And many peoples will come and say,
“Come, let’s go up to the mountain of the Lord,
To the house of the God of Jacob;
So that He may teach us [a]about His ways,
And that we may walk in His paths.”
For [b]the law will go out (A)from Zion
And the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.

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  1. Isaiah 2:3 Or some of
  2. Isaiah 2:3 Or instruction

All the World Guilty

Then what [a]advantage does the Jew have? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? Great in every respect. First, that (A)they were entrusted with the (B)actual words of God. What then? If (C)some [b]did not believe, their [c]unbelief will not nullify the faithfulness of God, will it? [d](D)Far from it! Rather, God must prove to be true, though every person be found (E)a liar, as it is written:

(F)So that You are justified in Your words,
And prevail [e]when You are judged.”

But if our unrighteousness [f](G)demonstrates the righteousness of God, (H)what shall we say? The God who inflicts wrath is not unrighteous, is He? ((I)I am speaking from a human viewpoint.) (J)Far from it! For otherwise, how will (K)God judge the world? But if through my lie (L)the truth of God abounded to His glory, (M)why am I also still being judged as a sinner? And why not say (just as we are slanderously reported and as some claim that we say), “(N)Let’s do evil that good may come of it”? [g]Their condemnation is deserved.

What then? [h](O)Are we better than they? Not at all; for we have already charged that both (P)Jews and (Q)Greeks are (R)all under sin; 10 as it is written:

(S)There is no righteous person, not even one;
11 There is no one who understands,
There is no one who seeks out God;
12 They have all turned aside, together they have become [i]corrupt;
There is no one who does good,
There is not even one.”
13 (T)Their throat is an open grave,
With their tongues they keep deceiving,”
(U)The venom of [j]asps is under their lips”;
14 (V)Their mouth is full of cursing and bitterness”;
15 (W)Their feet are swift to shed blood,
16 Destruction and misery are in their paths,
17 And they have not known the way of peace.”
18 (X)There is no fear of God before their eyes.”

19 Now we know that whatever the (Y)Law says, it speaks to (Z)those who are [k]under the Law, so that every mouth may be closed and (AA)all the world may become accountable to God; 20 because (AB)by the works [l]of the Law [m]none of mankind will be justified in His sight; for [n](AC)through the Law comes [o]knowledge of sin.

Justification by Faith

21 But now apart [p]from the Law (AD)the righteousness of God has been revealed, being (AE)witnessed by the [q]Law and the Prophets, 22 but it is the (AF)righteousness of God through (AG)faith (AH)in Jesus Christ for (AI)all those [r]who believe; for (AJ)there is no distinction, 23 for all [s](AK)have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 being justified as a gift (AL)by His grace through (AM)the redemption which is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God displayed publicly as (AN)a [t]propitiation [u](AO)in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, [v]because in God’s merciful (AP)restraint He (AQ)let the sins previously committed go unpunished; 26 for the demonstration, that is, of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who [w]has faith in Jesus.

27 Where then is (AR)boasting? It has been excluded. By (AS)what kind of law? Of works? No, but by a law of faith. 28 [x]For (AT)we maintain that a person is justified by faith apart from works [y]of the Law. 29 Or (AU)is God the God of Jews only? Is He not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30 since indeed (AV)God (AW)who will justify the [z]circumcised [aa]by faith and the [ab]uncircumcised through faith (AX)is one.

31 Do we then nullify [ac]the Law through faith? (AY)Far from it! On the contrary, we (AZ)establish the Law.


  1. Romans 3:1 Lit is the advantage of the Jew
  2. Romans 3:3 Or were unfaithful
  3. Romans 3:3 Or unfaithfulness
  4. Romans 3:4 Lit May it never happen! And so throughout the ch
  5. Romans 3:4 Or in Your judging
  6. Romans 3:5 I.e., by requiring His judgment
  7. Romans 3:8 Lit Whose
  8. Romans 3:9 Or Are we worse
  9. Romans 3:12 Or depraved
  10. Romans 3:13 I.e., venomous snakes
  11. Romans 3:19 Lit in
  12. Romans 3:20 Or of law
  13. Romans 3:20 Lit no flesh
  14. Romans 3:20 Or through law
  15. Romans 3:20 Or recognition
  16. Romans 3:21 Or from law
  17. Romans 3:21 I.e., the Old Testament
  18. Romans 3:22 Or who believe. For there is
  19. Romans 3:23 Or sinned
  20. Romans 3:25 I.e., a means of reconciliation between God and mankind by paying the penalty for sin
  21. Romans 3:25 Or by
  22. Romans 3:25 Lit because of the passing over of the sins previously committed, in the restraint of God
  23. Romans 3:26 Lit is of the faith of Jesus
  24. Romans 3:28 One early ms Therefore
  25. Romans 3:28 Or of law
  26. Romans 3:30 Lit circumcision
  27. Romans 3:30 Lit out of
  28. Romans 3:30 Lit uncircumcision
  29. Romans 3:31 Or law

who are (A)Israelites, to whom belongs (B)the adoption as sons and daughters, (C)the glory, (D)the covenants, (E)the giving of the Law, (F)the temple service, and (G)the promises; whose are (H)the fathers, and (I)from whom is the [a]Christ according to the flesh, (J)who is over all, (K)God (L)blessed [b]forever. Amen.

