Eliphaz Accuses and Exhorts Job

22 Then Eliphaz the Temanite [a]responded,

“Can a vigorous (A)man be of use to God,
Or a wise man be useful to himself?
“Is there any pleasure to [b]the Almighty if you are righteous,
Or profit if you make your ways perfect?
“Is it because of your [c]reverence that He reproves you,
That He (B)enters into judgment against you?
“Is not (C)your wickedness great,
And your iniquities without end?
“For you have (D)taken pledges of your brothers without cause,
And (E)stripped [d]men naked.
“To the weary you have (F)given no water to drink,
And from the hungry you have (G)withheld bread.
“But the earth (H)belongs to the (I)mighty man,
And (J)the honorable man dwells in it.
“You have sent (K)widows away empty,
And the [e]strength of the (L)orphans has been crushed.
10 “Therefore (M)snares surround you,
And sudden (N)dread terrifies you,
11 Or (O)darkness, so that you cannot see,
And an (P)abundance of water covers you.

12 “Is not God (Q)in the height of heaven?
Look also at the [f]distant stars, how high they are!
13 “You say, ‘(R)What does God know?
Can He judge through the thick darkness?
14 (S)Clouds are a hiding place for Him, so that He cannot see;
And He walks on the [g]vault of heaven.’
15 “Will you keep to the ancient path
Which (T)wicked men have trod,
16 Who were snatched away (U)before their time,
Whose (V)foundations were [h]washed away by a river?
17 “They (W)said to God, ‘Depart from us!’
And ‘What can [i]the Almighty do to them?’
18 “Yet He (X)filled their houses with good things;
But (Y)the counsel of the wicked is far from me.
19 “The (Z)righteous see and are glad,
And the innocent mock them,
20 Saying, ‘Truly our adversaries are cut off,
And their [j]abundance (AA)the fire has consumed.’

21 [k](AB)Yield now and be at peace with Him;
Thereby good will come to you.
22 “Please receive [l](AC)instruction from His mouth
And establish His words in your heart.
23 “If you (AD)return to [m]the Almighty, you will be [n]restored;
If you (AE)remove unrighteousness far from your tent,
24 And (AF)place your [o]gold in the dust,
And the gold of Ophir among the stones of the brooks,
25 Then [p]the Almighty will be your [q]gold
And choice silver to you.
26 “For then you will (AG)delight in [r]the Almighty
And lift up your face to God.
27 “You will (AH)pray to Him, and (AI)He will hear you;
And you will pay your vows.
28 “You will also decree a thing, and it will be established for you;
And (AJ)light will shine on your ways.
29 “When [s]you are cast down, you will speak with [t]confidence,
And the [u](AK)humble person He will save.
30 “He will deliver one who is not innocent,
And he will be (AL)delivered through the cleanness of your hands.”

Job Says He Longs for God

23 Then Job [v]replied,

“Even today my (AM)complaint is rebellion;
[w]His hand is (AN)heavy despite my groaning.
“Oh that I knew where I might find Him,
That I might come to His seat!
“I would (AO)present my case before Him
And fill my mouth with arguments.
“I would learn the words which He would [x]answer,
And perceive what He would say to me.
“Would He contend with me by (AP)the greatness of His power?
No, surely He would pay attention to me.
“There the upright would (AQ)reason with Him;
And I [y]would be (AR)delivered forever from my Judge.

“Behold, I go forward but He is not there,
And backward, but I (AS)cannot perceive Him;
When He acts on the left, I cannot behold Him;
He turns on the right, I cannot see Him.
10 “But He knows the [z]way I take;
When He has (AT)tried me, I shall come forth as gold.
11 “My foot has (AU)held fast to His path;
I have kept His way and not turned aside.
12 “I have not departed from the command of His lips;
I have treasured the (AV)words of His mouth [aa]more than my [ab]necessary food.
13 “But He is unique and who can turn Him?
And what His soul desires, that He does.
14 “For He performs what is appointed for me,
And many such decrees are with Him.
15 “Therefore, I would be dismayed at His presence;
When I consider, I am terrified of Him.
16 It is God who has made my (AW)heart faint,
And the Almighty who has dismayed me,
17 But I (AX)am not silenced by the darkness,
Nor (AY)deep gloom which covers me.

Job Says God Seems to Ignore Wrongs

24 (AZ)Why are [ac]times not stored up by the Almighty,
And why do those who know Him not see (BA)His days?
[ad]Some (BB)remove the landmarks;
They seize and [ae]devour flocks.
“They drive away the donkeys of the (BC)orphans;
They take the (BD)widow’s ox for a pledge.
“They push (BE)the needy aside from the road;
The (BF)poor of the land are made to hide themselves altogether.
“Behold, as (BG)wild donkeys in the wilderness
They (BH)go forth seeking food in their activity,
As [af]bread for their children in the desert.
“They harvest their fodder in the field
And glean the vineyard of the wicked.
(BI)They spend the night naked, without clothing,
And have no covering against the cold.
“They are wet with the mountain rains
And hug the rock for want of a shelter.
[ag]Others snatch the (BJ)orphan from the breast,
And against the poor they take a pledge.
10 “They cause the poor to go about naked without clothing,
And they take away the sheaves from the hungry.
11 “Within the walls they produce oil;
They tread wine presses but thirst.
12 “From the city men groan,
And the souls of the wounded cry out;
Yet God (BK)does not pay attention to folly.

13 [ah]Others have been with those who rebel against the light;
They do not want to know its ways
Nor abide in its paths.
14 “The murderer (BL)arises at dawn;
He (BM)kills the poor and the needy,
And at night he is as a thief.
15 “The eye of the (BN)adulterer waits for the twilight,
Saying, ‘No eye will see me.’
And he [ai]disguises his face.
16 “In the dark they (BO)dig into houses,
They (BP)shut themselves up by day;
They do not know the light.
17 “For the morning is the same to him as thick darkness,
For he is familiar with the (BQ)terrors of thick darkness.

