23 Then Job replied:

“Even today my complaint(A) is bitter;(B)
    his hand[a] is heavy in spite of[b] my groaning.(C)
If only I knew where to find him;
    if only I could go to his dwelling!(D)
I would state my case(E) before him
    and fill my mouth with arguments.(F)
I would find out what he would answer me,(G)
    and consider what he would say to me.
Would he vigorously oppose me?(H)
    No, he would not press charges against me.(I)
There the upright(J) can establish their innocence before him,(K)
    and there I would be delivered forever from my judge.(L)

“But if I go to the east, he is not there;
    if I go to the west, I do not find him.
When he is at work in the north, I do not see him;
    when he turns to the south, I catch no glimpse of him.(M)
10 But he knows the way that I take;(N)
    when he has tested me,(O) I will come forth as gold.(P)
11 My feet have closely followed his steps;(Q)
    I have kept to his way without turning aside.(R)
12 I have not departed from the commands of his lips;(S)
    I have treasured the words of his mouth more than my daily bread.(T)

13 “But he stands alone, and who can oppose him?(U)
    He does whatever he pleases.(V)
14 He carries out his decree against me,
    and many such plans he still has in store.(W)
15 That is why I am terrified before him;(X)
    when I think of all this, I fear him.(Y)
16 God has made my heart faint;(Z)
    the Almighty(AA) has terrified me.(AB)
17 Yet I am not silenced by the darkness,(AC)
    by the thick darkness that covers my face.

24 “Why does the Almighty not set times(AD) for judgment?(AE)
    Why must those who know him look in vain for such days?(AF)
There are those who move boundary stones;(AG)
    they pasture flocks they have stolen.(AH)
They drive away the orphan’s donkey
    and take the widow’s ox in pledge.(AI)
They thrust the needy(AJ) from the path
    and force all the poor(AK) of the land into hiding.(AL)
Like wild donkeys(AM) in the desert,
    the poor go about their labor(AN) of foraging food;
    the wasteland(AO) provides food for their children.
They gather fodder(AP) in the fields
    and glean in the vineyards(AQ) of the wicked.(AR)
Lacking clothes, they spend the night naked;
    they have nothing to cover themselves in the cold.(AS)
They are drenched(AT) by mountain rains
    and hug(AU) the rocks for lack of shelter.(AV)
The fatherless(AW) child is snatched(AX) from the breast;
    the infant of the poor is seized(AY) for a debt.(AZ)
10 Lacking clothes, they go about naked;(BA)
    they carry the sheaves,(BB) but still go hungry.
11 They crush olives among the terraces[c];
    they tread the winepresses,(BC) yet suffer thirst.(BD)
12 The groans of the dying rise from the city,
    and the souls of the wounded cry out for help.(BE)
    But God charges no one with wrongdoing.(BF)

13 “There are those who rebel against the light,(BG)
    who do not know its ways
    or stay in its paths.(BH)
14 When daylight is gone, the murderer rises up,
    kills(BI) the poor and needy,(BJ)
    and in the night steals forth like a thief.(BK)
15 The eye of the adulterer(BL) watches for dusk;(BM)
    he thinks, ‘No eye will see me,’(BN)
    and he keeps his face concealed.
16 In the dark, thieves break into houses,(BO)
    but by day they shut themselves in;
    they want nothing to do with the light.(BP)
17 For all of them, midnight is their morning;
    they make friends with the terrors(BQ) of darkness.(BR)

18 “Yet they are foam(BS) on the surface of the water;(BT)
    their portion of the land is cursed,(BU)
    so that no one goes to the vineyards.(BV)
19 As heat and drought snatch away the melted snow,(BW)
    so the grave(BX) snatches away those who have sinned.
20 The womb forgets them,
    the worm(BY) feasts on them;(BZ)
the wicked are no longer remembered(CA)
    but are broken like a tree.(CB)
21 They prey on the barren and childless woman,
    and to the widow they show no kindness.(CC)
22 But God drags away the mighty by his power;(CD)
    though they become established,(CE) they have no assurance of life.(CF)
23 He may let them rest in a feeling of security,(CG)
    but his eyes(CH) are on their ways.(CI)
24 For a little while they are exalted, and then they are gone;(CJ)
    they are brought low and gathered up like all others;(CK)
    they are cut off like heads of grain.(CL)

