Job’s Character and Wealth

There was a man in the (A)land of Uz whose name was (B)Job; and that man was (C)blameless, upright, (D)fearing God and (E)turning away from evil. (F)Seven sons and three daughters were born to him. (G)His possessions were seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen, five hundred female donkeys, and very many servants; and that man was (H)the greatest of all the [a]men of the east. His sons used to go and hold a feast in the house of each one on his day, and they would send word and invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them. When the days of feasting had completed their cycle, Job would send word to them and consecrate them, getting up early in the morning and offering (I)burnt offerings according to the number of them all; for Job said, “(J)Perhaps my sons have sinned and (K)cursed God in their hearts.” Job did so continually.

(L)Now there was a day when the [b](M)sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and [c]Satan also came among them. The Lord said to Satan, “From where do you come?” Satan answered the Lord and said, “(N)From roaming about on the earth and walking around on it.” The Lord said to Satan, “Have you [d]considered (O)My servant Job? For there is no one like him on the earth, (P)a blameless and upright man, [e]fearing God and turning away from evil.” Then (Q)Satan answered the [f]Lord, “Does Job fear God for nothing? 10 (R)Have You not made a fence around him and his house and all that he has, on every side? (S)You have blessed the work of his hands, and his (T)possessions have increased in the land. 11 (U)But reach out with Your hand now and (V)touch all that he has; he will certainly curse You to Your face.” 12 Then the Lord said to Satan, “Behold, all that he has is in your [g]power; only do not reach out and put your hand on him.” So Satan departed from the presence of the Lord.

Satan Allowed to Test Job

13 Now on the day when his sons and his daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house, 14 a messenger came to Job and said, “The oxen were plowing and the female donkeys feeding beside them, 15 and [h]the (W)Sabeans [i]attacked and took them. They also [j]killed the servants with the edge of the sword, and [k]I alone have escaped to tell you.” 16 While he was still speaking, another came and said, “(X)The fire of God fell from heaven and burned up the sheep and the servants and consumed them, and I alone have escaped to tell you.” 17 While he was still speaking, another came and said, “The (Y)Chaldeans formed three units and made a raid on the camels and took them, and [l]killed the servants with the edge of the sword, and I alone have escaped to tell you.” 18 While he was still speaking, another also came and said, “Your sons and your daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house, 19 and behold, a great wind came from across the wilderness and struck the four corners of the house, and it fell on the young people and they died, and I alone have escaped to tell you.”

20 Then Job got up, (Z)tore his robe, and shaved his head; then he fell to the ground and worshiped. 21 He said,

(AA)Naked I came from my mother’s womb,
And naked I shall return there.
The (AB)Lord gave and the Lord has taken away.
Blessed be the name of the Lord.”

22 (AC)Despite all this, Job did not sin, nor did he [m]blame God.

Job Loses His Health

(AD)Again, there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and [n]Satan also came among them to present himself before the Lord. The Lord said to Satan, “Where have you come from?” Then Satan answered the Lord and said, “From roaming about on the earth and walking around on it.” The Lord said to Satan, “Have you [o]considered My servant Job? For there is no one like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man [p]fearing God and turning away from evil. And he still (AE)holds firm to his integrity, although you incited Me against him to [q]ruin him without cause.” Satan answered the Lord and said, “Skin for skin! Yes, all that a man has, he will give for his life. (AF)However, reach out with Your hand now, and (AG)touch his bone and his flesh; he will curse You to Your face!” So the Lord said to Satan, “Behold, he is in your [r]power, only spare his life.”

Then Satan went out from the presence of the Lord and struck Job with (AH)severe boils from the sole of his foot to the top of his head. And Job took a piece of pottery to scrape himself while (AI)he was sitting in the ashes.

Then his wife said to him, “Do you still hold firm your integrity? Curse God and die!” 10 But he said to her, “You are speaking as one of the foolish women speaks. (AJ)Shall we actually accept good from God but not accept adversity?” (AK)Despite all this, Job did not sin with his lips.

11 Now when Job’s three friends heard about all this adversity that had come upon him, they came, each one from his own place—Eliphaz the (AL)Temanite, Bildad the (AM)Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite; and they made an appointment together to come to (AN)sympathize with him and comfort him. 12 When they [s]looked from a distance and did not recognize him, they raised their voices and wept. And each of them (AO)tore his robe, and they (AP)threw dust over their heads toward the sky. 13 (AQ)Then they sat down on the ground with him for seven days and seven nights, with no one speaking a word to him, for they saw that his pain was very great.

Job’s Lament

Afterward Job opened his mouth and cursed [t]the day of his birth. And Job [u]said,

(AR)May the day on which I was to be born perish,
As well as the night which said, ‘A [v]boy is conceived.’
May that day be darkness;
May God above not care for it,
Nor light shine on it.
May (AS)darkness and black gloom claim it;
May a cloud settle on it;
May the blackness of the day terrify it.
As for that night, may darkness seize it;
May it not rejoice among the days of the year;
May it not come into the number of the months.
Behold, may that night be barren;
May no joyful shout enter it.
May those curse it who curse the day,
Who are [w]prepared to (AT)disturb Leviathan.
May the stars of its twilight be darkened;
May it wait for light but have none,
And may it not see the [x]breaking dawn;
10 Because it did not shut the opening of my mother’s womb,
Or hide trouble from my eyes.

11 (AU)Why did I not die [y]at birth,
Come out of the womb and pass away?
12 Why were the knees there in front of me,
And why the breasts, that I would nurse?
13 For now I (AV)would have lain down and been quiet;
I would have slept then, I would have been at rest,
14 With (AW)kings and (AX)counselors of the earth,
Who rebuilt (AY)ruins for themselves;
15 Or with (AZ)rulers (BA)who had gold,
Who were filling their houses with silver.
16 Or like a miscarriage which is [z]hidden, I would not exist,
As infants that never saw light.
17 There the wicked cease from raging,
And there the [aa]weary are at (BB)rest.
18 The prisoners are at ease together;
They do not hear the voice of the taskmaster.
19 The small and the great are there,
And the slave is free from his master.

20 “Why is (BC)light given to one burdened with grief,
And life to the bitter of soul,
21 Who [ab](BD)long for death, but there is none,
And dig for it more than for (BE)hidden treasures;
22 Who are filled with jubilation,
And rejoice when they find the grave?
23 Why is light given to a man (BF)whose way is hidden,
And whom (BG)God has shut off?
24 For (BH)my groaning comes at the sight of my food,
And (BI)my cries pour out like water.
25 For [ac](BJ)what I fear comes upon me,
And what I dread [ad]encounters me.
26 I (BK)am not at ease, nor am I quiet,
And I am not at rest, but turmoil comes.”

Eliphaz Says the Innocent Do Not Suffer

Then Eliphaz the Temanite responded,

“If one ventures a word with you, will you become impatient?
But (BL)who can refrain [ae]from speaking?
Behold, (BM)you have taught many,
And you have strengthened weak hands.
Your words have helped the stumbling to stand,
And you have strengthened [af]feeble knees.
But now it comes to you, and you (BN)are impatient;
It (BO)touches you, and you are horrified.
Is your [ag](BP)fear of God not (BQ)your confidence,
And the integrity of your ways your hope?