18 “They are [aj](BR)insignificant on the surface of the water;
Their portion is (BS)cursed on the earth.
They do not turn [ak]toward the (BT)vineyards.
19 “Drought and heat [al](BU)consume the snow waters,
So does [am](BV)Sheol those who have sinned.
20 “A [an](BW)mother will forget him;
The (BX)worm feeds sweetly till he is (BY)no longer remembered.
And wickedness will be broken (BZ)like a tree.
21 “He wrongs the [ao]barren woman
And does no good for (CA)the widow.
22 “But He drags off the valiant by (CB)His power;
He rises, but (CC)no one has assurance of life.
23 “He provides them (CD)with security, and they are supported;
And His (CE)eyes are on their ways.
24 “They are exalted a (CF)little while, then they are gone;
Moreover, they are (CG)brought low and like everything gathered up;
Even like the heads of grain they are cut off.
25 “Now if it is not so, (CH)who can prove me a liar,
And make my speech worthless?”

Bildad Says Man Is Inferior

25 Then Bildad the Shuhite [ap]answered,

(CI)Dominion and awe [aq]belong to Him
Who establishes peace in (CJ)His heights.
“Is there any number to (CK)His troops?
And upon whom does His light not rise?
“How then can a man be (CL)just with God?
Or how can he be (CM)clean who is born of woman?
“If even (CN)the moon has no brightness
And the (CO)stars are not pure in His sight,
How much less (CP)man, that (CQ)maggot,
And the son of man, that worm!”

Job Rebukes Bildad

26 Then Job [ar]responded,

“What a help you are to [as](CR)the weak!
How you have saved the arm (CS)without strength!
“What counsel you have given to one without wisdom!
What helpful insight you have abundantly [at]provided!
“To whom have you uttered words?
And whose [au]spirit was expressed through you?

The Greatness of God

“The [av](CT)departed spirits tremble
Under the waters and their inhabitants.
“Naked is [aw](CU)Sheol before Him,
And [ax](CV)Abaddon has no covering.
“He (CW)stretches out the north over empty space
And hangs the earth on nothing.
“He (CX)wraps up the waters in His clouds,
And the cloud does not burst under them.
“He [ay](CY)obscures the face of the [az]full moon
And spreads His cloud over it.
10 “He has inscribed a (CZ)circle on the surface of the waters
At the (DA)boundary of light and darkness.
11 “The pillars of heaven tremble
And are amazed at His rebuke.
12 “He (DB)quieted the sea with His power,
And by His (DC)understanding He shattered (DD)Rahab.
13 “By His breath the (DE)heavens are [ba]cleared;
His hand has pierced (DF)the fleeing serpent.
14 “Behold, these are the fringes of His ways;
And how faint (DG)a word we hear of Him!
But His mighty (DH)thunder, who can understand?”

Job Affirms His Righteousness

27 Then Job [bb]continued his (DI)discourse and said,

“As God lives, (DJ)who has taken away my right,
And the Almighty, (DK)who has embittered my soul,
For as long as [bc]life is in me,
And the [bd](DL)breath of God is in my nostrils,
My lips certainly will not speak unjustly,
Nor will (DM)my tongue mutter deceit.
“Far be it from me that I should declare you right;
Till I die (DN)I will not put away my integrity from me.
“I (DO)hold fast my righteousness and will not let it go.
My heart does not reproach any of my days.

The State of the Godless

“May my enemy be as the wicked
And [be]my opponent as the unjust.
“For what is (DP)the hope of the godless [bf]when he is cut off,
When God requires (DQ)his [bg]life?
“Will God (DR)hear his cry
When (DS)distress comes upon him?
10 “Will he take (DT)delight in the Almighty?
Will he call on God at all times?
11 “I will instruct you in the [bh]power of God;
What is with the Almighty I will not conceal.
12 “Behold, all of you have seen it;
Why then do you [bi]act foolishly?

13 “This is (DU)the portion of a wicked man from God,
And the inheritance which (DV)tyrants receive from the Almighty.
14 “Though his sons are many, [bj]they are destined (DW)for the sword;
And his (DX)descendants will not be satisfied with bread.
15 “His survivors will be buried because of the plague,
And [bk]their (DY)widows will not be able to weep.
16 “Though he piles up silver like dust
And prepares garments as plentiful as the clay,
17 He may prepare it, (DZ)but the just will wear it
And the innocent will divide the silver.
18 “He has built his (EA)house like the [bl]spider’s web,
Or as a hut which the watchman has made.
19 “He lies down rich, but never [bm]again;
He opens his eyes, and (EB)it is no longer.
20 (EC)Terrors overtake him like a flood;
A tempest steals him away (ED)in the night.
21 “The east (EE)wind carries him away, and he is gone,
For it whirls him (EF)away from his place.
22 “For it will hurl at him (EG)without sparing;
He will surely try to (EH)flee from its [bn]power.
23 Men will clap their hands at him
And will (EI)hiss him from his place.

Job Tells of Earth’s Treasures

28 “Surely there is a [bo]mine for silver
And a place [bp]where they refine gold.
“Iron is taken from the dust,
And copper is smelted from rock.
Man puts an end to darkness,
And (EJ)to the farthest limit he searches out
The rock in gloom and deep shadow.
“He [bq]sinks a shaft far from [br]habitation,
Forgotten by the foot;
They hang and swing to and fro far from men.
“The earth, from it comes food,
And underneath it is turned up as fire.
“Its rocks are the [bs]source of sapphires,
And its dust contains gold.
“The path no bird of prey knows,
Nor has the falcon’s eye caught sight of it.
“The [bt]proud beasts have not trodden it,
Nor has the fierce lion passed over it.
“He puts his hand on the flint;
He overturns the mountains at the [bu]base.
10 “He hews out channels through the rocks,
And his eye sees anything precious.
11 “He dams up the streams from [bv]flowing,
And what is hidden he brings out to the light.

