of the Jews!” and (D)slapped Him in the face again and again. 4 And then Pilate (E)came out again and *said to them, “See, I am bringing Him out to you so that you will know that (F)I find no grounds at all for charges in [c]His case.” 5 Jesus then came out, (G)wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate *said to them, “Behold, the Man!” 6 So when the chief priests and the (H)officers saw Him, they shouted, saying, “Crucify, crucify!” Pilate *said to them, “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him; for (I)I find no grounds for charges in [d]His case!” 7 The Jews answered him, “(J)We have a law, and by that law He ought to die, because He (K)made Himself out to be the Son of God!”
8 Therefore when Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid; 9 and he (L)entered the [e]Praetorium again and *said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But (M)Jesus gave him no answer. 10 So Pilate *said to Him, “Are you not speaking to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?” 11 Jesus answered him, “(N)You would have no authority [f]over Me at all, if it had not been given to you from above; for this reason (O)the one who handed Me over to you has the greater sin.” 12 As a result of this, Pilate [g]made efforts to release Him; but the Jews shouted, saying, “(P)If you release this Man, you are not a friend of Caesar; everyone who makes himself out to be a king [h]opposes Caesar!”
13 Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and (Q)sat down on the judgment seat at a place called [i]The Pavement—but (R)in [j]Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 Now it was (S)the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the [k](T)sixth hour. And he *said to the Jews, “Look, (U)your King!” 15 So they shouted, “(V)Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!” Pilate *said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king except Caesar.”
16 So he then (W)handed Him over to them to be crucified.
17 (X)They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, [l](Y)carrying His own cross, to the place called (Z)the Place of a Skull, which (AA)in [m]Hebrew is called, Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him, and with Him (AB)two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between. 19 Now Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written: “(AC)JESUS THE NAZARENE, (AD)THE KING OF THE JEWS.” 20 Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written (AE)in [n]Hebrew, Latin, and in Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘(AF)The King of the Jews’; rather, write that He said, ‘I am (AG)King of the Jews.’” 22 Pilate answered, “(AH)What I have written, I have written.”
23 Then (AI)the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made (AJ)four parts: a part to each soldier, and the [o]tunic also; but the tunic was seamless, woven [p]in one piece. 24 So they said to one another, “(AK)Let’s not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be.” (AL)This happened so that the Scripture would be fulfilled: “They (AM)divided My garments among themselves, and they cast [q]lots for My clothing.” Therefore the soldiers did these things.
25 (AN)Now beside the cross of Jesus stood (AO)His mother, His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and (AP)Mary Magdalene. 26 So when Jesus saw His mother, and (AQ)the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He *said to His mother, “(AR)Woman, behold, your son!” 27 Then He *said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” And from that hour the disciple took her into (AS)his own household.
28 After this, Jesus, (AT)knowing that all things had already been accomplished, (AU)in order that the Scripture would be fulfilled, *said, “(AV)I am thirsty.” 29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so (AW)they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth. 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “(AX)It is finished!” And He bowed His head and (AY)gave up His spirit.
Care of the Body of Jesus
31 Now then, since it was (AZ)the day of preparation, to prevent (BA)the bodies from remaining on the cross on the Sabbath ([r]for that Sabbath was a (BB)high day), the Jews requested of Pilate that their legs be broken, and the bodies be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first man, and of the other who was (BC)crucified with Him; 33 but after they came to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 Yet one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately (BD)blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has (BE)testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe. 36 For these things took place (BF)so that the Scripture would be fulfilled: “(BG)Not a bone of Him shall be [s]broken.” 37 And again another Scripture says, “(BH)They will look at Him whom they pierced.”
38 Now (BI)after these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a (BJ)secret one for (BK)fear of the [t]Jews, requested of Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body. 39 (BL)Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, (BM)bringing a [u]mixture of (BN)myrrh and aloes, about a [v](BO)hundred litras weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and (BP)bound it in (BQ)linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden was a (BR)new tomb (BS)in which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore because of the Jewish day of (BT)preparation, since the tomb was (BU)nearby, they laid Jesus there.