“Remember now, (BR)who ever perished being innocent?
Or where were the upright destroyed?
According to what I have seen, (BS)those who [ah]plow wrongdoing
And those who sow trouble harvest it.
By (BT)the breath of God they perish,
And (BU)by the [ai]blast of His anger they come to an end.
10 The (BV)roaring of the lion and the voice of the fierce lion,
And the teeth of the young lions are broken out.
11 The (BW)lion perishes for lack of prey,
And the (BX)cubs of the lioness are scattered.

12 “Now a word (BY)was brought to me secretly,
And my ear received a (BZ)whisper of it.
13 Amid disquieting (CA)thoughts from visions of the night,
When deep sleep falls on people,
14 Dread came upon me, and trembling,
And made [aj]all my bones shake.
15 Then a [ak]spirit passed by my face;
The hair of my flesh stood up.
16 Something was standing still, but I could not recognize its appearance;
A form was before my eyes;
There was silence, then I heard a voice:
17 ‘Can (CB)mankind be righteous [al]before God?
Can a man be pure [am]before his (CC)Maker?
18 (CD)He puts no trust even in His servants;
And He accuses His angels of error.
19 How much more those who live in (CE)houses of clay,
Whose (CF)foundation is in the dust,
Who are crushed before the moth!
20 (CG)Between morning and evening they are broken in pieces;
Unregarded, they (CH)perish forever.
21 Is their (CI)tent-cord not pulled out within them?
They die, yet (CJ)without wisdom.’

God Is Just

“Call now, is there anyone who will answer you?
And to which of the (CK)holy ones will you turn?
For (CL)irritation kills the fool,
And jealousy brings death to the simple.
I have seen the (CM)fool taking root,
And I (CN)cursed his home immediately.
His (CO)sons are far from safety,
They are also [an]oppressed at the gate,
And there is no one to save them.
[ao]The hungry devour his harvest
And take it to a place of thorns,
And the [ap](CP)schemer is eager for their wealth.
For (CQ)disaster does not come from the dust,
Nor does trouble sprout from the ground,
For (CR)man is born for trouble,
As sparks fly upward.

“But as for me, I would (CS)seek God,
And I would make my plea before God,
Who (CT)does great and unsearchable things,
[aq]Wonders without number.
10 He (CU)gives rain on the earth,
And sends water on the fields,
11 So that (CV)He sets on high those who are lowly,
And those who mourn are lifted to safety.
12 He (CW)frustrates the schemes of the shrewd,
So that their hands cannot attain success.
13 He (CX)captures the wise by their own cleverness,
And the advice of the cunning is quickly thwarted.
14 By day they (CY)meet with darkness,
And grope at noon as in the night.
15 But He saves from (CZ)the sword of their mouth,
And (DA)the poor from the hand of the strong.
16 So the helpless has hope,
And (DB)injustice has shut its mouth.

17 “Behold, (DC)happy is the person whom God disciplines,
So do not reject the (DD)discipline of [ar]the Almighty.
18 For (DE)He inflicts pain, and [as]gives relief;
He wounds, but His hands also heal.
19 In six troubles (DF)He will save you;
Even in seven, (DG)evil will not touch you.
20 In (DH)famine He will redeem you from death,
And (DI)in war, from the power of the sword.
21 You will be (DJ)hidden [at]from the scourge of the tongue,
(DK)And you will not be afraid of violence when it comes.
22 You will (DL)laugh at violence and hunger,
(DM)And you will not be afraid of [au]wild animals.
23 For you will be in league with the stones of the field,
And (DN)the animals of the field will be at peace with you.
24 You will know that your (DO)tent is secure,
For you will visit your home and [av]have nothing missing.
25 You will also know that your [aw](DP)descendants will be many,
And (DQ)your offspring as the grass of the earth.
26 You will (DR)come to the grave at a ripe age,
Like the stacking of grain in its season.
27 Behold this; we have investigated it, and so it is.
Hear it, and know for yourself.”

Job’s Friends Are No Help

Then Job responded,

(DS)Oh if only my grief were actually weighed
And laid in the balances together with my disaster!
For then it would be (DT)heavier than the sand of the seas;
For that reason my words have been rash.
For the (DU)arrows of the Almighty are within me,
[ax]My spirit drinks their (DV)poison;
The (DW)terrors of God line up against me.
Does the (DX)wild donkey bray over his grass,
Or does the ox low over his feed?
Can something tasteless be eaten without salt,
Or is there any taste in the [ay]juice of an alkanet plant?
My soul (DY)refuses to touch them;
They are like loathsome food to me.

“Oh, that my request might come to pass,
And that God would grant my hope!
Oh, that God would (DZ)decide to crush me,
That He would let loose His hand and cut me off!
10 But it is still my comfort,
And I rejoice in unsparing pain,
That I (EA)have not [az]denied the words of the Holy One.
11 What is my strength, that I should wait?
And what is my end, that I should [ba](EB)endure?
12 Is my strength the strength of stones,
Or is my flesh bronze?
13 Is it that my (EC)help is not within me,
And that a (ED)good outcome is driven away from me?

14 “For the (EE)despairing man there should be kindness from his friend;
So that he does not (EF)abandon the [bb]fear of the Almighty.
15 My brothers have acted (EG)deceitfully like a [bc]wadi,
Like the torrents of [bd]wadis which drain away,
16 Which are darkened because of ice,
And into which the snow [be]melts.
17 When (EH)they dry up, they vanish;
When it is hot, they disappear from their place.
18 The [bf]paths of their course wind along,
They go up into wasteland and perish.
19 The caravans of (EI)Tema looked,
The travelers of (EJ)Sheba hoped for them.
20 They (EK)were put to shame, for they had trusted,
They came there and were humiliated.
21 Indeed, you have now become such,
(EL)You see terrors and are afraid.
22 Have I said, ‘Give me something,’
Or, ‘Offer a bribe for me from your wealth,’
23 Or, ‘Save me from the hand of the enemy,’
Or, ‘Redeem me from the hand of the tyrants’?

24 “Teach me, and (EM)I will be silent;
And show me how I have done wrong.
25 How painful are honest words!
But what does your argument prove?
26 Do you intend to rebuke my words,
When the (EN)words of one in despair belong to the wind?
27 You would even (EO)cast lots for (EP)the orphans,
And (EQ)barter over your friend.
28 Now please look at me,
And see if I am (ER)lying to your face.
29 Please turn away, let there be no injustice;
Turn away, (ES)my righteousness is still in it.
30 Is there injustice on my tongue?
Does (ET)my palate not discern disasters?

Job’s Life Seems Futile

[bg]Is a person not (EU)forced to labor on earth,
And are his days not like the days of (EV)a hired worker?
As a slave pants for the shade,
And as a hired worker who eagerly waits for his wages,
So I am allotted worthless months,
And (EW)nights of trouble are apportioned to me.
When I (EX)lie down, I say,
‘When shall I arise?’
But the night continues,
And I am continually tossing until dawn.
My (EY)flesh is clothed with maggots and a crust of dirt,
My skin hardens and [bh]oozes.
My days are (EZ)swifter than a weaver’s shuttle,
And they come to an end (FA)without hope.