The Search for Wisdom Is Harder

12 “But (EK)where can wisdom be found?
And where is the place of understanding?
13 (EL)Man does not know its value,
Nor is it found in the land of the living.
14 “The deep says, ‘It is not in me’;
And the sea says, ‘It is not with me.’
15 (EM)Pure gold cannot be given in exchange for it,
Nor can silver be weighed as its price.
16 “It cannot be valued in the gold of Ophir,
In precious onyx, or sapphire.
17 (EN)Gold or glass cannot equal it,
Nor can it be exchanged for articles of fine gold.
18 “Coral and crystal are not to be mentioned;
And the acquisition of (EO)wisdom is above that of pearls.
19 “The topaz of Ethiopia cannot equal it,
Nor can it be valued in (EP)pure gold.
20 (EQ)Where then does wisdom come from?
And where is the place of understanding?
21 “Thus it is hidden from the eyes of all living
And concealed from the birds of the sky.
22 [bw](ER)Abaddon and Death say,
‘With our ears we have heard a report of it.’

23 (ES)God understands its way,
And He knows its place.
24 “For He (ET)looks to the ends of the earth
And sees everything under the heavens.
25 “When He imparted (EU)weight to the wind
And (EV)meted out the waters by measure,
26 When He set a (EW)limit for the rain
And a course for the (EX)thunderbolt,
27 Then He saw it and declared it;
He established it and also searched it out.
28 “And to man He said, ‘Behold, the (EY)fear of the Lord, that is wisdom;
And to depart from evil is understanding.’”

Job’s Past Was Glorious

29 And Job again took up his (EZ)discourse and said,

“Oh that I were as in months gone by,
As in the days when God (FA)watched over me;
When (FB)His lamp shone over my head,
And (FC)by His light I walked through darkness;
As I was in [bx]the prime of my days,
When the [by](FD)friendship of God was over my tent;
When [bz]the Almighty was yet with me,
And my children were around me;
When my steps were bathed in (FE)butter,
And the (FF)rock poured out for me streams of oil!
“When I went out to (FG)the gate of the city,
When I [ca]took my seat in the square,
The young men saw me and hid themselves,
And the old men arose and stood.
“The princes (FH)stopped talking
And (FI)put their hands on their mouths;
10 The voice of the nobles was [cb](FJ)hushed,
And their (FK)tongue stuck to their palate.
11 “For when (FL)the ear heard, it called me blessed,
And when the eye saw, it gave witness of me,
12 Because I delivered (FM)the poor who cried for help,
And the (FN)orphan who had no helper.
13 “The blessing of the one (FO)ready to perish came upon me,
And I made the (FP)widow’s heart sing for joy.
14 “I (FQ)put on righteousness, and it clothed me;
My justice was like a robe and a turban.
15 “I was (FR)eyes to the blind
And feet to the lame.
16 “I was a father to (FS)the needy,
And I investigated the case which I did not know.
17 “I (FT)broke the jaws of the wicked
And snatched the prey from his teeth.
18 “Then I [cc]thought, ‘I shall die [cd]in my nest,
And I shall multiply my days as the sand.
19 ‘My (FU)root is spread out to the waters,
And (FV)dew lies all night on my branch.
20 ‘My glory is ever new with me,
And my (FW)bow is renewed in my hand.’

21 “To me (FX)they listened and waited,
And kept silent for my counsel.
22 “After my words they did not (FY)speak again,
And (FZ)my speech dropped on them.
23 “They waited for me as for the rain,
And opened their mouth as for the spring rain.
24 “I smiled on them when they did not believe,
And the light of my face they did not cast down.
25 “I chose a way for them and sat as (GA)chief,
And dwelt as a king among the troops,
As one who (GB)comforted the mourners.

Job’s Present State Is Humiliating

30 “But now those younger than I (GC)mock me,
Whose fathers I disdained to put with the dogs of my flock.
“Indeed, what good was the strength of their hands to me?
Vigor had perished from them.
“From want and famine they are gaunt
Who gnaw the dry ground by night in waste and desolation,
Who pluck [ce]mallow by the bushes,
And whose food is the root of the broom shrub.
“They are driven from the community;
They shout against them as against a thief,
So that they dwell in dreadful [cf]valleys,
In holes of the earth and of the rocks.
“Among the bushes they [cg]cry out;
Under the nettles they are gathered together.
[ch]Fools, even [ci]those without a name,
They were scourged from the land.

“And now I have become their [cj](GD)taunt,
I have even become a (GE)byword to them.
10 “They abhor me and stand aloof from me,
And they do not [ck]refrain from (GF)spitting at my face.
11 “Because [cl]He has loosed [cm]His [cn]bowstring and (GG)afflicted me,
They have cast off (GH)the bridle before me.
12 “On the right hand their [co]brood arises;
They (GI)thrust aside my feet (GJ)and build up against me their ways of destruction.
13 “They (GK)break up my path,
They profit [cp]from my destruction;
No one restrains them.
14 “As through a wide breach they come,
[cq]Amid the tempest they roll on.
15 (GL)Terrors are turned against me;
They pursue my [cr]honor as the wind,
And my [cs]prosperity has passed away (GM)like a cloud.

16 “And now (GN)my soul is poured out [ct]within me;
Days of affliction have seized me.
17 “At night it pierces (GO)my bones [cu]within me,
And my gnawing pains take no rest.
18 “By a great force my garment is (GP)distorted;
It binds me about as the collar of my coat.
19 “He has cast me into the (GQ)mire,
And I have become like dust and ashes.
20 “I (GR)cry out to You for help, but You do not answer me;
I stand up, and You turn Your attention against me.
21 “You have [cv]become cruel to me;
With the might of Your hand You (GS)persecute me.
22 “You (GT)lift me up to the wind and cause me to ride;
And You dissolve me in a storm.
23 “For I know that You (GU)will bring me to death
And to the (GV)house of meeting for all living.

