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Judgment on Moab

48 Concerning Moab.

Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel:

Alas for Nebo, it is laid waste!
    Kiriathaim is put to shame, it is taken;
the fortress is put to shame and broken down;
    the renown of Moab is no more.
In Heshbon they planned evil against her:
    “Come, let us cut her off from being a nation!”
You also, O Madmen, shall be brought to silence;[a]
    the sword shall pursue you.

Hark! a cry from Horonaim,
    “Desolation and great destruction!”
“Moab is destroyed!”
    her little ones cry out.
For at the ascent of Luhith
    they go[b] up weeping bitterly;
for at the descent of Horonaim
    they have heard the distressing cry of anguish.
Flee! Save yourselves!
    Be like a wild ass[c] in the desert!

Surely, because you trusted in your strongholds[d] and your treasures,
    you also shall be taken;
Chemosh shall go out into exile,
    with his priests and his attendants.
The destroyer shall come upon every town,
    and no town shall escape;
the valley shall perish,
    and the plain shall be destroyed,
    as the Lord has spoken.

Set aside salt for Moab,
    for she will surely fall;
her towns shall become a desolation,
    with no inhabitant in them.

10 Accursed is the one who is slack in doing the work of the Lord; and accursed is the one who keeps back the sword from bloodshed.

11 Moab has been at ease from his youth,
    settled like wine[e] on its dregs;
he has not been emptied from vessel to vessel,
    nor has he gone into exile;
therefore his flavor has remained
    and his aroma is unspoiled.

12 Therefore, the time is surely coming, says the Lord, when I shall send to him decanters to decant him, and empty his vessels, and break his[f] jars in pieces. 13 Then Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel, their confidence.

14 How can you say, “We are heroes
    and mighty warriors”?
15 The destroyer of Moab and his towns has come up,
    and the choicest of his young men have gone down to slaughter,
    says the King, whose name is the Lord of hosts.
16 The calamity of Moab is near at hand
    and his doom approaches swiftly.
17 Mourn over him, all you his neighbors,
    and all who know his name;
say, “How the mighty scepter is broken,
    the glorious staff!”

18 Come down from glory,
    and sit on the parched ground,
    enthroned daughter Dibon!
For the destroyer of Moab has come up against you;
    he has destroyed your strongholds.
19 Stand by the road and watch,
    you inhabitant of Aroer!
Ask the man fleeing and the woman escaping;
    say, “What has happened?”
20 Moab is put to shame, for it is broken down;
    wail and cry!
Tell it by the Arnon,
    that Moab is laid waste.

21 Judgment has come upon the tableland, upon Holon, and Jahzah, and Mephaath, 22 and Dibon, and Nebo, and Beth-diblathaim, 23 and Kiriathaim, and Beth-gamul, and Beth-meon, 24 and Kerioth, and Bozrah, and all the towns of the land of Moab, far and near. 25 The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken, says the Lord.

26 Make him drunk, because he magnified himself against the Lord; let Moab wallow in his vomit; he too shall become a laughingstock. 27 Israel was a laughingstock for you, though he was not caught among thieves; but whenever you spoke of him you shook your head!

28 Leave the towns, and live on the rock,
    O inhabitants of Moab!
Be like the dove that nests
    on the sides of the mouth of a gorge.
29 We have heard of the pride of Moab—
    he is very proud—
of his loftiness, his pride, and his arrogance,
    and the haughtiness of his heart.
30 I myself know his insolence, says the Lord;
    his boasts are false,
    his deeds are false.
31 Therefore I wail for Moab;
    I cry out for all Moab;
    for the people of Kir-heres I mourn.
32 More than for Jazer I weep for you,
    O vine of Sibmah!
Your branches crossed over the sea,
    reached as far as Jazer;[g]
upon your summer fruits and your vintage
    the destroyer has fallen.
33 Gladness and joy have been taken away
    from the fruitful land of Moab;
I have stopped the wine from the wine presses;
    no one treads them with shouts of joy;
    the shouting is not the shout of joy.

34 Heshbon and Elealeh cry out;[h] as far as Jahaz they utter their voice, from Zoar to Horonaim and Eglath-shelishiyah. For even the waters of Nimrim have become desolate. 35 And I will bring to an end in Moab, says the Lord, those who offer sacrifice at a high place and make offerings to their gods. 36 Therefore my heart moans for Moab like a flute, and my heart moans like a flute for the people of Kir-heres; for the riches they gained have perished.

37 For every head is shaved and every beard cut off; on all the hands there are gashes, and on the loins sackcloth. 38 On all the housetops of Moab and in the squares there is nothing but lamentation; for I have broken Moab like a vessel that no one wants, says the Lord. 39 How it is broken! How they wail! How Moab has turned his back in shame! So Moab has become a derision and a horror to all his neighbors.

