The Sun Stands Still

10 Now Adoni-Zedek(A) king of Jerusalem(B) heard that Joshua had taken Ai(C) and totally destroyed[a](D) it, doing to Ai and its king as he had done to Jericho and its king, and that the people of Gibeon(E) had made a treaty of peace(F) with Israel and had become their allies. He and his people were very much alarmed at this, because Gibeon was an important city, like one of the royal cities; it was larger than Ai, and all its men were good fighters. So Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem appealed to Hoham king of Hebron,(G) Piram king of Jarmuth,(H) Japhia king of Lachish(I) and Debir(J) king of Eglon.(K) “Come up and help me attack Gibeon,” he said, “because it has made peace(L) with Joshua and the Israelites.”

Then the five kings(M) of the Amorites(N)—the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon—joined forces. They moved up with all their troops and took up positions against Gibeon and attacked it.

The Gibeonites then sent word to Joshua in the camp at Gilgal:(O) “Do not abandon your servants. Come up to us quickly and save us! Help us, because all the Amorite kings from the hill country have joined forces against us.”

So Joshua marched up from Gilgal with his entire army,(P) including all the best fighting men. The Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid(Q) of them; I have given them into your hand.(R) Not one of them will be able to withstand you.”(S)

After an all-night march from Gilgal, Joshua took them by surprise. 10 The Lord threw them into confusion(T) before Israel,(U) so Joshua and the Israelites defeated them completely at Gibeon.(V) Israel pursued them along the road going up to Beth Horon(W) and cut them down all the way to Azekah(X) and Makkedah.(Y) 11 As they fled before Israel on the road down from Beth Horon to Azekah, the Lord hurled large hailstones(Z) down on them,(AA) and more of them died from the hail than were killed by the swords of the Israelites.

12 On the day the Lord gave the Amorites(AB) over to Israel, Joshua said to the Lord in the presence of Israel:

“Sun, stand still over Gibeon,
    and you, moon, over the Valley of Aijalon.(AC)
13 So the sun stood still,(AD)
    and the moon stopped,
    till the nation avenged itself on[b] its enemies,

as it is written in the Book of Jashar.(AE)

The sun stopped(AF) in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day. 14 There has never been a day like it before or since, a day when the Lord listened to a human being. Surely the Lord was fighting(AG) for Israel!

15 Then Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal.(AH)

Five Amorite Kings Killed

16 Now the five kings had fled(AI) and hidden in the cave at Makkedah. 17 When Joshua was told that the five kings had been found hiding in the cave at Makkedah, 18 he said, “Roll large rocks up to the mouth of the cave, and post some men there to guard it. 19 But don’t stop; pursue your enemies! Attack them from the rear and don’t let them reach their cities, for the Lord your God has given them into your hand.”

20 So Joshua and the Israelites defeated them completely,(AJ) but a few survivors managed to reach their fortified cities.(AK) 21 The whole army then returned safely to Joshua in the camp at Makkedah, and no one uttered a word against the Israelites.

22 Joshua said, “Open the mouth of the cave and bring those five kings out to me.” 23 So they brought the five kings out of the cave—the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon. 24 When they had brought these kings(AL) to Joshua, he summoned all the men of Israel and said to the army commanders who had come with him, “Come here and put your feet(AM) on the necks of these kings.” So they came forward and placed their feet(AN) on their necks.

25 Joshua said to them, “Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged. Be strong and courageous.(AO) This is what the Lord will do to all the enemies you are going to fight.” 26 Then Joshua put the kings to death and exposed their bodies on five poles, and they were left hanging on the poles until evening.

27 At sunset(AP) Joshua gave the order and they took them down from the poles and threw them into the cave where they had been hiding. At the mouth of the cave they placed large rocks, which are there to this day.(AQ)

Southern Cities Conquered

28 That day Joshua took Makkedah. He put the city and its king to the sword and totally destroyed everyone in it. He left no survivors.(AR) And he did to the king of Makkedah as he had done to the king of Jericho.(AS)

29 Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Makkedah to Libnah(AT) and attacked it. 30 The Lord also gave that city and its king into Israel’s hand. The city and everyone in it Joshua put to the sword. He left no survivors there. And he did to its king as he had done to the king of Jericho.

31 Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Libnah to Lachish;(AU) he took up positions against it and attacked it. 32 The Lord gave Lachish into Israel’s hands, and Joshua took it on the second day. The city and everyone in it he put to the sword, just as he had done to Libnah. 33 Meanwhile, Horam king of Gezer(AV) had come up to help Lachish, but Joshua defeated him and his army—until no survivors were left.