24 “Yet does not one in a heap of ruins stretch out his hand,
Or in his disaster therefore (GW)cry out for help?
25 “Have I not (GX)wept for the [cw]one whose life is hard?
Was not my soul grieved for (GY)the needy?
26 “When I (GZ)expected good, then evil came;
When I waited for light, (HA)then darkness came.
27 [cx]I am seething (HB)within and cannot relax;
Days of affliction confront me.
28 “I go about [cy](HC)mourning without comfort;
I stand up in the assembly and (HD)cry out for help.
29 “I have become a brother to (HE)jackals
And a companion of ostriches.
30 “My (HF)skin turns black [cz]on me,
And my (HG)bones burn with [da]fever.
31 “Therefore my (HH)harp [db]is turned to mourning,
And my flute to the sound of those who weep.

Job Asserts His Integrity

31 “I have made a covenant with my (HI)eyes;
How then could I gaze at a virgin?
“And what is (HJ)the portion of God from above
Or the heritage of the Almighty from on high?
“Is it not (HK)calamity to the unjust
And disaster to (HL)those who work iniquity?
“Does He not (HM)see my ways
And (HN)number all my steps?

“If I have (HO)walked with falsehood,
And my foot has hastened after deceit,
Let Him (HP)weigh me with [dc]accurate scales,
And let God know (HQ)my integrity.
“If my step has (HR)turned from the way,
Or my heart [dd]followed my eyes,
Or if any (HS)spot has stuck to my hands,
Let me (HT)sow and another eat,
And let my [de](HU)crops be uprooted.

“If my heart has been (HV)enticed by a woman,
Or I have lurked at my neighbor’s doorway,
10 May my wife (HW)grind for another,
And let (HX)others [df]kneel down over her.
11 “For that would be a (HY)lustful crime;
Moreover, it would be (HZ)an iniquity punishable by judges.
12 “For it would be (IA)fire that consumes to [dg](IB)Abaddon,
And would (IC)uproot all my [dh]increase.

13 “If I have (ID)despised the claim of my male or female slaves
When they filed a complaint against me,
14 What then could I do when God arises?
And when He calls me to account, what will I answer Him?
15 “Did not (IE)He who made me in the womb make him,
And the same one fashion us in the womb?

16 “If I have kept (IF)the poor from their desire,
Or have caused the eyes of (IG)the widow to fail,
17 Or have (IH)eaten my morsel alone,
And (II)the orphan has not [di]shared it
18 (But from my youth he grew up with me as with a father,
And from [dj]infancy I guided her),
19 If I have seen anyone perish (IJ)for lack of clothing,
Or that (IK)the needy had no covering,
20 If his loins have not [dk]thanked me,
And if he has not been warmed with the fleece of my sheep,
21 If I have lifted up my hand against (IL)the orphan,
Because I saw [dl]I had support (IM)in the gate,
22 Let my shoulder fall from the [dm]socket,
And my (IN)arm be broken off [dn]at the elbow.
23 “For (IO)calamity from God is a terror to me,
And because of (IP)His [do]majesty I can do nothing.

24 “If I have put my confidence in (IQ)gold,
And called fine gold my trust,
25 If I have (IR)gloated because my wealth was great,
And because my hand had secured so much;
26 If I have (IS)looked at the [dp]sun when it shone
Or the moon going in splendor,
27 And my heart became secretly enticed,
And my hand [dq]threw a kiss from my mouth,
28 That too would have been (IT)an iniquity calling for [dr]judgment,
For I would have (IU)denied God above.

29 “Have I (IV)rejoiced at the extinction of my enemy,
Or [ds]exulted when evil befell him?
30 [dt]No, (IW)I have not [du]allowed my mouth to sin
By asking for his life in (IX)a curse.
31 “Have the men of my tent not said,
‘Who can [dv]find one who has not been (IY)satisfied with his meat’?
32 “The alien has not lodged outside,
For I have opened my doors to the [dw]traveler.
33 “Have I (IZ)covered my transgressions like [dx]Adam,
By hiding my iniquity in my bosom,
34 Because I (JA)feared the great multitude,
And the contempt of families terrified me,
And kept silent and did not go out of doors?
35 “Oh that I had one to hear me!
Behold, here is my [dy]signature;
(JB)Let the Almighty answer me!
And the indictment which my (JC)adversary has written,
36 Surely I would carry it on my shoulder,
I would bind it to myself like a crown.
37 “I would declare to Him (JD)the number of my steps;
Like (JE)a prince I would approach Him.

38 “If my (JF)land cries out against me,
And its furrows weep together;
39 If I have (JG)eaten its [dz]fruit without money,
Or have (JH)caused [ea]its owners to lose their lives,
40 Let (JI)briars [eb]grow instead of wheat,
And stinkweed instead of barley.”

The words of Job are ended.

Elihu in Anger Rebukes Job

32 Then these three men ceased answering Job, because he was (JJ)righteous in his own eyes. But the anger of Elihu the son of Barachel the (JK)Buzite, of the family of Ram burned; against Job his anger burned (JL)because he justified himself [ec](JM)before God. And his anger burned against his three friends because they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job. Now Elihu had waited [ed]to speak to Job because they were years older than he. And when Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouth of the three men his anger burned.

So Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite [ee]spoke out and said,

“I am young in years and you are (JN)old;
Therefore I was shy and afraid to tell you [ef]what I think.
“I [eg]thought [eh](JO)age should speak,
And [ei]increased years should teach wisdom.
“But it is a spirit in man,
And the (JP)breath of the Almighty gives them (JQ)understanding.
“The [ej]abundant in years may not be wise,
Nor may (JR)elders understand justice.
10 “So I [ek]say, ‘Listen to me,
I too will tell [el]what I think.’