But it is not as though (M)the word of God has failed. (N)For they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel; nor are they all children (O)because they are Abraham’s [c](P)descendants, but: “[d](Q)through Isaac your [e]descendants shall be named.” That is, it is not the children of the flesh [f]who are (R)children of God, but the (S)children of the promise are regarded as [g](T)descendants. For this is the word of promise: “(U)At this time I will come, and Sarah will have a son.” 10 (V)And not only that, but there was also (W)Rebekah, when she had conceived twins by one man, our father Isaac; 11 for though the twins were not yet born and had not done anything good or bad, so that (X)God’s purpose according to His choice would [h]stand, not [i]because of works but [j]because of Him who calls, 12 it was said to her, “(Y)The older will serve the younger.” 13 Just as it is written: “(Z)Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.”

14 (AA)What shall we say then? (AB)There is no injustice with God, is there? [k](AC)Far from it! 15 For He says to Moses, “(AD)I will have mercy on whomever I have mercy, and I will show compassion to whomever I show compassion.” 16 So then, it does not depend on the person who [l]wants it nor the one who [m](AE)runs, but on (AF)God who has mercy. 17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “(AG)For this very reason I raised you up, in order to demonstrate My power in you, and that My name might be proclaimed [n]throughout the earth.” 18 So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He (AH)hardens whom He desires.

19 (AI)You will say to me then, “(AJ)Why does He still find fault? For (AK)who has resisted His will?” 20 On the contrary, who are you, [o](AL)you foolish person, who (AM)answers back to God? (AN)The thing molded will not say to the molder, “Why did you make me like this,” will it? 21 Or does the potter not have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one object [p]for honorable use, and another [q]for common use? 22 [r]What if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with great (AO)patience objects of wrath (AP)prepared for destruction? 23 And He did so to make known (AQ)the riches of His glory upon (AR)objects of mercy, which He (AS)prepared beforehand for glory, 24 namely us, whom He also (AT)called, (AU)not only from among Jews, but also from among Gentiles, 25 as He also says in Hosea:

(AV)I will call those who were not My people, ‘My people,’
And her who was not beloved, ‘beloved.’”
26 (AW)And it shall be that in the place where it was said to them, ‘you are not My people,’
There they shall be called sons of (AX)the living God.”

27 Isaiah cries out concerning Israel, “(AY)Though the number of the sons of Israel may be (AZ)like the sand of the sea, only (BA)the remnant will be saved; 28 (BB)for the Lord will execute His word on the earth, [s]thoroughly and [t]quickly.” 29 And just as Isaiah foretold:

(BC)If (BD)the Lord [u]of armies had not left us [v](BE)descendants,
(BF)We would have become like Sodom, and would have [w]been like Gomorrah.”

30 (BG)What shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, attained righteousness, but (BH)the righteousness that is [x]by faith; 31 however, Israel, (BI)pursuing a law of righteousness, did not (BJ)arrive at that law. 32 Why? Because they did not pursue it [y]by faith, but as though they could [z]by works. They stumbled over (BK)the stumbling stone, 33 just as it is written:

(BL)Behold, I am laying in Zion (BM)a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense,
(BN)And the one who believes in Him (BO)will not be [aa]put to shame.”

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  1. Romans 9:5 I.e., Messiah
  2. Romans 9:5 Lit unto the ages
  3. Romans 9:7 Lit seed
  4. Romans 9:7 Lit in
  5. Romans 9:7 Lit seed
  6. Romans 9:8 Lit these
  7. Romans 9:8 Lit seed
  8. Romans 9:11 Lit remain
  9. Romans 9:11 Lit from
  10. Romans 9:11 Lit from
  11. Romans 9:14 Lit May it never happen!
  12. Romans 9:16 Or wills nor
  13. Romans 9:16 I.e., to win mercy or favor
  14. Romans 9:17 Lit in all
  15. Romans 9:20 Lit O
  16. Romans 9:21 Lit for honor
  17. Romans 9:21 Lit for dishonor
  18. Romans 9:22 Lit But
  19. Romans 9:28 Lit finishing it
  20. Romans 9:28 Lit cutting it short
  21. Romans 9:29 Gr sabaoth, for Heb tsebaoth (armies)
  22. Romans 9:29 Lit seed
  23. Romans 9:29 Lit been made like
  24. Romans 9:30 Lit out of
  25. Romans 9:32 Lit out of
  26. Romans 9:32 Lit out of
  27. Romans 9:33 Or disappointed

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