34 Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Lachish to Eglon;(AW) they took up positions against it and attacked it. 35 They captured it that same day and put it to the sword and totally destroyed everyone in it, just as they had done to Lachish.

36 Then Joshua and all Israel with him went up from Eglon to Hebron(AX) and attacked it. 37 They took the city and put it to the sword, together with its king, its villages and everyone(AY) in it. They left no survivors. Just as at Eglon, they totally destroyed it and everyone in it.

38 Then Joshua and all Israel with him turned around and attacked Debir.(AZ) 39 They took the city, its king and its villages, and put them to the sword. Everyone in it they totally destroyed. They left no survivors. They did to Debir and its king as they had done to Libnah and its king and to Hebron.(BA)

40 So Joshua subdued the whole region, including the hill country, the Negev,(BB) the western foothills and the mountain slopes,(BC) together with all their kings.(BD) He left no survivors. He totally destroyed all who breathed, just as the Lord, the God of Israel, had commanded.(BE) 41 Joshua subdued them from Kadesh Barnea(BF) to Gaza(BG) and from the whole region of Goshen(BH) to Gibeon. 42 All these kings and their lands Joshua conquered in one campaign, because the Lord, the God of Israel, fought(BI) for Israel.

43 Then Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal.(BJ)

Northern Kings Defeated

11 When Jabin(BK) king of Hazor(BL) heard of this, he sent word to Jobab king of Madon, to the kings of Shimron(BM) and Akshaph,(BN) and to the northern kings who were in the mountains, in the Arabah(BO) south of Kinnereth,(BP) in the western foothills and in Naphoth Dor(BQ) on the west; to the Canaanites in the east and west; to the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites(BR) and Jebusites in the hill country;(BS) and to the Hivites(BT) below Hermon(BU) in the region of Mizpah.(BV) They came out with all their troops and a large number of horses and chariots—a huge army, as numerous as the sand on the seashore.(BW) All these kings joined forces(BX) and made camp together at the Waters of Merom(BY) to fight against Israel.

The Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid of them, because by this time tomorrow I will hand(BZ) all of them, slain, over to Israel. You are to hamstring(CA) their horses and burn their chariots.”(CB)

So Joshua and his whole army came against them suddenly at the Waters of Merom and attacked them, and the Lord gave them into the hand of Israel. They defeated them and pursued them all the way to Greater Sidon,(CC) to Misrephoth Maim,(CD) and to the Valley of Mizpah on the east, until no survivors were left. Joshua did to them as the Lord had directed: He hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots.

10 At that time Joshua turned back and captured Hazor and put its king to the sword.(CE) (Hazor had been the head of all these kingdoms.) 11 Everyone in it they put to the sword. They totally destroyed[c] them,(CF) not sparing anyone that breathed,(CG) and he burned(CH) Hazor itself.

12 Joshua took all these royal cities and their kings and put them to the sword. He totally destroyed them, as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded.(CI) 13 Yet Israel did not burn any of the cities built on their mounds—except Hazor, which Joshua burned. 14 The Israelites carried off for themselves all the plunder and livestock of these cities, but all the people they put to the sword until they completely destroyed them, not sparing anyone that breathed.(CJ) 15 As the Lord commanded his servant Moses, so Moses commanded Joshua, and Joshua did it; he left nothing undone of all that the Lord commanded Moses.(CK)

16 So Joshua took this entire land: the hill country,(CL) all the Negev,(CM) the whole region of Goshen, the western foothills,(CN) the Arabah and the mountains of Israel with their foothills, 17 from Mount Halak, which rises toward Seir,(CO) to Baal Gad(CP) in the Valley of Lebanon(CQ) below Mount Hermon.(CR) He captured all their kings and put them to death.(CS) 18 Joshua waged war against all these kings for a long time. 19 Except for the Hivites(CT) living in Gibeon,(CU) not one city made a treaty of peace(CV) with the Israelites, who took them all in battle. 20 For it was the Lord himself who hardened their hearts(CW) to wage war against Israel, so that he might destroy them totally, exterminating them without mercy, as the Lord had commanded Moses.(CX)

21 At that time Joshua went and destroyed the Anakites(CY) from the hill country: from Hebron, Debir(CZ) and Anab,(DA) from all the hill country of Judah, and from all the hill country of Israel. Joshua totally destroyed them and their towns. 22 No Anakites were left in Israelite territory; only in Gaza,(DB) Gath(DC) and Ashdod(DD) did any survive.

