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10 So the Lord[a] restored what Job had lost[b] after he prayed for his friends,[c] and the Lord doubled[d] all that had belonged to Job.

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  1. Job 42:10 tn The paragraph begins with the disjunctive vav, “Now as for the Lord, he….”
  2. Job 42:10 sn The expression here is interesting: “he returned the captivity of Job,” a clause used elsewhere in the Bible of Israel (see e.g., Ps 126). Here it must mean “the fortunes of Job,” i.e., what he had lost. There is a good deal of literature on this; for example, see R. Borger, “Zu šub šb(ī)t,” ZAW 25 (1954): 315-16; and E. Baumann, ZAW 6 (1929): 17ff.
  3. Job 42:10 tn This is a temporal clause, using the infinitive construct with the subject genitive suffix. By this it seems that this act of Job was also something of a prerequisite for restoration—to pray for them.
  4. Job 42:10 tn The construction uses the verb “and he added” with the word “repeat” (or “twice”).