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Mary Anoints Jesus with Costly Perfume

12 (A)Jesus, therefore, six days before (B)the Passover, came to (C)Bethany where Lazarus was, whom Jesus had raised from the dead. So they made Him a supper there, and (D)Martha was serving; and Lazarus was one of those reclining at the table with Him. (E)Mary then took a [a]litra of (F)perfume of very costly pure nard, and anointed the feet of Jesus and wiped His feet with her hair; and the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume. But (G)Judas Iscariot, one of His disciples, who was going to [b]betray Him, *said, “Why was this perfume not sold for [c]three hundred denarii and given to the poor?” Now he said this, not because he was concerned about the poor, but because he was a thief, and as he (H)had the money box, he used to take from (I)what was put into it. Therefore Jesus said, “Let her alone, so that she may keep it for (J)the day of My burial. (K)For you always have the poor with you, but you do not always have Me.”

Then the (L)large crowd from the Jews learned that He was there. And they came, not because of Jesus only, but that they might also see Lazarus, (M)whom He raised from the dead. 10 But the chief priests planned to put Lazarus to death also; 11 because (N)on account of him (O)many of the Jews were going away and were believing in Jesus.

The Triumphal Entry

12 On the next day (P)the large crowd who had come to (Q)the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, 13 took the branches of the palm trees and went out to meet Him, and began to shout, “(R)Hosanna! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the [d]Lord, even the (S)King of Israel.” 14 And Jesus, finding a young donkey, sat on it; as it is written, 15 (T)Fear not, daughter of Zion; behold, your King is coming, seated on a donkeys colt.” 16 (U)These things His disciples did not understand at the first; but when Jesus (V)was glorified, then they remembered that these things were written about Him, and that they had done these things to Him. 17 So (W)the crowd, who was with Him when He called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead, continued to bear witness about Him. 18 (X)For this reason also the crowd went and met Him, (Y)because they heard that He had done this [e]sign. 19 So the Pharisees said to one another, “You see that you are gaining nothing; look, the world has gone after Him.”

Some Greeks Seek Jesus

20 Now there were some (Z)Greeks among those who were going up to worship at (AA)the feast; 21 these then came to (AB)Philip, who was from (AC)Bethsaida of Galilee, and began to ask him, saying, “Sir, we wish to see Jesus.” 22 Philip *came and *told (AD)Andrew; Andrew and Philip *came and *told Jesus. 23 And Jesus *answered them, saying, (AE)The hour has come for the Son of Man to (AF)be glorified. 24 Truly, truly, I say to you, (AG)unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it bears much fruit. 25 (AH)He who loves his [f]life loses it, and he who (AI)hates his [g]life in this world will keep it to life eternal. 26 If anyone [h]serves Me, he must follow Me; and (AJ)where I am, there My servant will be also; if anyone [i]serves Me, the Father will (AK)honor him.

The Son of Man Must Be Lifted Up

27 (AL)Now (AM)My soul has become dismayed; and what shall I say, ‘(AN)Father, (AO)save Me from (AP)this hour’? But for this purpose I came to this hour. 28 (AQ)Father, glorify Your name.” Then a (AR)voice came from heaven: “I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again.” 29 So the crowd of people who stood by and heard it were saying that it had thundered; others were saying, “(AS)An angel has spoken to Him.” 30 Jesus answered and said, (AT)This voice has not come for My sake, but for your sake. 31 (AU)Now judgment is upon this world; now (AV)the ruler of this world will be cast out. 32 And I, if I (AW)am lifted up from the earth, will (AX)draw all men to Myself.” 33 But He was saying this (AY)to indicate the kind of death by which He was about to die. 34 The crowd then answered Him, “We have heard from (AZ)the Law that (BA)the [j]Christ is to remain forever; and how do You say, ‘The (BB)Son of Man must be (BC)lifted up’? Who is this (BD)Son of Man?” 35 So Jesus said to them, (BE)For a little while longer (BF)the Light is among you. (BG)Walk while you have the Light, so that darkness will not overtake you; he who (BH)walks in the darkness does not know where he goes. 36 While you have the Light, (BI)believe in the Light, so that you may become (BJ)sons of Light.”

These things Jesus spoke, and He went away and [k](BK)hid Himself from them. 37 But though He had done so many [l]signs before them, they still were not believing in Him, 38 so that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spoke: “[m](BL)Lord, who has believed our report? And to whom has the arm of the [n]Lord been revealed?” 39 For this reason they could not believe, for Isaiah said again, 40 (BM)He has blinded their eyes and He (BN)hardened their heart, lest they see with their eyes and understand with their heart, and return and I heal them.” 41 These things Isaiah said because (BO)he saw His glory, and (BP)he spoke about Him. 42 Nevertheless (BQ)many even of (BR)the rulers believed in Him, but (BS)because of the Pharisees they were not confessing Him, [o]for fear that they would be (BT)put out of the synagogue; 43 (BU)for they loved the glory of men rather than the glory of God.

44 And Jesus cried out and said, (BV)He who believes in Me, does not believe in Me but in Him who sent Me. 45 (BW)And he who sees Me sees the One who sent Me. 46 (BX)I have come as Light into the world, so that everyone who believes in Me will not remain in darkness. 47 And if anyone hears My words and does not keep them, I do not judge him; for (BY)I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 (BZ)He who rejects Me and does not receive My words, has one who judges him; (CA)the word I spoke is what will judge him on (CB)the last day. 49 (CC)For I did not speak from Myself, but the Father Himself who sent Me (CD)has given Me a commandment—what to say and what to speak. 50 And I know that (CE)His commandment is eternal life; therefore the things I speak, I speak (CF)just as the Father has told Me.”


  1. John 12:3 A Roman pound, approx. 12 oz. or 340 gm
  2. John 12:4 Or hand Him over
  3. John 12:5 Approx. 11 months’ wages, a denarius was a laborer’s daily wage
  4. John 12:13 In OT, Yahweh, cf. Ps 118:26
  5. John 12:18 Or attesting miracle
  6. John 12:25 Lit soul
  7. John 12:25 Lit soul
  8. John 12:26 Or is serving
  9. John 12:26 Or is serving
  10. John 12:34 Messiah
  11. John 12:36 Lit was hidden
  12. John 12:37 Or attesting signs
  13. John 12:38 In OT, Yahweh, cf. Is 53:1
  14. John 12:38 In OT, Yahweh, cf. Is 53:1
  15. John 12:42 Lit lest