“People of Israel, you say I ·divorced [L sent away] your mother. Then where is the certificate of divorce that proves it? Or ·do you think I sold you to pay a debt [L to which of my creditors did I sell you]? Because of ·the evil things you did [your sins/iniquities], I sold you. Because of ·the times she turned against me [your transgressions], your mother was sent away. 2 ·I came home and found [L Why, when I came, did I find…?] no one there; I called, but no one answered. ·Do you think I am not able [L Is my hand too short] to ·save [redeem] you [59:1]? Do I not have the power to save you? ·Look [T Behold], ·I need only to shout and [L With my rebuke] the sea becomes dry [Ex. 14:21]. I change rivers into a desert [Josh. 3:16], and their fish rot because there is no water; they die of thirst. 3 I can ·make the skies dark [L clothe the skies/heavens in darkness; Rev. 6:12]; I can make ·them black like clothes of sadness [L sackcloth their covering].”
God’s Servant Obeys
4 The Lord God gave me the ·ability to teach [L tongue of a student/learned one] so that I know what to say to make the ·weak [weary] strong. Every morning he wakes me. He ·teaches me [L awakens my ear] to listen like a student [C this passage (50:4–11) is the third of four “servant songs” in Isaiah; see 42:1]. 5 The Lord God ·helps me learn [or speaks clearly to me; L has opened my ear], and I have not ·turned against him [rebelled] nor ·stopped following him [turned away/back]. 6 I offered my back to those who beat me. I offered my cheeks to those who ·pulled [ripped out] my beard. I ·won’t [or did not] hide my face from them when they ·make fun of [mocked; insulted; shamed] me and spit at me [53:5; Matt. 26:67; 27:26; Mark 15:19; Luke 22:63]. 7 The Lord God helps me, so I will not be ·ashamed [disgraced]. I ·will be determined [L have set my face like flint; Ezek. 3:8–9], and I know I will not be ·disgraced [put to shame]. 8 He ·shows that I am innocent [vindicates], and he is ·close to me [near]. So who can ·accuse me [bring charges against me; Rom. 8:33–34]? If there is someone, let us ·go to court [L stand up] together. ·If someone wants to prove I have done wrong [L Who are my accusers?], he should ·come and tell [challenge; L come near] me. 9 Look! It is the Lord God who helps me. So who can ·prove me guilty [condemn me]? Look! All those who try will ·become useless like old clothes [wear out like a garment]; moths will eat them.
10 Who among you fears the Lord and obeys his servant? The person who walks in the dark without light should trust in the [L name of the]Lord and depend on his God. 11 ·But instead [or Look; Behold], ·some of you want to [L all of you who] light your own fires and make your own light. So, go, walk in the light of your fires, and trust ·your own light to guide you [the torches you have ignited]. But this is what you will receive from ·me [my hand]: You will lie down in ·a place of pain [torment; C could refer to physical pain in the present world or to the torment of hell].
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