11 “Behold, I waited for your words,
I listened to your reasonings,
While you [em]pondered what to say.
12 “I even paid close attention to you;
[en]Indeed, there was no one who refuted Job,
Not one of you who answered his words.
13 “Do not say,
(JS)We have found wisdom;
God will [eo]rout him, not man.’
14 “For he has not arranged his words against me,
Nor will I reply to him with your [ep]arguments.

15 “They are dismayed, they no longer answer;
Words have [eq]failed them.
16 “Shall I wait, because they do not speak,
Because they [er]stop and no longer answer?
17 “I too will answer my share,
I also will tell my opinion.
18 “For I am full of words;
The spirit within me constrains me.
19 “Behold, my belly is like unvented wine,
Like new wineskins it is about to burst.
20 “Let me speak that I may get relief;
Let me open my lips and answer.
21 “Let me now (JT)be partial to no one,
Nor flatter any man.
22 “For I do not know how to flatter,
Else my Maker would soon take me away.

Elihu Claims to Speak for God

33 “However now, Job, please (JU)hear my speech,
And listen to all my words.
“Behold now, I open my mouth,
My tongue in my [es]mouth speaks.
“My words are from the uprightness of my heart,
And my lips speak (JV)knowledge sincerely.
“The (JW)Spirit of God has made me,
And the (JX)breath of [et]the Almighty gives me life.
(JY)Refute me if you can;
Array yourselves before me, take your stand.
“Behold, I belong to God like you;
I too have been [eu]formed out of the (JZ)clay.
“Behold, (KA)no fear of me should terrify you,
Nor should my pressure weigh heavily on you.

“Surely you have spoken in my hearing,
And I have heard the sound of your words:
‘I am (KB)pure, (KC)without transgression;
I am innocent and there (KD)is no guilt in me.
10 ‘Behold, He [ev]invents pretexts against me;
He (KE)counts me as His enemy.
11 ‘He (KF)puts my feet in the stocks;
He watches all my paths.’
12 “Behold, let me [ew]tell you, (KG)you are not right in this,
For God is greater than man.

13 “Why do you (KH)complain against Him
That He does not give an account of all His doings?
14 “Indeed (KI)God speaks once,
Or twice, yet no one notices it.
15 “In a (KJ)dream, a vision of the night,
When sound sleep falls on men,
While they slumber in their beds,
16 Then (KK)He opens the ears of men,
And seals their instruction,
17 That He may turn man aside from his conduct,
And [ex]keep man from pride;
18 He (KL)keeps back his soul from the pit,
And his life from [ey]passing over (KM)into Sheol.

19 [ez]Man is also chastened with (KN)pain on his bed,
And with unceasing complaint in his bones;
20 So that his life (KO)loathes bread,
And his soul favorite food.
21 “His (KP)flesh wastes away from sight,
And his (KQ)bones which were not seen stick out.
22 “Then (KR)his soul draws near to the pit,
And his life to those who bring death.

23 “If there is an angel as (KS)mediator for him,
One out of a thousand,
To remind a man what is [fa]right for him,
24 Then let him be gracious to him, and say,
‘Deliver him from (KT)going down to the pit,
I have found a (KU)ransom’;
25 Let his flesh become fresher than in youth,
Let him return to the days of his youthful vigor;
26 Then he will (KV)pray to God, and He will accept him,
That (KW)he may see His face with joy,
And He may restore His righteousness to man.
27 “He will sing to men and say,
‘I (KX)have sinned and perverted what is right,
And it is not (KY)proper for me.
28 ‘He has redeemed my soul from going to the pit,
And my life shall (KZ)see the light.’

29 “Behold, God does (LA)all these [fb]oftentimes with men,
30 To (LB)bring back his soul from the pit,
That he may be enlightened with the light of life.
31 “Pay attention, O Job, listen to me;
Keep silent, and let me speak.
32 Then if [fc]you have anything to say, answer me;
Speak, for I desire to justify you.
33 “If not, (LC)listen to me;
Keep silent, and I will teach you wisdom.”

Elihu Vindicates God’s Justice

34 Then Elihu continued and said,

“Hear my words, you wise men,
And listen to me, you who know.
“For (LD)the ear tests words
As the palate tastes food.
“Let us choose for ourselves what is right;
Let us know among ourselves what is good.
“For Job has said, ‘(LE)I am righteous,
But (LF)God has taken away my right;
[fd]Should I lie concerning my right?
My [fe](LG)wound is incurable, though I am without transgression.’
“What man is like Job,
Who (LH)drinks up derision like water,
Who goes (LI)in company with the workers of iniquity,
And walks with wicked men?
“For he has said, ‘(LJ)It profits a man nothing
When he [ff]is pleased with God.’

10 “Therefore, listen to me, you men of understanding.
Far be it from God to (LK)do wickedness,
And from the Almighty to do wrong.
11 “For He pays a man according to (LL)his work,
And makes [fg]him find it according to his way.
12 “Surely, (LM)God will not act wickedly,
And the Almighty will not pervert justice.
13 “Who (LN)gave Him authority over the earth?
And who (LO)has laid on Him the whole world?
14 “If He should [fh]determine to do so,
If He should (LP)gather to Himself His spirit and His breath,
15 All (LQ)flesh would perish together,
And man would (LR)return to dust.

16 “But if you have understanding, hear this;
Listen to the sound of my words.
17 “Shall (LS)one who hates justice rule?
And (LT)will you condemn the righteous mighty One,
18 Who says to a king, ‘Worthless one,’
To nobles, ‘Wicked ones’;
19 Who shows no (LU)partiality to princes
Nor regards the rich above the poor,
For they all are the (LV)work of His hands?
20 “In a moment they die, and (LW)at midnight
People are shaken and pass away,
And (LX)the mighty are taken away without a hand.

