Israel and Judah Are Unrepentant

“Come, let us (A)return to the Lord;
    for (B)he has torn us, that he may heal us;
    he has struck us down, and (C)he will bind us up.
After two days (D)he will revive us;
    on the third day he will raise us up,
    that we may live before him.
(E)Let us know; (F)let us press on to know the Lord;
    (G)his going out is sure as the dawn;
he will come to us (H)as the showers,
    (I)as the spring rains that water the earth.”

What shall I do with you, (J)O (K)Ephraim?
    What shall I do with you, O (L)Judah?
Your love is (M)like a morning cloud,
    (N)like the dew that goes early away.
Therefore I have hewn them by the prophets;
    I have slain them (O)by the words of my mouth,
    and my judgment goes forth as the light.
For (P)I desire steadfast love[a] and not sacrifice,
    (Q)the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.

But (R)like Adam they (S)transgressed the covenant;
    (T)there they dealt faithlessly with me.
(U)Gilead is a city of evildoers,
    (V)tracked with blood.
As robbers (W)lie in wait for a man,
    so the priests band together;
they murder on the way to (X)Shechem;
    they commit villainy.
10 In the house of Israel I have seen a horrible thing;
    (Y)Ephraim's whoredom is there; (Z)Israel is defiled.

11 For you also, O (AA)Judah, (AB)a harvest is appointed.

When (AC)I restore the fortunes of my people,
(AD)when I would heal Israel,
    the iniquity of Ephraim is revealed,
    and the evil deeds of (AE)Samaria,
for (AF)they deal falsely;
    the thief breaks in,
    and the bandits raid outside.
But they do not consider
    that (AG)I remember all their evil.
Now (AH)their deeds surround them;
    (AI)they are before my face.
By their evil (AJ)they make (AK)the king glad,
    and the princes by their treachery.
(AL)They are all adulterers;
    they are like a heated oven
whose baker ceases to stir the fire,
    from the kneading of the dough
    until it is leavened.
On the day of (AM)our king, the princes
    became sick with the heat of wine;
    he stretched out his hand with mockers.
For with hearts like an oven (AN)they approach their intrigue;
    all night their anger smolders;
    in the morning it blazes like a flaming fire.
All of them are hot as an oven,
    and they devour their rulers.
All (AO)their kings (AP)have fallen,
    and none of them calls upon me.

Ephraim (AQ)mixes himself with the peoples;
    Ephraim is a cake not turned.
(AR)Strangers devour his strength,
    and (AS)he knows it not;
gray hairs are sprinkled upon him,
    and (AT)he knows it not.
10 (AU)The pride of Israel testifies to his face;[b]
    (AV)yet they do not return to the Lord their God,
    nor seek him, for all this.

11 Ephraim is like a dove,
    (AW)silly and without sense,
    calling to (AX)Egypt, going to (AY)Assyria.
12 As they go, (AZ)I will spread over them my net;
    I will bring them down like birds of the heavens;
    (BA)I will discipline them (BB)according to the report made to their congregation.
13 (BC)Woe to them, for they have strayed from me!
    Destruction to them, for they have rebelled against me!
(BD)I would redeem them,
    but (BE)they speak lies against me.

14 (BF)They do not cry to me from the heart,
    but (BG)they wail upon their beds;
for grain and wine they gash themselves;
    they rebel against me.
15 Although (BH)I trained and strengthened their arms,
    yet they devise evil against me.
16 They (BI)return, but not upward;[c]
    they are (BJ)like a treacherous bow;
their princes shall fall by the sword
    because of (BK)the insolence of their tongue.
This shall be their derision (BL)in the land of Egypt.

Israel Will Reap the Whirlwind

Set (BM)the trumpet to your lips!
    One (BN)like a vulture is over the house of the Lord,
because (BO)they have transgressed my covenant
    and rebelled against my law.
To me they cry,
    (BP)“My God, we—Israel—know you.”
Israel has spurned the good;
    the enemy shall pursue him.

