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The Messiah is Superior to Moses

Therefore, holy brothers, partners in a heavenly calling, keep your focus on Jesus, the apostle and high priest of our confession. He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was in all God’s[a] household, because he is worthy of greater glory than Moses in the same way that the builder of a house has greater honor than the house itself. After all, every house is built by someone, but God is the builder of everything. Moses was faithful in all God’s[b] household as a servant who was to testify to what would be said later, but the Messiah[c] was faithful[d] as the Son in charge of God’s[e] household, and we are his household if we hold on to our courage and the hope in which we rejoice.[f]

A Rest for the People of God

Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says,

“Today, if you hear his voice,
do not harden your hearts
as they did when they provoked me
    during the time of testing in the wilderness.
There your ancestors tested me,
even though they had seen my actions 10     for 40 years.
That is why I was indignant with that generation and said,
    ‘They are always going astray in their hearts,
        and they have not known my ways.’
11 So in my anger I swore a solemn oath
    that they would never enter my rest.”[g]

12 See to it, my brothers, that no evil, unbelieving heart is found in any of you, as shown by your turning away from the living God. 13 Instead, continue to encourage one another every day, as long as it is called “Today,” so that none of you may be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin, 14 because we are the Messiah’s[h] partners only if we hold on to our original confidence to the end.[i] 15 As it is said,

“Today, if you hear his voice,
    do not harden your hearts
        as they did when they provoked me.”[j]

16 Now who heard him and provoked him? Was it not all those who came out of Egypt led[k] by Moses? 17 And with whom was he angry for 40 years? Was it not with those who sinned and whose bodies fell dead in the wilderness? 18 And to whom did he swear that they would never enter his rest? It was to those who disobeyed him, was it not? 19 So we see that they were unable to enter because of their unbelief.


  1. Hebrews 3:2 Lit. his
  2. Hebrews 3:5 Lit. his
  3. Hebrews 3:6 Or Christ
  4. Hebrews 3:6 The Gk. lacks was faithful
  5. Hebrews 3:6 Lit. his
  6. Hebrews 3:6 Lit. the boast of our hope
  7. Hebrews 3:11 Cf. Ps 95:7-11
  8. Hebrews 3:14 Or Christ’s
  9. Hebrews 3:14 Other mss. lack to the end
  10. Hebrews 3:15 Cf. Ps 95:7-8
  11. Hebrews 3:16 The Gk. lacks led