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Hosea 11 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Chapter 11

The Disappointment of a Parent

[a]When Israel was a child I loved him,
    out of Egypt[b] I called my son.
The more I called them,
    the farther they went from me,
Sacrificing to the Baals
    and burning incense to idols.
Yet it was I who taught Ephraim to walk,
    who took them in my arms;
    but they did not know that I cared for them.
I drew them with human cords,
    with bands of love;[c]
I fostered them like those
    who raise an infant to their cheeks;
    I bent down to feed them.

He shall return to the land of Egypt,
    Assyria shall be his king,
    because they have refused to repent.
The sword shall rage in his cities:
    it shall destroy his diviners,
    and devour them because of their schemings.
My people have their mind set on apostasy;
    though they call on God in unison,
    he shall not raise them up.

But Love Is Stronger and Restores

How could I give you up, Ephraim,
    or deliver you up, Israel?
How could I treat you as Admah,
    or make you like Zeboiim?[d]
My heart is overwhelmed,
    my pity is stirred.
I will not give vent to my blazing anger,
    I will not destroy Ephraim again;
For I am God and not a man,
    the Holy One present among you;
    I will not come in wrath.
10 They shall follow the Lord,
    who roars like a lion;
When he roars,
    his children shall come frightened from the west,
11 Out of Egypt they shall come trembling, like birds,
    like doves, from the land of Assyria;
And I will resettle them in their homes,
    oracle of the Lord.


  1. 11:1–3 After the image of husband-wife (chaps. 1–3), Hosea uses the image of parent-child (Ex 4:22; Is 1:2; Jer 3:19).
  2. 11:1 Out of Egypt: Hosea dates the real beginning of Israel from the time of the exodus. Mt 2:15 applies this text to the return of Jesus from Egypt.
  3. 11:4 I drew them…with bands of love: perhaps a reversal of the yoke imagery of the previous chapter, i.e., not forcing them like draft animals, but drawing them with kindness and affection.
  4. 11:8 Admah…Zeboiim: cities in the vicinity of Sodom and Gomorrah (Gn 14:2, 8) and destroyed with them (Gn 19:24–25; Dt 29:22).
New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.


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