21 “For (LY)His eyes are upon the ways of a man,
And He sees all his steps.
22 “There is (LZ)no darkness or deep shadow
Where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.
23 “For He does not (MA)need to consider a man further,
That he should go before God in judgment.
24 “He breaks in pieces (MB)mighty men without inquiry,
And sets others in their place.
25 “Therefore He (MC)knows their works,
And (MD)He overthrows them in the night,
And they are crushed.
26 “He (ME)strikes them like the wicked
[fi]In a public place,
27 Because they (MF)turned aside from following Him,
And (MG)had no regard for any of His ways;
28 So that they caused (MH)the cry of the poor to come to Him,
And that He might (MI)hear the cry of the afflicted—
29 When He keeps quiet, who then can condemn?
And when He hides His face, who then can behold Him,
That is, in regard to both nation and man?—
30 So that (MJ)godless men would not rule
Nor be snares of the people.

31 “For has anyone said to God,
‘I have borne chastisement;
I will not offend anymore;
32 Teach me what I do not see;
If I have (MK)done iniquity,
I will not do it again’?
33 “Shall He (ML)recompense on your terms, because you have rejected it?
For you must choose, and not I;
Therefore declare what you know.
34 “Men of understanding will say to me,
And a wise man who hears me,
35 ‘Job (MM)speaks without knowledge,
And his words are without wisdom.
36 ‘Job ought to be tried [fj]to the limit,
Because he answers (MN)like wicked men.
37 ‘For he adds (MO)rebellion to his sin;
He (MP)claps his hands among us,
And multiplies his words against God.’”

Elihu Sharply Reproves Job

35 Then Elihu continued and said,

“Do you think this is according to (MQ)justice?
Do you say, ‘My righteousness is more than God’s’?
“For you say, ‘(MR)What advantage will it be to [fk]You?
(MS)What profit will I have, more than if I had sinned?’
“I will answer you,
And your friends with you.
(MT)Look at the heavens and see;
And behold (MU)the clouds—they are higher than you.
“If you have sinned, (MV)what do you accomplish against Him?
And if your transgressions are many, what do you do to Him?
“If you are righteous, (MW)what do you give to Him,
Or what does He receive from your hand?
“Your wickedness is for a man like yourself,
And your righteousness is for a son of man.

“Because of the (MX)multitude of oppressions they cry out;
They cry for help because of the arm (MY)of the mighty.
10 “But (MZ)no one says, ‘Where is God my Maker,
Who (NA)gives songs in the night,
11 Who (NB)teaches us more than the beasts of the earth
And makes us wiser than the birds of the heavens?’
12 “There (NC)they cry out, but He does not answer
Because of the pride of evil men.
13 “Surely (ND)God will not listen to [fl]an empty cry,
Nor will the Almighty regard it.
14 “How much less when (NE)you say you do not behold Him,
The (NF)case is before Him, and you must wait for Him!
15 “And now, because He has not visited in His anger,
Nor has He acknowledged [fm]transgression well,
16 So Job opens his mouth [fn]emptily;
He multiplies words (NG)without knowledge.”

Elihu Speaks of God’s Dealings with Men

36 Then Elihu continued and said,

“Wait for me a little, and I will show you
That there [fo]is yet more to be said in God’s behalf.
“I will fetch my knowledge from afar,
And I will ascribe (NH)righteousness to my Maker.
“For truly (NI)my words are not false;
One who is (NJ)perfect in knowledge is with you.
“Behold, God is mighty but does not (NK)despise any;
He is (NL)mighty in strength of understanding.
“He does not (NM)keep the wicked alive,
But gives justice to (NN)the afflicted.
“He does not (NO)withdraw His eyes from the righteous;
But (NP)with kings on the throne
He has seated them forever, and they are exalted.
“And if they are bound in fetters,
And are caught in the cords of (NQ)affliction,
Then He declares to them their work
And their transgressions, that they have (NR)magnified themselves.
10 (NS)He opens their ear to instruction,
And (NT)commands that they return from evil.
11 “If they hear and serve Him,
They will (NU)end their days in prosperity
And their years in (NV)pleasures.
12 “But if they do not hear, they shall [fp]perish (NW)by the sword
And they will (NX)die without knowledge.
13 “But the godless in heart lay up anger;
They do not cry for help when He binds them.
14 [fq]They die in youth,
And their life perishes among the (NY)cult prostitutes.
15 “He delivers the afflicted in [fr]their (NZ)affliction,
And (OA)opens their ear [fs]in time of oppression.
16 “Then indeed, He (OB)enticed you from the mouth of distress,
Instead of it, a broad place with no constraint;
And that which was set on your table was full of [ft]fatness.

17 “But you were full of (OC)judgment on the wicked;
Judgment and justice take hold of you.
18 Beware that (OD)wrath does not entice you to scoffing;
And do not let the greatness of the (OE)ransom turn you aside.
19 “Will your [fu]riches keep you from distress,
Or all the forces of your strength?
20 “Do not long for (OF)the night,
When people [fv]vanish in their place.
21 “Be careful, do (OG)not turn to evil,
For you have preferred this to (OH)affliction.
22 “Behold, God is exalted in His power;
Who is a (OI)teacher like Him?
23 “Who has appointed Him His way,
And who has said, ‘(OJ)You have done wrong’?