40 For thus says the Lord:
Look, he shall swoop down like an eagle,
    and spread his wings against Moab;
41 the towns[i] shall be taken
    and the strongholds seized.
The hearts of the warriors of Moab, on that day,
    shall be like the heart of a woman in labor.
42 Moab shall be destroyed as a people,
    because he magnified himself against the Lord.
43 Terror, pit, and trap
    are before you, O inhabitants of Moab!
says the Lord.
44 Everyone who flees from the terror
    shall fall into the pit,
and everyone who climbs out of the pit
    shall be caught in the trap.
For I will bring these things[j] upon Moab
    in the year of their punishment,
says the Lord.

45 In the shadow of Heshbon
    fugitives stop exhausted;
for a fire has gone out from Heshbon,
    a flame from the house of Sihon;
it has destroyed the forehead of Moab,
    the scalp of the people of tumult.[k]
46 Woe to you, O Moab!
    The people of Chemosh have perished,
for your sons have been taken captive,
    and your daughters into captivity.
47 Yet I will restore the fortunes of Moab
    in the latter days, says the Lord.
Thus far is the judgment on Moab.


  1. Jeremiah 48:2 The place-name Madmen sounds like the Hebrew verb to be silent
  2. Jeremiah 48:5 Cn: Heb he goes
  3. Jeremiah 48:6 Gk Aquila: Heb like Aroer
  4. Jeremiah 48:7 Gk: Heb works
  5. Jeremiah 48:11 Heb lacks like wine
  6. Jeremiah 48:12 Gk Aquila: Heb their
  7. Jeremiah 48:32 Two Mss and Isa 16.8: MT the sea of Jazer
  8. Jeremiah 48:34 Cn: Heb From the cry of Heshbon to Elealeh
  9. Jeremiah 48:41 Or Kerioth
  10. Jeremiah 48:44 Gk Syr: Heb bring upon it
  11. Jeremiah 48:45 Or of Shaon

Various Sins

21 Have you sinned, my child? Do so no more,
    but ask forgiveness for your past sins.
Flee from sin as from a snake;
    for if you approach sin, it will bite you.
Its teeth are lion’s teeth,
    and can destroy human lives.
All lawlessness is like a two-edged sword;
    there is no healing for the wound it inflicts.

Panic and insolence will waste away riches;
    thus the house of the proud will be laid waste.[a]
The prayer of the poor goes from their lips to the ears of God,[b]
    and his judgment comes speedily.
Those who hate reproof walk in the sinner’s steps,
    but those who fear the Lord repent in their heart.
The mighty in speech are widely known;
    when they slip, the sensible person knows it.

Whoever builds his house with other people’s money
    is like one who gathers stones for his burial mound.[c]
An assembly of the wicked is like a bundle of tow,
    and their end is a blazing fire.
10 The way of sinners is paved with smooth stones,
    but at its end is the pit of Hades.

Wisdom and Foolishness

11 Whoever keeps the law controls his thoughts,
    and the fulfillment of the fear of the Lord is wisdom.
12 The one who is not clever cannot be taught,
    but there is a cleverness that increases bitterness.
13 The knowledge of the wise will increase like a flood,
    and their counsel like a life-giving spring.
14 The mind[d] of a fool is like a broken jar;
    it can hold no knowledge.

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  1. Sirach 21:4 Other ancient authorities read uprooted
  2. Sirach 21:5 Gk his ears
  3. Sirach 21:8 Other ancient authorities read for the winter
  4. Sirach 21:14 Syr Lat: Gk entrails

24 So for the second time they called the man who had been blind, and they said to him, “Give glory to God! We know that this man is a sinner.” 25 He answered, “I do not know whether he is a sinner. One thing I do know, that though I was blind, now I see.” 26 They said to him, “What did he do to you? How did he open your eyes?” 27 He answered them, “I have told you already, and you would not listen. Why do you want to hear it again? Do you also want to become his disciples?” 28 Then they reviled him, saying, “You are his disciple, but we are disciples of Moses. 29 We know that God has spoken to Moses, but as for this man, we do not know where he comes from.” 30 The man answered, “Here is an astonishing thing! You do not know where he comes from, and yet he opened my eyes. 31 We know that God does not listen to sinners, but he does listen to one who worships him and obeys his will. 32 Never since the world began has it been heard that anyone opened the eyes of a person born blind. 33 If this man were not from God, he could do nothing.” 34 They answered him, “You were born entirely in sins, and are you trying to teach us?” And they drove him out.

Spiritual Blindness

35 Jesus heard that they had driven him out, and when he found him, he said, “Do you believe in the Son of Man?”[a] 36 He answered, “And who is he, sir?[b] Tell me, so that I may believe in him.” 37 Jesus said to him, “You have seen him, and the one speaking with you is he.” 38 He said, “Lord,[c] I believe.” And he worshiped him. 39 Jesus said, “I came into this world for judgment so that those who do not see may see, and those who do see may become blind.” 40 Some of the Pharisees near him heard this and said to him, “Surely we are not blind, are we?” 41 Jesus said to them, “If you were blind, you would not have sin. But now that you say, ‘We see,’ your sin remains.

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  1. John 9:35 Other ancient authorities read the Son of God
  2. John 9:36 Sir and Lord translate the same Greek word
  3. John 9:38 Sir and Lord translate the same Greek word

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