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Jeremiah 34Lexham English Bible (LEB)

A Message for Zedekiah

34 The word that came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, when Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, and all his army, with all the kingdoms of the earth under the dominion of his hand, and all the peoples were fighting against Jerusalem and against all its cities, saying,[a] “Thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel: ‘Go and say to Zedekiah the king of Judah, now you must say to him, “Thus says Yahweh: ‘Look, I am going to give this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he will burn it with fire. And you will not escape from his hand, but surely you will be captured, and into his hand you will be given, and you will see the king of Babylon eye to eye,[b] and you will speak face to face with him,[c] and to Babylon you will go.’ However, hear the word of Yahweh, O Zedekiah, the king of Judah. Thus says Yahweh concerning you: ‘You will not die by the sword. In peace you will die, and as there was burning for your ancestors,[d] the former kings who were before you,[e] so they will burn for you, and they will lament for you, “Alas, lord!” For the word I have spoken,’ declares[f] Yahweh.”’” Then Jeremiah the prophet spoke to Zedekiah the king of Judah all these words in Jerusalem when the army of the king of Babylon was fighting against Jerusalem and against all the cities of Judah that were left over—Lachish and Azekah, for these remained among the cities of Judah, the cities of fortification.

Zedekiah’s Covenant Concerning Slaves

The word that came to Jeremiah from Yahweh after king Zedekiah made[g] a covenant with all the people who were in Jerusalem to proclaim release to them, to let go each one his male slave and each one his female slave, the Hebrew and the free Hebrew, so that no one among the Judeans[h] should enslave his fellow countryman. 10 And all the officials and all the people obeyed, who had entered into the covenant to let go each one his male slave and each one his female slave, not enslaving them again, and they obeyed and they let them[i] go. 11 But afterward[j] they turned back and they brought back the male slaves and the female slaves whom they had let go free, and they subdued them as male slaves and female slaves.

12 And the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, saying,[k] 13 “Thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel: ‘I made[l] a covenant with your ancestors[m] on the day of my bringing them out from the land of Egypt, from the house of slaves, saying,[n] 14 “At the end of seven years you must let go each one his fellow countryman, the Hebrew who has been sold to you and who has served you six years, and you must let him go free from you.” But your ancestors[o] did not listen to me, and they did not incline their ears.[p] 15 And you turned back recently[q] and you did right in my eyes, to proclaim release each one to his neighbor, and you made[r] a covenant before me[s] in the house that is called by[t] my name. 16 But you turned back and you profaned my name when you brought back each one his male slave and each one his female slave, whom you had let go free according to their desire, and you subdued them to be to you as male slaves and as female slaves.’

17 Therefore[u] thus says Yahweh, ‘You have not listened to me to proclaim release each one to his fellow countryman and each one to his neighbor. Look, I am going to proclaim to you a release,’ declares[v] Yahweh, ‘to the sword, to the plague, and to the famine, and I will make you a terror to all the kingdoms of the earth. 18 And I will make the men who transgressed my covenant, who have not kept the words of the covenant that they made[w] before me,[x] like the calf which they cut in two and they passed between its parts— 19 the officials of Judah, and the officials of Jerusalem, the eunuchs, and the priests, and all the people of the land who passed between the parts of the calf— 20 and I will give them into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of the seekers of their lives, and their dead bodies[y] will become as food for the birds[z] of the heavens[aa] and for the animals[ab] of the earth. 21 And Zedekiah the king of Judah and his officials I will give into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of the seekers of their lives, and into the hand of the army of the king of Babylon, who retreated from you. 22 Look, I am going to command,’ declares[ac] Yahweh, ‘and I will bring them back to this city, and they will fight against it, and they will capture it, and they will burn it with fire, and the towns of Judah I will make a desolation without[ad] an inhabitant.’”

Footnotes:

  1. Jeremiah 34:1 Literally “to say”
  2. Jeremiah 34:3 Literally “your eyes shall see with the eyes of the king of Babylon”
  3. Jeremiah 34:3 Literally “his mouth shall speak with your mouth”
  4. Jeremiah 34:5 Or “fathers”
  5. Jeremiah 34:5 Literally “to the face of you”
  6. Jeremiah 34:5 Literally “a declaration of”
  7. Jeremiah 34:8 Literally “cut”
  8. Jeremiah 34:9 Hebrew “Judean”
  9. Jeremiah 34:10 Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
  10. Jeremiah 34:11 Literally “after thus”
  11. Jeremiah 34:12 Literally “to say”
  12. Jeremiah 34:13 Literally “cut”
  13. Jeremiah 34:13 Or “fathers”
  14. Jeremiah 34:13 Literally “to say”
  15. Jeremiah 34:14 Or “fathers”
  16. Jeremiah 34:14 Hebrew “ear”
  17. Jeremiah 34:15 Literally “the day”
  18. Jeremiah 34:15 Literally “cut”
  19. Jeremiah 34:15 Literally “to the face of me”
  20. Jeremiah 34:15 Literally “on it”
  21. Jeremiah 34:17 Literally “To thus”
  22. Jeremiah 34:17 Literally “a declaration of”
  23. Jeremiah 34:18 Literally “cut”
  24. Jeremiah 34:18 Literally “to the face of me”
  25. Jeremiah 34:20 Hebrew “dead body”
  26. Jeremiah 34:20 Hebrew “bird”
  27. Jeremiah 34:20 Or “sky”
  28. Jeremiah 34:20 Hebrew “animal”
  29. Jeremiah 34:22 Literally “a declaration of”
  30. Jeremiah 34:22 Literally “from there is not”
Lexham English Bible (LEB)

2012 by Logos Bible Software. Lexham is a registered trademark of Logos Bible Software

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