25 “If this is not so, who can prove me false
    and reduce my words to nothing?”(CM)


25 Then Bildad the Shuhite(CN) replied:

“Dominion and awe belong to God;(CO)
    he establishes order in the heights of heaven.(CP)
Can his forces be numbered?
    On whom does his light not rise?(CQ)
How then can a mortal be righteous before God?
    How can one born of woman be pure?(CR)
If even the moon(CS) is not bright
    and the stars are not pure in his eyes,(CT)
how much less a mortal, who is but a maggot—
    a human being,(CU) who is only a worm!”(CV)


26 Then Job replied:

“How you have helped the powerless!(CW)
    How you have saved the arm that is feeble!(CX)
What advice you have offered to one without wisdom!
    And what great insight(CY) you have displayed!
Who has helped you utter these words?
    And whose spirit spoke from your mouth?(CZ)

“The dead are in deep anguish,(DA)
    those beneath the waters and all that live in them.
The realm of the dead(DB) is naked before God;
    Destruction[d](DC) lies uncovered.(DD)
He spreads out the northern skies(DE) over empty space;
    he suspends the earth over nothing.(DF)
He wraps up the waters(DG) in his clouds,(DH)
    yet the clouds do not burst under their weight.
He covers the face of the full moon,
    spreading his clouds(DI) over it.
10 He marks out the horizon on the face of the waters(DJ)
    for a boundary between light and darkness.(DK)
11 The pillars of the heavens quake,(DL)
    aghast at his rebuke.
12 By his power he churned up the sea;(DM)
    by his wisdom(DN) he cut Rahab(DO) to pieces.
13 By his breath the skies(DP) became fair;
    his hand pierced the gliding serpent.(DQ)
14 And these are but the outer fringe of his works;
    how faint the whisper(DR) we hear of him!(DS)
    Who then can understand the thunder of his power?”(DT)

Job’s Final Word to His Friends

27 And Job continued his discourse:(DU)

“As surely as God lives, who has denied me justice,(DV)
    the Almighty,(DW) who has made my life bitter,(DX)
as long as I have life within me,
    the breath of God(DY) in my nostrils,
my lips will not say anything wicked,
    and my tongue will not utter lies.(DZ)
I will never admit you are in the right;
    till I die, I will not deny my integrity.(EA)
I will maintain my innocence(EB) and never let go of it;
    my conscience(EC) will not reproach me as long as I live.(ED)

“May my enemy be like the wicked,(EE)
    my adversary(EF) like the unjust!
For what hope have the godless(EG) when they are cut off,
    when God takes away their life?(EH)
Does God listen to their cry
    when distress comes upon them?(EI)
10 Will they find delight in the Almighty?(EJ)
    Will they call on God at all times?

11 “I will teach you about the power of God;
    the ways(EK) of the Almighty I will not conceal.(EL)
12 You have all seen this yourselves.
    Why then this meaningless talk?

13 “Here is the fate God allots to the wicked,
    the heritage a ruthless man receives from the Almighty:(EM)
14 However many his children,(EN) their fate is the sword;(EO)
    his offspring will never have enough to eat.(EP)
15 The plague will bury those who survive him,
    and their widows will not weep for them.(EQ)
16 Though he heaps up silver like dust(ER)
    and clothes like piles of clay,(ES)
17 what he lays up(ET) the righteous will wear,(EU)
    and the innocent will divide his silver.(EV)
18 The house(EW) he builds is like a moth’s cocoon,(EX)
    like a hut(EY) made by a watchman.
19 He lies down wealthy, but will do so no more;(EZ)
    when he opens his eyes, all is gone.(FA)
20 Terrors(FB) overtake him like a flood;(FC)
    a tempest snatches him away in the night.(FD)
21 The east wind(FE) carries him off, and he is gone;(FF)
    it sweeps him out of his place.(FG)
22 It hurls itself against him without mercy(FH)
    as he flees headlong(FI) from its power.(FJ)
23 It claps its hands(FK) in derision
    and hisses him out of his place.”(FL)


  1. Job 23:2 Septuagint and Syriac; Hebrew / the hand on me
  2. Job 23:2 Or heavy on me in
  3. Job 24:11 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
  4. Job 26:6 Hebrew Abaddon

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