Woe to David’s City

29 Woe(A) to you, Ariel, Ariel,(B)
    the city(C) where David settled!
Add year to year
    and let your cycle of festivals(D) go on.
Yet I will besiege Ariel;(E)
    she will mourn and lament,(F)
    she will be to me like an altar hearth.[a](G)
I will encamp against you on all sides;
    I will encircle(H) you with towers
    and set up my siege works(I) against you.
Brought low, you will speak from the ground;
    your speech will mumble(J) out of the dust.(K)
Your voice will come ghostlike(L) from the earth;
    out of the dust your speech will whisper.(M)

But your many enemies will become like fine dust,(N)
    the ruthless(O) hordes like blown chaff.(P)
Suddenly,(Q) in an instant,
    the Lord Almighty will come(R)
with thunder(S) and earthquake(T) and great noise,
    with windstorm and tempest(U) and flames of a devouring fire.(V)
Then the hordes of all the nations(W) that fight against Ariel,(X)
    that attack her and her fortress and besiege her,
will be as it is with a dream,(Y)
    with a vision in the night—
as when a hungry person dreams of eating,
    but awakens(Z) hungry still;
as when a thirsty person dreams of drinking,
    but awakens faint and thirsty still.(AA)
So will it be with the hordes of all the nations
    that fight against Mount Zion.(AB)

Be stunned and amazed,(AC)
    blind yourselves and be sightless;(AD)
be drunk,(AE) but not from wine,(AF)
    stagger,(AG) but not from beer.
10 The Lord has brought over you a deep sleep:(AH)
    He has sealed your eyes(AI) (the prophets);(AJ)
    he has covered your heads (the seers).(AK)

11 For you this whole vision(AL) is nothing but words sealed(AM) in a scroll. And if you give the scroll to someone who can read, and say, “Read this, please,” they will answer, “I can’t; it is sealed.” 12 Or if you give the scroll to someone who cannot read, and say, “Read this, please,” they will answer, “I don’t know how to read.”

13 The Lord says:

“These people(AN) come near to me with their mouth
    and honor me with their lips,(AO)
    but their hearts are far from me.(AP)
Their worship of me
    is based on merely human rules they have been taught.[b](AQ)
14 Therefore once more I will astound these people
    with wonder upon wonder;(AR)
the wisdom of the wise(AS) will perish,
    the intelligence of the intelligent will vanish.(AT)
15 Woe to those who go to great depths
    to hide(AU) their plans from the Lord,
who do their work in darkness and think,
    “Who sees us?(AV) Who will know?”(AW)
16 You turn things upside down,
    as if the potter were thought to be like the clay!(AX)
Shall what is formed say to the one who formed(AY) it,
    “You did not make me”?
Can the pot say to the potter,(AZ)
    “You know nothing”?(BA)

17 In a very short time,(BB) will not Lebanon(BC) be turned into a fertile field(BD)
    and the fertile field seem like a forest?(BE)
18 In that day(BF) the deaf(BG) will hear the words of the scroll,
    and out of gloom and darkness(BH)
    the eyes of the blind will see.(BI)
19 Once more the humble(BJ) will rejoice in the Lord;
    the needy(BK) will rejoice in the Holy One(BL) of Israel.
20 The ruthless(BM) will vanish,(BN)
    the mockers(BO) will disappear,
    and all who have an eye for evil(BP) will be cut down—
21 those who with a word make someone out to be guilty,
    who ensnare the defender in court(BQ)
    and with false testimony(BR) deprive the innocent of justice.(BS)

22 Therefore this is what the Lord, who redeemed(BT) Abraham,(BU) says to the descendants of Jacob:

“No longer will Jacob be ashamed;(BV)
    no longer will their faces grow pale.(BW)
23 When they see among them their children,(BX)
    the work of my hands,(BY)
they will keep my name holy;(BZ)
    they will acknowledge the holiness of the Holy One(CA) of Jacob,
    and will stand in awe of the God of Israel.
24 Those who are wayward(CB) in spirit will gain understanding;(CC)
    those who complain will accept instruction.”(CD)

Woe to the Obstinate Nation

30 “Woe(CE) to the obstinate children,”(CF)
    declares the Lord,
“to those who carry out plans that are not mine,
    forming an alliance,(CG) but not by my Spirit,
    heaping sin upon sin;
who go down to Egypt(CH)
    without consulting(CI) me;
who look for help to Pharaoh’s protection,(CJ)
    to Egypt’s shade for refuge.(CK)
But Pharaoh’s protection will be to your shame,
    Egypt’s shade(CL) will bring you disgrace.(CM)
Though they have officials in Zoan(CN)
    and their envoys have arrived in Hanes,
everyone will be put to shame
    because of a people(CO) useless(CP) to them,
who bring neither help(CQ) nor advantage,
    but only shame and disgrace.(CR)

A prophecy(CS) concerning the animals of the Negev:(CT)

Through a land of hardship and distress,(CU)
    of lions(CV) and lionesses,
    of adders and darting snakes,(CW)
the envoys carry their riches on donkeys’(CX) backs,
    their treasures(CY) on the humps of camels,
to that unprofitable nation,
    to Egypt, whose help is utterly useless.(CZ)
Therefore I call her
    Rahab(DA) the Do-Nothing.

