8 “Put the trumpet to your lips [C to warn of danger or call to battle]! The enemy ·swoops down on [or circles over] the Lord’s ·people [or temple; L house] like an eagle. The Israelites have broken my ·agreement [covenant; treaty] and have ·turned [rebelled] against my ·teachings [law; L Torah]. 2 Israel cries out to me, ‘Our God, we in Israel ·know [acknowledge] you!’ 3 But Israel has rejected what is good, so the enemy will ·chase [pursue] them. 4 They ·chose their own [appointed; enthroned] kings ·without asking my permission [L but not from me]. They chose their own ·leaders [princes], people I did not ·know [acknowledge; approve]. They made their silver and gold into idols, and for all this they will be destroyed. 5 I ·hate [have rejected] ·the calf-shaped idol of Israel [L your calf, Samaria; Ex. 32; 1 Kin. 12:26–30]! ·I am very angry with the people [L My anger burns against them]. How long will they remain ·unclean [impure; guilty]? 6 The idol is something a craftsman made; it is not God. ·Israel’s calf-shaped idol [L The calf of Samaria; v. 5] will surely be smashed to pieces.
7 “·Israel’s foolish plans are like planting the wind [L They sow the wind], ·but they will harvest a storm [L and reap the whirlwind]. Like a stalk with no head of grain, it produces ·nothing [L no flour]. Even if it produced something, ·other nations [foreigners] would ·eat [devour] it. 8 Israel is ·eaten [swallowed] up; the people are ·mixed among [L among] the other nations and have become ·useless to me [a useless pot/utensil/vessel]. 9 Israel is like a wild donkey ·all by itself [wandering alone]. They have ·run [L gone up] to Assyria; ·They have hired other nations to protect them [L Ephraim has hired lovers; or Ephraim has sold herself to lovers]. 10 Although Israel ·is mixed [or hired; or hired herself out] among the nations, I will gather them together. They will ·become weaker and weaker [begin to waste away] ·as they suffer under [from the burden/oppression of] the ·great king of Assyria [L king of princes].
11 “Although ·Israel [L Ephraim; 4:17] built more altars to remove sin, they have become altars for sinning. 12 I have written many ·teachings [laws; instructions] for them, but they think the teachings are ·strange and foreign [alien; irrelevant]. 13 The Israelites offer sacrifices to me as gifts and eat the meat, but the Lord ·is not pleased with [does not accept] them. He remembers ·the evil they have done [their wickedness/iniquity], and he will punish them for their sins. They will ·be slaves again as they were in [L return to] Egypt. 14 Israel has forgotten its Maker and has built palaces; Judah has built many ·strong, walled [fortified] cities. But I will send fire on their cities and ·destroy [L it will devour/consume] their ·strong buildings [strongholds; citadels].”
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