Israel's Unfaithfulness Punished

[a] Say to your brothers, (A)“You are my people,”[b] and to your sisters, (B)“You have received mercy.”[c]

“Plead with your mother, plead—
    for (C)she is not my wife,
    and I am not her husband—
that she put away (D)her whoring from her face,
    and her adultery from between her breasts;
lest (E)I strip her naked
    and make her as (F)in the day she was born,
and (G)make her like a wilderness,
    and make her like a parched land,
    and kill her with thirst.
(H)Upon her children also I will have no mercy,
    (I)because they are children of whoredom.
For (J)their mother has played the whore;
    she who conceived them has acted shamefully.
For (K)she said, ‘I will go after my lovers,
    who (L)give me my bread and my water,
    my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.’
Therefore (M)I will hedge up her[d] way with thorns,
    and (N)I will build a wall against her,
    so that she cannot find her paths.
She shall pursue her lovers
    but not overtake them,
and she shall seek them
    but shall not find them.
(O)Then she shall say,
    ‘I will go and return to (P)my first husband,
    (Q)for it was better for me then than now.’
And (R)she did not know
    that it was (S)I who gave her
    (T)the grain, the wine, and the oil,
and who lavished on (U)her silver and gold,
    (V)which they used for Baal.
Therefore (W)I will take back
    my grain in its time,
    and my wine in its season,
and (X)I will take away my wool and my flax,
    which were to cover her nakedness.
10 Now (Y)I will uncover her lewdness
    in the sight of her lovers,
    and no one shall rescue her out of my hand.
11 (Z)And I will put an end to all her mirth,
    her feasts, her (AA)new moons, her (AB)Sabbaths,
    and all her (AC)appointed feasts.
12 And (AD)I will lay waste her vines and her fig trees,
    (AE)of which she said,
‘These are (AF)my wages,
    which my lovers have given me.’
I will make them a forest,
    (AG)and the beasts of the field shall devour them.
13 And (AH)I will punish her for (AI)the feast days of the Baals
    when she burned offerings to them
and (AJ)adorned herself with her ring and jewelry,
    and went after her lovers
    and forgot me, declares the Lord.

The Lord's Mercy on Israel

14 “Therefore, behold, I will allure her,
    and (AK)bring her into the wilderness,
    and (AL)speak tenderly to her.
15 And there I will give her her vineyards
    and make the Valley of Achor[e] a door of hope.
And there she shall answer (AM)as in the days of her youth,
    as at the time when she came out of the land of Egypt.

16 “And (AN)in that day, declares the Lord, you will call me ‘My Husband,’ and no longer will you call me ‘My Baal.’ 17 For (AO)I will remove the names of the Baals from her mouth, and they shall be remembered by name no more. 18 And (AP)I will make for them a covenant on that day with the beasts of the field, the birds of the heavens, and the creeping things of the ground. And (AQ)I will abolish[f] the bow, the sword, and war from the land, and I will make you lie down in (AR)safety. 19 And I will betroth you to me (AS)forever. (AT)I will betroth you to me in righteousness and in justice, in steadfast love and in mercy. 20 (AU)I will betroth you to me in faithfulness. And (AV)you shall know the Lord.

21 “And (AW)in that day (AX)I will answer, declares the Lord,
    I will answer the heavens,
    and they shall answer the earth,
22 and the earth shall answer the grain, the wine, and the oil,
    and they shall answer (AY)Jezreel,[g]
23     and (AZ)I will sow her for myself in the land.
And (BA)I (BB)will have mercy on No Mercy,[h]
    and (BC)I will say to Not My People,[i] (BD)‘You are my people’;
    and he shall say, ‘You are my God.’”


  1. Hosea 2:1 Ch 2:3 in Hebrew
  2. Hosea 2:1 Hebrew ammi, which means my people
  3. Hosea 2:1 Hebrew ruhama, which means she has received mercy
  4. Hosea 2:6 Hebrew your
  5. Hosea 2:15 Achor means trouble; compare Joshua 7:26
  6. Hosea 2:18 Hebrew break
  7. Hosea 2:22 Jezreel means God will sow
  8. Hosea 2:23 Hebrew Lo-ruhama
  9. Hosea 2:23 Hebrew Lo-ammi

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