10 Israel is like a ·large [spreading; lush; luxuriant] vine that produced plenty of fruit. As ·the people became richer [L his fruit increased], they built more altars [C for idols]. As their land ·became better [prospered; improved], they ·put up better [or adorned their] ·stone pillars to honor gods [sacred pillars]. 2 Their heart was ·false [or divided; fickle], and now they must ·pay for [bear] their guilt. The Lord will break down their altars; he will destroy their holy stone pillars.
3 Then they will say, “We have no king, because we didn’t ·honor [revere; fear] the Lord[Prov. 1:7]. As for the king, ·he couldn’t do anything [L what could he do…?] for us.” 4 With words that mean nothing they make ·false [empty] ·promises [oaths] and ·agreements [covenants; treaties] which they don’t keep. So ·people sue each other in court [L lawsuits/judgments spring up]; they are like poisonous weeds growing in [L the rows/furrows of] a plowed field. 5 The people from ·Israel [L Samaria; C the capital of the northern kingdom of Israel] are worried about the ·calf-shaped idol [calf; heifer; 1 Kin. 12:28] at Beth Aven [4:15]. The people will ·cry about [mourn over] it, and the ·priests [idol-priests] will ·cry about [lament/wail over] it. They used to ·shout for joy [rejoice] about its glory, but ·it has been taken from them into exile [or its glory has departed]. 6 It will be carried off to Assyria as a gift to ·the great king [or King Jareb; C this may be a title or a personal name]. ·Israel [L Ephraim; 4:17] will be disgraced, and ·the people [L Israel] will be ashamed for ·not obeying [or its counsel; or its wooden idol]. 7 ·Israel [L Samaria; v. 5] will be destroyed; its king will be like a ·chip of wood [twig] floating on the water. 8 The ·places of false worship [L high places of wickedness; or high places of Aven; v. 5; 4:15] will be destroyed, the places where Israel sins. Thorns and ·weeds [thistles] will grow up and cover their altars. Then they will say to the mountains, “Cover us!” and to the hills, “Fall on us! [Luke 23:30; Rev. 6:16]”
9 “Israel, you have sinned since the ·time [L days] of Gibeah [9:9; Judg. 19–21], and ·the people there have continued sinning [L there they have remained; or there they took their stand]. ·But war will surely overwhelm [L Did not war overtake…?] them in Gibeah, because of the evil they have done there. 10 When I ·am ready [desire; please], I will come to ·punish [discipline] them. Nations will come together against them, and they will be ·punished [bound in chains] for their ·double [L two] sins [C could mean “twice the punishment” (Is. 40:2) or the two sins of rejecting God and his anointed Davidic king]. 11 ·Israel [L Ephraim; 4:17] is like a well-trained ·young cow [heifer] that likes to thresh grain. I will put a ·yoke [or a fine yoke] on her ·neck [or fair neck] and ·make her work hard in the field [drive Ephraim hard]. Israel will plow, and Judah will break up the ground. 12 I said, ‘·Plant goodness [Sow righteousness], ·harvest the fruit of loyalty [reap mercy/lovingkindness], ·plow the new ground of knowledge [L break up the unplowed/fallow ground]. ·Look for [or For it is time to seek] the Lord until he comes and ·pours goodness on you like water [L rains/showers righteousness/justice on you].’ 13 But you have plowed ·evil [wickedness; iniquity] and ·harvested [reaped] ·trouble [evil; injustice]; you have eaten the fruit of ·your lies [deception; treachery]. Because you have trusted in your own ·power [or chariots] and your many ·soldiers [warriors], 14 ·your people will hear [L against your people will rise] the ·noise [roar; tumult] of battle, and all your ·strong, walled cities [fortresses] will be destroyed. It will be like the time King Shalman destroyed Beth Arbel in battle [2 Kin. 17:3], when mothers and their children were ·bashed to death [dashed to pieces]. 15 The same will happen to you, ·people of Bethel [L Bethel], because ·you did so much evil [your wickedness is great]. ·When the sun comes up [or When judgment day dawns; or As swiftly as the dawn; L At dawn], the king of Israel will ·die [L be completely cut off].
You'll get this book and many others when you join Bible Gateway Plus. Learn more
You must be logged in to view your newly purchased content. Please log in below or if you don't have an account, creating one is easy and only takes a few moments. After you log in your content will be available in your library.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your free trial.
Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy. You’re already logged in with your Bible Gateway account. The next step is to enter your payment information. Your credit card won’t be charged until the trial period is over. You can cancel anytime during the trial period.
Click the button below to continue.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your subscription.
You’ve already claimed your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus. To subscribe at our regular subscription rate of $3.99/month, click the button below.
Want to get the most out of Bible Gateway? Find out why Bible Gateway Plus is the ultimate toolkit for anyone seeking to grow closer to the Word. For less than the cost of a latte, Plus membership gives you access to a complete digital Bible study library and reduced banner ads. Try it free for 30 days!