The Empty Tomb
20 (BV)Now on the first day of the week (BW)Mary Magdalene *came early to the tomb, while it was still dark, and *saw (BX)the stone already removed from the tomb. 2 So she *ran and *came to Simon Peter and to the other (BY)disciple whom Jesus loved, and *said to them, “(BZ)They have taken the Lord from the tomb, and we do not know where they have put Him.” 3 (CA)So Peter and the other disciple left, and they were going to the tomb. 4 The two were running together; and the other disciple ran ahead, faster than Peter, and came to the tomb first; 5 and he (CB)stooped to look in, and *saw the (CC)linen wrappings lying there; however he did not go in. 6 So Simon Peter also *came, following him, and he entered the tomb; and he *looked at the linen wrappings lying there, 7 and (CD)the face-cloth which had been on His head, not lying with the (CE)linen wrappings but folded up in a place by itself. 8 So the other disciple who (CF)had first come to the tomb also entered then, and he saw and believed. 9 For (CG)they did not yet understand the Scripture, (CH)that He must rise from the dead. 10 So the disciples went away again (CI)to their own homes.
11 (CJ)But Mary was standing outside the tomb, weeping; so as she wept, she (CK)stooped to look into the tomb; 12 and she *saw (CL)two angels in white sitting, one at the head and one at the feet, where the body of Jesus had been lying. 13 And they *said to her, “(CM)Woman, why are you weeping?” She *said to them, “Because (CN)they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they put Him.” 14 When she had said this, she turned around and *(CO)saw Jesus standing there, and yet she (CP)did not know that it was Jesus. 15 Jesus *said to her, “(CQ)Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?” Thinking that He was the gardener, she *said to Him, “Sir, if you have carried Him away, tell me where you put Him, and I will take Him away.” 16 Jesus *said to her, “Mary!” She turned and *said to Him (CR)in [w]Hebrew, “(CS)Rabboni!” (which means, Teacher). 17 Jesus *said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to (CT)My brothers and say to them, ‘I am (CU)ascending to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’” 18 (CV)Mary Magdalene *came and (CW)announced to the disciples, “I have seen the Lord,” and that He had said these things to her.
Jesus among His Disciples
19 Now when it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and when the doors were [x]shut where the disciples were together due to (CX)fear of the [y]Jews, Jesus came and stood in their midst, and *said to them, “(CY)Peace be to you.” 20 And when He had said this, (CZ)He showed them both His hands and His side. The disciples then (DA)rejoiced when they saw the Lord. 21 So Jesus said to them again, “(DB)Peace be to you; (DC)just as the Father has sent Me, I also send you.” 22 And when He had said this, He breathed on them and *said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit. 23 (DD)If you forgive the sins of any, their sins [z]have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained.”
24 But (DE)Thomas, one of (DF)the twelve, who was called [aa](DG)Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. 25 So the other disciples were saying to him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he said to them, “Unless I see in (DH)His hands the imprint of the nails, and put my finger into the place of the nails, and put my hand into His side, (DI)I will not believe.”
26 [ab]Eight days later His disciples were again inside, and Thomas was with them. Jesus *came, the doors having been [ac]shut, and stood in their midst and said, “(DJ)Peace be to you.” 27 Then He *said to Thomas, “(DK)Place your finger here, and see My hands; and take your hand and put it into My side; and do not continue in disbelief, but be a believer.” 28 Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!” 29 Jesus *said to him, “Because you have seen Me, have you now believed? (DL)Blessed are they who did not see, and yet believed.”
Why This Gospel Was Written
30 (DM)So then, many other [ad](DN)signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; 31 but these have been written (DO)so that you may believe that Jesus is the [ae]Christ, (DP)the Son of God; and that by (DQ)believing you may have life in His name.
Jesus Appears at the Sea of Galilee
21 After these things Jesus [af](DR)revealed Himself (DS)again to the disciples at the (DT)Sea of Tiberias, and He revealed Himself in this way: 2 Simon Peter, (DU)Thomas who was called [ag]Didymus, (DV)Nathanael of (DW)Cana in Galilee, (DX)the sons of Zebedee, and two others of His disciples were together. 3 Simon Peter *said to them, “I am going fishing.” They *said to him, “We are also coming with you.” They went out and got into the boat; and (DY)that night they caught nothing.
4 But when the day was now breaking, Jesus stood on the beach; yet the disciples did not (DZ)know that it was Jesus. 5 So Jesus *said to them, “Children, (EA)you do not have any fish to eat, do you?” They answered Him, “No.” 6 And He said to them, “(EB)Cast the net on the right-hand side of the boat, and you will find the fish.” So they cast it, and then they were not able to haul it in because of the great quantity of fish. 7 (EC)Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved *said to Peter, “It is the Lord!” So when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he put on his outer garment (for he was stripped for work), and threw himself into the sea. 8 But the other disciples came in the little boat, for they were not far from the land, but about [ah]two hundred cubits away, dragging the net full of fish.