“Remember that my life (FB)is a mere breath;
My eye will (FC)not see goodness again.
The (FD)eye of him who sees me will no longer look at me;
Your eyes will be on me, but (FE)I will not exist.
When a (FF)cloud vanishes, it is gone;
In the same way (FG)one who goes down to [bi](FH)Sheol does not come up.
10 He will not return to his house again,
Nor will (FI)his place know about him anymore.

11 “Therefore (FJ)I will not restrain my mouth;
I will speak in the anguish of my spirit,
I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
12 Am I the sea, or (FK)the sea monster,
That You set a guard over me?
13 If I say, ‘(FL)My couch will comfort me,
My bed will [bj]ease my complaint,’
14 Then You frighten me with dreams,
And terrify me by visions,
15 So that my soul would choose suffocation,
Death rather than my [bk]pains.
16 I [bl](FM)waste away; I will not live forever.
Leave me alone, (FN)for my days are only a breath.
17 (FO)What is man that You exalt him,
And that You [bm]are concerned about him,
18 That (FP)You examine him every morning
And put him to the test every moment?
19 [bn](FQ)Will You never turn Your gaze away from me,
Nor leave me alone until I swallow my spittle?
20 (FR)Have I sinned? What have I done to You,
(FS)Watcher of mankind?
Why have You made me Your target,
So that I am a burden to myself?
21 Why then (FT)do You not forgive my wrongdoing
And take away my [bo]guilt?
For now I will (FU)lie down in the dust;
And You will search for me, (FV)but I will no longer exist.”

Bildad Says God Rewards the Good

Then Bildad the Shuhite responded,

“How long will you say these things,
And the (FW)words of your mouth be a mighty wind?
Does (FX)God pervert justice?
Or does [bp]the Almighty pervert what is right?
(FY)If your sons sinned against Him,
Then He turned them over to the [bq]power of their wrongdoing.
If you will (FZ)search for God
And implore the compassion of [br]the Almighty,
If you are pure and upright,
Surely now (GA)He will stir Himself for you
And restore your righteous [bs](GB)estate.
Though your beginning was insignificant,
Yet your (GC)end will increase greatly.

“Please (GD)inquire of past generations,
And consider the things searched out by their fathers.
For we are only of yesterday and know nothing,
Because (GE)our days on earth are as a shadow.
10 Will they not teach you and tell you,
And bring forth words from their minds?

11 “Can papyrus grow tall without a marsh?
Can the rushes grow without water?
12 While it is still green and not cut down,
Yet it withers before any other [bt]plant.
13 So are the paths of (GF)all who forget God;
And the (GG)hope of the godless will perish,
14 His confidence is fragile,
And his trust is a (GH)spider’s [bu]web.
15 He depends on his (GI)house, but it does not stand;
He holds on to it, but it does not endure.
16 He (GJ)flourishes before the sun,
And his (GK)shoots spread out over his garden.
17 His roots wrap around a rock pile,
He [bv]grasps a house of stones.
18 If he is [bw]removed from (GL)his place,
Then it will deny him, saying, ‘(GM)I never saw you.’
19 Behold, (GN)this is the joy of His way;
And out of the dust others will spring.
20 Behold, (GO)God will not reject a person of integrity,
Nor (GP)will He [bx]help evildoers.
21 He will yet fill (GQ)your mouth with laughter,
And your lips with joyful shouting.
22 Those who hate you will be (GR)clothed with shame,
And the (GS)tent of the wicked will no longer exist.”

Job Says There Is No Arbitrator between God and Mankind

Then Job responded,

“In truth I know that this is so;
But how can a (GT)person be in the right with God?
If one wished to (GU)dispute with Him,
He could not answer Him once in a thousand times.
(GV)Wise in heart and (GW)mighty in strength,
Who has [by](GX)defied Him [bz]without harm?
(GY)It is God who removes the mountains, and they do not know how,
When He overturns them in His anger.
It is He who (GZ)shakes the earth from its place,
And its (HA)pillars tremble;
Who commands the (HB)sun [ca]not to shine,
And puts a seal on the stars;
Who alone (HC)stretches out the heavens,
And [cb](HD)tramples down the waves of the sea;
Who makes the (HE)Bear, Orion, and the Pleiades,
And the [cc](HF)constellations of the south.
10 It is He who (HG)does great things, [cd]the unfathomable,
And wondrous works without number.
11 If He were to pass by me, (HH)I would not see Him;
Were He to move past me, I would not perceive Him.
12 If He were to snatch away, who could (HI)restrain Him?
Who could say to Him, ‘(HJ)What are You doing?’

13 “God will not turn back His anger;
Beneath Him the helpers of [ce](HK)Rahab cower.
14 How then can (HL)I [cf]answer Him,
And choose my words [cg]before Him?
15 For (HM)though I were right, I could not [ch]answer;
I would have to (HN)implore the mercy of my Judge.
16 If I called and He answered me,
I could not believe that He was listening to my voice.
17 For He (HO)bruises me with a storm
And multiplies my wounds without cause.
18 He will (HP)not allow me to get my breath,
But He saturates me with (HQ)bitterness.
19 If it is a matter of power, (HR)behold, He is the strong one!
And if it is a matter of justice, who can summon [ci]Him?
20 (HS)Though I am righteous, my mouth will (HT)condemn me;
Though I am guiltless, He will declare me guilty.
21 I am (HU)guiltless;
I do not take notice of myself;
I (HV)reject my life.
22 It is all one; therefore I say,
‘He (HW)destroys the guiltless and the wicked.’
23 If the whip kills suddenly,
He (HX)mocks the despair of the innocent.
24 The earth (HY)is handed over to the wicked;
He (HZ)covers the faces of its judges.
If it is not He, then who is it?

25 “Now (IA)my days are swifter than a runner;
They flee away, (IB)they see no good.
26 They slip by like (IC)reed boats,
Like an (ID)eagle that swoops on [cj]its prey.
27 Though I say, ‘I will forget (IE)my complaint,
I will [ck]put my face in order and be cheerful,’
28 I am (IF)afraid of all my pains,
I know that (IG)You will not acquit me.
29 I am (IH)guilty,
Why then should I struggle in vain?
30 If I (II)washed myself with snow,
And cleansed (IJ)my hands with lye,
31 Then You would plunge me into the pit,
And my own clothes would loathe me.
32 For (IK)He is not a man, as I am, that (IL)I may answer Him—
That we may go to [cl]court together!
33 There is no (IM)arbitrator between us,
Who can place his hand upon us both.
34 Let Him (IN)remove His rod from me,
And let not the dread of Him terrify me.
35 Then I (IO)would speak and not fear Him;
But I am not like that in myself.

Job Despairs of God’s Dealings

10 [cm](IP)I am disgusted with my own life;
I will express (IQ)my complaint freely;
I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.
I will say to God, ‘(IR)Do not condemn me;
Let me know why You contend with me.
Is it [cn]right for You indeed to (IS)oppress,
To reject (IT)the work of Your hands,
And [co]to look favorably on (IU)the plan of the wicked?
Do You have eyes of flesh?
Or do You (IV)see as mankind sees?
Are Your days like the days of a mortal,
Or (IW)Your years like a man’s year,
That (IX)You should search for my guilt
And carefully seek my sin?
According to Your knowledge (IY)I am indeed not guilty,
Yet there is (IZ)no one to save me from Your hand.

