1 This is the vision Isaiah son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem ·while [L in the days when] Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah were kings of Judah [792–686 bc].
God’s Case Against His Children
2 Listen, heavens, and pay attention, earth [L witnesses of the covenant; Deut. 30:19], because the Lord is speaking: “I raised ·my children [or sons; C the nation Israel] and ·helped them grow [brought them] up, but they have ·turned [rebelled] against me. 3 An ox knows its ·master [owner], and a donkey knows ·where its owner feeds it [L the feeding trough/crib of its owner/master], but the people of Israel do not know me; my people do not understand.”
4 ·How terrible [Woe; Alas]! ·Israel is a nation of sin [L Sinful nation!], a people ·loaded [weighed] down with guilt, ·a group of children [offspring; brood; seed] ·doing evil [or born from evildoers], ·children [or sons] who ·are full of evil [act corruptly; are depraved]. They have ·left [abandoned; forsaken] the Lord; they ·hate [despise; or have rejected/spurned] the Holy One of Israel [C Isaiah’s favorite title for God], and have ·turned away [become alienated/estranged] from him.
5 Why ·should you continue to be [or do you insist on being] ·punished [battered; struck down]? Why do you continue to ·turn against him [rebel]? Your whole head is ·hurt [bruised; wounded], and your whole heart is ·sick [faint; weak]. 6 There is no ·healthy spot [soundness] from the ·bottom [sole] of your foot to the top of your head; you are covered with ·wounds [bruises], ·hurts [sores; welts], and ·open sores [raw/infected wounds] that are not ·cleaned [L pressed out] and ·covered [bandaged], ·and no medicine takes away the pain [L not soothed/softened with oil].
7 Your land is ·ruined [desolate]; your cities have been burned with fire. ·While you watch [Right in front of you], ·your enemies [L foreigners; strangers] ·are stealing everything from [destroy; devour] your ·land [fields; crops]; it is ruined like a country ·destroyed [overthrown] by ·enemies [L foreigners; strangers]. 8 Jerusalem [L Daughter Zion; C the location of the Temple] is left alone like an ·empty shelter [or watchman’s hut] in a vineyard, like a ·hut [shelter] left in a field of ·melons [or cucumbers], like a city ·surrounded by enemies [besieged]. 9 If the Lord ·All-Powerful [Almighty; of Heaven’s Armies; T of hosts] had not ·allowed a few of our people to live [left us a few survivors], we would have been like the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah [C completely destroyed; Gen. 19].
10 ·Hear [Listen to] the word of the Lord, you rulers of Sodom [C Jerusalem is compared sarcastically to evil Sodom and Gomorrah]! listen to the ·teaching [instruction] of our God, You people of Gomorrah! 11 The Lord says, “·I do not want all these sacrifices [L What are your many sacrifices to me?]. I ·have had enough of [am stuffed full with] your burnt sacrifices [Lev. 1:1–17] of male sheep and fat from ·fine [fattened] ·animals [beasts; cattle]. I ·am not pleased by [take no pleasure in] the blood of bulls, lambs, and goats. 12 You ·come to meet with [appear before; worship] me, but who asked you to do all this ·running in and out of [trampling/parading through] my ·Temple’s rooms [courts; courtyards]? 13 Don’t continue bringing me ·worthless [meaningless; futile] sacrifices! ·I hate the incense you burn [L Incense is detestable/an abomination to me]. I can’t stand your New Moons, Sabbaths, and ·other feast days [convocations; sacred assemblies]; I can’t ·stand [endure] ·the evil you do in your holy meetings [L sin and assembly]. 14 I hate your New Moon ·feasts [festivals; Num. 28:11–15] and your ·other yearly [annual; appointed] feasts. They have become a ·heavy weight on [burden to] me, and I ·am tired of carrying it [or can no longer tolerate them]. 15 When you ·raise your arms to me [L spread out your hands] in prayer, I will ·refuse to look at [look the other way; L hide my eyes from] you. Even if you say many prayers, I will not listen to you, because your hands are ·full of [covered with] blood. 16 Wash yourselves and make yourselves clean. ·Stop doing the evil things I see you do [L Take away your evil deeds from my eyes]. Stop doing wrong. 17 Learn to do ·good [right]. Seek justice. ·Punish those who hurt others [Rebuke the oppressor; or Encourage the oppressed]. ·Help [Defend; Bring justice to] the ·orphans [fatherless]. ·Stand up for the rights of [L Contend/Strive for] widows.”