Go now, write it on a tablet(DB) for them,
    inscribe it on a scroll,(DC)
that for the days to come
    it may be an everlasting witness.(DD)
For these are rebellious(DE) people, deceitful(DF) children,
    children unwilling to listen to the Lord’s instruction.(DG)
10 They say to the seers,(DH)
    “See no more visions(DI)!”
and to the prophets,
    “Give us no more visions of what is right!
Tell us pleasant things,(DJ)
    prophesy illusions.(DK)
11 Leave this way,(DL)
    get off this path,
and stop confronting(DM) us
    with the Holy One(DN) of Israel!”

12 Therefore this is what the Holy One(DO) of Israel says:

“Because you have rejected this message,(DP)
    relied on oppression(DQ)
    and depended on deceit,
13 this sin will become for you
    like a high wall,(DR) cracked and bulging,
    that collapses(DS) suddenly,(DT) in an instant.
14 It will break in pieces like pottery,(DU)
    shattered so mercilessly
that among its pieces not a fragment will be found
    for taking coals from a hearth
    or scooping water out of a cistern.”

15 This is what the Sovereign(DV) Lord, the Holy One(DW) of Israel, says:

“In repentance and rest(DX) is your salvation,
    in quietness and trust(DY) is your strength,
    but you would have none of it.(DZ)
16 You said, ‘No, we will flee(EA) on horses.’(EB)
    Therefore you will flee!
You said, ‘We will ride off on swift horses.’
    Therefore your pursuers will be swift!
17 A thousand will flee
    at the threat of one;
at the threat of five(EC)
    you will all flee(ED) away,
till you are left(EE)
    like a flagstaff on a mountaintop,
    like a banner(EF) on a hill.”

18 Yet the Lord longs(EG) to be gracious to you;
    therefore he will rise up to show you compassion.(EH)
For the Lord is a God of justice.(EI)
    Blessed are all who wait for him!(EJ)

19 People of Zion, who live in Jerusalem, you will weep no more.(EK) How gracious he will be when you cry for help!(EL) As soon as he hears, he will answer(EM) you. 20 Although the Lord gives you the bread(EN) of adversity and the water of affliction, your teachers(EO) will be hidden(EP) no more; with your own eyes you will see them. 21 Whether you turn to the right or to the left, your ears will hear a voice(EQ) behind you, saying, “This is the way;(ER) walk in it.” 22 Then you will desecrate your idols(ES) overlaid with silver and your images covered with gold;(ET) you will throw them away like a menstrual(EU) cloth and say to them, “Away with you!(EV)

23 He will also send you rain(EW) for the seed you sow in the ground, and the food that comes from the land will be rich(EX) and plentiful.(EY) In that day(EZ) your cattle will graze in broad meadows.(FA) 24 The oxen(FB) and donkeys that work the soil will eat fodder(FC) and mash, spread out with fork(FD) and shovel. 25 In the day of great slaughter,(FE) when the towers(FF) fall, streams of water will flow(FG) on every high mountain and every lofty hill. 26 The moon will shine like the sun,(FH) and the sunlight will be seven times brighter, like the light of seven full days, when the Lord binds up the bruises of his people and heals(FI) the wounds he inflicted.

27 See, the Name(FJ) of the Lord comes from afar,
    with burning anger(FK) and dense clouds of smoke;
his lips are full of wrath,(FL)
    and his tongue is a consuming fire.(FM)
28 His breath(FN) is like a rushing torrent,(FO)
    rising up to the neck.(FP)
He shakes the nations in the sieve(FQ) of destruction;
    he places in the jaws of the peoples
    a bit(FR) that leads them astray.
29 And you will sing
    as on the night you celebrate a holy festival;(FS)
your hearts will rejoice(FT)
    as when people playing pipes(FU) go up
to the mountain(FV) of the Lord,
    to the Rock(FW) of Israel.
30 The Lord will cause people to hear his majestic voice(FX)
    and will make them see his arm(FY) coming down
with raging anger(FZ) and consuming fire,(GA)
    with cloudburst, thunderstorm(GB) and hail.(GC)
31 The voice of the Lord will shatter Assyria;(GD)
    with his rod he will strike(GE) them down.
32 Every stroke the Lord lays on them
    with his punishing club(GF)
will be to the music of timbrels(GG) and harps,
    as he fights them in battle with the blows of his arm.(GH)
33 Topheth(GI) has long been prepared;
    it has been made ready for the king.
Its fire pit has been made deep and wide,
    with an abundance of fire and wood;
the breath(GJ) of the Lord,
    like a stream of burning sulfur,(GK)
    sets it ablaze.(GL)

