45 This is what the Lord says to Cyrus [44:28], his ·appointed king [anointed one; messiah]: “I hold your right hand and will help you ·defeat [subdue] nations and ·take away other kings’ power [or remove kings’ armor; L open the loins of kings]. I will open doors for you so city gates will not ·stop you [be shut]. 2 I will go before you and ·make the mountains flat [level mountains; 40:4]. I will ·break down [shatter; smash] the bronze gates of the cities and cut through their iron bars. 3 I will give you the ·wealth that is stored away [L treasures of darkness] and the ·hidden riches [hoards in secret places] so you will know I am the Lord, the God of Israel, who calls you by name. 4 I do these things for ·my servants, the people of Jacob [L the sake of Jacob my servant], and for ·my chosen people, the Israelites [Israel, my chosen]. ·Cyrus, I call [L I call] you by name, and I give you a title of honor even though you don’t know me. 5 I am the Lord. There is no other God; I am the only God. I will ·make you strong [or arm you for battle; L gird you], even though you don’t know me, 6 so that everyone will know there is ·no other God [none besides me]. From the ·east [rising of the sun] to ·the west [its setting] they will know I alone am the Lord. 7 I make the light and create the darkness. I bring ·peace [prosperity; wholeness; C Hebrew shalom], and I ·cause [create] ·troubles [disaster; calamity]. I, the Lord, do all these things.
8 “·Sky [Heavens] above, make ·victory [or righteousness] fall like rain; clouds, pour down ·victory [or righteousness]. Let the earth ·receive it [open up], and let salvation grow, and let ·victory [or righteousness] grow with it. I, the Lord, have created it.
9 “·How terrible it will be for [L Woe to] those who argue with ·the God who made them [their Maker]. ·They are like a piece of broken pottery [L A potsherd] among ·many pieces [L potsherds of the earth]. ·The clay does not [L Does the clay…?] ask the potter [64:8; Rom. 9:20], ‘What are you doing?’ The thing that is made doesn’t say to its maker, ‘You have no ·hands [or skill].’ 10 ·How terrible it will be for [L Woe to] the child who says to his father, ‘·Why are you giving me life [or What have you fathered]?’ ·How terrible it will be for [L Woe to] the child who says to his mother, ‘·Why are you giving birth to me [or What have you given birth to]?’”
11 This is what the Lord, the Holy One of Israel [1:4], and its Maker, says: “You ask me about what will happen. ·You [or Do you…?; or How dare you…!] question me about my children. ·You [or Do you…?; or How dare you…!] give me orders about ·what I have made [the work of my hands]. 12 I made the earth and all the people living on it. With my own hands I stretched out the ·skies [heavens], and I commanded all ·the armies in the sky [or the stars in the sky; T their host]. 13 I will ·bring [raise/stir up] ·Cyrus [L him; 44:28] ·to do good things [or for my righteous purpose; in my righteousness], and I will make his ·work easy [ways/paths straight]. He will rebuild my city and set my ·people [L exiles] free without any payment or ·reward [gift; or bribe]. The Lord ·All-Powerful [Almighty; of Heaven’s Armies; T of hosts] says this.”
14 The Lord says, “The ·goods made in [L labor of] Egypt and the ·products [merchandise; or revenue] of ·Cush [Ethiopia] and the tall people of Seba [43:3] will ·come to [or be brought to] you and will become yours. ·The Sabeans [L They] will walk behind you, coming along in chains [C Israel is depicted as a great empire, receiving tribute from other nations]. They will bow down before you and pray to you [C because they recognize Israel as God’s representative], saying, ‘God is with you, and there is no other God.’”
15 God and Savior of Israel, ·you are [or how, then, can you be…?] a God ·that people cannot see [L who hides himself]. 16 All the people who make idols will be put to great shame; they will go off together in ·disgrace [humiliation; or confusion]. 17 But Israel will be saved by the Lord, and that salvation will continue forever. Never again will Israel be ·put to shame [shamed; disgraced].
18 The Lord created the heavens. He is the God who formed the earth and made it. He did not ·want [create] it to be ·empty [or formless; chaotic; Gen. 1:2], but he ·wanted life on the earth [L formed it to be inhabited]. This is what the Lord says: “I am the Lord. There is no other God. 19 I did not speak in secret or hide my words in some dark place. I did not tell the ·family [descendants; offspring; seed] of Jacob to ·look for me in empty places [or seek me in vain]. I am the Lord, and I speak the truth; I say what is right.
20 “You ·people who have escaped [fugitives; refugees] from other nations, gather together and come before me; come near together. People who carry idols of wood ·don’t know what they are doing [know nothing; or are fools]. They pray to a god who cannot save them. 21 ·Tell these people to come to me [or Declare and bring your case]. Let them ·talk about these things [take counsel] together. Who told you long ago that this would happen? Who told about it long ago? I, the Lord, said these things. There is no other God besides me. I am the only good God. I am the Savior. There is no other God.
22 “All ·people everywhere [the ends of the earth], ·follow [turn] and be saved. I am God. There is no other God. 23 I ·will make a promise by my own power [L have sworn by myself], and ·my promise is true [L a righteous/right/true word goes out of my mouth]; what I say will not ·be changed [be revoked; L return]. ·I promise that everyone will bow before me [L For to me every knee will bow] and ·will promise to follow me [L every tongue will swear; C allegiance; Rom. 14:11; Phil. 2:10]. 24 People will say about me, ‘·Goodness [Righteousness; or Deliverance] and ·power [strength] come only from the Lord.’” Everyone who has been angry with him will come to him and be ashamed. 25 But with the Lord’s help, the ·people [descendants; offspring; seed] of Israel will be ·found to be good [justified; vindicated; or victorious], and they will ·praise [boast/glory in] him.
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