(BQ)They made kings, (BR)but not through me.
    They set up princes, but I knew it not.
With their silver and gold they made idols
    for their own destruction.
(BS)I have[d] spurned your calf, O Samaria.
    My anger burns against them.
(BT)How long will they be incapable of innocence?
For it is from Israel;
a craftsman made it;
    it is not God.
(BU)The calf of Samaria
    (BV)shall be broken to pieces.[e]

For (BW)they sow the wind,
    and they shall reap the whirlwind.
The standing grain has no heads;
    it shall yield no flour;
if it were to yield,
    (BX)strangers would devour it.
(BY)Israel is swallowed up;
    already they are among the nations
    as (BZ)a useless vessel.
For (CA)they have gone up to Assyria,
    (CB)a wild donkey wandering alone;
    Ephraim has hired lovers.
10 Though they hire allies among the nations,
    I will soon gather them up.
And (CC)the king and princes (CD)shall soon writhe
    because of the tribute.

11 Because Ephraim (CE)has multiplied altars for sinning,
    they have become to him altars for sinning.
12 (CF)Were I to write for him my laws by the ten thousands,
    they would be regarded as a strange thing.
13 As for my sacrificial offerings,
    (CG)they sacrifice meat and eat it,
    but the Lord does not accept them.
(CH)Now he will remember their iniquity
    and punish their sins;
    (CI)they shall return to Egypt.
14 For (CJ)Israel has forgotten (CK)his Maker
    and (CL)built palaces,
and (CM)Judah has multiplied fortified cities;
    so (CN)I will send a fire upon his cities,
    and it shall devour her strongholds.

The Lord Will Punish Israel

Rejoice not, O Israel!
    Exult not like the peoples;
(CO)for you have played the whore, forsaking your God.
    (CP)You have loved a prostitute's wages
    on all threshing floors.
(CQ)Threshing floor and wine vat shall not feed them,
    and (CR)the new wine shall fail them.
They shall not remain in (CS)the land of the Lord,
    but (CT)Ephraim shall return to Egypt,
    and (CU)they shall eat unclean food in Assyria.

(CV)They shall not pour drink offerings of wine to the Lord,
    (CW)and their sacrifices shall not please him.
It shall be like (CX)mourners' bread to them;
    all who eat of it shall be defiled;
for their bread shall be for their hunger only;
    (CY)it shall not come to the house of the Lord.

(CZ)What will you do on the day of the appointed festival,
    and on the day of the feast of the Lord?
For behold, they are going away from destruction;
    but (DA)Egypt shall gather them;
    Memphis shall bury them.
Nettles shall possess (DB)their precious things of silver;
    (DC)thorns shall be in their tents.

(DD)The days of punishment have come;
    the days of recompense have come;
    Israel shall know it.
(DE)The prophet is a fool;
    the man of the spirit is mad,
because of your great iniquity
    and great hatred.
The prophet is (DF)the watchman of Ephraim with my God;
yet (DG)a fowler's snare is on all his ways,
    and hatred in the house of his God.
(DH)They have deeply corrupted themselves
    as (DI)in the days of Gibeah:
(DJ)he will remember their iniquity;
    he will punish their sins.

10 Like grapes in the wilderness,
    (DK)I found Israel.
Like the first fruit on the fig tree
    in its first season,
    I saw your fathers.
But (DL)they came to Baal-peor
    and (DM)consecrated themselves to the thing of shame,
    and (DN)became detestable like the thing they loved.
11 Ephraim's (DO)glory shall fly away like a bird—
    (DP)no birth, no pregnancy, no conception!
12 (DQ)Even if they bring up children,
    I will bereave them till none is left.
(DR)Woe to them
    when (DS)I depart from them!
13 Ephraim, (DT)as I have seen, was like a young palm[f] planted in a meadow;
    but (DU)Ephraim must lead his children out to slaughter.[g]
14 Give them, O Lord
    what will you give?
Give them (DV)a miscarrying womb
    and dry breasts.

