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Job 38Amplified Bible (AMP)

God Speaks Now to Job

38 Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind and said,


“Who is this that darkens counsel [questioning my authority and wisdom]
By words without knowledge?

“Now [a]gird up your loins like a man,
And I will ask you, and you instruct Me!

“Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?
Tell Me, if you know and have understanding.

“Who determined the measurements [of the earth], if you know?
Or who stretched the [measuring] line on it?

“On what were its foundations fastened?
Or who laid its cornerstone,

When the morning stars sang together
And all the sons of God (angels) shouted for joy?


“Or who enclosed the sea with doors
When it burst forth and went out of the womb;

When I made the clouds its garment
And thick darkness its swaddling band,
10 
And marked for it My [appointed] boundary
And set bars and doors [defining the shorelines],
11 
And said, ‘This far you shall come, but no farther;
And here your proud waves shall stop’?

God’s Mighty Power

12 
Since your days began, have you ever commanded the morning,
And caused the dawn to know its place,
13 
So that light may take hold of the corners of the earth
And shake the wickedness out of it?
14 
“The earth is changed like clay into which a seal is pressed;
And the things [of the earth] stand out like a [multi-colored] garment.
15 
“Their light is withheld from the wicked,
And the uplifted arm is broken.

16 
“Have you entered and explored the springs of the sea
Or [have you] walked in the recesses of the deep?
17 
“Have the gates of death been revealed to you,
Or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?
18 
“Have you understood the expanse of the earth?
Tell Me, if you know all this.

19 
“Where is the [b]way where light dwells?
And as for darkness, where is its place,
20 
That you may take it to its territory
And that you may know the paths to its house?
21 
“You [must] know, since you were born then,
And [c]because you are so extremely old!
22 
“Have you entered the storehouses of the snow,
Or have you seen the storehouses of the hail,
23 
Which I have reserved for the time of trouble,
For the day of battle and war?
24 
“Where is the way that the light is distributed,
Or the east wind scattered over the earth?

25 
“Who has prepared a channel for the torrents of rain and for the flood,
Or a path for the thunderbolt,
26 
To bring rain on the uninhabited land,
And on the desert where no man lives,
27 
To satisfy the barren and desolate ground
And to make the seeds of grass to sprout?
28 
“Has the rain a father?
Or who has begotten the drops of dew?
29 
“Out of whose womb has come the ice?
And the frost of heaven, who has given it birth?
30 
“Water becomes like stone [and hides itself],
And the surface of the deep is frozen and imprisoned.

31 
“Can you bind the chains of [the cluster of stars called] Pleiades,
Or loose the cords of [the constellation] Orion?
32 
“Can you lead forth a [d]constellation in its season,
And guide [the stars of] the Bear with her [e]sons?
33 
“Do you know the ordinances of the heavens,
Or [can you] establish their rule over the earth?

34 
“Can you lift up your voice to the clouds,
So that an abundance of water will cover you?
35 
“Can you send forth lightnings that they may go
And say to you, ‘Here we are’?
36 
“Who has put wisdom in the innermost being [of man, or in the layers of clouds]
Or given understanding to the mind [of man, or to the heavenly display]?
37 
“Who can count the clouds by [earthly] wisdom,
Or pour out the water jars of the heavens,
38 
When the dust hardens into a mass
And the clods stick together [because of the heat]?

39 
“Can you [Job] hunt the prey for the lion,
Or satisfy the appetite of the young lions
40 
When they crouch in their dens
And lie in wait in their lair?
41 
“Who provides prey for the raven
When its young cry to God
And wander about without food?

Footnotes:

  1. Job 38:3 A phrase often found in the Bible that is an urgent call to get ready for immediate action, or it may be a call to prepare for a coming action or event. The phrase is related to the type of clothing worn in ancient times. To keep from impeding the wearer during any vigorous activity, e.g. battle, exercise, strenuous work, etc., the loose ends of garments (tunics, cloaks, mantles, etc.) had to be gathered up and tucked into the girdle. The girdle was a band about six inches wide that had fasteners in front. It was worn around the loins (the midsection of the body between the lower ribs and the hips). Gird up your mind or gird up your heart are examples of variants of this phrase and call for mental or spiritual preparation for a coming challenge.
  2. Job 38:19 Light travels on a path or “way” through empty space at 299,792,458 meters per second (approximately 186,282 miles per second).
  3. Job 38:21 Lit the number of your days is great.
  4. Job 38:32 Heb Mazzaroth.
  5. Job 38:32 Or satellites.
Amplified Bible (AMP)

Copyright © 2015 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, CA 90631. All rights reserved.

