14 The Lord will ·show mercy to [have compassion on] the ·people of Jacob [L Jacob], and he will again choose ·the people of Israel [L Israel]. He will settle them in their own land. Then ·non-Israelite people [foreigners; strangers] will join the Israelites and will ·become a part of [unite with; attach to] the ·family [L house] of Jacob. 2 Nations will take the Israelites back to their ·land [place]. Then those men and women from the other nations will become ·slaves [servants] to Israel in the Lord’s land. Israel will capture those who had captured them and will rule over ·those who had ruled them [their oppressors].
The King of Babylon Will Fall
3 The Lord will ·take away the Israelites’ hard work and will comfort them [L give you rest/relief from your suffering/pain and turmoil]. ·They [L You] will no longer have to work hard as slaves. 4 On that day ·Israel [L you] will sing this ·song about [or taunt against] the king of Babylon:
The ·cruel king who ruled us [L oppressor] is finished; his ·angry rule [arrogant fury; hostility] is finished! 5 The Lord has ·taken away the power [broken the club/rod/staff] of the wicked and the ·scepter [staff] of evil rulers 6 ·The king of Babylon [L …which] struck ·people [or nations] in anger ·again and again [with endless blows]. He ruled nations in anger ·and continued to hurt them [with unrelenting oppression/aggression]. 7 But now, the whole world rests and is quiet. Now the people begin to sing. 8 Even the ·pine trees [junipers; evergreens; cypresses] ·are happy [rejoice at you], and the cedar trees of Lebanon rejoice. They say, “The king has ·fallen [been laid low], so no ·one [woodcutter] will ever cut us down again.”
9 ·The place of the dead [or The grave; L Sheol] is ·excited [stirred up] to meet you when you come. It wakes the ·spirits of the dead [ghosts], the ·leaders [L rams] of the world. It makes kings of all nations ·stand up from their thrones to greet you [L rise up from their thrones]. 10 All these leaders will ·make fun of you [L respond] and will say, “Now you are weak, as we are. Now you are just like us.” 11 Your ·pride [or pomp; splendor] has been sent down to ·the place of the dead [or the grave; L Sheol]. The music from your harps goes with it. ·Flies [or Maggots] are spread out like your bed beneath you, and worms cover your body like a blanket. 12 How you have fallen from heaven, ·morning star [or day star; or shining one; C still addressing the king of Babylon, though sometimes applied to Satan], ·even though you were as bright as the rising sun [L son of the dawn]! In the past all the nations on earth ·bowed down before you [or were laid low by you], but now you have been cut down. 13 You told yourself, “I will ·go up to heaven [or ascend to the sky]. I will put my throne above God’s stars. I will ·sit [or rule] on the mountain of the ·gods [L assembly], on the slopes of ·the sacred mountain [or the north; or Mount Zaphon; C known as the mountain of Baal]. 14 I will ·go up [ascend] above the ·tops [or high places] of the clouds. I will be like God Most High.” 15 But you were brought down to ·the grave [or the place of the dead; L Sheol], to the deep places ·where the dead are [L of the pit].
16 Those who see you stare at you. They ·think about [ponder] what has happened to you and say, “Is this the same man who ·caused great fear on [L shook the] earth, who ·shook [made to tremble] the kingdoms, 17 who turned the world into a desert, who ·destroyed [overthrew] its cities, who captured people in war and would not let them go home?”
18 Every king of the nations ·has been buried with honor [lies in glory], each in his own ·grave [L house]. 19 But you are thrown out of your grave, like an ·unwanted [loathed; rejected] branch. ·You are covered by bodies [L Clothed with the slain] that ·died in battle [L were pierced with a sword], by bodies to be buried in a rocky pit. You are like a ·dead body other soldiers walk on [trampled corpse]. 20 You will not be buried with those bodies, because you ruined your own country and killed your own people. ·The children [or May the offspring/descendants] of evil people will never be mentioned again.
21 Prepare to ·kill his children [execute/slaughter his sons], ·because their father is guilty [for the sins of their fathers/ancestors]. They will never ·again take control of [L rise and possess] the earth; they will never again fill the ·world [surface/L face of the earth/world] with their cities.
22 The Lord ·All-Powerful [Almighty; of Heaven’s Armies; T of hosts] says this: “I will ·fight [L rise up] against those people; I will ·destroy [L cut off from] Babylon ·and its people [L its name and remnant/survivors], its ·children [offspring] and their ·descendants [posterity],” says the Lord. 23 “I will make Babylon fit only for ·owls [or hedgehogs; or porcupines] and for swamps. I will sweep Babylon as with a broom of destruction,” says the Lord ·All-Powerful [Almighty; of Heaven’s Armies; T of hosts].
God Will Punish Assyria
24 The Lord ·All-Powerful [Almighty; of Heaven’s Armies; T of hosts] has ·made this promise [sworn this oath]:
“These things will happen exactly as I planned them; they will happen exactly as I ·set them up [purposed them]. 25 I will ·destroy [crush; break] ·the king of Assyria [L Assyria] in my ·country [land]; I will trample him on my mountains. His yoke [C oppressive rule] will be taken off my people, And his burden will be removed from their shoulders.
26 “This is what I plan to do for all the earth. And this is the hand that I have ·raised [stretched out] over all nations.”
27 When the Lord ·All-Powerful [Almighty; of Heaven’s Armies; T of hosts] makes a plan, ·no one [L who…?] can stop it. When the Lord ·raises his hand to punish people [L stretches out his hand], ·no one [L who…?] can stop it.
God’s Message to Philistia
28 This message was given in the year that King Ahaz died [C about 715 bc]:
29 Country of Philistia, don’t ·be happy [rejoice] that the ·king [L club; rod] who struck you is now ·dead [broken; C either the king of Assyria or Ahaz, king of Judah]. He is like a snake that will give birth to another dangerous snake [L For from the snake’s/serpent’s root will come a viper/adder]. ·The new king will be like a quick, dangerous snake to bite you [L its offspring/fruit will be a darting/flying poisonous/fiery adder]. 30 Even the ·poorest of my people [or firstborn of the poor] will ·be able to eat safely [find pasture; graze in pasure], and people in need will be able to lie down in safety. But I will kill your ·family [L root] with ·hunger [famine], and ·all your people who are left will die [L it will slay your survivors/remnant].
31 ·People near the city gates, cry out [L Wail, gate, and cry out, city]! Philistines, ·be frightened [melt away], because a cloud of ·dust [or smoke] comes from the north [C evidence of an approaching army]. ·Full of men ready to fight [L And there is no straggler/loner in its ranks]. 32 What shall we tell the messengers ·from Philistia [L of the nation]? Say that the Lord has made ·Jerusalem [L Zion; C the location of the Temple] strong and that his ·poor [oppressed; afflicted] people will go there for ·safety [refuge].
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