23 So Joshua took the entire land,(DE) just as the Lord had directed Moses, and he gave it as an inheritance(DF) to Israel according to their tribal divisions.(DG) Then the land had rest(DH) from war.(DI)

List of Defeated Kings

12 These are the kings of the land whom the Israelites had defeated and whose territory they took(DJ) over east of the Jordan,(DK) from the Arnon(DL) Gorge to Mount Hermon,(DM) including all the eastern side of the Arabah:(DN)

Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon.(DO)

He ruled from Aroer(DP) on the rim of the Arnon Gorge—from the middle of the gorge—to the Jabbok River,(DQ) which is the border of the Ammonites.(DR) This included half of Gilead.(DS) He also ruled over the eastern Arabah from the Sea of Galilee[d](DT) to the Sea of the Arabah (that is, the Dead Sea(DU)), to Beth Jeshimoth,(DV) and then southward below the slopes of Pisgah.(DW)

And the territory of Og king of Bashan,(DX) one of the last of the Rephaites,(DY) who reigned in Ashtaroth(DZ) and Edrei.

He ruled over Mount Hermon, Salekah,(EA) all of Bashan(EB) to the border of the people of Geshur(EC) and Maakah,(ED) and half of Gilead(EE) to the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.

Moses, the servant of the Lord, and the Israelites conquered them.(EF) And Moses the servant of the Lord gave their land to the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh to be their possession.(EG)

Here is a list of the kings of the land that Joshua and the Israelites conquered on the west side of the Jordan, from Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon(EH) to Mount Halak, which rises toward Seir. Joshua gave their lands as an inheritance to the tribes of Israel according to their tribal divisions. The lands included the hill country, the western foothills, the Arabah, the mountain slopes, the wilderness and the Negev.(EI) These were the lands of the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites. These were the kings:(EJ)

the king of Jericho(EK)one
the king of Ai(EL) (near Bethel(EM))one
10 the king of Jerusalem(EN)one
the king of Hebronone
11 the king of Jarmuthone
the king of Lachish(EO)one
12 the king of Eglon(EP)one
the king of Gezer(EQ)one
13 the king of Debir(ER)one
the king of Gederone
14 the king of Hormah(ES)one
the king of Arad(ET)one
15 the king of Libnah(EU)one
the king of Adullam(EV)one
16 the king of Makkedah(EW)one
the king of Bethel(EX)one
17 the king of Tappuah(EY)one
the king of Hepher(EZ)one
18 the king of Aphek(FA)one
the king of Lasharonone
19 the king of Madonone
the king of Hazor(FB)one
20 the king of Shimron Meronone
the king of Akshaph(FC)one
21 the king of Taanach(FD)one
the king of Megiddo(FE)one
22 the king of Kedesh(FF)one
the king of Jokneam(FG) in Carmel(FH)one
23 the king of Dor (in Naphoth Dor(FI))one
the king of Goyim in Gilgalone
24 the king of Tirzah(FJ)one
thirty-one kings in all.(FK)


  1. Joshua 10:1 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them; also in verses 28, 35, 37, 39 and 40.
  2. Joshua 10:13 Or nation triumphed over
  3. Joshua 11:11 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them; also in verses 12, 20 and 21.
  4. Joshua 12:3 Hebrew Kinnereth

Mary Visits Elizabeth

39 At that time Mary got ready and hurried to a town in the hill country of Judea,(A) 40 where she entered Zechariah’s home and greeted Elizabeth. 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.(B) 42 In a loud voice she exclaimed: “Blessed are you among women,(C) and blessed is the child you will bear! 43 But why am I so favored, that the mother of my Lord(D) should come to me? 44 As soon as the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy. 45 Blessed is she who has believed that the Lord would fulfill his promises to her!”

Mary’s Song(E)

46 And Mary said:

“My soul glorifies the Lord(F)
47     and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior,(G)
48 for he has been mindful
    of the humble state of his servant.(H)
From now on all generations will call me blessed,(I)
49     for the Mighty One has done great things(J) for me—
    holy is his name.(K)
50 His mercy extends to those who fear him,
    from generation to generation.(L)
51 He has performed mighty deeds with his arm;(M)
    he has scattered those who are proud in their inmost thoughts.(N)
52 He has brought down rulers from their thrones
    but has lifted up the humble.(O)
53 He has filled the hungry with good things(P)
    but has sent the rich away empty.
54 He has helped his servant Israel,
    remembering to be merciful(Q)
55 to Abraham and his descendants(R) forever,
    just as he promised our ancestors.”

56 Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months and then returned home.

Read full chapter

Bible Gateway Recommends