Job 38New International Version (NIV)

The Lord Speaks

38 Then the Lord spoke to Job out of the storm. He said:

“Who is this that obscures my plans
    with words without knowledge?
Brace yourself like a man;
    I will question you,
    and you shall answer me.

“Where were you when I laid the earth’s foundation?
    Tell me, if you understand.
Who marked off its dimensions? Surely you know!
    Who stretched a measuring line across it?
On what were its footings set,
    or who laid its cornerstone
while the morning stars sang together
    and all the angels[a] shouted for joy?

“Who shut up the sea behind doors
    when it burst forth from the womb,
when I made the clouds its garment
    and wrapped it in thick darkness,
10 when I fixed limits for it
    and set its doors and bars in place,
11 when I said, ‘This far you may come and no farther;
    here is where your proud waves halt’?

12 “Have you ever given orders to the morning,
    or shown the dawn its place,
13 that it might take the earth by the edges
    and shake the wicked out of it?
14 The earth takes shape like clay under a seal;
    its features stand out like those of a garment.
15 The wicked are denied their light,
    and their upraised arm is broken.

16 “Have you journeyed to the springs of the sea
    or walked in the recesses of the deep?
17 Have the gates of death been shown to you?
    Have you seen the gates of the deepest darkness?
18 Have you comprehended the vast expanses of the earth?
    Tell me, if you know all this.

19 “What is the way to the abode of light?
    And where does darkness reside?
20 Can you take them to their places?
    Do you know the paths to their dwellings?
21 Surely you know, for you were already born!
    You have lived so many years!

22 “Have you entered the storehouses of the snow
    or seen the storehouses of the hail,
23 which I reserve for times of trouble,
    for days of war and battle?
24 What is the way to the place where the lightning is dispersed,
    or the place where the east winds are scattered over the earth?
25 Who cuts a channel for the torrents of rain,
    and a path for the thunderstorm,
26 to water a land where no one lives,
    an uninhabited desert,
27 to satisfy a desolate wasteland
    and make it sprout with grass?
28 Does the rain have a father?
    Who fathers the drops of dew?
29 From whose womb comes the ice?
    Who gives birth to the frost from the heavens
30 when the waters become hard as stone,
    when the surface of the deep is frozen?

31 “Can you bind the chains[b] of the Pleiades?
    Can you loosen Orion’s belt?
32 Can you bring forth the constellations in their seasons[c]
    or lead out the Bear[d] with its cubs?
33 Do you know the laws of the heavens?
    Can you set up God’s[e] dominion over the earth?

34 “Can you raise your voice to the clouds
    and cover yourself with a flood of water?
35 Do you send the lightning bolts on their way?
    Do they report to you, ‘Here we are’?
36 Who gives the ibis wisdom[f]
    or gives the rooster understanding?[g]
37 Who has the wisdom to count the clouds?
    Who can tip over the water jars of the heavens
38 when the dust becomes hard
    and the clods of earth stick together?

39 “Do you hunt the prey for the lioness
    and satisfy the hunger of the lions
40 when they crouch in their dens
    or lie in wait in a thicket?
41 Who provides food for the raven
    when its young cry out to God
    and wander about for lack of food?

Footnotes:

  1. Job 38:7 Hebrew the sons of God
  2. Job 38:31 Septuagint; Hebrew beauty
  3. Job 38:32 Or the morning star in its season
  4. Job 38:32 Or out Leo
  5. Job 38:33 Or their
  6. Job 38:36 That is, wisdom about the flooding of the Nile
  7. Job 38:36 That is, understanding of when to crow; the meaning of the Hebrew for this verse is uncertain.
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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