15 Every evil of theirs is in (DW)Gilgal;
    there I began to hate them.
Because of the wickedness of their deeds
    I will drive them out of my house.
I will love them no more;
    all (DX)their princes are (DY)rebels.

16 Ephraim is stricken;
    (DZ)their root is dried up;
    they shall bear no fruit.
Even (EA)though they give birth,
    (EB)I will put their beloved children to death.
17 (EC)My God will reject them
    because they have not listened to him;
    (ED)they shall be wanderers among the nations.

10 (EE)Israel is a luxuriant vine
    that yields its fruit.
The more his fruit increased,
    (EF)the more altars he built;
as his country improved,
    he improved his pillars.
Their heart is false;
    now they must bear their guilt.
The Lord[h] will break down their altars
    and destroy their pillars.

For now they will say:
    (EG)“We have no king,
for we do not fear the Lord;
    and a king—what could he do for us?”
They utter (EH)mere words;
    with empty[i] oaths they make covenants;
so (EI)judgment springs up like poisonous weeds
    (EJ)in the furrows of the field.
The inhabitants of Samaria tremble
    for (EK)the calf[j] of (EL)Beth-aven.
Its people mourn for it, and so do its idolatrous priests—
    those who rejoiced over it and (EM)over its glory—
    for it has departed[k] from them.
(EN)The thing itself shall be carried to Assyria
    as tribute to (EO)the great king.[l]
Ephraim shall be put to shame,
    and Israel shall be ashamed (EP)of his idol.[m]

(EQ)Samaria's king shall perish
    like a twig on the face of the waters.
The high places of (ER)Aven, (ES)the sin of Israel,
    shall be destroyed.
(ET)Thorn and thistle shall grow up
    on their altars,
and (EU)they shall say to the mountains, “Cover us,”
    and to the hills, “Fall on us.”

From (EV)the days of Gibeah, you have sinned, O Israel;
    there they have continued.
    Shall not the war against the unjust[n] overtake them in Gibeah?
10 (EW)When I please, (EX)I will discipline them,
    and nations shall be gathered against them
    when they are bound up for (EY)their double iniquity.

11 Ephraim was a trained calf
    that (EZ)loved to thresh,
    and I spared her fair neck;
but I will put (FA)Ephraim to the yoke;
    (FB)Judah must plow;
    Jacob must harrow for himself.
12 (FC)Sow for yourselves righteousness;
    reap steadfast love;
    (FD)break up your fallow ground,
for it is the time to seek the Lord,
    that he may come and (FE)rain righteousness upon you.

13 (FF)You have plowed iniquity;
    you have reaped injustice;
    you have eaten the fruit of lies.
Because you have trusted in your own way
    and in the multitude of your warriors,
14 therefore (FG)the tumult of war shall arise among your people,
    and all your fortresses shall be destroyed,
as (FH)Shalman destroyed Beth-arbel on the day of battle;
    (FI)mothers were dashed in pieces with their children.
15 Thus it shall be done to you, O (FJ)Bethel,
    because of your great evil.
At dawn (FK)the king of Israel
    shall be utterly cut off.


  1. Hosea 6:6 Septuagint mercy
  2. Hosea 7:10 Or in his presence
  3. Hosea 7:16 Or to the Most High
  4. Hosea 8:5 Hebrew He has
  5. Hosea 8:6 Or shall go up in flames
  6. Hosea 9:13 Or like Tyre
  7. Hosea 9:13 Hebrew to him who slaughters
  8. Hosea 10:2 Hebrew He
  9. Hosea 10:4 Or vain (see Exodus 20:7)
  10. Hosea 10:5 Or calves
  11. Hosea 10:5 Or has gone into exile
  12. Hosea 10:6 Or to King Jareb
  13. Hosea 10:6 Or counsel
  14. Hosea 10:9 Hebrew the children of injustice

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