18 The Lord says, “Come, let us ·talk about these things [reason together; or settle this matter; or consider your options]. Though your sins are like scarlet [C stained with blood; vv. 15, 21], they can be as white as snow. Though your sins are ·deep red [L red as crimson/purple], they can be white like wool. 19 If you become willing and ·obey [listen to] me, you will eat ·good crops from [the good of] the land. 20 But if you ·refuse to obey [resist] and ·if you turn against me [rebel], you will be ·destroyed [L devoured] by your enemies’ swords [C the options are to eat the crops or be eaten by the swords].” The Lord himself ·said these things [has spoken].
Jerusalem Is Not Loyal to God
21 [L See how; or How…!] The ·city of Jerusalem once followed the Lord[L faithful city], ·but she is no longer loyal to him [L …has become a prostitute/whore; C a metaphor for spiritual treachery]. She used to be filled with ·fairness [justice]; ·people there lived the way God wanted [Righteousness/Justice lived/lodged there; C personification]. But now, murderers live there. 22 ·Jerusalem, you have become like the scum left when silver is purified [L Your silver has become dross/scum]; you are like ·wine [beer; alcohol; L drink] ·mixed [diluted; weakened] with water. 23 Your ·rulers [princes] are rebels and ·friends [companions; associates] of thieves. They all ·accept money for doing wrong [L love bribes], and they ·are paid to cheat people [pursue rewards/gifts]. They don’t ·seek justice for [defend the cause of] the ·orphans [fatherless] or ·listen to the widows’ needs [or defend the widows’ rights; L the widows’ disputes do not come before them]. 24 So the Lord God ·All-Powerful [Almighty; of Heaven’s Armies; T of hosts], the Mighty One of Israel, says: “[L Woe; Alas; Aha,] I will ·take revenge on [vent my wrath against; or get relief from; console myself by destroying] my ·foes [enemies; adversaries]. I will pay back my ·enemies [foes]. 25 I will turn [L my hand] against you and ·clean away all your wrongs as if with soap [or purify you as metal is refined; L purge your dross as with lye/potash/soap]; I will ·take all the worthless things out of you [L remove all your impurities/slag]. 26 I will ·bring back [restore] judges as you had ·long ago [formerly; at the first]; your ·counselors [advisors] will be like those you had in the beginning. Then you will be called the City ·That Is Right with God [of Righteousness/Justice], the ·Loyal [Faithful; Trustworthy] City.”
27 By ·doing what is fair [justice], ·Jerusalem [L Zion; C the location of the Temple] will be ·free again [redeemed; restored]. By ·doing what is right [righteousness], her ·people who come back to the Lord[penitent/repentant ones; or returnees] will have freedom. 28 But ·those who turn against him [rebels] and sinners will be destroyed; those who ·have left [abandon; forsake] the Lord will ·die [perish; come to an end; cease].
29 “You will be ashamed, because ·you have worshiped gods under the oak trees [L of the oaks you have desired; C pagan worship sites]. You will be ·disgraced [embarrassed], because ·you have worshiped idols in your gardens [L of the gardens you have chosen; 66:17]. 30 You will be like an oak whose leaves are ·dying [withered] or like a garden without water. 31 Powerful people will ·be [or become] like ·small, dry pieces of wood [tinder; kindling], and their works will be like sparks. They will burn together, and no one will be able to put out that fire.”
You'll get this book and many others when you join Bible Gateway Plus. Learn more
You must be logged in to view your newly purchased content. Please log in below or if you don't have an account, creating one is easy and only takes a few moments. After you log in your content will be available in your library.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your free trial.
Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy. You’re already logged in with your Bible Gateway account. The next step is to enter your payment information. Your credit card won’t be charged until the trial period is over. You can cancel anytime during the trial period.
Click the button below to continue.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your subscription.
You’ve already claimed your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus. To subscribe at our regular subscription rate of $3.99/month, click the button below.
Upgrade to the best Bible Gateway experience! With Bible Gateway Plus, you gain instant access to a digital Bible study library, including complete notes from the NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible and the New Bible Commentary. Try it free for 30 days!