I know all about Ephraim;
    Israel is not hidden(A) from me.
Ephraim, you have now turned to prostitution;
    Israel is corrupt.(B)

“Their deeds do not permit them
    to return(C) to their God.
A spirit of prostitution(D) is in their heart;
    they do not acknowledge(E) the Lord.
Israel’s arrogance testifies(F) against them;
    the Israelites, even Ephraim, stumble(G) in their sin;
    Judah also stumbles with them.(H)
When they go with their flocks and herds
    to seek the Lord,(I)
they will not find him;
    he has withdrawn(J) himself from them.
They are unfaithful(K) to the Lord;
    they give birth to illegitimate(L) children.
When they celebrate their New Moon feasts,(M)
    he will devour[a](N) their fields.

“Sound the trumpet(O) in Gibeah,(P)
    the horn in Ramah.(Q)
Raise the battle cry in Beth Aven[b];(R)
    lead on, Benjamin.
Ephraim will be laid waste(S)
    on the day of reckoning.(T)
Among the tribes of Israel
    I proclaim what is certain.(U)
10 Judah’s leaders are like those
    who move boundary stones.(V)
I will pour out my wrath(W) on them
    like a flood of water.
11 Ephraim is oppressed,
    trampled in judgment,
    intent on pursuing idols.[c](X)
12 I am like a moth(Y) to Ephraim,
    like rot(Z) to the people of Judah.

13 “When Ephraim(AA) saw his sickness,
    and Judah his sores,
then Ephraim turned to Assyria,(AB)
    and sent to the great king for help.(AC)
But he is not able to cure(AD) you,
    not able to heal your sores.(AE)
14 For I will be like a lion(AF) to Ephraim,
    like a great lion to Judah.
I will tear them to pieces(AG) and go away;
    I will carry them off, with no one to rescue them.(AH)

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  1. Hosea 5:7 Or Now their New Moon feasts / will devour them and
  2. Hosea 5:8 Beth Aven means house of wickedness (a derogatory name for Bethel, which means house of God).
  3. Hosea 5:11 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.

It was I who taught Ephraim to walk,
    taking them by the arms;(A)
but they did not realize
    it was I who healed(B) them.
I led them with cords of human kindness,
    with ties of love.(C)
To them I was like one who lifts
    a little child to the cheek,
    and I bent down to feed(D) them.(E)

“Will they not return to Egypt(F)
    and will not Assyria(G) rule over them
    because they refuse to repent?(H)
A sword(I) will flash in their cities;
    it will devour(J) their false prophets
    and put an end to their plans.
My people are determined to turn(K) from me.(L)
    Even though they call me God Most High,
    I will by no means exalt them.

“How can I give you up,(M) Ephraim?(N)
    How can I hand you over, Israel?
How can I treat you like Admah?
    How can I make you like Zeboyim?(O)
My heart is changed within me;
    all my compassion(P) is aroused.(Q)
I will not carry out my fierce anger,(R)
    nor will I devastate(S) Ephraim again.
For I am God, and not a man(T)
    the Holy One(U) among you.
    I will not come against their cities.
10 They will follow the Lord;
    he will roar(V) like a lion.(W)
When he roars,
    his children will come trembling(X) from the west.(Y)
11 They will come from Egypt,
    trembling like sparrows,
    from Assyria,(Z) fluttering like doves.(AA)
I will settle them in their homes,”(AB)
    declares the Lord.

Israel’s Sin

12 Ephraim has surrounded me with lies,(AC)
    Israel with deceit.
And Judah is unruly against God,
    even against the faithful(AD) Holy One.[a](AE)

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  1. Hosea 11:12 In Hebrew texts this verse (11:12) is numbered 12:1.

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