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The Coming Destruction

10 “Israel, the overgrown[a] vine, bears fruit like itself;
the more fruitful they become,
        the more altars they build.
The better the land,
    the more ornate the stone idols.[b]
Their hearts are divided;
    from now on they are to be found guilty.
God[c] will tear down their altars,
    he will destroy their stone idols.[d]
From now on they will say,
    ‘We have no king,
        because we did not fear the Lord
    and what would a king do for us?’
Their word is falsely given
    as they make their agreements;[e]
so judgment springs up
    like poisonous weeds in the furrows of a field.[f]

“The residents of Samaria will be terrified
    because of the cows[g] of Beth-aven.
Its people will mourn over Beth-aven,[h]
    along with the priests who will mourn its glory,
        because that glory has departed.[i]
Indeed, that glory[j] will be carried to Assyria—
    it will become a present for an avenging king.[k]
Ephraim will be disgraced,
    and Israel will become ashamed of its decision.
Samaria’s king will float away
    like driftwood on the surface of water.
Destroyed will be the high places of Aven,
    that are the sin of Israel.
        Both thorn and thistle will grow up over their altars.
They will call out to the mountains, ‘Cover us!’
    and to the hills, ‘Fall on us!’

“From the time of Gibeah,
    you have sinned, Israel;
There they took their stand;
    the battle at Gibeah could not subdue the lawless.
10 When I’m ready, I will chasten them;
    and the people will gather against them,
        to imprison them for their two unrighteous acts.”[l]

Israel Urged to Sow in Righteousness

11 “Ephraim, the well-trained heifer,
    loves to thresh grain,
so I will spare her neck.
    I will turn Ephraim into a pack animal.
Judah will pull the plow,
    and Jacob will turn up the fallow ground.
12 Sow in righteousness in your own interest,
    reap in gracious love,
        break up your own unprepared ground;
It is now time to inquire of[m] the Lord,
    until he comes to pour out righteousness for you.
13 You have plowed[n] evil;
    you have reaped unrighteousness;
        you have eaten the fruit of hypocrisy;
because you trusted in your own direction,
    and in the number of your mighty forces.
14 Therefore a disaster will come upon your people,
    and all of your fortresses will be ruined.
As Shalman[o] destroyed Beth-arbel in wartime,
    mothers were[p] dashed to pieces
        along with their children.
15 The same will happen to you, Bethel,
    because of your great evil—
        early one morning the king of Israel will be totally silenced.”


  1. Hosea 10:1 Or empty
  2. Hosea 10:1 Or pillars
  3. Hosea 10:2 Lit. He
  4. Hosea 10:2 Or pillars
  5. Hosea 10:4 Lit. make a covenant
  6. Hosea 10:4 Cf. Deut 29:18
  7. Hosea 10:5 I.e. Canaanite heifer deities
  8. Hosea 10:5 Lit. it
  9. Hosea 10:5 The Heb. verb depart is similar to the Heb. verb mourn
  10. Hosea 10:6 Lit. Indeed, it
  11. Hosea 10:6 Cf. 2Kings 15-16; 2Chr 28:19-20
  12. Hosea 10:10 So LXX. MT reads two eyes
  13. Hosea 10:12 Or to worship
  14. Hosea 10:13 Or fashioned
  15. Hosea 10:14 Possibly Shalmaneser, king of Assyria; cf. 2Kings 17:3
  16. Hosea 10:14 Lit. a mother was