(JA)Your hands fashioned and made me [cp]altogether,
(JB)Yet would You destroy me?
Remember that You have made me as (JC)clay;
Yet would You (JD)turn me into dust again?
10 Did You not pour me out like milk,
And curdle me like cheese,
11 Clothe me with skin and flesh,
And intertwine me with bones and tendons?
12 You have (JE)granted me life and [cq]goodness;
And Your care has guarded my spirit.
13 Yet You have concealed (JF)these things in Your heart;
I know that this is within You:
14 If I have sinned, You will (JG)take note of me,
And (JH)will not acquit me of my guilt.
15 If (JI)I am wicked, woe to me!
But if (JJ)I am righteous, I dare not lift up my head.
I am full of shame, and [cr]conscious of my misery.
16 And should my head be high, (JK)You would hunt me like a lion;
And You would show Your (JL)power against me again.
17 You renew (JM)Your witnesses against me
And increase Your anger toward me;
[cs](JN)Hardship after hardship is with me.

18 (JO)Why then did You bring me out of the womb?
If only I had died and no eye had seen me!
19 I should have been as though I had not been,
Brought from womb to tomb.’
20 Would He not leave (JP)my few days alone?
[ct](JQ)Withdraw from me so that I may have a little cheerfulness
21 Before I go—(JR)and I shall not return—
(JS)To the land of darkness and (JT)deep shadow,
22 The land of utter gloom like darkness itself,
Of deep shadow without order,
And it shines like darkness.”

Zophar Rebukes Job

11 Then Zophar the Naamathite responded,

“Shall a multitude of words go unanswered,
And a (JU)talkative man be acquitted?
Shall your boasts silence people?
And will you (JV)scoff, and no one rebuke?
For (JW)you have said, ‘My teaching is pure,
And (JX)I am innocent in your eyes.’
But if only God would speak,
And open His lips against you,
And show you the secrets of wisdom!
For sound wisdom [cu](JY)has two sides.
Know then that God [cv]forgets part of (JZ)your guilt.

(KA)Can you discover the depths of God?
Can you discover the limits of the Almighty?
They are as (KB)high as [cw]the heavens; what can you do?
Deeper than [cx](KC)Sheol; what can you know?
Its measurement is longer than the earth
And broader than the sea.
10 If He passes by or apprehends people,
Or calls an assembly, (KD)who can restrain Him?
11 For (KE)He knows false people,
And He (KF)sees injustice [cy]without investigating.
12 [cz](KG)An idiot will become intelligent
When a (KH)wild donkey is born a human.

13 (KI)If you would (KJ)direct your heart rightly
And (KK)spread out your hands to Him,
14 If wrongdoing is in your hand, (KL)put it far away,
And do not let malice dwell in your tents;
15 Then, indeed, you could (KM)lift up your face without moral blemish,
And you would be firmly established and (KN)not fear.
16 For you would (KO)forget your trouble;
Like (KP)waters that have passed by, you would remember it.
17 Your [da]life would [db]be (KQ)brighter than noonday;
Darkness would be like the morning.
18 Then you would trust, because there is hope;
And you would look around and rest securely.
19 You would (KR)lie down and none would disturb you,
And many would [dc](KS)flatter you.
20 But the (KT)eyes of the wicked will fail,
And [dd]there will (KU)be no escape for them;
And their (KV)hope is [de](KW)to breathe their last.”

Job Chides His Accusers

12 Then Job responded,

“Truly then (KX)you are the people,
And with you wisdom will die!
But (KY)I have intelligence as well as you;
I am not inferior to you.
And [df]who does not know such things as these?
I am a (KZ)joke to [dg]my friends,
The one who called on God and He answered him;
The just and (LA)blameless man is a joke.
[dh]He who is at ease holds disaster in contempt,
As prepared for those whose feet slip.
The (LB)tents of the destroyers prosper,
And those who provoke God (LC)are secure,
[di]Whom God brings (LD)into their power.

“But just ask the animals, and have them teach you;
And the birds of the sky, and have them tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and have it teach you;
And have the fish of the sea tell you.
Who among all these does not know
That (LE)the hand of the Lord has done this,
10 (LF)In whose hand is the life of every living thing,
And (LG)the breath of all mankind?
11 Does (LH)the ear not put words to the test,
As the palate [dj]tastes its food?
12 Wisdom is with the (LI)aged,
And with [dk]long life comes understanding.

Job Speaks of the Power of God

13 (LJ)Wisdom and (LK)might are with Him;
Advice and (LL)understanding belong to Him.
14 Behold, He (LM)tears down, and it cannot be rebuilt;
He [dl](LN)imprisons a person, and [dm]there is no release.
15 Behold, He (LO)restrains the waters, and they dry up;
And He (LP)sends them out, and they [dn]inundate the earth.
16 Strength and sound wisdom are with Him.
One who (LQ)goes astray and one who leads astray belong to Him.
17 He makes (LR)advisers walk [do]barefoot
And makes fools of (LS)judges.
18 He (LT)undoes the binding of kings,
And ties a loincloth around their waist.
19 He makes priests walk [dp]barefoot,
And overthrows (LU)the secure ones.
20 He deprives the trusted ones of speech,
And (LV)takes away the discernment of the elders.
21 He (LW)pours contempt on nobles,
And (LX)loosens the belt of the strong.
22 He (LY)reveals mysteries from the darkness,
And brings the deep darkness into light.
23 He (LZ)makes the nations great, then destroys them;
He [dq]enlarges the nations, then leads them away.
24 He (MA)deprives the leaders of the earth’s people of [dr]intelligence
And makes them wander in a pathless wasteland.
25 They (MB)grope in darkness with no light,
And He makes them (MC)stagger like a drunken person.

Job Says His Friends’ Proverbs Are Ashes

13 (MD)Behold, my eye has seen all this,
My ear has heard and understood it.
(ME)What you know I also know;
I am not inferior to you.

“But (MF)I would speak to [ds]the Almighty,
And I desire to (MG)argue with God.
But you (MH)smear me with lies;
You are all (MI)worthless physicians.
Oh that you would (MJ)be completely silent,
And that it would become your wisdom!
Please hear my argument,
And give your attention to the contentions of my lips.
Will you (MK)speak what is unjust for God,
And speak what is deceitful for Him?
Will you (ML)show partiality for Him?
Will you contend for God?
Will it go well when He examines you?
Or (MM)will you deceive Him as one deceives a man?
10 He will certainly punish you
If you secretly (MN)show partiality.
11 Will (MO)His [dt]majesty not terrify you,
And the dread of Him fall upon you?
12 Your memorable sayings are proverbs of ashes,
Your defenses are defenses of clay.

