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Both Israel and Judah Will Be Rescued

31 “At that time,” declares Yahweh, “I will be the Elohim of all the families of Israel, and they will be my people.”

This is what Yahweh says:

The people who survived the wars have found favor in the desert.
    Israel went to find its rest.

Yahweh appeared to me in a faraway place and said,

“I love you with an everlasting love.
    So I will continue to show you my kindness.
        Once again I will build you up,
            and you will be rebuilt, my dear people Israel.
        Once again you will take your tambourines,
            and you will go dancing with happy people.
        Once again you will plant vineyards on the mountains of Samaria.
            Those who plant them will enjoy the fruit.
There will be a day when watchmen on the mountains of Ephraim
    will call out this message:
        ‘Arise! Let’s go to Zion, to Yahweh our Elohim.’”

This is what Yahweh says:

Sing a happy song about Jacob.
    Sing joyfully for the leader of the nations.
    Shout, sing praise, and say,
    “O Yahweh, rescue your people, the remaining few from Israel.”

“I will bring them from the land of the north.
    I will gather them from the farthest parts of the earth.
    Blind people and lame people will return
        together with pregnant women and those in labor.
            A large crowd will return here.
They will cry as they return.
    They will pray as I bring them back.
    I will lead them beside streams
    on a level path where they will not stumble.
        I will be an Ab to Israel,
            and Ephraim will be my firstborn.

10 “You nations, listen to the word of Yahweh.
    Tell it to the distant islands.
    Say, ‘The one who scattered the people of Israel will gather them
        and watch over them as a shepherd watches over his flock.’
11 Yahweh will free the descendants of Jacob
    and reclaim them from those who are stronger than they are.
12 They will come and shout for joy on top of Mount Zion.
    They will stream to it to enjoy Yahweh’s blessings:
        fresh grain, new wine, and olive oil, lambs and calves.
    Their lives will be like well-watered gardens,
        and they will never suffer again.
13 Then young women will rejoice and dance
    along with young men and old men.
    I will turn their mourning into joy.
    I will comfort them.
    I will give them joy in place of their sorrow.
14 I will satisfy the priests with rich food.
    My people will be filled with my blessings,” declares Yahweh.

15 This is what Yahweh says:

A sound is heard in Ramah,
    the sound of crying in bitter grief.
        Rachel is crying for her children.
            She refuses to be comforted,
                because they are dead.

16 This is what Yahweh says:

Stop your crying, and wipe away your tears.
    You will be rewarded for your work, declares Yahweh.
    You will return from the land of the enemy.
17 Your future is filled with hope, declares Yahweh.
    Your children will return to their own territory.

18 “I have certainly heard Ephraim mourn and say,
    ‘You disciplined me, and I was disciplined.
        I was like a young, untrained calf.
    Turn me, and I will be turned,
        because you are Yahweh my Elohim.
19 After I was turned around, I changed the way I thought and acted.
    After I was taught a lesson, I hung my head in shame.
    I was so ashamed and humiliated,
        because of all the stupid things I have done
            ever since I was young.’
20 Is Ephraim my dear son? Is he a pleasant child?
    Even though I have often spoken against him, I still think fondly of him.
    That is why my heart longs for him,
        and I will certainly have compassion on him,” declares Yahweh.

21 Set up landmarks!
    Put up road signs!
    Remember the highway, the road on which you traveled.
    Come back, my dear people Israel, come back to your cities.
22 How long will you wander around, you unfaithful people?
    Yahweh will create something new on earth:
    A woman will protect a man.

23 This is what Yahweh Tsebaoth, the Elohim of Israel, says: When I have brought them back from captivity, they will once again use this saying in Judah and in its cities:

Yahweh bless you, home of righteousness, holy mountain.
24 Judah and all its cities will live there together.
    Farmers and shepherds will also live there.
25 I will give those who are weary all they need.
    I will refresh everyone who is filled with sorrow.”

26 At this, I woke up and looked around. My sleep had been pleasant.

27 “The days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when I will plant the nations of Israel and Judah with people and animals. 28 Once I watched over them to uproot them, to tear them down, and to wreck, ruin, and hurt them. Now I will watch over them to build them up and to plant them,” declares Yahweh. 29 “When those days come, people will no longer say, ‘Fathers have eaten sour grapes, and their children’s teeth are set on edge.’ 30 But each person will die for his own sin. Whoever eats sour grapes will have his own teeth set on edge.

The New Promise

31 “The days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when I will make a new promise[a] to Israel and Judah. 32 It will not be like the promise that I made to their ancestors when I took them by the hand and brought them out of Egypt. They rejected that promise, although I was a husband to them,” declares Yahweh. 33 “But this is the promise that I will make to Israel after those days,” declares Yahweh: “I will put my teachings inside them, and I will write those teachings on their hearts. I will be their Elohim, and they will be my people. 34 No longer will each person teach his neighbors or his relatives by saying, ‘Know Yahweh.’ All of them, from the least important to the most important, will know me,” declares Yahweh, “because I will forgive their wickedness and I will no longer hold their sins against them.”

35 Yahweh provides the sun to be a light during the day.
    He orders the moon and stars to be lights during the night.
    He stirs up the sea so that its waves roar.
        His name is Yahweh Tsebaoth.

This is what Yahweh says:

36 Only if these laws stop working, declares Yahweh,
    will Israel’s descendants stop being a nation in my presence.

37 This is what Yahweh says:

Only if the heavens could be measured
    or the foundations of the earth could be searched,
        would I ever reject all of Israel’s descendants
            because of everything that they have done, declares Yahweh.

38 “The days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when the city will be rebuilt for Yahweh from the Tower of Hananel to Corner Gate. 39 A measuring line will stretch from there straight to the Hill of Gareb, and then it will turn to Goah. 40 The whole valley, filled with its dead bodies and ashes, and the whole area to the Kidron Valley, as far as the corner of Horse Gate in the east, will be holy to Yahweh. It will never be uprooted or torn down again.”


  1. Jeremiah 31:31 Or “covenant.”