24 “Remember that you should (OK)exalt His work,
Of which men have (OL)sung.
25 “All men have seen it;
Man beholds from afar.
26 “Behold, God is (OM)exalted, and (ON)we do not know Him;
The (OO)number of His years is unsearchable.
27 “For (OP)He draws up the drops of water,
They distill rain from [fw]the [fx]mist,
28 Which the clouds pour down,
They drip upon man abundantly.
29 “Can anyone understand the (OQ)spreading of the clouds,
The (OR)thundering of His [fy]pavilion?
30 “Behold, He spreads His [fz]lightning about Him,
And He covers the depths of the sea.
31 “For by these He (OS)judges peoples;
He (OT)gives food in abundance.
32 “He covers His hands with the [ga]lightning,
And (OU)commands it to strike the mark.
33 “Its (OV)noise declares [gb]His presence;
The cattle also, concerning what is coming up.

Elihu Says God Is Back of the Storm

37 “At this also my heart trembles,
And leaps from its place.
“Listen closely to the (OW)thunder of His voice,
And the rumbling that goes out from His mouth.
“Under the whole heaven He lets it loose,
And His [gc]lightning to the (OX)ends of the earth.
“After it, a voice roars;
He thunders with His majestic voice,
And He does not restrain [gd]the lightnings when His voice is heard.
“God (OY)thunders with His voice wondrously,
Doing (OZ)great things which we cannot comprehend.
“For to (PA)the snow He says, ‘Fall on the earth,’
And to the [ge](PB)downpour and the rain, ‘Be strong.’
“He (PC)seals the hand of every man,
That (PD)all men may know His work.
“Then the beast goes into its (PE)lair
And remains in its [gf]den.
“Out of the [gg](PF)south comes the storm,
And out of the [gh]north the cold.
10 “From the breath of God (PG)ice is made,
And the expanse of the waters is frozen.
11 “Also with moisture He (PH)loads the thick cloud;
He (PI)disperses (PJ)the cloud of His [gi]lightning.
12 “It changes direction, turning around by His guidance,
That [gj]it may do whatever He (PK)commands [gk]it
On the (PL)face of the inhabited earth.
13 “Whether for [gl](PM)correction, or for (PN)His world,
Or for (PO)lovingkindness, He causes it to [gm]happen.

14 “Listen to this, O Job,
Stand and consider the wonders of God.
15 “Do you know how God establishes them,
And makes the [gn]lightning of His cloud to shine?
16 “Do you know about the layers of the thick clouds,
The (PP)wonders of one (PQ)perfect in knowledge,
17 You whose garments are hot,
When the land is still because of the south wind?
18 “Can you, with Him, (PR)spread out the skies,
Strong as a molten mirror?
19 “Teach us what we shall say to Him;
We (PS)cannot arrange our case because of darkness.
20 “Shall it be told Him that I would speak?
[go]Or should a man say that he would be swallowed up?

21 “Now [gp]men do not see the light which is bright in the skies;
But the wind has passed and cleared them.
22 “Out of the north comes golden splendor;
Around God is awesome majesty.
23 “The Almighty—(PT)we cannot find Him;
He is (PU)exalted in power
And (PV)He will not do violence (PW)to justice and abundant righteousness.
24 “Therefore men (PX)fear Him;
He does not (PY)regard any who are wise of heart.”