Job Is Sure He Will Be Vindicated

13 (MP)Be silent before me so that I may speak;
Then let come upon me what may.
14 Why should I take my flesh in my teeth,
And (MQ)put my life in my [du]hands?
15 (MR)Though He slay me,
I will [dv]hope in Him.
Nevertheless I (MS)will argue my ways [dw]before Him.
16 This also will be my (MT)salvation,
For (MU)a godless person cannot come before His presence.
17 Listen carefully to my speech,
And let my declaration fill your ears.
18 Behold now, I have (MV)prepared my case;
I know that (MW)I will be vindicated.
19 (MX)Who could contend with me?
For then I would be silent and (MY)die.

20 “Only two things I ask that You do not do to me,
Then I will not hide from Your face:
21 (MZ)Remove Your [dx]hand from me,
And may the dread of You not terrify me.
22 Then call and (NA)I will answer;
Or let me speak, then reply to me.
23 (NB)How many are my guilty deeds and sins?
Make known to me my wrongdoing and my sin.
24 Why do You (NC)hide Your face
And consider me (ND)Your enemy?
25 Will You scare away a (NE)scattered leaf?
Or will You pursue the dry (NF)chaff?
26 For You write (NG)bitter things against me
And (NH)make me inherit the guilty deeds of my youth.
27 You (NI)put my feet in the stocks
And watch all my paths;
You [dy]set a limit for the soles of my feet,
28 While [dz]I am decaying like a (NJ)rotten thing,
Like a garment that is moth-eaten.

Job Speaks of the Finality of Death

14 (NK)Man, who is born of woman,
Is [ea]short-lived and (NL)full of turmoil.
(NM)Like a flower he comes out and withers.
He also flees like (NN)a shadow and does not remain.
You also (NO)open Your eyes on him
And (NP)bring [eb]him into judgment with Yourself.
(NQ)Who can make the clean out of the unclean?
No one!
Since his days are determined,
The (NR)number of his months is with You;
And You have [ec]set his limits so that he cannot pass.
(NS)Look away from him so that he may [ed]rest,
Until he [ee]fulfills his day like a hired worker.

“For there is hope for a tree,
When it is cut down, that it will sprout again,
And its shoots will not [ef]fail.
Though its roots grow old in the ground,
And its stump dies in the dry soil,
At the scent of water it will flourish
And produce sprigs like a plant.
10 But (NT)a man dies and lies prostrate.
A person (NU)passes away, and where is he?
11 As (NV)water [eg]evaporates from the sea,
And a river becomes parched and dried up,
12 So (NW)a man lies down and does not rise.
Until the heavens no longer exist,
[eh]He will not awake nor be woken from [ei]his sleep.

13 “Oh that You would hide me in [ej]Sheol,
That You would conceal me (NX)until Your wrath returns to You,
That You would set a limit for me and remember me!
14 If a man dies, will he live again?
All the days of my struggle I will wait
Until my relief comes.
15 You will call, and I will answer You;
You will long for (NY)the work of Your hands.
16 For now You (NZ)number my steps,
You do not (OA)observe my sin.
17 My wrongdoing is (OB)sealed up in a bag,
And You cover over my [ek]guilt.

18 “But the falling mountain [el]crumbles away,
And the rock moves from its place;
19 Water wears away stones,
Its torrents wash away the dust of the earth;
So You (OC)destroy a man’s hope.
20 You forever overpower him and he (OD)departs;
You change his appearance and send him away.
21 His sons achieve honor, but (OE)he does not know it;
Or they become insignificant, and he does not perceive it.
22 However, his [em]body pains him,
And his soul mourns for himself.”

Eliphaz Says Job Presumes Much

15 Then Eliphaz the Temanite responded,

“Should a wise man answer with windy knowledge,
(OF)And fill [en]himself with the east wind?
Should he argue with useless talk,
Or with words which do not benefit?
Indeed, you do away with [eo]reverence,
And hinder meditation before God.
For (OG)your wrongdoing teaches your mouth,
And you choose the language of (OH)the cunning.
Your (OI)own mouth condemns you, and not I;
And your own lips testify against you.

“Were you the first person to be born,
Or (OJ)were you brought forth before the hills?
Do you hear the (OK)secret discussion of God,
And limit wisdom to yourself?
(OL)What do you know that we do not know?
What do you understand that [ep]we do not?
10 Both the (OM)gray-haired and the aged are among us,
Older than your father.
11 Are (ON)the consolations of God too little for you,
Or the (OO)word spoken gently to you?
12 Why does your (OP)heart take you away?
And why do your eyes wink,
13 That you can turn your spirit against God
And produce such words from your mouth?
14 What is man, that (OQ)he would be pure,
Or (OR)he who is born of a woman, that he would be righteous?
15 Behold, He has no trust in His (OS)holy ones,
And the (OT)heavens are not pure in His sight;
16 How much less one who is (OU)detestable and corrupt:
A person who (OV)drinks [eq]malice like water!

What Eliphaz Has Seen of Life

17 “I will tell you, listen to me;
And what I have seen I will also declare;
18 What wise people have told,
And have not concealed from (OW)their fathers,
19 To whom alone the land was given,
And no stranger passed among them.
20 The wicked person writhes (OX)in pain all his days,
And the [er]years (OY)reserved for the ruthless are numbered.
21 [es]Sounds of (OZ)terror are in his ears;
(PA)While he is at peace the destroyer comes upon him.
22 He does not believe that he will (PB)return from darkness,
And he is destined for (PC)the sword.
23 He wanders about for food, saying, ‘Where is it?’
He knows that a day of (PD)darkness is [et]at hand.
24 Distress and anguish terrify him,
They overpower him like a king ready for the attack,
25 Because he has reached out with his hand against God,
And is (PE)arrogant toward [eu]the Almighty.
26 He rushes [ev]headlong at Him
With his [ew]massive shield.
27 For he has (PF)covered his face with his fat,
And [ex]put fat on his waist.
28 He has (PG)lived in desolate cities,
In houses no one would inhabit,
Which are destined to become [ey]ruins.
29 He (PH)will not become rich, nor will his wealth endure;
And his property will not stretch out on the earth.
30 He will (PI)not [ez]escape from darkness;
The (PJ)flame will dry up his shoot,
And he will go away by (PK)the breath of His mouth.
31 Let him not (PL)trust in emptiness, deceiving himself;
For his [fa]reward will be emptiness.
32 It will be accomplished (PM)before his time,
And his palm (PN)branch will not be green.
33 He will drop off his unripe grape like the vine,
And will (PO)cast off his flower like the olive tree.
34 For the company of (PP)the godless is barren,
And fire consumes (PQ)the tents of [fb]the corrupt.
35 They (PR)conceive [fc]harm and give birth to wrongdoing,
And their [fd]mind prepares deception.”

Job Says Friends Are Miserable Comforters

16 Then Job responded,

“I have heard many things like these;
[fe](PS)Miserable comforters are you all!
Is there no end to (PT)windy words?
Or what provokes you that you answer?
I too could speak like you,
If only [ff]I were in your place.
I could compose words against you
And (PU)shake my head at you.
Or I could strengthen you with my mouth,
And the condolence of my lips could lessen your pain.