9 So when they got out on the land, they *saw a charcoal (ED)fire already [ai]made and (EE)fish placed on it, and bread. 10 Jesus *said to them, “Bring some of the (EF)fish which you have now caught.” 11 So Simon Peter went up and hauled the net to land, full of large fish, 153; and although there were so many, the net was not torn.
12 Jesus *said to them, “Come and have (EG)breakfast.” None of the disciples ventured to inquire of Him, “Who are You?” knowing that it was the Lord. 13 Jesus *came and *took (EH)the bread and *gave it to them, and the (EI)fish likewise. 14 This was now the (EJ)third time that Jesus revealed Himself to the disciples, after He was raised from the dead.
The Love Question
15 Now when they had (EK)finished breakfast, Jesus *said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do you [aj](EL)love Me more than these?” He *said to Him, “Yes, Lord; You know that I [ak]love You.” He *said to him, “Tend (EM)My lambs.” 16 He *said to him again, a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you [al]love Me?” He *said to Him, “Yes, Lord; You know that I [am]love You.” He *said to him, “(EN)Shepherd My sheep.” 17 He *said to him the third time, “Simon, son of John, do you [an]love Me?” Peter was [ao]hurt because He said to him (EO)the third time, “Do you [ap]love Me?” And he said to Him, “Lord, (EP)You know all things; You know that I [aq]love You.” Jesus *said to him, “(EQ)Tend My sheep.
Our Times Are in His Hand
18 Truly, truly I tell you, when you were younger, you used to put on your belt and walk wherever you wanted; but when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands and someone else will put your belt on you, and bring you where you do not want to go.” 19 Now He said this, (ER)indicating by (ES)what kind of death he would glorify God. And when He had said this, He *said to him, “(ET)Follow Me!”
20 Peter turned around and *saw the (EU)disciple whom Jesus loved following them—the one who also had (EV)leaned back on His chest at the supper and said, “Lord, who is the one who is betraying You?” 21 So Peter, upon seeing him, *said to Jesus, “Lord, and what about this man?” 22 Jesus *said to him, “If I want him to remain (EW)until I come, what is that to you? You (EX)follow Me!” 23 Therefore this [ar]account went out among (EY)the brothers, that that disciple would not die; yet Jesus did not say to him that he would not die, but only, “If I want him to remain (EZ)until I come, what is that to you?”
24 This is the disciple who (FA)is testifying about these things and wrote these things, and we know that his testimony is true.
25 But there are also (FB)many other things which Jesus did, which, if they were written in detail, I expect that even the world itself would not contain the books that would be written.
- John 19:1 Lit flogged Him
- John 19:2 I.e., a Roman soldier’s cloak
- John 19:4 Lit Him
- John 19:6 Lit Him
- John 19:9 I.e., governor’s official residence
- John 19:11 Lit against
- John 19:12 Lit was seeking to
- John 19:12 Or speaks against
- John 19:13 Gr Lithostrotos
- John 19:13 I.e., Jewish Aramaic
- John 19:14 I.e., about noon
- John 19:17 Or carrying the cross by Himself
- John 19:17 I.e., Jewish Aramaic
- John 19:20 I.e., Jewish Aramaic
- John 19:23 A long shirt worn next to the skin
- John 19:23 Lit from the upper part through the whole
- John 19:24 Lit a lot
- John 19:31 Lit for the day of that Sabbath was great
- John 19:36 Or crushed; or shattered
- John 19:38 I.e., the Jewish leaders
- John 19:39 Two early mss package of
- John 19:39 I.e., Roman libras (about 75 lb. or 34 kg)
- John 20:16 I.e., Jewish Aramaic
- John 20:19 Or locked
- John 20:19 I.e., the Jewish leaders
- John 20:23 I.e., have previously been forgiven
- John 20:24 I.e., the Twin
- John 20:26 Or A week later
- John 20:26 Or locked
- John 20:30 I.e., confirming miracles
- John 20:31 I.e., Messiah
- John 21:1 Or made Himself visible
- John 21:2 I.e., the Twin
- John 21:8 About 100 yd. or 90 m; a cubit is about 18 in. or 45 cm
- John 21:9 Lit laid
- John 21:15 Gr agapao
- John 21:15 Gr phileo
- John 21:16 Gr agapao
- John 21:16 Gr phileo
- John 21:17 Gr phileo
- John 21:17 Or distressed
- John 21:17 Gr phileo
- John 21:17 Gr phileo
- John 21:23 Lit word