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Hosea 8New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Chapter 8

Corruption of Cult, Domestic and Foreign Politics

Put the trumpet to your lips!
    One like an eagle[a] is over the house of the Lord!
Because they have violated my covenant,
    and rebelled against my law,
They cry out to me,
    “My God! We know you!”
But Israel has rejected what is good;
    the enemy[b] shall pursue him.

[c]They made kings, but not by my authority;
    they established princes, but without my knowledge.
With their silver and gold
    they made idols for themselves,
    to their own destruction.
He has rejected your calf,[d] Samaria!
    My wrath is kindled against them;
How long will they be incapable of innocence
    in Israel?
An artisan made it,
    it is no god at all.
The calf of Samaria
    will be dashed to pieces.

When they sow the wind,
    they will reap the whirlwind;
The stalk of grain that forms no head
    can yield no flour;
Even if it could,
    strangers would swallow it.
Israel is swallowed up;
    now they are among the nations,
    like a useless vessel.
For they went up to Assyria—[e]
    a wild ass off on its own—
    Ephraim bargained for lovers.
10 Even though they bargain with the nations,
    I will now gather them[f] together;
They will soon succumb
    under the burden of king and princes.

11 [g]When Ephraim made many altars to expiate sin,
    they became altars for sinning.
12 Though I write for him my many instructions,
    they are considered like a stranger’s.
13 They love sacrifice,
    they sacrifice meat and eat it,
    but the Lord is not pleased with them.
Now he will remember their guilt
    and punish their sins;
    they shall return to Egypt.[h]
14 Israel has forgotten his maker
    and has built palaces.
Judah, too, has fortified many cities,
    but I will send fire upon his cities,
    to devour their strongholds.

Footnotes:

  1. 8:1 Eagle: perhaps an image for Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria, who overran the land of Israel in 733 B.C. (Jer 48:40; 49:22; Ez 17:3).
  2. 8:3 Enemy: Assyria.
  3. 8:4 Hosea is not against the monarchy, but against the conspiracies at the royal court (see note on 7:3–7). The king should be chosen by God (1 Kgs 19:15–16).
  4. 8:5 Calf: a cultic object introduced by Jeroboam I after the separation of the Northern Kingdom from the Southern Kingdom (1 Kgs 12:26–30; cf. Ex 32).
  5. 8:9 They went up to Assyria: a reference to the politics of appealing to Assyria (cf. 5:13; 7:11). There is a play on the Hebrew word for “wild ass” (pere) and “Ephraim.”
  6. 8:10 I will now gather them: for judgment and for deportation.
  7. 8:11 The altars had become places of self-serving worship (cf. v. 13).
  8. 8:13 Return to Egypt: to punish their violation of the covenant they will experience a reversal of the exodus.
New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

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