Job Says God Shattered Him

“If I speak, (PV)my pain is not lessened,
And if I refrain, what pain leaves me?
But now He has (PW)exhausted me;
You have laid (PX)waste all my group of loved ones.
And you have shriveled me up,
[fg](PY)It has become a witness;
And my (PZ)infirmity rises up against me,
It testifies to my face.
His anger has (QA)torn me and [fh]hunted me down,
He has (QB)gnashed at me with His teeth;
My (QC)enemy [fi]glares at me.
10 They have (QD)gaped at me with their mouths,
They have [fj](QE)slapped me on the cheek with contempt;
They have (QF)massed themselves against me.
11 God hands me over to criminals,
And tosses me into the hands of the wicked.
12 I was at ease, but (QG)He shattered me,
And He has grasped me by my neck and shaken me to pieces;
He has also set me up as His (QH)target.
13 His (QI)arrows surround me.
He splits my kidneys open without mercy;
He pours out (QJ)my bile on the ground.
14 He (QK)breaks through me with breach after breach;
He (QL)runs at me like a warrior.
15 I have sewed (QM)sackcloth over my skin,
And (QN)thrust my horn in the dust.
16 My face is flushed from (QO)weeping,
(QP)And deep darkness is on my eyelids,
17 Although there is no (QQ)violence in my hands,
And (QR)my prayer is pure.

18 “Earth, do not cover my blood,
And may there be no resting place for my cry.
19 Even now, behold, (QS)my witness is in heaven,
And my [fk]advocate is (QT)on high.
20 My friends are my scoffers;
(QU)My eye weeps to God,
21 That one might plead for a man with God
As a son of man with his neighbor!
22 For when a few years are past,
I shall go the way (QV)of no return.

Job Says He Has Become a Proverb

17 “My spirit is broken, my days are extinguished,
The [fl](QW)grave is ready for me.
(QX)Mockers are certainly with me,
And my eye [fm]gazes on their provocation.

“Make a pledge (QY)for me with Yourself;
Who is there that will [fn]be my guarantor?
For You have [fo](QZ)kept their hearts away from understanding;
Therefore You will not exalt them.
He who (RA)informs against friends for a share of the spoils,
The (RB)eyes of his children also will perish.

“But He has made me a (RC)proverb among the people,
And I am [fp]one at whom people (RD)spit.
My eye has also become (RE)inexpressive because of grief,
And all my (RF)body parts are like a shadow.
The upright will be appalled at this,
And the (RG)innocent will stir himself up against the godless.
Nevertheless (RH)the righteous will hold to his way,
And (RI)the one who has clean hands will grow stronger and stronger.
10 But come again all of [fq]you now,
For I (RJ)do not find a wise man among you.
11 My (RK)days are past, my plans are torn apart,
The wishes of my heart.
12 They make night into day, saying,
‘The light is near,’ in the presence of darkness.
13 If I hope for [fr](RL)Sheol as my home,
I [fs]make my bed in the darkness;
14 If I call to the (RM)grave, ‘You are my father’;
To the (RN)maggot, ‘my mother and my sister’;
15 Where then is (RO)my hope?
And who looks at my hope?
16 [ft]Will it go down with me to Sheol?
Shall we together (RP)go down into the dust?”

Bildad Speaks of the Wicked

18 Then Bildad the Shuhite responded,

“How long will you hunt for words?
Show understanding, and then we can talk.
Why are we (RQ)regarded as animals,
As stupid in your eyes?
[fu]You who tear yourself in your anger—
Should the earth be abandoned for your sake,
Or the rock moved from its place?

“Indeed, the (RR)light of the wicked goes out,
And the spark from his fire does not shine.
The light in his tent is (RS)darkened,
And his lamp goes out above him.
His [fv]vigorous stride is shortened,
And his (RT)own plan brings him down.
For he is (RU)thrown into the net by his own feet,
And he steps on the webbing.
A snare seizes him by the heel,
And a trap snaps shut on him.
10 A noose for him is hidden in the ground,
And a trap for him on the pathway.
11 All around (RV)sudden terrors frighten him,
And (RW)harass him at every step.
12 His strength is (RX)famished,
And disaster is ready at his side.
13 [fw]It devours parts of his skin,
The firstborn of death (RY)devours his [fx]limbs.
14 He is (RZ)torn from [fy]the security of his tent,
And [fz]they march him before the king of (SA)terrors.
15 [ga]Nothing of his dwells in his tent;
(SB)Brimstone is scattered on his home.
16 His (SC)roots are dried below,
And his (SD)branch withers above.
17 (SE)The memory of him perishes from the earth,
And he has no name abroad.
18 [gb]He is driven from light (SF)into darkness,
And (SG)chased from the inhabited world.
19 He has no (SH)offspring or descendants among his people,
Nor any survivor where he resided.
20 Those in the west are appalled at (SI)his [gc]fate,
And those in the east are seized with horror.
21 Certainly these are the (SJ)dwellings of the wicked,
And this is the place of him who does not know God.”

Job Feels Insulted

19 Then Job responded,

“How long will you torment [gd]me
And crush me with words?
These ten times you have insulted me;
You are not ashamed to wrong me.
Even if I have truly done wrong,
My error stays with me.
If indeed you (SK)exalt yourselves against me
And prove my disgrace to me,
Know then that (SL)God has wronged me
And has surrounded me with (SM)His net.

Everything Is Against Him

“Behold, (SN)I cry, ‘Violence!’ but I get no answer;
I shout for help, but there is no justice.
He has (SO)blocked my way so that I cannot pass,
And He has put (SP)darkness on my paths.
He has (SQ)stripped my honor from me
And removed the (SR)crown from my head.
10 He (SS)breaks me down on every side, and I am gone;
And He has uprooted my (ST)hope (SU)like a tree.
11 He has also (SV)kindled His anger against me
And (SW)considered me as His enemy.
12 His (SX)troops come together
And (SY)build up their [ge]way against me
And camp around my tent.

13 “He has (SZ)removed my brothers far from me,
And my (TA)acquaintances have completely turned away from me.
14 My relatives have failed,
And my (TB)close friends have forgotten me.
15 Those who live in my house and my servant women consider me a stranger.
I am a foreigner in their sight.
16 I call to my servant, but he does not answer;
I have to implore his favor with my mouth.
17 My breath is offensive to my wife,
And I am loathsome to my own brothers.
18 Even young children despise me;
I stand up and they speak against me.
19 All [gf]my (TC)associates loathe me,
And those I love have turned against me.
20 My (TD)bone clings to my skin and my flesh,
And I have escaped only by the skin of my teeth.
21 Pity me, pity me, you friends of mine,
For the (TE)hand of God has struck me.
22 Why do you (TF)persecute me as God does,
And are not satisfied with my flesh?

Job Says My Redeemer Lives

23 “Oh that my words were written!
Oh that they were (TG)recorded in a book!
24 That with an iron stylus and lead
They were engraved in the rock forever!
25 Yet as for me, I know that (TH)my Redeemer lives,
And at the last, He will take His stand on the [gg]earth.
26 Even after my skin [gh]is destroyed,
Yet from my flesh I will (TI)see God,
27 Whom I, on my part, shall behold for myself,
And whom my eyes will see, and not another.
My [gi]heart (TJ)faints [gj]within me!
28 If you say, ‘How shall we (TK)persecute him?’
And ‘[gk]What pretext for a case against him can we find?’
29 Then be afraid of (TL)the sword for yourselves,
For wrath brings the punishment of the sword,
So that you may know (TM)there is judgment.”