  1. Job 22:1 Lit answered and said
  2. Job 22:3 Heb Shaddai
  3. Job 22:4 Or fear
  4. Job 22:6 Lit clothing of the naked
  5. Job 22:9 Lit arms
  6. Job 22:12 Lit head, top-most
  7. Job 22:14 Lit circle
  8. Job 22:16 Lit poured out
  9. Job 22:17 Heb Shaddai
  10. Job 22:20 Or excess
  11. Job 22:21 Or Know intimately
  12. Job 22:22 Or law
  13. Job 22:23 Heb Shaddai
  14. Job 22:23 Lit built up
  15. Job 22:24 Lit ore
  16. Job 22:25 Heb Shaddai
  17. Job 22:25 Lit ore
  18. Job 22:26 Heb Shaddai
  19. Job 22:29 Lit they cast you down
  20. Job 22:29 Lit pride
  21. Job 22:29 Lit lowly of eyes
  22. Job 23:1 Lit answered and said
  23. Job 23:2 So with Gr and Syr; M.T. My
  24. Job 23:5 Lit answer me
  25. Job 23:7 Or bring forth my justice forever
  26. Job 23:10 Lit way with me
  27. Job 23:12 Or with some versions, in my breast
  28. Job 23:12 Lit prescribed portion
  29. Job 24:1 I.e. times of judgment
  30. Job 24:2 Lit They
  31. Job 24:2 Or pasture
  32. Job 24:5 Lit his bread
  33. Job 24:9 Lit They
  34. Job 24:13 Lit They
  35. Job 24:15 Or puts a covering on his face
  36. Job 24:18 Or light or swift
  37. Job 24:18 Lit to the path of
  38. Job 24:19 Lit seize
  39. Job 24:19 I.e. nether world
  40. Job 24:20 Lit womb
  41. Job 24:21 Lit barren who does not bear
  42. Job 25:1 Lit answered and said
  43. Job 25:2 Lit are with Him
  44. Job 26:1 Lit responded and said
  45. Job 26:2 Lit no power
  46. Job 26:3 Lit made known
  47. Job 26:4 Lit breath has gone forth
  48. Job 26:5 Or shades; Heb Rephaim
  49. Job 26:6 I.e. the nether world
  50. Job 26:6 I.e. place of destruction
  51. Job 26:9 Lit covers
  52. Job 26:9 Or throne
  53. Job 26:13 Lit made beautiful
  54. Job 27:1 Or again took up
  55. Job 27:3 Lit breath
  56. Job 27:3 Or spirit
  57. Job 27:7 Lit he who rises up against me
  58. Job 27:8 Or though he gains
  59. Job 27:8 Lit soul
  60. Job 27:11 Lit hand
  61. Job 27:12 Or speak vanity
  62. Job 27:14 Lit the sword is for them
  63. Job 27:15 So ancient versions; Heb his
  64. Job 27:18 So ancient versions; Heb moth
  65. Job 27:19 So ancient versions; Heb will be gathered
  66. Job 27:22 Lit hand
  67. Job 28:1 Or source
  68. Job 28:1 Lit for gold they refine
  69. Job 28:4 Lit breaks open
  70. Job 28:4 Lit sojourning
  71. Job 28:6 Or place
  72. Job 28:8 Lit sons of pride
  73. Job 28:9 Lit roots
  74. Job 28:11 Lit weeping
  75. Job 28:22 I.e. Destruction
  76. Job 29:4 Lit the days of my autumn
  77. Job 29:4 Lit counsel
  78. Job 29:5 Heb Shaddai
  79. Job 29:7 Lit set up
  80. Job 29:10 Lit hidden
  81. Job 29:18 Lit said
  82. Job 29:18 Lit with
  83. Job 30:4 I.e. plant of the salt marshes
  84. Job 30:6 Or wadis
  85. Job 30:7 Or bray
  86. Job 30:8 Lit Sons of fools
  87. Job 30:8 Lit sons
  88. Job 30:9 Lit song
  89. Job 30:10 Lit withhold spit from my face
  90. Job 30:11 Or they
  91. Job 30:11 Some mss read my
  92. Job 30:11 Or cord
  93. Job 30:12 Possibly sprout or offspring
  94. Job 30:13 Lit for
  95. Job 30:14 Lit Under
  96. Job 30:15 Or nobility
  97. Job 30:15 Or welfare
  98. Job 30:16 Lit upon
  99. Job 30:17 Lit from upon
  100. Job 30:21 Lit turned to be
  101. Job 30:25 Lit hard of day
  102. Job 30:27 Lit My inward parts are boiling
  103. Job 30:28 Or blackened, but not by the heat of the sun
  104. Job 30:30 Lit from upon
  105. Job 30:30 Lit heat
  106. Job 30:31 Lit becomes
  107. Job 31:6 Lit just
  108. Job 31:7 Lit walked after
  109. Job 31:8 Or offspring
  110. Job 31:10 I.e. sexual relations
  111. Job 31:12 I.e. place of destruction
  112. Job 31:12 Or yield
  113. Job 31:17 Lit eaten from it
  114. Job 31:18 Lit my mother’s womb
  115. Job 31:20 Lit blessed
  116. Job 31:21 Lit my help
  117. Job 31:22 Lit shoulder; or back
  118. Job 31:22 Lit from the bone of the upper arm
  119. Job 31:23 Lit exaltation
  120. Job 31:26 Lit light
  121. Job 31:27 Lit kissed my mouth
  122. Job 31:28 Lit judges
  123. Job 31:29 Lit lifted myself up
  124. Job 31:30 Lit And
  125. Job 31:30 Lit given my palate
  126. Job 31:31 Lit give
  127. Job 31:32 M.T. way
  128. Job 31:33 Or mankind
  129. Job 31:35 Lit mark
  130. Job 31:39 Lit strength
  131. Job 31:39 Lit the soul of its owners to expire
  132. Job 31:40 Lit come forth
  133. Job 32:2 Or more than
  134. Job 32:4 Lit for Job with words; or possibly while they were speaking with Job
  135. Job 32:6 Lit answered
  136. Job 32:6 Lit my knowledge
  137. Job 32:7 Lit said
  138. Job 32:7 Lit days
  139. Job 32:7 Lit many
  140. Job 32:9 Or nobles
  141. Job 32:10 Or said
  142. Job 32:10 Lit my knowledge
  143. Job 32:11 Lit searched out words
  144. Job 32:12 Lit Behold
  145. Job 32:13 Lit drive away
  146. Job 32:14 Lit words
  147. Job 32:15 Lit moved away from
  148. Job 32:16 Lit stand
  149. Job 33:2 Lit palate
  150. Job 33:4 Heb Shaddai
  151. Job 33:6 Lit cut out of
  152. Job 33:10 Lit finds
  153. Job 33:12 Lit answer
  154. Job 33:17 Lit hide
  155. Job 33:18 M.T. perishing by the sword
  156. Job 33:19 Lit He
  157. Job 33:23 Lit his uprightness
  158. Job 33:29 Lit twice, three times
  159. Job 33:32 Lit there are words
  160. Job 34:6 Or Although I am right I am accounted a liar
  161. Job 34:6 Lit arrow
  162. Job 34:9 Or takes delight in God
  163. Job 34:11 Lit a man
  164. Job 34:14 Lit set His mind on Himself
  165. Job 34:26 Lit In the place of the ones seeing
  166. Job 34:36 Or to the end
  167. Job 35:3 Or you
  168. Job 35:13 Or falsehood
  169. Job 35:15 Or arrogance
  170. Job 35:16 Lit vainly
  171. Job 36:2 Lit are yet words for God
  172. Job 36:12 Lit pass away
  173. Job 36:14 Or Their soul dies
  174. Job 36:15 Lit his
  175. Job 36:15 Or in adversity
  176. Job 36:16 Or rich food
  177. Job 36:19 Or cry
  178. Job 36:20 Lit go up
  179. Job 36:27 Lit its
  180. Job 36:27 Or flood
  181. Job 36:29 Lit booth
  182. Job 36:30 Lit light
  183. Job 36:32 Lit light
  184. Job 36:33 Lit concerning Him
  185. Job 37:3 Lit light
  186. Job 37:4 Lit them
  187. Job 37:6 Lit shower of rain and shower of rains
  188. Job 37:8 Lit dens
  189. Job 37:9 Lit chamber
  190. Job 37:9 Lit scattering winds
  191. Job 37:11 Lit light
  192. Job 37:12 Lit they
  193. Job 37:12 Lit them
  194. Job 37:13 Lit the rod
  195. Job 37:13 Lit be found
  196. Job 37:15 Lit light
  197. Job 37:20 Or If a man speak, surely he shall be swallowed up
  198. Job 37:21 Lit they