Woe to Those Who Rely on Egypt

31 Woe(GM) to those who go down to Egypt(GN) for help,
    who rely on horses,(GO)
who trust in the multitude of their chariots(GP)
    and in the great strength of their horsemen,
but do not look to the Holy One(GQ) of Israel,
    or seek help from the Lord.(GR)
Yet he too is wise(GS) and can bring disaster;(GT)
    he does not take back his words.(GU)
He will rise up against that wicked nation,(GV)
    against those who help evildoers.
But the Egyptians(GW) are mere mortals and not God;(GX)
    their horses(GY) are flesh and not spirit.
When the Lord stretches out his hand,(GZ)
    those who help will stumble,
    those who are helped(HA) will fall;
    all will perish together.(HB)

This is what the Lord says to me:

“As a lion(HC) growls,
    a great lion over its prey—
and though a whole band of shepherds(HD)
    is called together against it,
it is not frightened by their shouts
    or disturbed by their clamor(HE)
so the Lord Almighty will come down(HF)
    to do battle on Mount Zion and on its heights.
Like birds hovering(HG) overhead,
    the Lord Almighty will shield(HH) Jerusalem;
he will shield it and deliver(HI) it,
    he will ‘pass over’(HJ) it and will rescue it.”

Return,(HK) you Israelites, to the One you have so greatly revolted(HL) against. For in that day(HM) every one of you will reject the idols of silver and gold(HN) your sinful hands have made.(HO)

“Assyria(HP) will fall by no human sword;
    a sword, not of mortals, will devour(HQ) them.
They will flee before the sword
    and their young men will be put to forced labor.(HR)
Their stronghold(HS) will fall because of terror;
    at the sight of the battle standard(HT) their commanders will panic,(HU)
declares the Lord,
    whose fire(HV) is in Zion,
    whose furnace(HW) is in Jerusalem.


  1. Isaiah 29:2 The Hebrew for altar hearth sounds like the Hebrew for Ariel.
  2. Isaiah 29:13 Hebrew; Septuagint They worship me in vain; / their teachings are merely human rules

James,(A) a servant of God(B) and of the Lord Jesus Christ,

To the twelve tribes(C) scattered(D) among the nations:


Trials and Temptations

Consider it pure joy, my brothers and sisters,[a] whenever you face trials of many kinds,(F) because you know that the testing of your faith(G) produces perseverance.(H) Let perseverance finish its work so that you may be mature(I) and complete, not lacking anything. If any of you lacks wisdom, you should ask God,(J) who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to you.(K) But when you ask, you must believe and not doubt,(L) because the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea, blown and tossed by the wind. That person should not expect to receive anything from the Lord. Such a person is double-minded(M) and unstable(N) in all they do.

Believers in humble circumstances ought to take pride in their high position.(O) 10 But the rich should take pride in their humiliation—since they will pass away like a wild flower.(P) 11 For the sun rises with scorching heat(Q) and withers(R) the plant; its blossom falls and its beauty is destroyed.(S) In the same way, the rich will fade away even while they go about their business.

12 Blessed is the one who perseveres under trial(T) because, having stood the test, that person will receive the crown of life(U) that the Lord has promised to those who love him.(V)

13 When tempted, no one should say, “God is tempting me.” For God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does he tempt anyone; 14 but each person is tempted when they are dragged away by their own(W) evil desire and enticed. 15 Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin;(X) and sin, when it is full-grown, gives birth to death.(Y)

16 Don’t be deceived,(Z) my dear brothers and sisters.(AA) 17 Every good and perfect gift is from above,(AB) coming down from the Father of the heavenly lights,(AC) who does not change(AD) like shifting shadows. 18 He chose to give us birth(AE) through the word of truth,(AF) that we might be a kind of firstfruits(AG) of all he created.

Listening and Doing

19 My dear brothers and sisters,(AH) take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak(AI) and slow to become angry, 20 because human anger(AJ) does not produce the righteousness that God desires. 21 Therefore, get rid of(AK) all moral filth and the evil that is so prevalent and humbly accept the word planted in you,(AL) which can save you.

22 Do not merely listen to the word, and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says.(AM) 23 Anyone who listens to the word but does not do what it says is like someone who looks at his face in a mirror 24 and, after looking at himself, goes away and immediately forgets what he looks like. 25 But whoever looks intently into the perfect law that gives freedom,(AN) and continues in it—not forgetting what they have heard, but doing it—they will be blessed in what they do.(AO)

26 Those who consider themselves religious and yet do not keep a tight rein on their tongues(AP) deceive themselves, and their religion is worthless. 27 Religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: to look after(AQ) orphans and widows(AR) in their distress and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world.(AS)


  1. James 1:2 The Greek word for brothers and sisters (adelphoi) refers here to believers, both men and women, as part of God’s family; also in verses 16 and 19; and in 2:1, 5, 14; 3:10, 12; 4:11; 5:7, 9, 10, 12, 19.

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