Zophar Says the Rejoicing of the Wicked Is Short

20 Then Zophar the Naamathite responded,

“Therefore my disquieting thoughts make me [gl]respond,
Even because of my [gm]inward agitation.
I listened to (TN)the reprimand which insults me,
And the spirit of my understanding makes me answer.
Do you know this from (TO)ancient times,
From the establishment of mankind on earth,
That the (TP)rejoicing of the wicked is short,
And (TQ)the joy of the godless momentary?
Though his arrogance [gn](TR)reaches the heavens,
And his head touches the clouds,
He (TS)perishes forever like his refuse;
Those who have seen him (TT)will say, ‘Where is he?’
He flies away like a (TU)dream, and they cannot find him;
Like a vision of the night he is (TV)chased away.
The (TW)eye which saw him sees him no longer,
And (TX)his place no longer beholds him.
10 His (TY)sons [go]favor the poor,
And his hands (TZ)give back his wealth.
11 His (UA)bones are full of his youthful strength,
But it lies down with him [gp]in the dust.

12 “Though (UB)evil tastes sweet in his mouth
And he hides it under his tongue,
13 Though he [gq]desires it and will not let it go,
But holds it (UC)in his [gr]mouth,
14 Yet his food in his stomach is changed
To the [gs]venom of cobras within him.
15 He swallows riches,
But will (UD)vomit them up;
God will expel them from his belly.
16 He sucks (UE)the poison of cobras;
The viper’s tongue kills him.
17 He does not look at (UF)the streams,
The rivers flowing with honey and curds.
18 He (UG)returns the product of his labor
And cannot swallow it;
As to the riches of his trading,
He cannot even enjoy them.
19 For he has (UH)oppressed and neglected the poor;
He has seized a house which he has not built.

20 “Because he knew no quiet [gt]within him,
He does (UI)not retain anything he desires.
21 Nothing remains [gu]for him to devour,
Therefore (UJ)his prosperity does not endure.
22 In the fullness of his excess he will be cramped;
The (UK)hand of everyone who suffers will come against him.
23 When he (UL)fills his belly,
God will send His fierce anger on him
And (UM)rain it on him [gv]while he is eating.
24 He may (UN)flee from the iron weapon,
But the bronze bow will pierce him.
25 It is drawn and comes out of his back,
Even the flashing point from (UO)his gallbladder;
(UP)Terrors come upon him,
26 Complete (UQ)darkness is held in reserve for his treasures,
And unfanned (UR)fire will devour him;
It will consume the survivor in his tent.
27 The (US)heavens will reveal his guilt,
And the earth will rise up against him.
28 The (UT)increase of his house will disappear;
His possessions will flow away (UU)on the day of His anger.
29 This is a wicked person’s (UV)portion from God,
The inheritance decreed to him by God.”

Job Says God Will Deal with the Wicked

21 Then Job responded,

“Listen carefully to my speech,
And let this be your way of consolation.
Bear with me that I may speak;
Then after I have spoken, you may (UW)mock me.
As for me, is (UX)my complaint [gw]to a mortal?
Or (UY)why should [gx]I not be impatient?
Look at me, and be astonished,
And (UZ)put your hand over your mouth.
Even when I remember, I am disturbed,
And (VA)horror takes hold of my flesh.
Why (VB)do the wicked still live,
Grow old, and also become very [gy](VC)powerful?
Their [gz](VD)descendants endure with them in their sight,
And their offspring before their eyes,
Their houses (VE)are safe from fear,
And the [ha]rod of God is not on them.
10 His ox mates [hb]without fail;
His cow calves and does not miscarry.
11 They send out their boys like the flock,
And their children dance.
12 They [hc]sing with the tambourine and harp,
And rejoice at the sound of the flute.
13 They (VF)spend their days in prosperity,
And [hd]suddenly they go down to [he]Sheol.
14 Yet they say to God, ‘(VG)Go away from us!
We do not even desire the knowledge of Your ways.


  1. Job 1:3 Lit sons
  2. Job 1:6 I.e., prob. angels
  3. Job 1:6 Heb ha-satan; i.e., the adversary, and so throughout the ch
  4. Job 1:8 Lit set your heart on
  5. Job 1:8 Or revering
  6. Job 1:9 Lit Lord and said
  7. Job 1:12 Lit hand
  8. Job 1:15 Lit Sheba
  9. Job 1:15 Lit fell upon
  10. Job 1:15 Lit struck
  11. Job 1:15 Lit only I alone, and so also vv 16, 17, 19
  12. Job 1:17 Lit struck
  13. Job 1:22 Lit ascribe unseemliness to
  14. Job 2:1 Heb ha-satan; i.e., the adversary, and so throughout the ch
  15. Job 2:3 Lit set your heart to
  16. Job 2:3 Or revering
  17. Job 2:3 Lit swallow him up
  18. Job 2:6 Lit hand
  19. Job 2:12 Lit raised their eyes
  20. Job 3:1 Lit his day
  21. Job 3:2 Lit answered and said
  22. Job 3:3 Lit man-child
  23. Job 3:8 Or skillful
  24. Job 3:9 Lit eyelids of dawn
  25. Job 3:11 Lit from the womb
  26. Job 3:16 I.e., buried
  27. Job 3:17 Lit weary of strength
  28. Job 3:21 Lit wait
  29. Job 3:25 Lit I fear a fear, and it comes
  30. Job 3:25 Lit comes to me
  31. Job 4:2 Lit in words
  32. Job 4:4 Lit knees giving way
  33. Job 4:6 Or reverence for
  34. Job 4:8 I.e., devise
  35. Job 4:9 Lit wind
  36. Job 4:14 Lit the multitude of
  37. Job 4:15 Or wind passed over
  38. Job 4:17 Lit from
  39. Job 4:17 Lit from
  40. Job 5:4 Lit crushed
  41. Job 5:5 Lit Whose harvest the hungry devour
  42. Job 5:5 Ancient versions thirsty
  43. Job 5:9 Or Miracles
  44. Job 5:17 Heb Shaddai, and so throughout ch 6
  45. Job 5:18 Lit binds
  46. Job 5:21 Lit at
  47. Job 5:22 Lit animals of the earth
  48. Job 5:24 Lit not miss
  49. Job 5:25 Lit seed
  50. Job 6:4 Lit Whose poison my spirit drinks
  51. Job 6:6 Heb hallamuth, meaning uncertain
  52. Job 6:10 Lit hidden
  53. Job 6:11 Lit prolong my soul
  54. Job 6:14 Or reverence for
  55. Job 6:15 I.e., dry stream bed(s), except in the rainy season
  56. Job 6:15 I.e., dry stream bed(s), except in the rainy season
  57. Job 6:16 Lit hides itself
  58. Job 6:18 Or caravans turn from their course, they go up into the waste and perish
  59. Job 7:1 Lit Has not man compulsory labor
  60. Job 7:5 Lit melts
  61. Job 7:9 I.e., the netherworld
  62. Job 7:13 Lit bear
  63. Job 7:15 Lit bones
  64. Job 7:16 Or loathe
  65. Job 7:17 Lit set Your heart on
  66. Job 7:19 Lit How long will You not
  67. Job 7:21 Or unjust deed
  68. Job 8:3 Heb Shaddai
  69. Job 8:4 Lit hand
  70. Job 8:5 Heb Shaddai
  71. Job 8:6 Lit place
  72. Job 8:12 Lit reed
  73. Job 8:14 Lit house
  74. Job 8:17 Heb sees
  75. Job 8:18 Lit swallowed up
  76. Job 8:20 Lit strengthen the hand of
  77. Job 9:4 Lit stiffened his neck against
  78. Job 9:4 Lit and remained safe
  79. Job 9:7 Lit and it does not shine
  80. Job 9:8 Lit treads upon the heights of
  81. Job 9:9 Lit chambers
  82. Job 9:10 Lit until there is no searching out
  83. Job 9:13 I.e., a sea monster, not to be confused with Rahab in Joshua 2
  84. Job 9:14 Or plead my case
  85. Job 9:14 Lit with
  86. Job 9:15 Or plead my case
  87. Job 9:19 As in LXX; Heb me
  88. Job 9:26 Lit food
  89. Job 9:27 I.e., improve the look
  90. Job 9:32 Lit judgment
  91. Job 10:1 Lit My soul loathes
  92. Job 10:3 Lit good
  93. Job 10:3 Lit You shine forth
  94. Job 10:8 Lit together round about
  95. Job 10:12 See Job 1:1-2
  96. Job 10:15 Lit see
  97. Job 10:17 Lit Changes and warfare are with me
  98. Job 10:20 Lit Put
  99. Job 11:6 Lit is double
  100. Job 11:6 Lit causes to be forgotten for you
  101. Job 11:8 Lit the heights of heaven
  102. Job 11:8 I.e., the netherworld
  103. Job 11:11 Or and does not investigate
  104. Job 11:12 Lit A hollow man
  105. Job 11:17 Lit lifespan
  106. Job 11:17 Lit rise above noonday
  107. Job 11:19 Lit soften your face
  108. Job 11:20 Lit escape has perished from them
  109. Job 11:20 Lit the expiring of the soul
  110. Job 12:3 Lit with whom is there not like these?
  111. Job 12:4 Lit his
  112. Job 12:5 Lit Contempt for calamity is the thought of him who is at ease
  113. Job 12:6 Or He who brings God into his hand.
  114. Job 12:11 Lit tastes food for itself
  115. Job 12:12 Lit length of days
  116. Job 12:14 Lit shuts against
  117. Job 12:14 Lit it is not opened
  118. Job 12:15 Lit overturn
  119. Job 12:17 Or stripped
  120. Job 12:19 Or stripped
  121. Job 12:23 Or spreads out
  122. Job 12:24 Lit heart
  123. Job 13:3 Heb Shaddai
  124. Job 13:11 Lit exaltation
  125. Job 13:14 Lit palm
  126. Job 13:15 Lit wait for
  127. Job 13:15 Lit to His face
  128. Job 13:21 Lit palm
  129. Job 13:27 Lit carve for
  130. Job 13:28 Lit he is
  131. Job 14:1 Lit short of days
  132. Job 14:3 As in some ancient versions; MT me
  133. Job 14:5 Lit made
  134. Job 14:6 Lit cease
  135. Job 14:6 Lit makes acceptable
  136. Job 14:7 Or cease
  137. Job 14:11 Lit disappears
  138. Job 14:12 Lit They
  139. Job 14:12 Lit their
  140. Job 14:13 I.e., the netherworld
  141. Job 14:17 Or unjust deed
  142. Job 14:18 Lit withers
  143. Job 14:22 Lit flesh
  144. Job 15:2 Lit his belly
  145. Job 15:4 Lit fear
  146. Job 15:9 Lit is not within us?
  147. Job 15:16 Or injustice
  148. Job 15:20 Lit number of years are reserved for
  149. Job 15:21 Lit A sound of terrors is
  150. Job 15:23 Lit ready at his hand
  151. Job 15:25 Heb Shaddai
  152. Job 15:26 Lit with a stiff neck
  153. Job 15:26 Lit thick-bossed shields
  154. Job 15:27 Lit made
  155. Job 15:28 Or heaps
  156. Job 15:30 Lit turn aside
  157. Job 15:31 Lit exchange
  158. Job 15:34 Lit a bribe
  159. Job 15:35 Or pain
  160. Job 15:35 Lit belly
  161. Job 16:2 Lit Comforters of trouble
  162. Job 16:4 Lit your soul were in place of my soul
  163. Job 16:8 I.e., Job’s condition
  164. Job 16:9 Lit borne a grudge against me
  165. Job 16:9 Lit sharpens his eyes
  166. Job 16:10 Lit struck
  167. Job 16:19 Or witness
  168. Job 17:1 Lit graves are
  169. Job 17:2 Lit dwells
  170. Job 17:3 Lit strike hands with me
  171. Job 17:4 Lit hidden
  172. Job 17:6 Lit a spitting to the faces
  173. Job 17:10 As in some mss and ancient versions; MT them
  174. Job 17:13 I.e., the netherworld
  175. Job 17:13 Lit spread out
  176. Job 17:16 As in LXX; Heb possibly Let my limbs sink down to Sheol, since there is rest in the dust for all.
  177. Job 18:4 Lit The one who tears himself in his
  178. Job 18:7 Lit steps of his strength
  179. Job 18:13 Another reading is His skin is devoured by illness
  180. Job 18:13 Or parts
  181. Job 18:14 Lit his tent his trust
  182. Job 18:14 Lit you march or she marches
  183. Job 18:15 Another reading is Fire dwells in his tent
  184. Job 18:18 Lit They drive him...And chase him
  185. Job 18:20 Lit day
  186. Job 19:2 Lit my soul
  187. Job 19:12 I.e., siege ramp
  188. Job 19:19 Lit the men of my council
  189. Job 19:25 Lit dust
  190. Job 19:26 Lit which they have cut off
  191. Job 19:27 Lit kidneys
  192. Job 19:27 Lit in my loins
  193. Job 19:28 Or the root of the matter is found in him
  194. Job 20:2 Lit return
  195. Job 20:2 Lit haste within me
  196. Job 20:6 Lit goes up to
  197. Job 20:10 Or seek the favor of
  198. Job 20:11 Lit on
  199. Job 20:13 Lit spares it
  200. Job 20:13 Lit palate
  201. Job 20:14 Lit gall
  202. Job 20:20 Lit in his belly
  203. Job 20:21 Or of what he devours
  204. Job 20:23 Or as his food
  205. Job 21:4 Or against
  206. Job 21:4 Lit my spirit
  207. Job 21:7 Or superior
  208. Job 21:8 Lit seed
  209. Job 21:9 I.e., punishment
  210. Job 21:10 Lit and does not fail
  211. Job 21:12 Lit lifted up the voice
  212. Job 21:13 Or in peacefulness
  213. Job 21:13 I.e., the netherworld

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